Library of Congress
The Civil War and Reconstruction (1850 - 1877)
- Abraham Lincoln Online — Quotes by and about Abraham Lincoln, historical information about Lincoln, and photographic tours of places significant in his life.
- Abraham Lincoln’s Presidential Library and Museum — This new museum offers a timeline of Lincoln’s life and a virtual tour of the facility.
- Africans in America: Judgment Day, 1831-1865 — An illustrated narrative about the period, a resource bank containing biographies, primary sources, commentary from modern historians, and a teacher's guide. The companion to the PBS series.
- The American Civil War — Current, comprehensive, and well-organized set of links on Civil War topics such as battles, music, and women in the war. Maintained by Jim Janke at Dakota State University.
- The American Civil War Home Page — Gateway to Internet resources on the American Civil War. Includes public and personal documents, visual documents, and maps. Maintained by George Hoemann at the University of Tennessee-Knoxville.
- American Civil War Collections — The University of Virginia presents seven collections of Civil War letters, including letters from both Confederate and Union soldiers.
- American President: An Online Reference Resource — The Miller Center at the University of Virginia presents detailed information on all the presidents of the era, from Millard Fillmore to Rutherford B. Hayes.
- American Visionaries: Frederick Douglass — An introduction to Douglass’s life and work, illustrated with photographs of Douglass, his home, and various possessions. From the National Park Service.
- America's Reconstruction: People and Politics After the Civil War — Detailed analysis illustrated with primary sources. From the Gilder-Lehrmann Institute and the University of Houston, which also hosts an exhibit on A House Divided: America in the Age of Lincoln.
- Andrew Johnson Impeachment Trial — Detailed information about the impeachment, from Douglas O. Linder of the University of Missouri-Kansas City Law School.
- The Civil War in the Classroom — This companion site to the Ken Burns documentary provides ready-to-use lesson plans, including lessons on researching the Civil War in the local community.
- Civil War @ Smithsonian — This site provides access to many of the Smithsonian’s resources on the Civil War.
- Civil War Book Review — Reviews and author interviews related to new books on the Civil War. From the U.S. Civil War Center at Louisiana State University.
- Civil War Memory: Reflections of a High School Teacher and Civil War Historian — Teacher Kevin Levin’s blog offers substantive commentary on historical interpretation, history and memory, and teaching history.
- Civil War Women — The papers of three women who lived during the Civil War—a spy, a Union Army recruiter, and a schoolgirl. From Duke University.
- Crisis at Fort Sumter — Detailed background information is provided to assist users in solving the dilemmas facing President Lincoln in the events surrounding the fall of Fort Sumter. From Richard Latner of Tulane University.
- C-Span: Lincoln 200 Years — This site provides a variety of resources (speeches, interviews with authors of books on Lincoln, a brief biography, etc.) assembled in preparation for the 200th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln’s birth.
- eHistory Primary Sources — Ohio State University presents Civil War letters and diaries, as well as the official records of the Union and Confederate armies.
- Emancipation Proclamation — Transcript of the document, an essay by noted historian John Hope Franklin, and an audio interview with a former slave who reflects on conditions after emancipation.
- Eye of the Storm — The drawings and journal of Union soldier Knox Sneden, newly discovered in the 1990s and made available by the Virginia Historical Society.
- Freedmen and Southern Society Project — Essays and many primary source documents related to emancipation of American slaves. Among the tools on the site is a Chronology of Emancipation During the Civil War. From the University of Maryland.
- Gilmer Civil War Maps Collection — Collection of 161 Civil War maps drawn by Confederate officer Jeremy Gilmer; provided by the University of North Carolina libraries.
- HarpWeek — Cartoons, photographs, magazine covers, and articles published in the mid-19th century. Some products must be purchased, but many others are available free on the site.
- Historical New York Times Project — The New York Times is putting selected historic newspapers online to illustrate how major events were covered by journalists of the time.
- Lincoln — A special issue of the Gilder Lehrman Institute journal History Now provides essays and lessons on aspects of the 16th president’s ideas and actions.
- The Lincoln Institute — This nonprofit organization presents a variety of online exhibits on such topics as Lincoln in the White House, Lincoln’s female friends, and the impact of the Founders on Lincoln’s thinking; teaching materials are also provided.
- Lincoln/Net — Northern Illinois University focuses on “the Illinois years” (through 1861), providing historical essays and such primary source documents as transcripts of the Lincoln-Douglas debates.
- Lincoln North — An unusual collection of “Lincolniana” donated to McGill University by collector Joseph N. Nathanson.
- Making of America — A large collection of books and journal articles from the period 1850-1877. A project of the University of Michigan.
- Missouri’s Dred Scott Case, 1846-1857 — This site from the Missouri Secretary of State’s Office provides background information and primary sources on the landmark case.
- Nebraska Studies: 1850-1874 — This site on Nebraska history provides insight into many events of national significance—the impact of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, the first black settlers in the territory, the Homestead Act, and more.
- North American Slave Narratives — Part of the University of North Carolina’s Documenting the American South site, this page presents more than 200 narratives by slaves and former slaves, many published between 1850 and 1877.
- Papers of Jefferson Davis — Selected primary sources from the papers of the CSA’s president.
- Reconstruction: The Second Civil War — This PBS site provides teaching activities; background information on such topics as access to learning, black legislators, and the impact of the Civil War on individual states; and access to the two American Experience episodes about reconstruction.
- Stratford Plantation: The Birthplace of Robert E. Lee — Extensive information about Robert E. Lee and the Lee family, including primary source documents.
- Thomas Nast — Extensive portfolio of Nast’s work, along with an interesting essay by historian Morton Keller, who highlights Nast’s work related to slavery and the Civil War.
- Trails of Hope: Overland Diaries and Letters — This site presents writings of 49 people who traveled the trails to the west between 1846 and 1869. From Brigham Young University.
- Ulysses S. Grant — The PBS series American Experience featured an episode on the 18th president; this site is a supplement to that episode and provides a timeline, a teacher’s guide, and more.
- Uncle Tom's Cabin and American Culture — A rich site from Professor Stephen Railton of the University of Virginia. The site provides primary sources, teaching suggestions, and historical analysis.
- The Underground Railroad — A site for young people provided by National Geographic.
- The Valley of the Shadow Project: Living the Civil War in Virginia and Pennsylvania — A unique web site containing many types of primary sources on the Civil War relating to two communities—one North and one South. Maintained by the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities at the University of Virginia.