Library of Congress

Program for Cooperative Cataloging

The Library of Congress > Cataloging, Acquisitions > PCC > SACO > Summary of Decisions > Editorial Meeting Number 1409

Back to Summary of Decisions

September 15, 2014

PSD policy specialist responsible for this list: L. Dechman



The work being cataloged is about the work of Tito Vignoli, whose most widely known work is classed in BL304.  The work being cataloged would be better classified in BL43 for which a proposal is not necessary.  The proposal was not approved.


The work being cataloged is a guide to sources for genealogical research on British women who worked during wartime.  The work should be classed with British women in CT3320 for which a proposal is not necessary.  The proposal was not approved.


The work being cataloged is criticism of Gagarin’s autobiography, not a study of the way that Gagarin is depicted in literature.  The work should class with the biography in TL789.85.A-Z.  The proposal was not approved.


Melodrama is not a special subject; it is a special form, which should be classed in PL963.5.A-Z.  The proposal may be resubmitted.


See the explanation of the subject proposal “Student soldiers” below.  The classification proposal may be resubmitted along with the resubmitted subject proposals.


Aleva Gardens (Riverdale, Utah)

This garden appears to be a commercial garden.  If it is a commercial garden, then it should be established in the name authority file.  If it is not a commercial garden, information should be added to the proposal to indicate that it is not a commercial garden.  The proposal may be resubmitted if necessary.

Chibok Local Government Area (Nigeria)

This local government area should be established in the name authority file, as other Nigerian local government areas have been, e.g., Keffi Local Government Area (Nigeria); Udi Local Government Area (Nigeria).  The proposal was not approved.


This change would also require changing the BT on all of the many authority records for genera under this family (approximately 146 headings), as well the heading itself on Chondrilla (Plant : Compositae). 

The name Compositae is preferred by some authoritative sources such as the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ( ).  The Comments field in the ITIS entry for Asteraceae says, “Use of Compositae as an 'alternative' family name for Asteraceae is authorized by the ICBN, Articles 18.5-18.6 (McNeill et al., 2006:18-19), although ITIS opts to use Asteraceae instead.” 

The meeting prefers to retain the heading Compositae because of its acceptance as an alternative family name by ITIS. However, if the proposing library chooses to change the heading as well as all of the associated headings, the proposal may be resubmitted along with all of the associated proposals.

Eel River (Allen County-Cass County, Ind.)

GNIS was cited on this proposal, but there are almost a dozen more variant names in GNIS that were omitted and should be UFs.  The proposal may be resubmitted.

Environmental treaties

The pattern of heading assignment for subject-area treaties is to give the subject (Environment law or Environmental law, International) combined with the existing free-floating construction [jurisdiction or region]--Foreign relations—Treaties, and if the work is a treaty then add the 655 for Treaties.  (Note: Except for the old headings for commercial and peace treaties, no new headings have been established recently for subject-area treaties.)  The meeting prefers to continue the current pattern of heading assignment for subject-area treaties.  The proposal was not approved.

Fisher Towers (Utah)

The proposal includes the BT Hoodoos (Geomorphology)—Utah, but the proposal contains no information to support the choice of this BT.  The heading Hoodoos (Geomorphology) has never been used as a BT before.  Information should be added to the proposal to support the choice of BT.  The proposal may be resubmitted.

Geology, Stratigraphic—Paleozoic; Paleobiogeography—Paleozoic; Paleobotany—Paleozoic; Paleoecology—Paleozoic; Paleoentomology—Paleozoic; Paleogeography—Paleozoic; Paleomagnetism—Paleozoic

These proposals were made to add the variant spelling Palaeozoic to each of these headings.  SHM H 374 sec. 2 states, “provide general see references from variant spellings of common words used in several headings in preference to making explicit UF references in individual headings beginning with that word.”  A general see reference will be added to LCSH.  The proposals were not approved.

GR5 (France)

This trail is represented by the existing heading Grande Randonnée Cinq (Trail) [sh 85056402], which should be assigned instead.  The proposal was not approved.

Lance Corporal Phillip Vinnedge Post Office (Cottleville, Mo.)

To be used in a qualifier, the names of cities or towns must be established in the name authority file.  The proposal may be resubmitted after the name of the town is established.


See the discussion of the BT Toxolasma that follows.

The meeting suggests that the biological name for this species should be used as the heading instead of the common name because of a conflict with a genus in the Kingdom Plantae, and also because of the possible confusion with the well-known imaginary place Lilliput.

The proposal may be resubmitted, along with a proposal for the BT.


LCSH has an existing heading Carunculina [sh88021180], which is listed as a UF on this proposal.  The proposing library should submit a proposal to change Carunculina and a proposal to change the NT listed under Carunculina.  The proposal was not approved.


According to the American Heritage Dictionary, “spiciness” is a synonym of pungency, therefore, the term spiciness will be added as a UF on the heading Pungency (Chemical senses).  The proposal was not approved.

Robots—Law and legislation

The meeting believes that there is little functional difference between the proposed heading and Robotics—Law and legislation, a heading that is also proposed and approved on this list.  A UF Robots—Law and legislation will be added to the approved heading Robotics—Law and legislation.  The proposal was not approved.

Rush Valley Military Reservation (Utah)

The proposal provided no information on the date of the decommissioning of the reservation.  If the date is pre-1900, the heading should be a subject; if the date is 1900 or later, it should be a name.  The proposal, complete with the additional information, may be resubmitted if necessary.

Student soldiers; Student soldiers in literature

There was no definition of the term “student soldiers” provided, and no information was provided from the work being cataloged.  “Student soldiers” could mean students at military academies such as West Point, college students in ROTC and similar programs, students who are drafted or otherwise impressed into the military, or, soldiers who are also students (e.g., a sergeant studying biology).  If the meaning of the term is students who are drafted or otherwise impressed into the military, then the heading would be better as “Students as soldiers.”  If the meaning is one of the other definitions, then the heading needs a scope note.  The proposals may be resubmitted. 

Upper Midwest

The cataloger found several examples of usage for this term, but the definitions vary dramatically. The variance seems to depend on the interest group issuing the definition, and is based on linguistics, ethnic groups, environmental issues, mineral deposits, watersheds, geography, etc.  Even the US government uses different definitions of “Upper Midwest,” depending on the context.  The National Weather Service uses one set of states, while the USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center uses a different one, and the USGS Mineral Resources Program uses yet another.  They agree on Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, but the various programs include, variously, Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, Illinois, and Indiana.  Some other resources also include Ohio and Ontario.

In LCSH, Middle West is defined as “the region of the United States between the Rocky Mountains and the Allegheny Mountains and north of the Ohio River and the southern border of Missouri and Kansas, generally including the states of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota” (twelve states).  The scope note proposed for Upper Midwest names all but three of the states: Kansas, Missouri, and Ohio – and those states do not all share common borders.  Therefore, the lands covered by the two headings are almost identical – certainly they are not co-extensive, but there is an enormous amount of overlap.  (Note also that Ohio is mentioned by two of the resources, and the Dakotas by only one, but the scope note includes the Dakotas and not Ohio.)

From the theoretical standpoint, LCSH does not generally include headings that are so close in meaning.  From the application standpoint, deciding which of the two headings to apply would be difficult. 

If the heading were approved with a very narrow scope note, stating that the new heading would encompass only Minnesota, Wisconsin, and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, then the heading would not fit the majority of resources about the Upper Midwest. In addition, the Rule of Three and the Rule of Four would apply (SHM H 180 sec. 8, 9).  If a work is about only Minnesota, Wisconsin, and the U.P. of Michigan, then headings for each of those states/regions could be assigned.  If one more state were added, such as Iowa, the cataloger could still assign headings for each.  If more than four states/regions are needed, then the coverage would be more than 50 percent of the land mass encompassed by Middle West, and Middle West would therefore be perfectly appropriate.

For all of these reasons, the proposal was not approved.