Press Contact: Jill Brett (202) 707-2905, Jeff Pines (202) 707-2916
July 8, 1994
Exhibit and Symposium Explore German Resistance to Nazism at the Library of Congress
"Against Hitler: German Resistance to National Socialism, 1933-1945," will open on July 15 in the Madison Gallery of the James Madison Building of the Library of Congress, 101 Independence Ave. The exhibition is on view through Sept. 2. Hours are Mondays through Fridays, 8:30 a.m. to 9:30 p.m., and Saturdays, 8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. For more information, call 707-8000.
This exhibition, produced under the auspices of the Federal Republic of Germany, is supplemented with materials from the collections of the Library of Congress and the National Archives.
Following its display at the Library of Congress, it will travel to Columbia University in New York City.
The exhibition, prepared by Dr. Peter Steinbach, professor of history at the University of Berlin, chronicles the fall of the Weimar Republic and the rise of Hitler and the Nazi regime.
Once in power, the Nazis arrested, tortured, imprisoned and frequently executed their opponents. Dr. Steinbach notes that Nazi control of the judicial system led to judges and prosecutors determining sentences before trials.
These ruthless tactics made mass resistance difficult and resistance activities were usually confined to small groups and individuals.
"German Resistance to National Socialism, 1933-1945," features more than 40 panels with photos and text and explores resistance efforts among religious groups, military officers, diplomats, Jews, communists and socialists.
Books on German resistance scholarship were selected to supplement the exhibition from the Library of Congress's collections.
Materials provided by the National Archives include documents of German army officers' concerns about Schutz Staffel, the military arm of the National Socialist Party, executions of Soviet prisoners of war, the translation of an interrogation of a guard on duty outside of Hitler's bunker the day of an attempt on Hitler's life by Col. Claus von Stauffenberg and a video of the conspirators' trial.
A symposium entitled, "Neither Glorify nor Disparage: A Half- Century Assessment of German Resistance to Hitler," will be held at the Library of Congress on July 20, the 50th anniversary of Stauffenberg's attempt on Hitler's life. The symposium will explore the nature and extent of German resistance.
Among the participants in the symposium will be His Excellency Immo Stabreit, Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to the U.S.; Robert Wolfe, deputy director of Captured German Records Division, National Archives; Sybil Milton, senior historian of the U.S. Holocaust Research Institute Memorial Museum; Beate Ruhm von Oppen, Saint John's College, Md.; and Armin Mruck, Towson State University, Md. The symposium will be from 2 to 5 p.m., in the Mumford Room on the Madison Building's sixth floor.
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