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European Court of Human Rights; Italy: Crucifixes Allowed in Schools

(Apr. 7, 2011) The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), in Strasbourg, handed down a decision on March 18, 2011, on the controversy over the presence of crucifixes in schools. As the headline of the Italian newspaper IL GIORNALE summed up the ruling, “Crucifixes in Schools, Italy Wins the Fight; Does Not Violate Human Rights.” […]

Italy: Urgent Measures on Security Matters

(Feb. 15, 2011) Italy's Decree-Law No. 187 of November 12, 2010, adopted Misure urgenti in materia di sicurezza (Urgent Measures on Security Matters). The new measures deal with security for sports events; strengthen actions to be taken against organized crime, and include provisionson the functioning of the Ministry of the Interior, among other provisions. (Decree-Law […]

Peru: Constitution Amended to Improve Annual Presentation of the General Account

(Sept. 28, 2009) On September 7, 2009, President Alan García Pérez of Peru promulgated Law No. 29401, amending articles 80 and 81 of the Constitution to improve the system of presentation and evaluation of the General Account of the Republic. The amended article 80 states that the Minister of Economy and Public Finance is to […]

Peru: Legislative Power Amended in the Constitution

(Sept. 25, 2009) On September 7, 2009, President Alan García Pérez of Peru promulgated Law No. 29402, amending article 90 of the Political Constitution of Peru, on legislative power. Article 90 as amended states that the legislative power resides in the Chamber of Congress of the Republic, comprising 130 members. Members of Congress are chosen […]

Peru: General Law on Tourism Promulgated

(Sept. 25, 2009) On September 17, 2009, President Alan García Pérez of Peru promulgated Law No. 29408, declaring tourism to be of national interest and a priority policy of the state for the development of the country. The objective of the Law is to promote, encourage, and regulate the sustainable development of tourism activities. The […]

Italy: Fight Against Piracy

(Sept. 9, 2009) On July 22, 2009, the Italian Parliament converted Decree-Law No. 61 of June 15, 2009, into Law No. 100, approving urgent provisions on combating piracy. It came into force on the day after its publication in the official gazette. According to this law, appropriate measures will be taken when actions are perpetrated […]

Peru: Persons with Disabilities

(Sept. 9, 2009) On August 1, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru promulgated Law No. 29392 establishing administrative violations and related sanctions for noncompliance with Law No. 27050, the general law on persons with disabilities, and its regulation. The new law is applicable to individuals and to public and private corporations covered under Law […]

Peru: New Provisions on Police Detention and on Crimes Discovered in Flagrante

(Sept. 9, 2009) On June 8, 2009, President Alan Garcia Perez of Peru promulgated Law No. 29372, amending the Code of Criminal Procedure. The changes include provisions of article 259, on police detention and on citizens' arrest for crimes discovered in flagrante, and the date of enforcement of articles 259 and 260. According to the […]

Peru: Mandatory Insurance for Traffic Accidents

(July 1, 2009) On May 13, 2009, Javier Velasquez Quesquen, the President of the Congress of Peru, enacted a law amending Law No. 28515 on the promotion of transparency of information concerning the mandatory insurance to cover traffic accidents (known as SOAT). The amendment establishes the obligation of insurance companies to provide written notification to […]

Ecuador: Anti-Economic Crisis Strategy for Protection of Employment

(June 30, 2009) Ecuador has adopted a decree that creates a Commission Responsible for the Development, Promotion, and Monitoring of the Implementation of an Anti-Crisis Strategy for the Protection of Employment. The anti-crisis strategy is a systematic set of public policies, programs, and projects aimed at minimizing the impact of the international economic crisis on […]