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Guadalcanal: 75 Years Later (Experiencing War, Stories from the Veterans History Project, Library of Congress)
In early August 1942, hoping to halt the expansion of the Japanese in the South Pacific, Allied forces landed on a small island in the Solomon Islands: Guadalcanal. It would take six long months of grueling battle before they would wrest control of the island from the enemy. The victory was of critical importance, the moment when the Allies put the Japanese on the defensive for the first time. It was also hard-won, involving intense combat in the skies above and the waters surrounding Guadalcanal, as well as on its muddy shores. The soldiers, sailors, and Marines fighting to hold Guadalcanal—many of whom had survived the attacks on Pearl Harbor eight months earlier—found themselves battling not only the enemy, but also suffocating heat, intense food shortages and tropical diseases such as dysentery and malaria.

To commemorate the 75th anniversary of the end of the campaign, the Veterans History Project presents this newest installment of Experiencing War, in which veterans of the “green hell” of Guadalcanal narrate their experiences in oral history interviews, letters, diaries, memoirs, and photographs.
Image: William D. CaldwellWilliam D. Caldwell
ARMY
World War II

Audio Interview
Image: Robert L. CorwinRobert L. Corwin
MARINE CORPS
World War II

Audio Interview
Image: Theodore CummingsTheodore Cummings
MARINE CORPS
World War II

Audio Interview
Image: Samuel B. FolsomSamuel B. Folsom
MARINE CORPS
World War II
Korean War

Video Interview, Memoir
Image: Leon Frank Jenkins
Leon Frank Jenkins
MARINE CORPS
World War II

Diary Pages
Image: Joseph Lane, Jr.Joseph Lane, Jr.
MARINE CORPS
World War II

Memoir
Image: William Edmund LentschWilliam E. Lentsch
MARINE CORPS
World War II

Video Interview, Photos
Image: Garnett Bailey MoneymakerGarnett Moneymaker
NAVY
World War II
Korean War


Diaries, Photos
Image: Jesus R. SotoJesus R. Soto
NAVY
World War II

Video Interview
Image: William S. ParksWilliam S. Parks
MARINE CORPS
World War II
Korean War


Audio Interview
Image: George Stewart, Jr.George Stewart, Jr.
MARINE CORPS
World War II

Audio Interview
Image: Harold E. WardHarold E. Ward
NAVY
World War II

Video Interview
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  January 31, 2018
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