Events & Statistics

  • Origin of the War On June 28, 1914, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the throne, and his wife, the Duchess of Hohenburg, were assassinated in Serajevo, the capital of Bosnia. The assassin, a student named Prinzip, was arrested and held for trial. Although he was a Bosnian, feeling in Austria ran high against Serbia, which, it was claimed, was responsible for the deed, if not...
  • Finances of the War Total Cost, approximately $24,620,000,000 Credits to eleven nations 8,841,657,000 Raised by taxation in 1918 3,694,000,000 Raised by Liberty Loans 14,000,000,000 War Savings Stamps to November, 1918 834,253,000 War relief gifts, estimated 4,000,000,000 Growth of National Debts The Mechanics and Metals Bank of New York issued a statement showing the debts of the leading nations at the beginning and close of the war, which is...
  • Mobilized Strength and Casualty Losses United States and Mobilized Nations Nation Mobilized Dead Wounded Prisoners or Missing Total Casualities United States 4,272,521 67,813 192,483 14,363 274,659 British Empire 7,500,000 692,065 2,037,325 360,367 3,089,757 France 7,500,000 1,385,300 2,675,000 446,300 4,506,600 Italy 5,500,000 460,000 947,000 1,393,000 2,800,000 Belgium 267,000 20,000 60,000 10,000 90,000 Russia 12,000,000 1,700,000 4,950,000 2,500,000 9,150,000 Japan 80,0000 300 907 3 1,210 Rumania 750,000 200,000 120,000 80,000 400,000...
  • Wilson's Fourteen Points In an address to Congress, Jan. 8, 1918, President Wilson enunciated fourteen points which he regarded as the only possible basis of an enduring peace. They were as follows:
  • Armistice Terms Granted to Central Powers Bulgarian Armistice, Sept. 29, 1918 The terms involved nothing less than unconditional surrender. They were purely military in character. Consideration of political and territorial matters was postponed until the signing of a final treaty of peace. Bulgaria agreed to evacuate all occupied territory in Greece and Serbia; to demobilize her army at once; to surrender all means of transport on land and on the...
  • Peace Conference The Peace Conference, composed of delegates from the allied and associated powers, convened in Paris, Jan. 18, 1919. The treaty was practically completed by April 25, on which date the German envoys were summoned to Versailles. The treaty was handed to them on May 7. Counterproposals by the Germans resulted in some modifications, and the treaty in its amended form was delivered on June...