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Halocarbons and the Stratospheric
Ozone Layer

Tracer Bullet 89-10


SCOPE

This guide lists information sources which deal with the deleterious effect of halocarbons (fluorocarbons, chlorocarbons, and chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)) on the stratospheric ozone layer which shields the earth and its inhabitants from excessive ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Chlorofluorocarbons are compounds, similar to hydrocarbons, in which most, or all, of the hydrogen atoms have been replaced by various combinations of fluorine and chlorine atoms. Not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography, this guide is designed--as the name of the series implies--to put the reader "on target."

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INTRODUCTIONS TO THE TOPIC

Cicerone, Ralph J. Chlorofluorocarbons. In McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. v. 8. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1987. p. 303.
   Q121.M3 1987 <SciRR>

Clark, Ellen, and Max G. Gergel. Halogenated hydrocarbons. In McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. v. 8. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1987. p. 303-304.
   Q121.M3 1987 <SciRR>

Global environment resources: the ozone problem. Edited by Horst Siebert. Frankfurt am Main, Lang, c1982. 93 p. (Staatliche Allokationspolitik im Marktwirtschaftlichen System, Bd. 2)
   TD887.C47G57 1982

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Environment Committee. Fluorocarbons: an assessment of worldwide production, use and environmental issues: first interim report. Prepared by the United States and Canada delegate groups to the Environment Committee. Paris, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, 1976. 41 p.
   TD196.F55073 1976

Prinn, Ronald G. Atmospheric chemistry. In McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. v. 2. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1987. p. 171-175.
   Q121.M3 1987 <SciRR>

----- Atmospheric ozone. In McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. v. 2. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1987. p. 185-188.
   Q121.M3 1987 <SciRR>

Sheft, Irving. Fluorocarbons. Fluorocarbon derivatives. In McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. v. 7. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1987. p. 214-216.
   Q121.M3 1987 <SciRR>

Wagner, Frank. Fluorocarbon. In McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science and technology. v. 7. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1987. p. 217-218.
   Q121.M3 1987 <SciRR>

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SUBJECT HEADINGS

Subject headings used by the Library of Congress, under which publications on this subject can be located in most card, book, and online catalogs include the following:

Highly Relevant

AEROSOLS--ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY
ATMOSPHERIC OZONE
ATMOSPHERIC OZONE--ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
ATMOSPHERIC OZONE--REDUCTION
ATMOSPHERIC OZONE--RESEARCH
CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS
CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS--GOVERNMENT POLICY
CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS--ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
FLUOROCARBONS
FLUOROCARBONS--ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
HALOCARBONS
OZONE LAYER
OZONE LAYER DEPLETION
STRATOSPHERE
STRATOSPHERE--RESEARCH

Relevant

AEROSOLS
ATMOSPHERE, UPPER
CLIMATIC CHANGES

Related

GREENHOUSE EFFECT, ATMOSPHERIC

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TEXTS ON CHEMICAL ASPECTS

Banks, R. E. Fluorocarbons and their derivatives. 2nd ed. London, Macdonald & Co., 1970. 245 p.
   QD412.F1B3 1970

Rudner, Merritt Allen. Fluorocarbons. New York, Reinhold Pub. Corp., 1958. 238 p.
   QD181.F1R86

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BASIC TEXTS

Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences (U.S.). Committee on Impacts of Stratospheric Change. Protection against depletion of stratospheric ozone by chlorofluorocarbons. Committee on Impacts of Stratospheric Change, Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Committee on Alternatives for the Reduction of Chlorofluorocarbon Emissions, Commission on Sociotechnical Systems. Washington, National Academy of Sciences, 1979. 392 p.
   TD887.C47N37 1979

Mooz, W. E., Kathleen A. Wolf, and Frank Camm. Potential constraints on cumulative global production of chlorofluorocarbons. Prepared for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Santa Monica, Calif., Rand, 1986. 69 p.
   HD9660.F562M66 1986
   "R-3400 EPA."

Stoel, Thomas B., Jr., Alan S. Miller, and Breck Milroy. Fluorocarbon regulation: an international comparison. Lexington, Mass., Lexington Books, c1980. 306 p.
   K3672.5.S76

Technical options for reducing chlorofluorocarbon emissions. W. E. Mooz and others. Santa Monica, Calif., Rand, 1982. 187 p.
   TD887.C47T4 1982
   "Prepared for the Environmental Protection Agency."
   "R-2879-EPA."

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CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

Aerosols: research, risk assessment, and control strategies: proceedings of the second U.S.-Dutch International Symposium, Williamsburg, Virginia, May 19-25, 1985. Edited by S. D. Lee and others. Chelsea, Mich., Lewis Publishers, 1986. 1221 p.
   TP244.A3A345 1986
   "Organized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning, and the Environment of The Netherlands."

Aerosols and their climatic effects. Edited by Hermann E. Gerber, Adarsh Deepak. Hampton, Va., A. Deepak Pub., 1984. 297 p.
   QC882.A36 1984
   Proceedings of a meeting held in Williamsburg, Va. March 28-30, 1983, sponsored by World Meteorological Organization CAS and the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, Radiation Commission.

Atmospheric ozone research and its policy implications: proceedings of the 3rd U.S.-Dutch International Symposium, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, May 9-13, 1988. Organized by the Environmental Protection Agency, United States of America, and the Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning, and Environment, The Netherlands. Edited by T. Schneider and others. Amsterdam, New York, Elsevier, 1989. 1047 p. (Studies in environmental science, 35)
   TD885.5.085A86 1989 <SciRR>

Fluostrat '78 Symposium (1978: Brighton, England). Chlorofluorocarbons in the environment: the aerosol controversy. Editors: T. M. Sugden and T. F. West. Chichester, Eng., Ellis Horwood for the Society of Chemical Industry; New York, Distributor, Halsted Press, 1980. 183 p.
   TD887.C47F57 1978
   Held by the Society of Chemical Industry, Oct. 5-6, 1978.

International Radiation Symposium (1988: Lille, France). IRS '88: current problems in atmospheric radiation: proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, Lille, France, 18-24 August 1988. Edited by Jacqueline Lenoble and Jean-Francois Geleyn. Hampton, Va., A. Deepak Pub., 1989.
653 p.
   QC912.3.I57 1988
   Co-sponsored by International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, and other organizations.

The Ozone layer: proceedings of the meeting of experts designated by governments, intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations on the ozone layer organized by the United Nations Environment Programme in Washington, DC, 1-9 March 1977. Editor, Asit K. Biswas. Oxford, Eng., New York, Published for the United Nations Environment Programme by Pergamon Press, 1979. 381 p. (Environmental sciences and applications, v. 4)
   QC879.72.O96 1979

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GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS

Great Britain. Directorate of Air, Noise, and Wastes. Chlorofluorocarbons and their effect on stratospheric ozone: (second report). London, H. M. Stationery Off., 1979.
235 p. (Pollution paper, no. 15)
   TD887.C47G73 1979
   At head of title: Department of the Environment, Central Directorate on Environmental Pollution.

Present state of knowledge of the upper atmosphere: an assessment report: processes that control ozone and other climatically important trace gases. R. T. Watson and others. Washington, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Branch Springfield, Va.; for sale by the National Technical Information Service, 1986. 134 p. (NASA reference publication, 1162)
   QC879.7.P74 1986

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations. Ozone layer depletion: hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, first session, May 15, 1989. Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1990. 1079 p.
   KF27.E5546 1990

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences. Subcommittee on the Upper Atmosphere. Chlorofluorocarbon effects and regulations: hearing before the Subcommittee on the Upper Atmosphere of the Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences, United States Senate, Ninety-fourth Congress, second session, December 15, 1976. Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1977. 476 p.
   KF26.A327 1976b

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences. Subcommittee on the Upper Atmosphere. Stratospheric ozone research and effects: hearings before the Subcommittee on the Upper Atmosphere of the Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences, United States Senate, Ninety-fourth Congress, second session, February 25 and March 1, 1976. Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1976. 580 p.
   KF26.A327 1976

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Subcommittee on Environmental Protection. Ozone depletion, the greenhouse effect, and climate change: hearings before the Subcommittee on Environmental Pollution of the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, Ninety-ninth Congress, second session, June 10 and 11, 1986. Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1986-1987. 2 v. (S. hrg., 99-723, 100-3)
   KF26.E645 1986a

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Subcommittee on Hazardous Wastes and Toxic Substances. The Global Environmental Protection Act of 1988: joint hearings before the Subcommittee on Hazardous Wastes and Toxic Substances and the Subcommittee on Environmental Protection of the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, second session, on S. 2666 ... September 14 and 16, 1988. Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1988.
415 p. (S. hrg., 100-843)
   KF26.E65 1988f

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Subcommittee on Toxic Substances and Environmental Oversight. The effect of chlorofluorocarbons on the ozone layer: hearing before the Subcommittee on Toxic Substances and Environmental Oversight of the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, Ninety-seventh Congress, first session, July 23, 1981. Washington, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1981. 362 p.
   KF26.E678 1981a
   "Serial no. 97-H25."

United States. Federal Task Force on Inadvertent Modification of the Stratosphere. Fluorocarbons and the environment: report of Federal Task Force on Inadvertent Modification of the Stratosphere (IMOS). Washington, Council on Environmental Quality; U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1975. 109 p.
   QC881.2.S8U54 1975
   "NSF 75-403."

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ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING SERVICES

Abstracting and Indexing Services that index relevant journal articles and other literature are listed below. Some terms are suggested as aids in searching.

Applied Science & Technology Index (1913- )
   Z7913.I7 <SciRR>
   See: Atmospheric ozone, Depletion of
   Chlorofluorocarbons
   Chlorofluoromethanes
   Fluorocarbons

Environment Abstracts (1971-)
   GF1.E553 <SciRR>
   See: Chlorofluorocarbons
   Chlorofluoromethanes
   Fluorinated Hydrocarbons
   Halocarbons

Environmental Periodicals Bibliography (1972- )
   Z5863.E57E58 <SciRR>
   See: Chlorofluorocarbons

General Science Index (1978- )
   Z7401.G46 <SciRR>
   See: Air--Halocarbon content
   Fluorocarbons
   Halocarbons
   Ozone

Magazine Index (1980- )
   Available in several formats in LC
   See: Chlorofluorocarbons
   Halocarbons

Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts (1950- )
   QC851.A62 <SciRR>
   See: Chlorofluorocarbons in the Atmosphere
   Ozone-aerosol Relationships
   Ozone-atmospheric Pollution Relationships
   Ozone Destruction

Pollution Abstracts (1970- )
   TD172.P65 <SciRR>
   See: Ozone, Chlorofluorocarbons
   Ozone, Stratosphere
   Stratosphere, Boundary Layers
   Stratosphere, Ozone

Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature (1900- )
   AI3.R45
   See: Chlorofluorocarbons
   Fluorocarbons
   Halocarbons

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REPRESENTATIVE JOURNAL ARTICLES

Benedick, Richard E. A landmark global treaty at Montreal. Natural resources journal, v. 28, summer 1988: 427-429.
   K14.A868

Blegen, Bryce. International cooperation in protection of atmospheric ozone: the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. Denver journal of international law and policy, v. 16, winter/spring 1988: 413-428.
   JX1.D38

Europe agrees on chlorofluorocarbons. Chemistry and industry, no. 7, Apr. 6, 1987: 215.
   TP1.S6213

Global accord will cut CFC use 50% by 1999. Chemical & engineering news, v. 65, Sept. 21, 1987: 7.
   TP1.C35

Historic ozone treaty signed--at last. New scientist, v. 115, Sept. 24, 1987: 22.
   Q1.N52

Keeping CFCs under control. Design news, v. 44, Dec. 19, 1988: 51, 55.
   TA175.D4

Nangle, Orval E. Stratospheric ozone: United States regulation of chlorofluorocarbons. Boston College environmental affairs law review, v. 16, spring 1989: 531-580.
   K5.N83

Ozone destruction--what it means to our health. Not man apart, v. 17, May/June 1987: 9.
   QH540.N6

Rowland, F. Sherwood. Can we close the ozone hole? Technology review, v. 90, Aug./Sept. 1987: 50-58.
   T171.M47

----- Chlorofluorocarbons and the depletion of stratospheric ozone. American scientist, v. 77, Jan./Feb. 1989: 36-45.
   LJ85.S502

Sinclair, Lani. New WRI report details strategies for protecting ozone layer. Ambio, a journal of the human environment, research and management, v. 16, no. 1, 1987: 51-53.
   QH540.A52

Substitutes for CFCs. Not man apart, v. 17, May/June 1987: 12.
   QH540.N6

Zurer, Pamela S. Arctic ozone loss: fact-finding mission concludes outlook is bleak. Chemical & engineering news, v. 67, Mar. 6, 1989: 29-31.
   TP1.C35

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TECHNICAL REPORTS

Technical Reports and other types of literature are indexed in the following guides:

Government Reports Annual Index (1946- )
   Z7405.R4G64<SciRR>
   See: Chlorocarbons
   Chlorofluorocarbons
   Fluorocarbons
   Fluorohydrocarbons

International Aerospace Abstracts (1961- )
   TL500.I57 <SciRR>
   See: Fluorocarbons
   Ozone Depletion

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports (1963- )
   TL500.S35 <SciRR>
   See: Fluorocarbons

SELECTED TECHNICAL REPORTS, sold by the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22161, include the following:

Hoffman, John S. Assessing the risks of trace gases that can modify the stratosphere. Volume 6. Technical Support Documentation Production Projections. Washington, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Dec. 1987. 346 p.
   PB 88-231071 <MicRR>

Review of EPA's assessment of the risks of stratospheric modification. Review of the Stratospheric Ozone Subcommittee of the Science Advisory Board. Washington, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Mar. 23, 1987. 34 p.
   PB 88-247226 <MicRR>

Thompson, T. M., W. D. Komhyr, and E. G. Dutton. Chlorofluorocarbon-11, -12, and nitrous oxide measurements at the NOAA/GMCC (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Geophysical Monitoring for Climatic Change) baseline stations (16 September 1973 to 31 December 1979). Boulder, Colorado, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, June 1985. 124 p.
   PB 86-109584 <MicRR>

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SELECTED MATERIALS

Selected materials available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet boxes include the following:

Can we repair the sky? Consumer reports, vol. 54, May 1989: 322-326.

Gannes, Stuart. A down-to-earth job: saving the sky. Fortune, vol. 117, Mar. 14, 1988: 65-67.

Gushee, David E. Stratospheric ozone depletion: regulatory issues. Boca Raton, Fla., Social Issues Resources Series, c1989-. 7 p. (The Atmosphere crisis, vol. 1, art. no. 89)
   Reprinted from CRS issue brief: Stratospheric ozone depletion: regulatory issues. Feb. 1, 1989.

Shea, Cynthia Pollock. Protecting life on earth: steps to save the ozone layer. Washington, Worldwatch Institute, 1988. 46 p.
U.S. General Accounting Office. Stratospheric ozone: EPA's safety assessment of substitutes for ozone-depleting chemicals; report to the Chairman, Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives. Feb. 13, 1989. Washington, G.A.O., 1989. 66 p.
   "GAO/RCED-89-49."

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ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF INFORMATION

American Meteorological Society
45 Beacon Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02108
Telephone: (617) 227-2425

United Nations
World Meteorological Organization
Caise postale No. 5
CH-1211 Geneve 20
Switzerland
Telephone: (41 22) 34 64 00

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Public Affairs (A-107)
401 M Street, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20460
Telephone: (202) 382-4361

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