(Jan. 30, 2020) On January 27, 2020, Mexico’s government announced that it had ratified the Inter-American Convention Against All Forms of Discrimination and Intolerance by depositing the pertinent instrument of ratification at the Organization of American States (OAS) (the Convention’s sponsoring body).
In accordance with the provisions of the Convention, Mexico’s ratification as the second ratifying country (Uruguay was the first) triggers the accord’s enactment in 30 days, after which the Convention will be open to accession by all OAS countries that have not signed it.
This international agreement requires that its signatory parties commit to taking appropriate measures aimed at preventing, prohibiting, and punishing all acts of discrimination and intolerance.
To that end, the states parties pledge to enact legislation clearly defining and prohibiting intolerance and discrimination by all authorities and all individuals and entities in the public and private sectors, particularly in the areas of employment, participation in professional organizations, education, training, housing, health, social protection, exercise of economic activity, and access to public services.
To promote pertinent conditions for equal opportunity, progress, and inclusion, signatory parties also commit to adopting affirmative actions and policies that will ensure individuals or groups subject to intolerance or discrimination are able to exercise and enjoy their “rights and fundamental freedoms.” Such policies or measures “shall not be considered discriminatory,” must not “maintain separate rights for different groups,” and may not be “continued beyond a reasonable period or after their objective has been achieved.”
In addition, the Convention provides that the states parties pledge to conduct research on the causes of intolerance and discrimination at their local and national levels and to collect and disseminate data on the situation of individuals and groups that are victims of unequal treatment.