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September 2013

Mexico

Mexico

Mexico, reference map

Mexico, reference map

September 16, Hurricane Ingrid hits East coast of Mexico, just as Tropical Storm Manuel is downgraded to a Tropical Depression in the Western side of the country. This is a unique event for Mexico, to have two major storm events within a 24 hour period.

Prior to the 16th century, several advanced civilizations inhabited present day Mexico: the Olmec, Toltec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Maya, and Aztec civilizations. Spain overran the Aztecs in the 16th century and set up the Vice royalty of New Spain for three centuries. Mexico achieved independence in the early 19th century.

The global financial crisis beginning in late 2008 caused a massive economic downturn the following year. Present day Mexico struggles with underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution, and impoverishment in the southern states. The 2000 elections marked the first time since the 1910 Mexican Revolution that an opposition candidate defeated the party in government, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). The PRI regained the presidency in 2012.

Most of Mexico's population resides in urban areas: Mexico City (capital) 19.319 million; Guadalajara 4.338 million; Monterrey 3.838 million; Puebla 2.278 million; Tijuana 1.629 million. Mexico borders Belize, Guatemala, and the US. Its climate varies from tropical to desert. The terrain ranges from high, rugged mountains to low coastal plains to high plateaus and desert. The natural resources of Mexico include: petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, and timber. Natural hazards include: tsunamis along the Pacific coast, volcanoes and destructive earthquakes in the center and south, and hurricanes on the Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean coasts.

For more information about hurricanes see the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Hurricane Center.

National Hurricane Center; CIA World Factbook, 9/2013; 8/2013

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