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ISO639-2

Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages

ISO 639-2/RA Change Notice

Code Changes: ISO 639-2 Registration Authority

Additions/Changes to ISO 639 Codes as published in ISO 639-1: 1988 (Alpha-2 code) and ISO 639-2: 1998 (Alpha-3 code).

  • Deprecated codes are listed inside brackets [] with a hyphen preceding the code.
  • Categories of change key: Add = Newly added; Dep = Deprecated; CC = Code change; NC = Name change; NA = Variant name(s) added.
ISO 639-1 Code ISO 639-2 Code English name of Language French name of Language Date Added or Changed Category of Change Notes
  zghStandard Moroccan Tamazight amazighe standard marocain 2012-11-21 Add  
  hmnHmong; Mong hmong 2010-03-29 NA  
bh bihBihari languages langues biharis 2009-09-01 NC Changed from Bihari; bihari
  himHimachali languages; Western Pahari languages langues himachalis; langues paharis occidentales 2009-09-01 NC Changed from Himachali; himachal
  afaAfro-Asiatic languages afro-asiatiques, langues 2009-03-03 NC Change from Afro-Asiatic (Other); afro-asiatiques, autres langues
  apaApache languages apaches, langues 2009-03-03 NC French name change
  artArtificial languages artificielles, langues 2009-03-03 NC Change from Artificial (Other); artificielles, autres langues
  baiBamileke languages bamiléké, langues 2009-03-03 NC French only from bamilékés, langues
  batBaltic languages baltes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Baltic (Other); baltiques, autres langues
  berBerber languages berbères, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Berber (Other); berbères, autres langues
  bntBantu languages bantou, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Bantu (Other); bantoues, autres langues
  caiCentral American Indian languages amérindiennes de l'Amérique centrale, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Central American Indian (Other); indiennes d'Amérique centrale, autres langues
  cauCaucasian languages caucasiennes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Caucasian (Other); caucasiennes, autres langues
  celCeltic languages celtiques, langues; celtes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Celtic (Other); celtiques, autres langues
  cpeCreoles and pidgins, English based créoles et pidgins basés sur l'anglais 2009-03-03 NC Change from Creoles and pidgins, English-based (Other); créoles et pidgins anglais, autres
  cpfCreoles and pidgins, French-based créoles et pidgins basés sur le français 2009-03-03 NC Change from Creoles and pidgins, French-based (Other); créoles et pidgins français, autres
  cppCreoles and pidgins, Portuguese-based créoles et pidgins basés sur le portugais 2009-03-03 NC From Creoles and pidgins, Portuguese-based (Other); créoles et pidgins portugais, autres
  crpCreoles and pidgins créoles et pidgins 2009-03-03 NC Creoles and pidgins (Other); créoles et pidgins divers
  cusCushitic languages couchitiques, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Cushitic (Other); couchitiques, autres langues
  draDravidian languages dravidiennes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Dravidian (Other); dravidiennes, autres langues
  fiuFinno-Ugrian languages finno-ougriennes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Finno-Ugrian (Other); finno-ougriennes, autres langues
  gemGermanic languages germaniques, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Germanic (Other); germaniques, autres langues
  incIndic languages indo-aryennes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Indic (Other); indo-aryennes, autres langues
  ineIndo-European languages indo-européennes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Indo-European (Other); indo-européennes, autres langues
  iraIranian languages iraniennes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Iranian (Other); iraniennes, autres langues
  iroIroquoian languages iroquoises, langues 2009-03-03 NC French name only from iroquoises, langues (famille)
  khiKhoisan languages khoïsan, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Khoisan (Other); khoisan, autres langues
  mapAustronesian languages austronésiennes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Austronesian (Other); malayo-polynésiennes, autres langues
  mkhMon-Khmer languages môn-khmer, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Mon-Khmer (Other); môn-khmer, autres langues
  naiNorth American Indian languages nord-amérindiennes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From North American Indian; indiennes d'Amérique du Nord, autres langues
  nicNiger-Kordofanian languages nigéro-kordofaniennes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Niger-Kordofanian (Other); nigéro-congolaises, autres langues
  otoOtomian languages otomi, langues 2009-03-03 NC French name only; from otomangue,langues
  paaPapuan languages papoues, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Papuan (Other); papoues, autres langues
  phiPhilippine languages philippines, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Philippine (Other); philippines, autres langues
  praPrakrit languages prâkrit, langues 2009-03-03 NC French name only; from prâkrit
  roaRomance languages romanes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Romance (Other); romanes, autres langues
  saiSouth American Indian languages sud-amérindiennes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From South American Indian (Other); indiennes d'Amérique du Sud, autres langues
  salSalishan languages salishennes, langues 2009-03-03 NC French name only; from salish, langues
  semSemitic languages sémitiques, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Semitic (Other); sémitiques, autres langues
  sitSino-Tibetan languages sino-tibétaines, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Sino-Tibetan (Other); sino-tibétaines, autres langues
  slaSlavic languages slaves, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Slavic (Other); slaves, autres langues
  smiSami languages sames, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Sami languages (Other); sami, autres langues
  ssaNilo-Saharan languages nilo-sahariennes, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Nilo-Saharan (Other); nilo-sahariennes, autres langues
  taiTai languages tai, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Tai (Other); thaïes, autres langues
  tutAltaic languages altaïques, langues 2009-03-03 NC From Altaic (Other); altaïques, autres langues
  wakWakashan languages wakashanes, langues 2009-03-03 NC French name only; from wakashennes, langues
  [-mo] [-mol]Moldavian; Moldovan moldave 2008-11-03 Dep The identifiers mo and mol are deprecated, leaving ro and ron (639-2/T) and rum (639-2/B) the current language identifiers to be used for the variant of the Romanian language also known as Moldavian and Moldovan in English and moldave in French. The identifiers mo and mol will not be assigned to different items, and recordings using these identifiers will not be invalid.
  khoKhotanese; Sakan khotanais; sakan 2008-10-21 NA Previously Sakan was in 639-3 as a separate code element (xsk), but it will be retired as a duplicate.
oc ociOccitan (post 1500) occitan (après 1500) 2008-07-08 NC Provençal removed
  proProvençal, Old (to 1500);Occitan, Old (to 1500) provençal ancien (jusqu'à 1500); occitan ancien (jusqu'à 1500) 2008-07-08 NA Old Occitan (to 1500) added as alternate name
  walWolaitta; Wolaytta wolaitta; wolaytta 2008-07-08 NC Walamo deprecated
sr srp [-scc]Serbian serbe 2008-06-28 CC ISO 639-2/B code deprecated in favor of ISO 639-2/T code
hr hrv [-scr]Croatian croate 2008-06-28 CC ISO 639-2/B code deprecated in favor of ISO 639-2/T code
  Moldavian; Moldovan moldave 2008-06-26 NA  
  zxxNo linguistic content; Not applicable pas de contenu linguistique; non applicable 2008-04-04 NA  
  gswSwiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian suisse alémanique; alémanique; alsacien 2008-03-05 NA Alsatian, alsacien, suisse alémanique added as alternative names
ps pusPushto; Pashto pachto 2007-12-17 NA  
  astAsturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese asturien; bable; léonais; asturoléonais 2007-10-29 NA  
  bejBeja; Bedawiyet bedja 2007-10-18 NA  
  chpChipewyan; Dene Suline chipewyan 2007-10-18 NA  
ii iiiSichuan Yi; Nuosu yi de Sichuan 2007-10-18 NA  
ie ileInterlingue; Occidental interlingue 2007-10-18 NA  
  pamPampanga; Kapampangan pampangan 2007-10-18 NA  
  zblBlissymbols; Blissymbolics; Bliss symboles Bliss; Bliss 2007-08-08 Add This is an artificial language. It is a written language only; by its nature it has no spoken form.
  misUncoded languages langues non codées 2007-06-13 NC This is a special purpose code. Previously called "miscellaneous languages" and "diverses, langues".
  arcOfficial Aramaic (700-300 BCE); Imperial Aramaic (700-300 BCE) araméen d'empire (700-300 BCE) 2007-05-29 NC Covers period between 700-300 BCE.
  sycClassical Syriac syriaque classique 2007-04-02 Add  
  gswSwiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian suisse alémanique; alémanique; alsacien 2006-12-08 NC Corrected typographical error in name
  binBini; Edo bini; edo 2006-11-22 NC Bini added as alternate name
  carGalibi Carib karib; galibi; carib 2006-11-22 NC Name changed from "Carib"
  badBanda languages banda, langues 2006-10-31 NC Name change to denote collection
  btkBatak languages batak, langues 2006-10-31 NC Name change to denote collection
  dayLand Dayak languages dayak, langues 2006-10-31 NC Name change to denote collection
  ijoIjo languages ijo, langues 2006-10-31 NC Name change to denote collection
  karKaren languages karen, langues 2006-10-31 NC Name change to denote collection
  kroKru languages krou, langues 2006-10-31 NC Name change to denote collection
  nahNahuatl languages nahuatl, langues 2006-10-31 NC Name change to denote collection
  sonSonghai languages songhai, langues 2006-10-31 NC Name change to denote collection
  srnSranan Tongo sranan tongo 2006-10-31 NC Typographical error corrected
  zndZande languages zandé, langues 2006-10-31 NC Name change to denote collection
  kacKachin; Jingpho kachin; jingpho 2006-10-27 NC Jingpho added
km khmCentral Khmer khmer central 2006-10-27 NC Name changed from "Khmer"
  arnMapudungun; Mapuche mapudungun; mapuche; mapuce 2006-10-26 NC Name changed from "Araucanian"
  rarRarotongan; Cook Islands Maori rarotonga; maori des îles Cook 2006-10-25 NC Cook Islands Maori added
rm rohRomansh romanche 2006-10-25 NC Name changed from "Raeto-Romance"
ky kirKirghiz; Kyrgyz kirghiz 2006-10-02 NC Kyrgyz added
  zzaZaza; Dimili; Dimli; Kirdki; Kirmanjki; Zazaki zaza; dimili; dimli; kirdki; kirmanjki; zazaki 2006-08-23 Add  
dv divDivehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian maldivien 2006-06-07 NA Dhivehi, Maldavian added
  nqoN'Ko n'ko 2006-05-21 Add  
  zxxNo linguistic content; Not applicable pas de contenu linguistique; non applicable 2006-01-11 Add Used to declare the absence of linguistic information
  srnSranan Tongo sranan tongo 2005-12-12 Add (announced 2004-11-30)
  krlKarelian carélien 2005-11-21 Add  
  frsEastern Frisian frison oriental 2005-11-16 Add  
fy fryWestern Frisian frison occidental 2005-11-16 NC Previous usage of code has been for Western Frisian, although language name was "Frisian"
  anpAngika angika 2005-11-08 Add  
  frrNorthern Frisian frison septentrional 2005-11-08 Add  
  gswSwiss German; Alemannic; Alsatian suisse alémanique; alémanique; alsacien 2005-11-04 Add  
  rupAromanian; Arumanian; Macedo-Romanian aroumain; macédo-roumain 2005-09-20 Add  
  ainAinu aïnou 2005-08-16 Add  
gl glgGalician galicien 2005-07-25 NC Incorrect form of English name (Gallegan) corrected
  altSouthern Altai altai du Sud 2005-05-05 Add  
  xalKalmyk; Oirat kalmouk; oïrat 2005-03-23 NC  
  srnSranan Tongo sranan tongo 2004-11-30  
  micMi'kmaq; Micmac mi'kmaq; micmac 2004-11-10 NA Mi'kmaq; mi'kmaq added
  nsoPedi; Sepedi; Northern Sotho pedi; sepedi; sotho du Nord 2004-10-28 NA Pedi, Sepedi; pedi, sepedi added
si sinSinhala; Sinhalese singhalais 2004-10-19 NA Sinhala added
  filFilipino; Pilipino filipino; pilipino 2004-09-21 Add  
  mwlMirandese mirandais 2004-09-21 Add  
  scnSicilian sicilien 2004-09-21 Add  
  nwcClassical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa newari classique 2004-03-05 Add  
  tlhKlingon; tlhIngan-Hol klingon 2004-02-24 Add  
  bynBlin; Bilin blin; bilen 2003-10-27 Add  
  jboLojban lojban 2003-09-02 Add  
  dsbLower Sorbian bas-sorabe 2003-09-01 Add  
  hsbUpper Sorbian haut-sorabe 2003-09-01 Add  
  csbKashubian kachoube 2003-05-19 Add  
  crhCrimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish tatar de Crimé 2003-05-14 Add  
  adyAdyghe; Adygei adyghé 2003-05-05 Add  
  krcKarachay-Balkar karatchai balkar 2003-05-05 Add  
  mdfMoksha moksa 2003-05-05 Add  
  myvErzya erza 2003-05-05 Add  
  udmUdmurt oudmourte 2003-05-05 Add  
  darDargwa dargwa 2003-03-24 Add  
  inhIngush ingouche 2003-03-24 Add  
  nogNogai nogaï; nogay 2003-03-04 Add  
ht hatHaitian; Haitian Creole haïtien; créole haïtien 2003-02-26 Add  
  kbdKabardian kabardien 2003-01-29 Add  
an argAragonese aragonais 2002-12-23 Add  
ii iiiSichuan Yi; Nuosu yi de Sichuan 2002-10-14 Add  
li limLimburgan; Limburger; Limburgish limbourgeois 2002-08-02 Add  
  napNeapolitan napolitain 2002-08-02 Add  
  smaSouthern Sami sami du Sud 2002-02-07 Add  
  smjLule Sami sami de Lule 2002-02-07 Add  
  smnInari Sami sami d'Inari 2002-02-07 Add  
  smsSkolt Sami sami skolt 2002-02-07 Add  
wa wlnWalloon wallon 2002-01-29 Add  
io idoIdo ido 2002-01-15 Add  
  tupTupi languages tupi, langues 2002-01-11 Add  
  astAsturian; Bable; Leonese; Asturleonese asturien; bable; léonais; asturoléonais 2001-09-24 Add  
jv [-jw] javJavanese javanais 2001-08-13 Dep jw published in error; withdrawn in favor of jv.
jv jav [-jaw]Javanese javanais 2001-08-13 CC jaw based on incorrect code; withdrawn in favor of jav.
nr nblNdebele, South; South Ndebele ndébélé du Sud 2000-08-14 Add  
nd ndeNdebele, North; North Ndebele ndébélé du Nord 2000-08-14 NC  
  ndsLow German; Low Saxon; German, Low; Saxon, Low bas allemand; bas saxon; allemand, bas; saxon, bas 2000-05-31 Add  
ae aveAvestan avestique 2000-02-18 Add  
bm bamBambara bambara 2000-02-18 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
bs bosBosnian bosniaque 2000-02-18 Add  
ch chaChamorro chamorro 2000-02-18 Add  
ce cheChechen tchétchène 2000-02-18 Add  
cu chuChurch Slavic; Old Slavonic; Church Slavonic; Old Bulgarian; Old Church Slavonic slavon d'église; vieux slave; slavon liturgique; vieux bulgare 2000-02-18 Add  
cv chvChuvash tchouvache 2000-02-18 Add  
hz herHerero herero 2000-02-18 Add  
ho hmoHiri Motu hiri motu 2000-02-18 Add  
ki kikKikuyu; Gikuyu kikuyu 2000-02-18 Add  
kv komKomi kom 2000-02-18 Add  
kj kuaKuanyama; Kwanyama kuanyama; kwanyama 2000-02-18 Add  
mh mahMarshallese marshall 2000-02-18 Add  
  mncManchu mandchou 2000-02-18 Add  
nv navNavajo; Navaho navaho 2000-02-18 Add  
ng ndoNdonga ndonga 2000-02-18 Add  
nn nnoNorwegian Nynorsk; Nynorsk, Norwegian norvégien nynorsk; nynorsk, norvégien 2000-02-18 Add  
nb nobBokmål, Norwegian; Norwegian Bokmål norvégien bokmål 2000-02-18 Add  
ny nyaChichewa; Chewa; Nyanja chichewa; chewa; nyanja 2000-02-18 NA  
ny nyaChichewa; Chewa; Nyanja chichewa; chewa; nyanja 2000-02-18 Add  
os ossOssetian; Ossetic ossète 2000-02-18 NA Ossetian added
os ossOssetian; Ossetic ossète 2000-02-18 Add  
pi pliPali pali 2000-02-18 Add  
  sgnSign Languages langues des signes 2000-02-18 Add  
se smeNorthern Sami sami du Nord 2000-02-18 Add  
  smiSami languages sames, langues 2000-02-18 NC  
sc srdSardinian sarde 2000-02-18 Add  
ty tahTahitian tahitien 2000-02-18 Add  
[-sh] (none)Serbo-Croatian serbo-croate 2000-02-18 Dep This code was deprecated in 2000 because there were separate language codes for each individual language represented (Serbian, Croatian, and then Bosnian was added). It was published in a revision of ISO 639-1, but never was included in ISO 639-2. It is considered a macrolanguage (general name for a cluster of closely related individual languages) in ISO 639-3. Its deprecated status was reaffirmed by the ISO 639 JAC in 2005.
ak akaAkan akan 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
av avaAvaric avar 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
cr creCree cree 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
dv divDivehi; Dhivehi; Maldivian maldivien 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included. Dhivehi, Maldavian added 2006-06-07
ee eweEwe éwé 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
ff fulFulah peul 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
ig iboIgbo igbo 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
kr kauKanuri kanouri 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
kg konKongo kongo 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
lu lubLuba-Katanga luba-katanga 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
lg lugGanda ganda 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
oj ojiOjibwa ojibwa 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
ve venVenda venda 1999-08-16 Add This alpha-2 ISO 639-1 code was approved in 1999 and included in ISO 639-1: 2002. It was mistakenly missing in earlier versions of the tables on the ISO639-2 web site. As of January 2003, it has been included.
kw corCornish cornique 1998-08-10 Add  
gv glvManx manx; mannois 1998-08-10 Add  
lb ltzLuxembourgish; Letzeburgesch luxembourgeois 1998-08-10 Add  
he [-iw] hebHebrew hébreu 1989-03-11 Dep Withdrawn
he hebHebrew hébreu 1989-03-11 CC  
iu ikuInuktitut inuktitut 1989-03-11 Add  
id [-in] indIndonesian indonésien 1989-03-11 Dep Withdrawn
id [-in] indIndonesian indonésien 1989-03-11 CC  
ug uigUighur; Uyghur ouïgour 1989-03-11 Add  
yi [-ji] yidYiddish yiddish 1989-03-11 Dep Withdrawn
yi yidYiddish yiddish 1989-03-11 CC  
za zhaZhuang; Chuang zhuang; chuang 1989-03-11 Add  
  afaAfro-Asiatic languages afro-asiatiques, langues Change from Afro-Asiatic (Other); afro-asiatiques, autres langues

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January 11, 2013