Article Columbiad (Ballet choreographed by Martha Graham)

Performed to music by Louis Horst, Columbiad premiered on December 27, 1939, at New York's St. James Theatre with a costume designed by Edythe Gilfond and a set created by Philip Stapp. The solo work was performed by Graham. John Martin, writing for the New York Times (December 28, 1939) noted, "The dance is extremely simple, basically a slow, heroic march, touched with passages of various colors of elevation and lyricism. Though there is nothing in any way new about the vocabulary in which it is couched, a familiar idiom is given fresh values by the beautiful dignity that illuminates it. It is the kind of dance nobody but Martha Graham could possibly make substantial or moving, but she succeeds notably in both directions."

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