Skip Navigation Links  The Library of Congress >> Researchers
ScienceReference Services (Science, Technology, and Business Division)
  Home >> Tracer Bullets
Science Tracer Bullets Online

Endangered and Threatened Species

Tracer Bullet 13-3

Three photos of animals as described in caption.

Top: Black-footed ferret. Credit: J. Michael Lockhart / USFWS, Archived Highlight Stories, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Website.

Center: Western Lily Credit - Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Website.

Bottom: Manatee. Credit: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
Louisiana Ecological Services Website.


This guide offers a systematic approach to a wide variety of published material in the Library of Congress on endangered and/or threatened species of animals and plants. Extinction of species has occurred as a natural process since life began on Earth, but human activities have greatly accelerated the rate of extinctions in recent years. Among the many factors that may contribute to the disappearance of a species are habitat destruction, overexploitation, introduction of exotic species, and climate change. Endangered animals face extinction in all or a part of their ranges unless specific measures are taken for their protection. Threatened animals are likely to become endangered in the foreseeable future. Endangered mammals and birds have received the greatest amount of attention in conservation efforts to date, but there is a growing recognition of the importance of endangered amphibians, reptiles, fish, and invertebrates, so these animals are likely to receive more attention in the future. Although plants are absolutely essential to human and animal life, endangered plants have received relatively little attention compared with that given to endangered animals.
   Not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography, this guide is designed--as the name of the series implies--to put the reader "on target."



Costello, Mark J., Robert M. May, and Nigel E. Stork. Can we name Earth's species before they go extinct? Science, v. 339, Jan. 25, 2013: 413-416.

Darst, Catherine, and others. A strategy for prioritizing threats and recovery actions for at-risk species. Environmental management, v. 51, Mar. 2013: 786-800.

Leidner, Allison K., and Maile C. Neel. Taxonomic and geographic patterns of decline for threatened and endangered species in the United States. Conservation biology, v. 25, Aug. 2011: 716-725.

Nijhuis, Michelle. Which species will live? Scientific American, v. 307, Aug. 2012: 74-79.



Subject Headings used by the Library of Congress, under which materials on endangered species can be located in most library catalogs, include the following:

Highly relevant

   See also names of specific plants or animals, e.g., Whooping Crane, Giant Panda, Cactus





More general




Barrow, Mark V. Nature's ghosts: confronting extinction from the age of Jefferson to the age of ecology. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, c2009. 497 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QL84.2.B377 2009 <SciRR>

Beacham's guide to the endangered species of North America. Edited by Walton Beacham, Frank V. Castronova, Suzanne Sessine. Detroit, Gale Group, c2001. 6 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH77.N56B43 2001 <SciRR>

Corwin, Jeff. 100 heartbeats: the race to save the earth's most endangered species. New York, Rodale; Distributed to the trade by Macmillan, c2009. 303 p.
   Bibliography: p. 229-291.
   QH75.C7185 2009<

Dolder, Willi, and Ursula Dolder-Pippke. Endangered animals: species facing extinction, and the threats to their habitats. Bath, UK, New York, Parragon, 2009. 256 p.
   Bibliography: p. 246.
   QH75.D65 2009

Endangered species. Cynthia A. Bily, editor. Detroit, Greenhaven Press, c2010. 121 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH75.E645 2010

Goodall, Jane, Thane Maynard, and Gail Hudson. Hope for animals and their world: how endangered species are being rescued from the brink. New York, Grand Central Pub., 2009. 392 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH75.G636 2009

IUCN red list of threatened plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre in association with Association for Biodiversity Information ... and others. Gland, Switzerland, Cambridge, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 1998. 1v.
   At head of title: IUCN Species Survival Commission.
   QK86.A1I95 <SciRR>

Morgan, Sally. Protecting threatened species. Chicago, Heinemann Library, c2009. 56 p.
   Bibliography: p. 52-53.
   QL82.M64 2009

Weston, Christopher (Christopher Mark). Animals on the edge: reporting from the frontline of extinction. New York, Thames & Hudson, 2009. 224 p.
   Bibliography: p. 223.
   QL706.8.W47 2009



The Atlas of endangered species. Editor, John A. Burton. 2nd ed. New York, Macmillan Library Reference, c1999. 272 p.
   Bibliography: p. 265.
   QH75.A85 1999 <SciRR>

Hammond, Paula. The atlas of endangered animals: wildlife under threat around the world. Tarrytown, NY, Marshall Cavendish, 2010. 224 p.
   QL82.H34 2010

Madoc, Chris J. Environmental issues in American history: a reference guide with primary documents. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 2006. 328 p.
   Bibliography: p. 311-323.
   GE150.M338 2006 <SciRR>

Restoring diversity: strategies for reintroduction of endangered plants. Edited by Donald A. Falk, Constance I. Millar, Margaret Olwell. Washington, Island Press, c1996. 505 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QK86.4.R47 1996

Roman, Joe. Listed: dispatches from America's Endangered Species Act. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2011. 360 p.
   Bibliography: p. 319-346.
   QH76.R64 2011

Sartore, Joel. Rare: portraits of America's endangered species. Washington, National Geographic, c2010. 1 v. (unpaged)
   QH76.S27 2010

Silent summer: the state of wildlife in Britain and Ireland. Edited by Norman Maclean. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2010. 765 p.
   Includes bibliographical references
   QL255.S55 2010



The Economics of biodiversity conservation. Edited by Stephen Polasky. Aldershot, Hants, Burlington, VT, Ashgate, c2002. 466 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH75.E284 2002

Environmental law and policy: nature, law, and society. Zygmunt J. B. Plater and others. 4th ed. New York, Aspen Publishers, c2010. 998 p.
   Bibliography: p. 29-49.
   KF3775.E4683 2010 <LAW>

Fischman, Robert. The national wildlife refuges: coordinating a conservation system through law. Washington, Island Press, c2003. 278 p.
   Bibliography: p. 253-262.
   QL84.2.F55 2003

Forestry and biodiversity: learning how to sustain biodiversity in managed forests. Edited by Fred L. Bunnell and Glen B. Dunsworth. Vancouver, BC, UBC Press, c2009. 349 p.
   Bibliography: p. 312-338.
   QH77.C2F67 2009

Humes, Edward. Eco barons: the dreamers, schemers, and millionaires who are saving our planet. New York, Ecco, c2009. 367 p.
   Bibliography: p. 312-347.
   GE195.H84 2009

Levin, Donald A. The origin, expansion, and demise of plant species. New York, Oxford University Press, 2000. 230 p.
   Bibliography: p. 181-122.
   QK980.L48 2000

Renewing America's food traditions: saving and savoring the continent's most endangered foods. Edited and introduced by Gary Paul Nabhan. White River Junction, VT, Chelsea Green Pub., c2008. 304 p.
   Includes bibliographical references
   TX715.R42157 2008



Biodiversity Conservation

Allendorf, Frederick William, Gordon Luikart, and Sally N. Aitken. Conservation and the genetics of populations. 2nd ed. Hoboken, John Wiley & Sons, 2013. 602 p.
   Bibliography: p. 531-586.
   QH75.A42 2013

Biodiversity conservation: new research. Editors, Richard L. Nelson and John F. Carter. Hauppauge, NY, Nova Science, c2012. 158 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH75.B53226 2012

Biodiversity hotspots: distribution and protection of conservation priority areas. Frank E. Zachos, Jan Christian Habel, editors. Heidelberg, New York, Springer, c2011. 546 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH75.B532433 2011

Molecular approaches in natural resource conservation and management. Edited by J. Andrew DeWoody and others. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, c2010. 374 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH75.M647 2010

Relict species: phylogeography and conservation biology. Jan Christian Habel, Thorsten Assmann, editors. Heidelberg, New York, Springer, c2010. 451 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH75.R456 2010


Hirschfeld, Erik, Andy Swash, and Robert Still. The world's rarest birds. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, c2013. 360 p.
   Includes index.
   QL676.7.H57 2013

Hughes, Janice M. (Janice Maryan). Cranes: a natural history of a bird in crisis. Richmond Hill, ON, Firefly Books, c2008. 256 p.
   Bibliography: p. 250.
   QL696.G84H844 2008

McCarthy, Michael. Say goodbye to the cuckoo: migratory birds and the impending ecological catastrophe. Chicago, Ivan R. Dee, 2010. 274 p.
   "First published in the United Kingdom by John Murray."
   QL698.9.M39 2010

The State of the birds: United States of America 2009. U.S. North American Bird Conservation Initiative. Washington, U.S. North American Bird Conservation Initiative, 2009. 35 p.
   In 2009, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and North American Bird Conservation Initiative, began issuing an annual report on the State of the birds. Current reports can be found at
   QL682.S73 2009

Walters, Martin. Bird watch: a survey of planet Earth's changing ecosystems. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2011. 256 p.
   QL676.7.W35 2011


The Common hamster (Cricetus cricetus): perspectives on an endangered species. Edited by Eva Millesi, Hans Winkler & Renate Hengsberger. Vienna, Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, 2008. 126 p. (Biosystematics and ecology series, no. 25)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QL737.R666C66 2008

Macfie, Elizabeth J., and Elizabeth A. Williamson. Best practice guidelines for great ape tourism. Gland, Switzerland, IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group, c2010. 77 p. (Occasional paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission, no. 38)
   Bibliography: p. 60-66.
   QL737.P96M295 2010

Meredith, Martin. Elephant destiny: biography of an endangered species in Africa. New York, PublicAffairs, 2003. 244 p.
   Originally published as Africa's elephant, London, Hodder & Stoughton, 2001.
   Bibliography: p. 227-235.
   QL737.P98M473 2003;

Payton, Brian. Shadow of the bear: travels in vanishing wilderness. New York, Bloomsbury; Distributed to the trade by Holtzbrinck Publishers, 2006. 304 p.
   Bibliography: p. 295-301.
   QL737.C27P364 2006<

Pittman, Craig. Manatee insanity: inside the war over Florida's most famous endangered species. Gainesville, University Press of Florida, c2010. 444 p.
   Bibliography: p. 389-434.
   QL737.S63P58 2010

Struhsaker, Thomas T. The red colobus monkeys: variation in demography, behavior, and ecology of endangered species. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, c2010. 349 p.
   Bibliography: p. 332-342.
   QL737.P93S77 2010


Ayensu, Edward S., and Robert A. DeFilipps. Endangered and threatened plants of the United States. Washington, Smithsonian Institution, 1978. 403 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QK86.U6A93 1978 <SciRR>

Cactus and succulent plants: status survey and conservation action plan. Compiled by Sara Oldfield. IUCN/SSC Cactus and Succulent Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland, IUCN, c1997. 214 p.
   Bibliography: p. 145-155.
   QK495.C11C19 1997

Conifers: status survey and conservation action plan. Compiled by Aljos Farjon and Christopher N. Page. Gland, Switzerland, IUCN World Conservation Union, 1999. 121 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Series: IUCN/SSC action plans for the conservation of biological diversity.
   QK494.C65 1999

Our green and living world: the wisdom to save it. Edward S. Ayensu and others. Washington, Smithsonian Institution; Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1984. 255 p.
   Bibliography: p. 248-249.
   QH75.O93 1984

Plant genetic resources and food security. Marlena A. Diaz, editor. New York, Nova Science Publishers, c2010. 131 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   SB123.3.P632 2010

Rare and endangered vascular plants of Maryland. Prepared by C. Rose Broome and others. Newton Corner, MA, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1979, i.e., 1980. 64 leaves.
   Bibliography: leaves 53-64.

Reptiles and Amphibians

Crocodiles: status survey and conservation action plan. Edited by James Perran Ross. IUCN/SSC Crocodile Specialist Group. 2nd ed. Gland, Switzerland, IUCN, c1988. 96 p.
   Bibliography: p. 74-88.
   QL666.C9C77 1998

Ensuring a future for South Africa's frogs: a strategy for conservation research. G. J. Measey, ed. Pretoria, South African National Biodiversity Institute, 2011. 84 p. (SANBI biodiversity series, 19)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QL644.73.S6E67 2011

European red list of amphibians. Compiled by Helen J. Temple and Neil A. Cox. Gland, Switzerland, IUCN; Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, c2009. 32 p.
   Bibliography: p. 20-21.
   QL644.73.E85E973 2009

European red list of reptiles. Compiled by Neil A. Cox and Helen J. Temple. Gland, Switzerland, IUCN; Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, c2009. 32 p.
   Bibliography: p. 20-21.
   QL644.73.E85E977 2009

Segev, O., M. Mangel, and L. Blaustein. Deleterious effects by mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) on the endangered fire salamander (Salamandra infraimmaculata). Animal conservation, v. 12, Feb. 2009: 29-37.
   Bibliography: p. 36-37.

Thorbjarnarson, John B., and Xiaoming Wang. The Chinese alligator: ecology, behavior, conservation, and culture. Foreword by George B. Schaller. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010. 265 p.
   Bibliography: p. 239-256.
   QL666.C925T485 2010

Wild Animal Trade

Laufer, Peter. Forbidden creatures: inside the world of animal smuggling and exotic pets. Guilford, CT, Lyons Press, c2010. 250 p.
   Bibliography: p. 233-239.
   SK591.L38 2010

Schneider, Jacqueline L. Sold into extinction: the global trade in endangered species. Santa Barbara, CA, Praeger, c2012. 252 p.
   Bibliography: p. 217-243.
   QH75.S265 2012

Speart, Jessica. Winged obsession: the pursuit of the world's most notorious butterfly smuggler. New York, William Morrow, 2011. 311 p.
   "Describes how the author found herself in the middle of a U.S. Fish and Wildlife agent's hunt for notorious butterfly smuggler Yoshi Kojima."
   In process

The Trade in wildlife: regulation for conservation. Edited by Sara Oldfield. London, Sterling, VA, Earthscan Publications, 2003. 210 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   SK591.T73 2003

Verheij, Pauline, Kaitlyn-Elizabeth Foley, and Katalina Engel. Reduced to skin and bones: an analysis of tiger seizures from 11 tiger range countries (2000-2010). Cambridge, TRAFFIC International, c2010. 44 p.
   Bibliography: p. 26-28.
   SK593.T54V47 2010

Younger Readers

Barker, David. Top 50 reasons to care about great apes: animals in peril. Berkeley Heights, NJ, Enslow Publishers, c2010. 103 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QL737.P96B346 2010

Endangered species. Lauri S. Friedman, editor. Detroit, Greenhaven Press, c2012. 132 p.
   Bibliography: p. 120-124.
   QH75.E647 2012

Hamilton, Garry. Frog rescue: changing the future of endangered wildlife. Buffalo, NY, Firefly Books, 2004. 64 p.
   QL668.E2H25 2004

Littlewood, Peter. Endangered species. Mankato, MN, Smart Apple Media, 2012. 46 p.
   Bibliography: p. 45.
   QH75.L575 2012

Malnor, Carol, and Bruce Malnor. Earth heroes: champions of wild animals. Nevada City, CA, Dawn Publications, c2010. 144 p.
   Bibliography: p. 140-141.
   QL83.M315 2010

Osborne, Mary Pope, and Natalie Pope Boyce. Pandas and other endangered species. New York, Random House, c2012. 118 p.
   "A nonfiction companion to Magic Tree House #48: A perfect time for pandas."
   QL737.C27O827 2012

Pobst, Sandy. Animals on the edge: science races to save species threatened with extinction. Washington, National Geographic, c2008. 64 p.
   QL83.P63 2008



Crawford, Mark. Habitats and ecosystems: an encyclopedia of endangered America. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, c1999. 398 p.
   Bibliography: p. 361-375.
   QH76.C73 1999 <SciRR>

Encyclopedia of endangered species. Detroit, Gale Research, c1994-1999. 2 v. (Gale environmental library)
   QH75.A1E53 <SciRR>

Endangered wildlife and plants of the world. New York, Marshall Cavendish, c2001. 13 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH75.E68 2001

Global re-introduction perspectives, 2011: more case studies from around the globe. Edited by Pritpal S. Soorae. Abu Dhabi, UAE, IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist Group & Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi, c2011. 250 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QL83.4.G56 2011

Handbook of nature conservation: global, environmental and economic issues. Jason B. Aronoff, editor. New York, Nova Science Publishers, c2009. 479 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH75.H3657 2009 <SciRR>

Hoyt, Erich. Extinction A-Z. Hillside, NJ, Enslow Publishers, c1991. 128 p.
   Bibliography: p. 125-126.
   QH78.H69 1991

Mackay, Richard. The atlas of endangered species. Rev. and updated. Berkeley, University of California Press, c2009. 128 p.
   Bibliography: p. 122-125.
   QH75.M285 2009 <SciRR>

Piper, Ross. Extinct animals: an encyclopedia of species that have disappeared during human history. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, c2009. 204 p.
   Bibliography: p. 191-192.
   QL83.P57 2009 <SciRR>

Sherry, Clifford J. Endangered species: a reference handbook. Santa Barbara, CA, ABC-CLIO, c1998. 269 p.
   Bibliography: p. 203-231.
   QL82.S49 1998 <SciRR>

Twist, Clint. Endangered animals dictionary: an A to Z of threatened species. New York, Tangerine Press, c2004. 64 p.
   QL83.T89 2004

World Wildlife Fund guide to extinct species of modern times. v. 1- Editor, Walton Beacham. Osprey, FL, Beacham Pub., c1997-
   Incomplete contents: v. 1. Birds of the Pacific Islands and North America; Plants of the Hawaiian Islands; Fishes of North America; Mammals of North and South Africa; Mammals of North America and the Atlantic islands.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH75.W675 1997 <SciRR>



Baker, Sylva. Endangered vertebrates: a selected, annotated bibliography,1981-1988. New York, Garland Pub., 1990. 197 p. (Garland reference library of social science, v. 480)
   Z7996.V4B35 1990

Biological diversity: a bibliography with indexes. L. N. Petrov, editor. New York, Nova Science Publishers, c2003. 220 p.
   Z5322.B53B56 2003

Clewis, Beth. Biological invasions: a selected bibliography. Monticello, IL, Vance Bibliographies, 1991. 8 p. (Public administration series--bibliography, P3038)
   Z5322.B54C54 1991

Endangered species: a bibliography with indexes. John P. Turing, editor. New York, Nova Science Publishers, c2002. 220 p.
   Z7994.W5E53 2002

Hessl, Amy, and Susan Spackman. Effects of fire on threatened and endangered plants: an annotated bibliography. 55 p. Washington, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Biological Service, 1995. 55 p. (Information and technology report, 2)
   QK86.U6H47 1995



Conference Papers Index (1973- )
   Z7403.C84 and Electronic format

Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (1978- )
   Q158.5.I4 <SciRR A&I>

PapersFirst (1993- )
   Electronic format

ProceedingsFirst (1993- )
   Electronic format



Beyond captive breeding: re-introducing endangered mammals to the wild ... the proceedings of a symposium held at the Zoological Society of London on 24th and 25th November 1989. Edited by J. H. W. Gipps. Oxford, Published for the Zoological Society of London by Clarendon Press; New York, Oxford University Press, 1991. 284 p.
   Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, no. 62.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QL83.4.B49 1991

Creative conservation: interactive management of wild and captive animals. Edited by P. J. S. Olney, G. M. Mace, and A. T. C. Feistner. London, New York, Chapman & Hall, 1994. 517 p.
   Updated versions of papers originally presented at a conference held in Jersey in 1992.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QL83.4.C73 1994

Gaining ground: in pursuit of ecological sustainability. Edited by David M. Lavigne, associate editor, Sheryl Fink. Guelph, ON, IFAW, 2006. 425 p.
   Papers from a forum convened in June 2004 by the International Fund for Animal Welfare in conjunction with the University of Limerick, Ireland.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QL81.5.G35 2006

The Importance of species: perspectives on expendability and triage. Edited by Peter Kareiva and Simon A. Levin. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, c2003. 427 p.
   Papers presented at a symposium held in honor of Robert Treat Paine, upon the occasion of his retirement from the University of Washington.
   Bibliography: p. 353-413.
   QH75.I414 2003

Multiple stressor effects in relation to declining amphibian populations. G. Linder ... and others, editors. West Conshohocken, PA, ASTM International, c2003. 282 p. (ASTM special technical publication, 1443)
   Papers from a symposium held in Pittsburgh, PA, Apr. 16-17, 2002.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QL669.2.M85 2003

Primates in fragments: ecology in conservation. Edited by Laura K. Marsh. New York, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, c2003. 404 p.
   Based on papers from XVIII Congress of the International Primatological Society, Jan. 6-12, 2000.
   Bibliography: p. 399.
   QL737.P9P6779 2003



Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications (1895- )
   Z1223.A18 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format
   URL: (1976- )



A Legislative history of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended in 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, and 1980, together with a section-by section index. Prepared by the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress for the Committee on Environment and Public Works, U.S. Senate. Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 1982. 1506 p.
   At head of title: 97th Congress, 2d session. Committee print.
   "Serial no. 97-6."
   Bibliography: p. 1497-1506.
   KF5640.A315A15 1982 <LAW>

Tyus, Harold W., and Catherine A. Karp. Habitat use and streamflow needs of rare and endangered fishes, Yampa River, Colorado. Washington, U.S. Dept. of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 1989. 27 p.
   Biological report, 89-14.
   Bibliography: p. 24-26.
   QL628.C6T98 1989

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Natural Resources. The Endangered Species Act: how litigation is costing jobs and impeding the true recovery efforts. Oversight hearing before the Committee on Natural Resources, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, first session, Tuesday, December 6, 2011. Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2013. 115 p.
   "Serial no. 112-88."
   Bibliography: 23-24.
   KF27.I5 2011h <LAW>

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight. The Endangered Species Act: reviewing the nexus of science and policy. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight, Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, first session, Thursday. October 13, 2011. Washington, U.S. G. P. O., 2011. 173 p.
"Serial no. 112-44."
   Includes bibliographical references.
   KF27.S3975 2011e <LAW>

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, and Water. The Endangered Species Act and the roles of states, tribes, and local governments. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, and Water of the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, September 21, 2005. Washington, U.S. G. P. O.; For sale by the Supt. of Docs., 2007. 149 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   KF26.E63 2005b <LAW>



Technical Reports and other types of literature may be identified in the following abstracting and indexing journals:

Government Reports Announcements & Index (1946- )
   Z7916.G78 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format

Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications (1895- )
   Z1223.A18 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format
   URL: (1976- )



These selected reports are available in the technical reports collection of the Science, Technology & Business Division. Other reports on the topic may be purchased from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5301 Shawnee Rd., Alexandria, VA 22312. NTIS telephone (1-800-553-NTIS); fax (703-605-6900); URL:

Brainard, R. E., and others. Status review report of 82 candidate coral species petitioned under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Washington, National Marine Fisheries Service, Biological Review Team, 2011. 581 p.

Gandolfi, C. Endangered and threatened species at Kennedy Space Center Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge. Cocoa Beach, FL, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, John F. Kennedy Space Center, 2010. 8 p.

Moody, A., and others. Mapping habitat connectivity for multiple rare, threatened, and endangered species on and around military installations. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina, 2011. 149 p.

We share one place: endangered species of Oregon. Portland, OR, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. 72 p.



Dissertations may be identified by using online resources or the following indexes located in the Main Reading Room. Consult any reference librarian about options. Some dissertations may be available in full text through electronic resources on public terminals at the Library of Congress

Comprehensive Dissertation Index, 1861-1972
     Z5053.X47 <MRR>

Comprehensive Dissertation Index. Supplement (1973-2011)
   Z5053.X47a <MRR>

Dissertation Abstracts International (1938- )

ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full Text (1861- )
   Electronic format



Ayres, Katherine Leah. Distinguishing the impacts of prey availability and vessel traffic on an endangered killer whale (Orcinus orca) population. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI Dissertations Publishing, 2011.
   UMI Publication Number 3501508
   Collation of the original: 104 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of Washington

Dzul, Maria Christina. Population ecology and monitoring of the endangered Devils Hole pupfish. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI Dissertations Publishing, 2011.
   UMI Publication Number 1505845
   Collation of the original: 131 p.
   Thesis (masters)--Iowa State University

Nemeth, Lynne. Grand experiments: a review of five endangered species reintroductions in the US. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI Dissertations Publishing, 2012.
   UMI Publication Number 1510717
   Collation of the original: 281 p.
   Thesis (masters)--Prescott College

Rodriquez, Shari Lynn. The use of financial incentives, stewardship, and public information to promote wildlife habitat conservation on private lands. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI Dissertations Publishing, 2012.
   UMI Publication Number 3538459
   Collation of the original: 151 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--North Carolina State University



Abstracting and Indexing Services that index relevant journal articles and other literature are listed below. Please consult a reference librarian for the location and format of abstracting and indexing services in the Science Reading Room.

Academic OneFile (1980- )
   Electronic Format

Academic Search Complete (Various dates)
   Electronic Format

Environment Complete (1950's- )
   Electronic Format

Environmental Sciences and Pollution Management (1967- )
   Electronic Format

Garden, Landscape & Horticulture Index (1990's- )
   Electronic Format

GeoRef (1785- )
   Electronic Format

GreenFile (Various dates)
   Electronic Format

JSTOR (Various dates)
   Electronic format

Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature (1900- )
   AI3.R48 <BusRR> and Electronic format

Wildlife & Ecology Studies Worldwide (1935- )
   Electronic Format

Zoological Record (1864- )
   Z7991.Z87 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic Format



Journals that often contain relevant articles include the following:

American Journal of Primatology
Animal Conservation
Audubon QL671.A82
Biodiversity and Conservation QH75.A1B513
Biological Conservation S900.B5
BioScience QH1.A277
Conservation Biology QH75.A1C665
Defenders S960.D43
Environmental Management TD169.E5
Federal Register URL:
Global Change Biology QC981.8.C5G6323
International Wildlife QL81.5.I56
Journal of Environmental Management HC79.E5J68
Journal of Wildlife Management SK351.J68
National Wildlife S964.U6N35
Restoration Ecology QH541.15.R45R515



Bernazzani, Paola, Bethany Bradley, and Jeffrey Opperman. Integrating climate change into habitat conservation plans under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Environmental management, v. 49, June 2012: 1103-1114.

Goble, Dale D., and others. Conservation-reliant species. BioScience, v. 62, Oct. 2012: 869-873.

Godefroid, Sandrine, and Thierry Vanderborght. Seed banking of endangered plants: are we conserving the right species to address climate change? Biodiversity and conservation, v. 19, Oct. 2010: 3049-3058.

Holland, Jennifer S. Counting cranes. National geographic, v. 217, June 2010: 68-79.

Kerkvliet, Joe, and Christian Langpap. Learning from endangered and threatened species recovery programs: a case study using U.S. Endangered Species Act recovery scores. Ecological economics, v. 63, Aug. 2007: 499-510.

LeDee, Olivia E., Kristen C. Nelson, and Francesca J. Cuthbert. The challenge of threatened and endangered species management in coastal areas. Coastal management, v. 38, July/Aug. 2010: 337-353.

Loomis, John, and Jeffery Ballweber. A policy analysis of the collaborative Upper Colorado River Basin Endangered Fish Recovery Program: cost savings or cost shifting? Natural resources journal, v. 52, fall 2012: 337-362.
   K14.A868 <LAW>

Neel, Maile C., and Judy P. Che-Castaldo. Predicting recovery criteria for threatened and endangered plant species on the basis of past abundances and biological traits. Conservation biology, v. 27, Apr. 2013: 385-397.

Nicolè, Florence, and others. Interdependent effects of habitat quality and climate on population growth of an endangered plant. Journal of ecology, v. 99, Sept. 2011: 1211-1218.

Parker, Guy, and others. Using sample aerial surveys to estimate the abundance of the endangered Grevy's zebra in northern Kenya. African journal of ecology, v. 49, Mar. 2011: 56-61.

Steven, Rochelle, and J. Castley. Tourism as a threat to critically endangered and endangered birds: global patterns and trends in conservation hotspots. Biodiversity and conservation, v. 22, Apr. 2013: 1063-1082.

Stirling, Ian, and Andrew E. Derocher. Effects of climate warming on polar bears: a review of the evidence. Global change biology, v. 18, Sept. 2012: 2694-2706.

Wilson, Conor D., and Dai Roberts. Modelling distributional trends to inform conservation strategies for an endangered species. Diversity & distributions, v. 17, Jan. 2011: 182-189.



Selected Materials available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet boxes include:

Averill-Murray, Roy C., and others. A new approach to conservation of the Mojave desert tortoise. BioScience, v. 62, Oct. 2012: 893-899.

Bean, Michael J. The Endangered Species Act: science, policy, and politics. In The Year in ecology and conservation biology. Boston, Published by Blackwell Pub. on behalf of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2009. p. 369-391.

Brazaitis, Peter, Myrna E. Watanabe, and George Amato. The Caiman trade: failure of sustainable utilization of endangered species. Scientific American, v. 278, Mar. 1998: 70-76.

Cahn, Maya L., and others. Disease, population viability, and recovery of endangered Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep. Journal of wildlife management, v. 75, Nov. 2011: 1753-1766.

Chadwick, Douglas H. Right whales: on the brink, on the rebound. National geographic, v. 214, Oct. 2008: 100-121.

Gratwicke, Brian, Thomas E. Lovejoy, and David E. Wildt. Will amphibians croak under the Endangered Species Act? BioScience, v. 62, Feb. 2012: 197-202.

Gumm, J. M., and others. Management of interactions between endangered species using habitat restoration. Biological conservation, v. 144, Sept. 2011: 2171-2176.

Holland, Jennifer S. The Vanishing. National geographic, v. 215, Apr. 2009: 138-153.
Article on endangered amphibians.

O'Neal, Kirkman. Effects of global warming on trout and salmon in U.S. streams. New York, Natural Resources Defense Council, May 2002. 46 p.

Schipper, Jan, Janice Chanson, and Federica Chiozza. The status of the world's land and marine mammals: diversity, threat, and knowledge. Science, v. 322, Oct. 10, 2008: 225-230.

Wilson, Howard B., and others. When should we save the most endangered species? Ecology letters, v. 14, Sept. 2011: 886-890.




Audubon Society
Main Office
225 Varick Street
New York, NY 10014
Telephone: (212) 979-3000
Washington Office
1200 18th Street NW, Suite 500
Washington, DC 20036
Telephone: (202) 861-2242

Center for Biological Diversity
P.O. Box 710
Tucson, AZ 85702-0710
Telephone: (520) 623-5252
Toll-free: (866) 357-3349

Center for Plant Conservation
Missouri Botanical Garden

P.O. Box 299
St. Louis, MO 63166-0299
Telephone: (314) 577-9450
   Maintains the National Collection of Imperiled Plants

Conservation International
2011 Crystal Drive, #500
Arlington, VA 22202
Telephone: (703) 341-2400

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)
International Environment House
11 Chemin des Anémones
Ch-1219 Châtelaine, Geneva, Switzerland
Email: [email protected]

Defenders of Wildlife
1130 17th Street NW
Washington, DC 20036
Telephone: (800) 385-9712

Endangered Species Commission
P.O. Box 65195
Washington, DC 20035

International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
IUCN Conservation Centre
Rue Mauverney 28
1196 Gland, Switzerland

Natural Resources Defense Council
40 West 20th Street
New York, NY 10011
Telephone: (212) 727-2700

The Nature Conservancy
4245 North Fairfax Drive
Suite 100
Arlington, VA 22303
Telephone: (800) 628-6860

Wildlife Conservation Society
2300 Southern Boulevard
Bronx, NY 10460
Telephone: (718) 741-1654

World Wildlife Fund
1250 24th Street NW
P.O. Box 997180
Washington, DC 10090
Telephone: (800) 960-0993

U.S. Government Agencies

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Threatened and Endangered Plants

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Endangered Species Program
4401 N. Fairfax Drive, Room 420
Arlington, VA 22203

Endangered Species Act Document Library

U.S. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
National Marine Fisheries Service

Marine Mammal Protection Act

Office of Protected Resources



The Internet offers a growing number of sites helpful in the study of endangered plants and animals. Several of the organizations listed above provide links to related sites from their web sites. You might also try the sites listed below, or use your favorite search engine and appropriate key words to identify more specific resources. You can also use your favorite search engines to find additional sites.

   A unique collection of videos, images, and facts about the world's species.

Biodiversity Heritage Library

DOD Natural Resources Conservation Program

Encyclopedia of Life

Gateway to Federal Science

Global Plants

TRAFFIC: The Wildlife Trade Monitoring Network

United National Environment Programme
World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Top of Page Top of Page
  Home >> Tracer Bullets
  The Library of Congress >> Researchers
   June 5, 2014
Legal | External Link Disclaimer

Contact Us:  
Ask a Librarian