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Close-up of tomatoes at a food market.
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Sustainable Agriculture

Tracer Bullet 03-2

SCOPE

Environmental health, economic profitability, and equity are the goals of sustainable agriculture. The following concepts are integral to sustainable agriculture: understanding of the interrelationship between air, water, and soil; the need to provide farmer and consumer safety; and the commitment to a stewardship of the land. The movement for sustainable agriculture addresses many social and environmental concerns, in addition to promoting innovative and economically viable farming methods such as crop diversification and biological pest control. Sustainable agriculture brings together such aspects of agricultural science as pest management, soil and water conservation, food safety, and animal welfare. Although many use the term "sustainable agriculture” to define the movement or system, other terms often used include "agroecology,” "agrobiodiversity,” "alternative agriculture,” "alternative farming,” "biodynamic,” "low-input agriculture,” "natural farming,” "organic farming,” "permaculture,” and/or "regenerative agriculture.” Not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography, this guide is designed, as the name of the series implies, to put the reader "on target.”

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INTRODUCTIONS TO THE TOPIC

Altieri, Miguel. Sustainable agriculture. In Encyclopedia of agricultural science, v. 4. Charles J. Arntzen and Ellen M. Ritter, eds. San Diego, Academic Press, c1994. p. 239-247.
   S411.E713 1994 <SciRR>

Gardner, John C., Keith Jamtgaard, and Frederick Kirschemann. What is sustainable agriculture? In Planting the future. Ames, Iowa State University Press, 1995. p. 45-65.
   S441.P58 1995 <SciRR>

Klinkenborg, Verlyn. A farming revolution: sustainable agriculture. National geographic, v. 188, Dec. 1995: 60-88.
   G1.N27

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SUBJECT HEADINGS

Subject headings used by the Library of Congress, under which books on sustainable agriculture can be located in most card and online catalogs, include the following.

Highly Relevant

ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURE
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

Relevant

AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION
AGRICULTURAL ECOLOGY
ORGANIC FARMING
PERMACULTURE
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Related

AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS
AGRICULTURE- - ECONOMIC ASPECTS
AGRICULTURE- - ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
LIVESTOCK ECOLOGY
SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
SUSTAINABLE FISHERIES
SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY

Note: Most of the subject headings listed above may be subdivided by geographical area, e.g., "Sustainable agriculture--Great Britain,” "Alternative agriculture--Canada,” and "Organic farming--Japan.”

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BASIC TEXTS

Alternative agriculture. Committee on the Role of Alternative Farming Methods in Modern Production Agriculture, Board on Agriculture, National Research Council. Washington, National Academy Press, 1989. 448 p.
   S494.5.A65A43 1989 <SciRR>
   Also available in computer format from the National Academies Press at: http://www.nap.edu/

Alternative agriculture: scientists’ review. Ames, IA, Council for Agricultural Science and Technology, 1990. 182 p. (Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. Special Publication, no. 16)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   S494.5.A65A4333 1990

The Fatal harvest: the tragedy of industrial agriculture. Edited by Andrew Kimbrell. Washington, Island Press, c2002. 384 p.
   Bibliography: p. 377-378.
   S589.75.F38 2002 <SciRR>

The Fatal harvest reader: the tragedy of industrial agriculture. Edited by Andrew Kimbrell. Washington, Island Press, c2002. 396 p.
   Bibliography: p. 331-339.
   S589.75.F379 2002 <SciRR>

For all generations: making world agriculture more sustainable. Edited by J. Patrick Madden and Scott G. Chaplowe. Glendale, CA, OM Publishers, c1997. 642 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   S494.5.S86F67 1997

Horne, James E., and Maura McDermott. The next green revolution: essential steps to a healthy, sustainable agriculture. New York, Food Products Press, c2001. 312 p.
   Bibliography: p. 265-297.
   S441.H67 2001 <SciRR>

Planting the future: developing an agriculture that sustains land and community. Edited by Elizabeth Ann R. Bird, Gordon L. Bultena, and John C. Gardner. Ames, Iowa State University Press, 1995. 276 p.
   Bibliography: p. 267-276.
   S441.P58 1995 <SciRR>

Soule, Judith D., and Jon K. Piper. Farming in nature’s image: an ecological approach to agriculture. Washington, Island Press, c1992. 286 p.
   Bibliography: p. 231-278.
   S441.S757 1991 <SciRR>

Sustainable agriculture systems. Edited by J. L. Hatfield and D. L. Karlen. Boca Raton, FL, Lewis Publishers, c1994. 316 p.
   S494.5.S86S86 1994 <SciRR>
   Includes bibliographical references

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SPECIALIZED TITLES

Titles about Particular Geographic Areas or Habitats

Agrarian reform and grassroots development: ten case studies. Edited by Roy L. Prosterman, Mary N. Temple, and Timothy M. Hanstad. Boulder, L. Rienner, 1990. 339 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HD1332.L34 1990

Environment and sustainable agricultural development: concepts, general issues, constraints and strategies. Editors Kartik C. Roy, Raj Kumar Sen, and Clement A. Tisdell. Calcutta, International Institute for Development Studies; New Delhi, New Age International, c1996. 1 v. S
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Papers presented at an international seminar organized by International Institute for Development Studies.
   494.5.S86E68 1996

Facilitating sustainable agriculture: participatory learning and adaptive management in times of environmental uncertainty. Edited by N. G. Roling and M. A. E. Wagemakers. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1998. 318 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   “Following a general introduction by the editors, a range of case studies from around the world presents examples of attempts to find sustainable solutions to problems comprising complex conflicts of interest.”
   S494.5.S86S635 1998

Fukuoka, Masanobu. The one-straw revolution: an introduction to natural farming. Edited by Larry Korn. Emmaus, PA, Rodale Press, c1978. 181 p.
   S604.F8413
   Translated from Japanese by Chris Pearce, Tsune Kurosawa, and Larry Korn.

Let farmers judge: experiences in assessing the sustainability of agriculture. Edited by Wim Hiemstra, Coen Reijintjes, and Erik van der Werf. London, Intermediate Technology Publications, 1992. 208 p.
   Bibliography: p. 205.
   S494.5.S86L47 1992

Reeve, Ian. Sustainable agriculture: ecological imperative or economic impossibility? A review of overseas government policy & implications for Australian agriculture. Armidale, Australia, Rural Development Centre, University of New England, 1990. 98 p. (TRDC publication, no. 169)
   Bibliography: p. 87-95.
   S494.5.S86R44 1990

Sustainable agriculture in temperate zones. Edited by Charles A. Francis, Cornelia Butler Flora and Larry D. King. New York, Wiley, c1990. 487 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   S494.5.S86S87 1990

Titles about Particular Aspects of Sustainable Agriculture

Bugs in the system: redesigning the pesticide industry for sustainable agriculture. Edited by William Vorley and Dennis Keeney. London, Earthscan Publications, 1998. 222 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Eight articles from a research project conducted 1994-1997 and coordinated from the Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture, Iowa State University.
   TD196.P38B84 1998

Cheeke, Peter R. Contemporary issues in animal agriculture. 2nd ed. Danville, IL, Interstate Publishers, c1999. 320 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   SF140.S62C48 1999

Gips, Terry. Breaking the pesticide habit: alternatives to 12 hazardous pesticides. Minneapolis, International Alliance for Sustainable Agriculture, c1987. 372 p. (IASA publication, no. 1987-1)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   SB951.G54 1987

Gliessman, Stephen R. Agroecosystem sustainability: developing practical strategies. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, c2001. 210 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   S589.7.G584 2001

Soil quality and soil erosion. Edited by Rattan Lal. Ankeny, IA, Soil and Water Conservation Society; Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, c1999. 329 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Based on invited and contributory papers of a July 1996 symposium.
   S590.2.S6289 1999 <SciRR>

Wolf, Benjamin. The fertile triangle: the interrelationship of air, water, and nutrients in maximizing soil productivity. New York, Food Products Press, c1999. 463 p.
   Bibliography: p. 439-452.
   S596.7.W65 1999 <SciRR>

Titles for Younger Readers

The Future of farming. North Mankato, MN, Smart Apple Media, c2003. 56 p.
   Bibliography: p. 53.
   Explores the future of farming on a global scale, including environmental, political, social, and economic implications of farming.
   S519.F87 2003

Goldberg, Jake. The disappearing American farm. New York, Franklin Watts, c1995. 128 p.
   Bibliography: p. 122-123.
   Describes the problems in American agriculture due to technological innovation, gives a history of American agriculture to explain the origins of the crisis, and outlines the limitations of government farm programs and policies to cope.
   HD1476.U5G65 1995

Manci, William E. Farmimg and the environment. Milwaukee, Gareth Stevens Pub., 1993. 32 p.
   Bibliography: p. 30.
   Discusses various aspects of farming and its positive and negative effects on the environment.
   S589.75.M36 1993

Taylor, Ron B. Pesticides and fertilizers in farming. London, New York, F. Watts, 1990. 32 p.
   SB951.13.T38 1990
   Discusses the adverse effects of pesticides and fertilizers on agricultural produce and what can be done to make food safer.

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HANDBOOKS, ENCYCLOPEDIAS, and DICITIONARIES

Encyclopedia of agricultural science. Edited by Charles J. Arntzen and Ellen M. Ritter. San Diego, Academic Press, c1994. 4 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   S411.E713 1994 <SciRR>

Environment and sustainable agriculture in rural development: a handbook on a regional training programme. Edited by Md. Abdul Quddus and others. Comilla, Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development, 1996. 263 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Papers presented at First Commonwealth Regional Training Course on Environment and Sustainable Agriculture in Rural Development, organized by Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development in May 1996.
   S949.5.S86E58 1996

Gold, Mary V. Sustainable agriculture: definitions and terms. Beltsville, MD, USDA, ARS, National Agricultural Library, 1999. 40 p. (Special reference briefs, NAL-SRB 99-02)
   Bibliography: p. 24-36.
   Also available in computer format from the National Agricultural Library at http://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/AFSIC_pubs/srb9902.htm
   S494.5.S86G65 1999

Hoag, Dana L. Agricultural crisis in America: a reference handbook. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, c1999. 270 p. H
   D1761.H56 1999 <SciRR> Includes bibliographical references.

Jacobs, Linda. Environmentally sound small-scale livestock projects. New York, Coordination in Development Inc., c1986. 149 p.
   Bibliography: p. 142-146.
   SF140.L59J33 1986

Lewis, Robert A. CRC dictionary of agricultural sciences. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, c2002. 674 p.
   S441.L39 2002 <SciRR Dict>

Magdoff, Fred and Harold Van Es. Building soils for better crops. 2nd ed. Beltsville, MD, Sustainable Agriculture Network, c2000. 230 p. (Sustainable Agriculture Network handbook series, bk 4.)
   Bibliography: p. 221-224.
   S592.8.M34 2000

Meeting the animal rights challenge: a handbook for state farm bureau animal welfare coordinators. Park Ridge, IL, American Farm Bureau Federation, c1991. 56 p.
   HV4764.M44 1991

Mollison, B. C. Permaculture: a practical guide for a sustainable future. Washington, Island Press, c1990. 579 p.
   Bibliography: p. 568.
   S494.5.P47M64 1990

Rateaver, Bargyla and Gylver Rateaver. Organic method primer update: a practical explanation: the how and why for the beginner and the experienced. San Diego, The Rateavers, 1993. 596 p.
   Bibliography: p. 489-500.
   Rev. ed. of The organic method primer. 1st ed. 1973.
   S605.5.R37 1993 <SciRR>

Soil and environmental science dictionary. Edited by E.G. Gregorich and the Canadian Society of Soil Science. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, c2001. 577 p.
   Bibliography: p. 555-557.
   S592.S59 2001 <SciRR Dict>

Source book of sustainable agriculture for educators, producers and other agricultural professionals: a guide to books, newsletters, conference proceedings, bulletins, videos, and more. Edited by Valerie Berton. Burlington, VT, Sustainable Agriculture Network, c1997. 136 p.
   Z5074.S92S68 1997
   Also available in computer format from the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (SARE) at http://www.sare.org/sourcebook/

Wheeler, Philip A. and Ronald B. Ward. The non-toxic farming handbook. Metairie, LA, Acres U.S.A., c1998. 238 p.
   Bibliography: p. 221-226.
   S605.5.W48 1998 <SciRR>

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CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

IFOAM International Scientific Conference (6th, 1986, University of California, Santa Cruz). Global perspectives on agroecology and sustainable agricultural systems: proceedings of the Sixth International Scientific Conference of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements. Edited by Patricia Allen and Debra Van Dusen. Santa Cruz, Agroecology Program, University of California, c1988. 2 v. (730 p.)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   S494.5.S86I34 1986

International Conference of Agricultural Economists (21st, 1991, Tokyo, Japan). Sustainable agricultural development: the role of international cooperation: proceedings of the Twenty-first International Conference of Agricultural Economists. Edited by G. H. Peters and B. F. Stanton assisted by G. J. Tyler. Aldershot, Hants, Eng.; Brookfield, VT, Dartmouth, 1992. 704 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   “International Association of Agricultural Economists, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.”
   HD1405.I58 1991

Soil and water conservation policies and programs: successes and failures. Edited by Ted L. Napier, Silvana M. Napier, and Jiri Tvrdon. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, c2000. 640 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Proceedings of an international conference convened at the Czech Agriculture University in Prague, Czech Republic in September of 1996.
   S622.2.S63 2000 <SciRR>

Sustainable agriculture and the 1995 farm bill. Ames, IA, Council for Agricultural Science and Technology, 1995. 32 p. (Council for Agricultural Science and Technology. Special Publication no. 18)
   Bibliography: p. 29.
   Papers presented at a conference organized by the Council for Agricultural Science and Technology.
   HD1761.S88 1995

Sustainable agriculture in Central America. Edited by Jan P. de Groot and Ruerd Ruben. New York, St. Martin’s Press, 1997. 234 p.
   Includes bibliographical references
   Papers from the 1995 annual conference of the Association for European Research on Central America and the Caribbean, held Oct. 14-15, 1995, in Paris, France.
   HD1797.S87 1997

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GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS, legislation and bills can be accessed in computer format from the Government Printing Office at GPO Access (http://www.access.gpo.gov ), USA.gov (http://www.usa.gov ), First Gov Science (http://www.science.gov), Thomas ( http://thomas.loc.gov ), and individual government agency web sites, such as the United States Department of Agriculture ( http://www.usda.gov ). For example, you can use the Web links above to find information about the 2002 Farm Bill.

1995 Farm Bill issues briefs. Prepared by the National Public Policy Education Committee, Cooperative Extension Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Ames, Iowa State University, University Extension, 1994. 1 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   KF1682.Z9A14 1994 <Law>

Haan, Cees de, Steinfeld Henning, and H. D. Blackburn. Livestock & the environment: finding a balance. Brussels, European Commission Directorate-General for Development, Development Policy Sustainable Development and Natural Resources, 1997. 115 p.
   Bibliography: p. 109-115.
   Report of a study sponsored by the Commission of the European Communities, the World Bank, and the governments of Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, United Kingdom and the United States of America. The study was coordinated by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the United States Agency for International Development and the World Bank.
   SF140.E25H325 1997

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Foreign Agriculture and Hunger. Review of sustainable development activities in U.S. foreign assistance programs: hearings before the Subcommittee on Foreign Agriculture and Hunger of the Committee on Agriculture, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, second session, March 1 and 2, 1994. Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 1994. 245 p. (Serial no.103-57).
   Includes bibliographic references
   KF27.A33277 1994 <Law>

Urban agriculture: food, jobs, and sustainable cities. G. Shabbir Cheema and others. New York, United Nations Development Programme, c1996. 302 p. (Publication series for Habitat II/ United Nations Development Programme, v. 1).
   Bibliography: p. 289-300.
   S494.5.U72U73 1996

Young, T., and M. P. Burton. Agricultural sustainability: definition and implications for agricultural and trade policy. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1992. 108 p. (FAO economic and social development paper,110)
   Bibliography: p. 91-97.
   S494.4.S86Y68 1992

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DISSERTATIONS

DISSERTATIONS can be identified by using online resources or the following indexes located in the Main Reading Room. Consult any reference librarian about options. Some dissertations may be available in full text through electronic resources on public terminals at the Library of Congress

Comprehensive Dissertation Index (1861-1972) Z5053.X47 1973

Comprehensive Dissertation Index. Supplement (Annual, 1973 - ) Z5053.X47a

Dissertation Abstracts International (1938 - monthly ) Z5053.D57 and Computer Format

UMI Proquest Digital Dissertations Computer Format

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SELECTED DISSERTATIONS

Allen, Patricia L. Sustainability and sustenance: the politics of sustainable agriculture and community food security. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 1998.
   UMI publication number 9912747
   Collation of the original: 237 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of California, Santa Cruz.

Benjamin, William Jesse. Choosing sustainable agriculture: understanding the farmers’ perspective. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 1994.
   UMI publication number 1356695
   Collation of the original: 149 p.
   Thesis (masters)--North Dakota State University of Agriculture and Applied Science.

Chiappe, Marta Beatriz. Women in sustainable agriculture: a study of Minnesota family farms. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 1994.
   UMI publication number 9501087
   Collation of the original: 306 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of Minnesota.

Hassanein, Neva Emily. Exchanging knowledge, building community: farmer networks and the sustainable agriculture movement. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 1997.
   UMI publication number 9721878
   Collation of the original: 363 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Madison, Mark Glen. Green fields: the agrarian conservation movement in America, 1890-1990 (soil loss, rural communities). Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 1995.
   UMI publication number 9609159
   Collation of the original: 413 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--Harvard University.

Musila, Beatrice Wekesa. Sustainable agriculture in rural development using local technologies: the case of Kenya. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 2000.
   UMI publication number 56716
   Collation of the original: 154 p.
   Thesis (masters)--Saint Mary’s University (Canada)

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BIBLIOGRAPHIES

Gates, Jane Potter and Christophe Tant. Transition toward a sustainable agriculture. Beltsville, MD, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1991. 9 p. (Special reference briefs, NAL-SRB 91-04)
   SciRR Pamphlet box

Gold, Mary. Organically produced food: nutritive content. Beltsville, MD, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2000. 21 p. (Special reference briefs, NAL-SRB 2000-03)
   SciRR Pamphlet box
   Also available in computer format from the National Agricultural Library at http://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/AFSIC_pubs/srb0003.htm

Goreham, Gary, David L. Watt, and Roy M. Jacobsen. The socioeconomics of sustainable agriculture: an annotated bibliography. New York, Garland, 1992. 334 p. (Garland reference library of the humanities, v. 1332)
   Z5074.E3G69 1992

Guenther, Kim. Biotechnology and sustainable agriculture: a bibliography. Edited by Raymond Dobert and Jane Potter Gates. Beltsville, MD, National Agricultural Library, 1994. 32 p.
   (Special reference briefs, NAL-SRB 94-13)
   Z5074.S92G84 1994
   Also available in computer format from the National Agricultural Library at http://www.nal.usda.gov/bic/Biblios/sustain.html

Hill, Stuart B., and others. Reading references on ecological agriculture: eight annotated bibliographies. Regina, Canada, University of Regina, 1976. 56 p.
   Z5074.E29H54

Peterson, Lorna. Sustainable agriculture: a bibliography. Monticello, IL, Vance Bibliographies, 1990. 7 p. (Public administration series- bibliography, P2875)
   MLCM 93/01963 (Z)

Schwartz, J. W. A bibliography for small and organic farmers, 1920-1978. Washington, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, Science and Education Administration, 1981. 237 p. (Bibliographies and literature of agriculture , no. 11)
   Z5074.O75S38 1981

Sustainable agriculture in print: current books. Compiled by AFSIC staff and volunteer, Alternative Farming Systems Information Center, National Agricultural Library, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. Beltsville, MD, The Library, 1996. 27 p. (Special reference briefs, NAL-SRB 96-04 )
   Z5074.S92S96 1996
   Updates available in computer format from the National Agricultural Library at http://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/sbjsusag.htm#saip

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ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING SERVICES

Abstracting and indexing services that index relevant journal articles and other literature are listed below.Some suggested terms for searching are "Sustainable Agriculture,” "Alternative Agriculture,” "Agricultural Ecology (agroecology),” "Organic Farming,”or more specific headings, depending upon the topic of interest. Many titles may now be available in electronic format. Consult a reference librarian for the current formats available and exact locations of all A&Is, in print or online.

Agricola (1970- )

Biological Abstracts (1927- )
   QH301.B37

Biological and Agricultural Index (1964- )
   Z5073.A46

Current Contents: Agriculture, Biology, and Environmental Sciences (1970- )
   Z5071.C86 <SciRR A&I>

Directory of Published Proceedings: Series PCE: Pollution Control and Ecology (1974- )
   Z7916.D5 <SciRR A&I>

Environmental Science and Pollution Abstracts (1981- )
   Online in LC: CSA

Ecological Abstracts (1974- )
   QH540.E27 <SciRR A&I>

Ecology Abstracts (1975- )
   QH540.A66 <SciRR A&I>
   Online in LC: CSA (1984- )

GEOBASE (1980- )
   Online in LC: FirstSearch (1984- )

TOXLINE (1993- )
   Online in LC: CSA
   (last 5 years plus current year)

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JOURNALS

Journals that often contain relevant articles about breast cancer include the following:

Advances in Agronomy S405.A24
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
S601.A364
Agriculture and Environment S601.A36
Agro-ecosystems S601.A37
American Journal of Alternative Agriculture Available at the National Agricultural Library
Applied Agricultural Research S1.A53
BioScience QH1.A277
Environment UF767.S33
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Available at the National Agricultural Library
Journal of Agricultural & Food Information S494.5.I47J68
Journal of Agricultural Economics HD1401.J68
Journal of Agricultural Ethics BJ52.5.J68
Journal of Environmental Education S946.E54
Journal of Environmental Management HC79.E5J68
Journal of Environmental Quality S1.J78
Journal of Soil and Water Conservation S622.S5
Journal of Sustainable Agriculture S494.5.S86J68
Journal of the New Alchemist GF50.J68
Rodale’s Organic Gardening S605.5.O7
Rural Sociology HT401.R8
Sustainable Development HC79.E5S8668
Sustainable Development: Quarterly Forum of Global Environmental Conservation and Development HC79.E5S867

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REPRESENTATIVE JOURNAL ARTICLES

Aldy, J. E., J. Hrubovcak, and U. Vasavada. The role of technology in sustaining agriculture and the environment. Ecological economics, v. 26, July 1998: 81-96.
   HC59.72.E5E26

Beus, Curtis E. and Riley E. Dunlap. Conventional versus alternative agriculture the pardigmatic roots of the debate. Rural sociology, v. 55, winter 1990: 590-617.
   HT401.R8

Bunyard, Peter. Industrial agriculture driving climate change? Ecologist, v. 26, Nov./Dec. 1996: 290-292.
   QH540.E297

Conway, Gordon. Food for all in the 21st century. Environment, v. 42, Jan./Feb. 2000: 8-18.
   UF767.S33

Horrigan, L., R. S. Lawrence, and P. Walker. How sustainable agriculture can address the environmental and human health harms of industrial agriculture. Environmental health perspectives, v. 110, May 2002: 445-456.
   RA565.A1E13

Mader, P., and others. Soil fertility and biodiversity in organic farming. Science, v. 296, May 31, 2002: 1694-1697.
   Q1.S35

Oppenheim, S. Alternative agriculture in Cuba. American entomologist, v. 47, winter 2001: 216-227.
   QL461.E56

Pretty, J. and R. Hine. Sustainable agriculture delivers real results. Appropriate technology, v. 28, Apr./June 2001: 24-27.
   T1.A66

Rigby, D., T. Young, and M. Burton. The development of and prospects for organic farming in the UK. Food policy, v. 26, Dec. 2001: 599-613.
   HD9000.1.F5643

Ruttan, Vernon W. The continuing challenge of food production. Environment, v. 42, Dec. 2000: 25-30.
   UF767.S33

Stockdale, E.A., and others. Agronomic and environmental implications of organic farming systems. Advances in agronomy, v. 70, 2001: 261-327.
   S405.A24

Von-Wiren-Lehr, S. Sustainability in agriculture: an evaluation of principal goal oriented concepts to close the gap between theory and practice. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment, v. 84, Apr. 2001: 115-129.
   S601.A364

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SELECTED MATERIALS

SELECTED MATERIALS available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet boxes include the following:

Betts, Kellyn. Sustaining the earth. E, the environmental magazine, v. 5, Sept./ Oct. 1994: 50-52.
   TD171.7.E13

Edwards, C. A., and others. The role of agroecology and integrated farming systems in agricultural sustainability. Agriculture, ecosystems and environment, v. 46, Sept. 1993: 99-121.

Faeth, Paul. Building the case for sustainable agriculture: policy lessons from India, Chile, and the Philippines. Environment, v. 36, Jan./Feb. 1994: 16-20, 34-39.

Francis, Charles A. and J. Patrick Madden. Designing the future: sustainable agriculture in the U.S. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment, v. 46, Sept. 1993: 123-134.
   “Special issue on agriculture and the environment. Papers presented at the International Conference on Agriculture and the Environment, 10-13 November 1991.”

Friend, Joe A. Defining sustainable agriculture. Social alternatives, v. 9, Oct. 1990: 8-12.

Lovett, J. V. Sustainable agriculture: a global overview. Social alternatives, v. 9, Oct. 1990: 4-7.

Pannell, David J. and Steven Schilizzi. Sustainable agriculture: a matter of ecology, equity, economic efficiency or expedience? Journal of sustainable agriculture, v. 13, 1999: 57-66.

Petrzelka, Peggy, Peter F. Korshing, and James E. Malia. Farmers’ attitudes and behavior toward sustainable agriculture. Journal of environmental education, v. 28, fall 1996: 38-44.
Ruttan, Vernon W. The transition to agriculture sustainability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 96, May 1999: 5960-5967.

Weintraub, Irwin. Alternative agriculture: selected information sources. Part 1: databases, abstracts, indexes, periodicals, newsletters and newspapers. Journal of agricultural and food information, v. 1, no. 3, 1993: 41-100.

Weintraub, Irwin. Alternative agriculture: selected information sources. Part 2: bibliographies, reports, and directories. Journal of agricultural and food information, v. 1, no. 4, 1993: 33-96.

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ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF INFORMATION

Government

The Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC)
National Agricultural Library (NAL)
Agricultural Research Service (ARS)
US Department of Agriculture (USDA)
10301 Baltimore Ave. Rm. 304
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351
Phone: 301-504-6559
Fax: 301-504-6409
Email: afsic@nal.usda.gov
AFSIC Homepage: http://www.nal.usda.gov/afsic/
National Library Homepage: http://www.nal.usda.gov/
Agricultural Research Center Homepage: http://www.ars.usda.gov
USDA Homepage: http://www.ars.usda.gov
   The Alternative Farming Systems Information Center (AFSIC) is one of several topic-oriented Information Centers at the National Agricultural Library. The AFSIC Web site addresses the topics of organic food production, sustainable agriculture, and community supported agriculture as well as including full text publications, hot topics, aquaculture, patents related to alternative agriculture, and a list of related web sites.

The Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (SARE) and Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN)
US Department of Agriculture (USDA)
10301 Baltimore Ave.
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351
SARE Coordinator Email: san@sare.org
SARE Homepage: http://www.sare.org
   “SAN is the communications and outreach arm of the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education program. SAN is dedicated to the exchange of scientific and practical information on sustainable agriculture systems using a variety of printed and electronic communication tools. SARE works to increase knowledge about and help farmers and ranchers adopt practices that are economically viable, environmentally sound and socially responsible.” SAN provides free bulletins, information on funded projects, publications, news and events, and related links.

International

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Liaison Office with North America (LOWA)
2175 K St., NW
Suite 300
Washington, DC 20437-0001
Phone: 202-653-2400
Fax: 202-653-5760
Email: FAO-LOWA@fao.org
LOWA Homepage: http://www.fao.org/Regional/lowa/default.htm
FAO Homepage: http://www.fao.org
   “The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations was founded in 1945 with a mandate to raise levels of nutrition and standards of living, to improve agricultural productivity, and to better the condition of rural populations. A specific priority of the Organization is encouraging sustainable agriculture and rural development, a long- term strategy for increasing food production and food security while conserving and managing natural resources.” The website includes resources such as the World Agricultural Information Center, the World Food Summit, a statistical database, publications, and a virtual library.

International Food Policy Research Institute-Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research (IFPRI-CGIAR)
2033 K St., NW
Washington, DC 20006-1002
Phone: 202-862-5600
Fax: 202-467-4439
IFPRI-CGIAR Homepage: http://www.ifpri.cgiar.org
   “IFPRI is one of 16 food and environmental research organizations known as the Future Harvest centers. The centers, located around the world, conduct research in partnership with farmers, scientists, and policymakers to help alleviate poverty and increase food security while protecting the natural resources.”

Non-profit Organizations:

American Farmland Trust
1200 18th St., NW
Suite 800
Washington DC 20036
Phone: 202-331-7300
Fax: 202-659-8339
Email: info@farmland.org
AFT Homepage: http://www.farmland.org
Research Website: http://www.farmland.org/research/index.htm
   American Farmland Trust "works to stop the loss of productive farmland and to promote farming practices that lead to a healthy environment.” Its website provides news stories, research, policy work, technical resources (which hosts the Farmland Information Library and AFT fact sheets) and information on how to save farmland.

Animal Welfare Institute
P.O. Box 3650
Washington, DC 20027
Phone: 202-337-2332
Fax: 202-338-9478
AWI Homepage: http://www.awionline.org
Farm Animals Web Page: http://www.awionline.org/farm/
   AWI is a non-profit organization. It provides information about animal welfare science including information about the welfare of farm animals in relation to sustainable agriculture and food systems. There are various reports, publications, and links available through this website.

Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA)
P.O. Box 3657
Fayetteville, AR 72702
Phone: 800-346-9140
ATTRA Homepage: http://www.attra.ncat.org
   Also known as the National Sustainable Agricultural Information Service, "ATTRA is a sustainable farming information center that provides resources on sustainable agriculture, organic farming, and alternative enterprises. The ATTRA program is one of several sustainable agriculture projects managed by the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT). ATTRA provides technical assistance to farmers, extension agents, market gardeners, agricultural researchers and other ag professionals in all 50 states.” Some examples of information provided are a list of resources for agriculture curricula K-12, topical web links, a newsletter, and full-text publications. In addition, researchers can submit questions to the Ask a sustainable agriculture expert.

Henry A. Wallace Center for Agricultural & Environmental Policy at Winrock International
1621 N. Kent St
Suite 1200
Arlington, VA 22209-2134
Phone: 703-525-5435
Winrock Homepage: http://www.winrock.org
Wallace Center Web Page: http://winrock.org/what/wallace_center.cfm
   “Winrock International is a nonprofit organization that works with people around the world to increase economic opportunity, sustain natural resources, and protect the environment.”
   “Winrock’s Wallace Center uses sound policy analysis, research, and evaluation to further sustainable and equitable agriculture and food systems, promote natural resources management, strengthen rural communities, and shape U.S. agricultural and food policy agendas.” The Wallace Center’s website provides information about sustainable agriculture projects, web links, and full text publications.

The Kerr Center for Sustainable Agriculture
P.O. Box 588
Poteau, OK 74953
Phone: 918-647-9123
Fax: 918-647-8712
Email: mailbox@kerrcenter.com
Kerr Center Homepage: http://www.kerrcenter.com
   The Kerr Center is a non-profit organization that publishes "educational material on a wide range of topics in sustainable agriculture, rural development, and agricultural public policy.” Formats include reports, speeches, fact sheets, speaker’s packets, information packets and articles. Some of its publications can be read online, while some are available only by mail.

National Campaign for Sustainable Agriculture, Inc.
P.O. Box 396
Pine Bush, NY 12566
Phone: 845-744-8448
Fax: 845-744-8477
Email: campaign@sustainableagriculture.net
National Campaign for Sustainable Agriculture Homepage: http://www.sustainableagriculture.net/
   “The National Campaign for Sustainable Agriculture is an alliance of hundreds of grassroots, state, regional and national organizations, representing constituencies that include family farms, rural and urban communities, environmental and wildlife advocates, workers, students, indigenous peoples, consumers and faith-based institutions.” Its website provides educational material, sustainable agriculture definitions, policy updates, events calendar, news, and opportunities for involvement.

National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT)
NCAT Headquarters
3040 Continental Dr.
Butte, MT 590701
or
P.O. Box 3838
Butte, MT 59702
Phone: 406- 494-4572
Fax: 406- 494-2905
Toll Free: 800-ASK-NCAT
Email: info@ncat.org
NCAT Homepage: http://www.ncat.org
   NCAT maintains programs for sustainable agriculture, sustainable communities, and sustainable energy. It provides information on current projects, success stories, conferences, plus web links to related publications and resources under each program.

Organic Farming Research Foundation
P.O. Box 440
Santa Cruz, CA 95061
Phone: 831-426-6606
Fax: 831-426-6670
Email: research@ofrf.org
OFRF Homepage: http://www.ofrf.org
   The Organic Farming Research Foundation is a non-profit foundation. Its goals are to provide "research related to organic farming practices, disseminate research results to organic farmers and to growers interested in adopting organic production systems, and educate the public and decision makers about organic farming issues.” This site contains a section of related web sites and information from the Scientific Congress on Organic Agriculture Research (SCOAR).

The Rodale Institute
611 Siegfriedale Road
Kutztown, PA 19530
Phone: 610-683-1400
Fax: 610-683-8548
Email: info@rodaleinst.org
Rodale Institute Homepage: http://www.rodaleinstitute.org
   “The Rodale Institute works with people worldwide to achieve a regenerative food system that renews environmental and human health working with the philosophy that "Healthy Soil = Healthy Food = Healthy People ® .” Its website provides information about regenerative education, training, farming, and gardening. There are links to a children’s regenerative website, information about international programs, and a bookstore.

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SELECTED INTERNET RESOURCES

THE INTERNET offers a growing number of sites useful for finding information about sustainable agriculture. Several of the organizations listed above provide links to related sites as well as a variety of information resources. You might try the sites described below, or use your favorite search engine and appropriate key words to identify more specific resources.

Search Engines and Portals:

AgEcon Search: An electronic library of agricultural and applied economics research.
http://agecon.lib.umn.edu
   “ AgEcon Search is a searchable Internet depository for scholarly working papers in agriculture and applied economics.”

Agricultural Search Engine: The smart farming site.
http://www.web-agri.com/
   “Search over 700,000 web sites.”

Agriculture Network Information Center
http://www.agnic.org
   “AgNIC is a guide to quality agricultural information on the Internet as selected by the National Agricultural Library, Land-Grant Universities, and other institutions.”

Agriculture Portal: Government service for Australians
http://www.agriculture.gov.au/about.htm
   Sponsored by the Australian Online Government Initiative, this "portal has been created to provide access to information and service requirements for a large diverse clientele.” It contains three main collections: Resource Management, Products & Management, and Agribusiness.

Eco-Portal. The Environmental Sustainability Info Source
http://www.eco-portal.com or
Sustainability Agriculture Section
http://www.eco-portal.com/Sustainability/Sectors/Agriculture/welcome.asp
   An "environmental portal providing full text searches of reviewed environmental internet content, news, links & more.” Also contains the latest environmental sustainability news headlines.

Global Portal: Sustainable Agriculture
Homepage: http://globalcircle.net or
Sustainable Agriculture
http://globalcircle.net/00sustainag.htm
   An "online directory of links for people, organizations, issues, movements, & background, for peace, freedom, sustainability & justice. A powerful research tool and quick lookup for what you want.” This portal contains general information as well as specific information on seeds, Community Supported Agriculture (CSA), biodynamic agriculture, and animal welfare. You can search by topic.

Organic Ag Info
http://www.organicaginfo.org/
   Organic Ag Info was developed by Organic Agriculture Consortium(OAC)/ Scientific Congress on Organic Agricultural Research (SCOAR). "This premiere website is where to come for current, accurate, scientifically-based or practically validated information about organic agriculture. This international site provides links to relevant websites and organizations throughout the world. Come here to find production information, economic information, research results, farmer anecdotes, certification information, transition strategies, etc.”

Soil Biodiversity Portal: Conservation and Management of Soil Biodiversity and Its Role in Sustainable Agriculture
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGL/agll/soilbiod/fao.htm
   This portal is from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. It provides a gateway for information on issues related to soil conservation and management such as biological, chemical and physical topics. There are links related to news and events, experts in the field, programs, case studies, and advocacy and training materials.

Other resources:

Center for Food Safety
http://www.centerforfoodsafety.org
   “The Center for Food Safety provides leadership in legal, scientific, and grassroots efforts to address the increasing concerns about the impact of our food production system on human health, animal welfare, and the environment.” The website contains a variety of information such as legal initiatives, news, facts and issues, a recommended reading list, and recommended links & resources.

European Environment Agency
http://www.eea.eu.int/
   “The information provided by the EEA focuses in particular on assessing the current and future state of the environment across Europe and the pressures upon it. The Agency's tasks also include disseminating best practice in environmental protection and technologies, and supporting the European Commission in diffusing information on the results of environmental research.” There is a Clearinghouse of Biodiversity ( http://biodiversity-chm.eea.eu.int/) and a section for Agriculture in the EnviroWindows section ( http://ewindows.eu.org/Agriculture).

Food Safety Network
http://www.foodsafetynetwork.ca/
   “The Food Safety Network at the University of Guelph (Canada) provides research, commentary, policy evaluation and public information on food safety issues from farm-to-fork. Using electronic networks, extensive databases and rigorous field research, the Food Safety Network works closely with the Canadian Research Institute for Food Safety as well as national and international collaborators to put science into action to develop and implement scientific and publicly credible policies and programs to enhance the safety of the food supply.” There are many free full text documents such as fact sheets, conference proceedings, and journal articles on sustainable agriculture and the issues related to it.

Organic Education Center
http://www.organic-center.org/
   "The Organic Center for Education and Promotion has a singular mission to provide consumers, health care professionals, educators, public officials, and government agencies with credible, scientific information about the organic benefit. The Center is a clearinghouse for this information, tracking research, both past and current, analyzing the results and providing it to the public, the media, and government agencies."

Connection
http://www.ibiblio.org/farming-connection/index.html
   “This site was conceived and managed by former staff members of The New Farm magazine.” Its goal is to help tame costs, add value to what farmers sell and keep farmers informed of the latest news from the sustainable farming community.

Digital Archives:

Cornell University Core Historical Literature of Agriculture
http://chla.library.cornell.edu/
   “The Core Historical Literature of Agriculture (CHLA) is a core electronic collection of agricultural texts published between the early nineteenth century and the middle to late twentieth century. Full-text materials cover agricultural economics, agricultural engineering, animal science, crops and their protection, food science, forestry, human nutrition, rural sociology, and soil science.”

The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920 American Memory Library of Congress
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amrvhtml/conshome.html
   “The Evolution of the Conservation Movement, 1850-1920 documents the historical formation and cultural foundations of the movement to conserve and protect America's natural heritage, through books, pamphlets, government documents, manuscripts, prints, photographs, and motion picture footage drawn from the collections of the Library of Congress. The collection consists of 62 books and pamphlets, 140 Federal statutes and Congressional resolutions, 34 additional legislative documents, excerpts from the Congressional Globe and the Congressional Record, 360 Presidential proclamations, 170 prints and photographs, 2 historic manuscripts, and 2 motion pictures.”

Journey to Forever
http://journeytoforever.org/farm_library.html
   “Journey to Forever ( http://www.journeytoforever.org/ ) is a pioneering expedition by a small, mobile NGO (Non-Government Organization) involved in environment and rural development work ...” Their small farm library web page offers titles from the early organic agriculture movement.

Kansas State University Historical Publications of the Agricultural Experiment Station
http://www.oznet.ksu.edu/pr_histpubs/
   This site features a collection of state Agricultural Experiment Station publications and other Kansas state agricultural history publications.

The Soil and Health Library
http://www.soilandhealth.org/
   “This is a free public library offering a tightly focused collection of books on holistic agriculture, holistic health, self-sufficient living, and personal development” created by Steve Soloman.

Full text publications:

National Academies Press
http://www.nap.edu/
   “The National Academies Press (NAP) was created by the National Academies to publish the reports issued by the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council, all operating under a charter granted by the Congress of the United States.” It offers over 2,500 books online, free. You can search by keyword in text, title, or category.

Organic Agriculture papers online
http://orgprints.org/
   "Organic Eprints is an international open access archive for papers related to research in organic agriculture. The archive contains full-text papers in electronic form together with bibliographic information, abstracts and other metadata."

United Nations University Press
http://www.unu.edu/unupress/
   “Following a proposal by the then Secretary-General U Thant, the United Nations recommended that a new type of university be established to promote international scholarly cooperation; undertake problem-oriented, multi disciplinary research on urgent global concerns; and strengthen research and training capacities in developing countries.” The UNU Press offers publications in agriculture, environment and sustainability, food and nutrition, and natural resources development.

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