Article "Festival Hymn" by Dudley Buck

Image: World's Peace Jubilee
World's Peace Jubilee, 1872 -- Boston Coliseum. Stereograph. Marian S. Carson Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Lot 13672, no. 1 [P&P]. Reproduction number: LC-DIG-ppmsca-17488 (digital file from original stereograph)

Buck composed his Festival Hymn, according to the octavo published by Oliver Ditson, for the "World's Musical Jubilee" of 1872. The formal title of this "monster" event staged in Boston by Patrick Gilmore was "The World Peace Jubilee and International Musical Festival." Gilmore had staged a very successful, large-scale Jubilee three years earlier in the same city. For the 1872 event, however, he increased the size of the performing forces to a chorus of 20,000 persons and an orchestra of 2,000, requiring 100 assistant conductors. He also imported military bands and virtuosos from Europe. Johann Strauss the younger headlined the event and wrote a special Jubilee Waltz for the occasion.

Buck's grand Festival Hymn for orchestra and chorus is published by Oliver Ditson with a piano reduction, which includes some orchestra cue indications. The chorus scoring is unusual in the octavo: the top stave is marked "soprano and alto," the next is designated "alto--tenor," and the last reads "tenor and bass." The middle line, written in the treble clef throughout, doubles exactly the tenor part on the bottom system written in bass clef. The texture is, therefore, only four parts.

The composer provides his own celebratory text that extols the power of music to unite nations. At the midpoint, Buck's music climaxes on the words "O blessed bond 'twixt the high and the lowly," which is answered more prayerfully, "Thy language is known to each nation." In the quietest moment women sing on a simple tonic triad, "O Music," which is answered by men, "O Peace." The women respond, "Happy blending of voices and hearts in sweet lays." The accompaniment then builds with continuous triplets to a fortissimo hymn of praise, "O Jehovah! Thou Sovereign of nations! Be Thy praises eternally chanted in music for evermore!"

About this Item

Title
"Festival Hymn" by Dudley Buck
Subject Headings
-  Buck, Dudley -- 1839-1909 -- -- composer
-  Choral music
-  Progressive Era to New Era (1900-1929)
-  Songs and Music
-  Parlor and Concert Stage
-  Articles
Genre
article
Online Format
online text
Description
Article. The composer provides his own celebratory text that extols the power of music to unite nations. At the midpoint, Buck's music climaxes on the words "O blessed bond 'twixt the high and the lowly," which is answered more prayerfully, "Thy language is known to each nation." In the quietest moment women sing on a simple tonic triad, "O Music," which is answered by men, "O Peace." The women respond, "Happy blending of voices and hearts in sweet lays." The accompaniment then builds with continuous triplets to a fortissimo hymn of praise, "O Jehovah! Thou Sovereign of nations! Be Thy praises eternally chanted in music for evermore!"
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Items included here with the permission of the rights holders are indicated as such in the bibliographic record for each item.

In some cases, the Library was unable to identify a possible rights holder and has elected to place some of those items online as an exercise of fair use for strictly non-commercial educational uses. The Library of Congress would like to learn more about these materials and would like to hear from individuals or institutions that have any additional information or know of their history. Please contact:  Performing Arts Reading Room.

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"Festival Hymn" by Dudley Buck. Online Text. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ihas.200153400/. (Accessed May 23, 2017.)

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