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Public Law 88–352. The Civil Rights Act of 1964. Courtesy of National Archives and Records Administration.

January 1964
President Johnson declared a “War on Poverty” during his State of the Union address
March 1964
LeRoi Jones (later known as Amiri Baraka) premiered his one-act play Dutchman in New York City, and later founded the Black Arts Repertory Theatre School in Harlem, ushering in the Black Arts Theater Movement
April 1964
James Baldwin premiered his three-act play Blues for Mister Charlie in New York City, inspired by the Emmett Till murder
June 1964
Mississippi Freedom Summer, a voter education and registration project, began
June 1964
Civil rights workers James Earl Chaney, Michael Schwerner, and Andrew Goodman abducted and murdered in Mississippi
July 1964
Signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
August 1964
Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 enacted, which established Head Start, Upward Bound, VISTA, Job Corps, and other programs
August 1964
Democratic National Convention refused to seat the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party delegation
December 1964
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., awarded the Nobel Peace Prize