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Biotechnology

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SCOPE

Biotechnology is that "branch of technology concerned with modern forms of industrial production utilizing living organisms, especially micro-organisms, and their biological processes," according to the Oxford English Dictionary. The actual term applies to a wide variety of uses of such biological technology, including the development of new breeds of plants and animals, the creation of therapeutic drugs and preventive vaccines, the growing of more nutritious and naturally pest-resistant crops as a food source, and the production of biofuels as an alternative energy source.

The basic idea of biotechnology has existed since prehistoric times. When early humans learned that they could plant their own crops and breed their own animals, and realized that they could selectively breed plants and livestock, they were practicing biotechnology. It was in 1919 that the actual term, "Biotechnologie" or "biotechnology," was coined by Karl Ereky, a Hungarian engineer. Since the end of World War II, biotechnology has also been used for large-scale waste management, chemotherapy drug production, ore leaching, and other commercial operations.

The discovery of the structure of DNA in 1953 pushed the field of biotechnology to the DNA level. Since the 1970s, using the techniques of gene splicing and recombinant DNA, scientists have been able to combine the genetic elements of two or more living organisms. Completion of the Human Genome Project in 2003, as well as the availability of the entire genome sequences of various organisms and of advanced molecular techniques and tools (bioinformatics, comparative genomics, cloning, gene splicing, recombinant DNA), has paved the way for further biotechnological developments in agriculture, medicine, and other areas. Yet, as more novel uses of biotechnology are explored, ethical issues and controversies arise.

While the term "biotechnology" covers a very broad area, this guide focuses on the most recent uses of biotechnology in its four major fields: 1. medicine (vaccine development, chemotherapy drugs, stem cell therapy, gene therapy, and pharmacogenomics); 2. agriculture (genetically modified organisms and cloning); 3. energy and environment (biofuel and waste management); and 4. the bioethical and legal implications of biotechnology. This guide updates and replaces TB 84-7, and furnishes a review of the literature in the collections of the Library of Congress on the topic. Not intended as a comprehensive bibliography, this compilation is designed--as the name of the series implies--to put the reader "on target."

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INTRODUCTIONS TO THE TOPIC

Hoyle, Brian. Biotechnology. In Gale encyclopedia of science. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, editors. 4th ed. v. 1. Detroit, Thomson Gale, c2008. p. 579-581.
   Q121.G37 2008 <SciRR>

Shmaefsky, Brian. The definition of biotechnology. In his Biotechnology 101. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 2006. p. 1-17.
   TP248.215.S56 2006 <SciRR>

Smith, J. E. Public perception of biotechnology. In Basic biotechnology. Edited by Colin Ratledge and Bjørn Kristiansen. 3rd ed. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006. p. 3-33.
   TP248.2.B367 2006 <SciRR>

Zaitlin, Milton. Biotechnology. In McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science & technology. 10th ed. v. 3. New York, McGraw-Hill, 2007. p. 127-130.
   Q121.M3 2007 <SciRR>

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SUBJECT HEADINGS

Subject headings used by the Library of Congress, under which books on biotechnology can be found include the following:

HIGHLY RELEVANT

AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
ANIMAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
ANIMAL CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY
AQUACULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
BIOTECHNOLOGY
   See also subdivision BIOTECHNOLOGY under individual chemicals and groups of chemicals, e.g., ANTIBIOTICS--BIOTECHNOLOGY; INSULIN--BIOTECHNOLOGY; VACCINES--BIOTECHNOLOGY
   See also subdivision BIOTECHNOLOGY under individual materials, e.g., EGGS--BIOTECHNOLOGY; FEEDS--BIOTECHNOLOGY; FOOD--BIOTECHNOLOGY; FOREST PRODUCTS--BIOTECHNOLOGY; FUNGI--BIOTECHNOLOGY; MINERALS--BIOTECHNOLOGY
FORESTRY BIOTECHNOLOGY
GENETIC ENGINEERING
GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS
MARINE BIOTECHNOLOGY
MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
PHARMACEUTICAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY
   See also subdivision BIOTECHNOLOGY under individual plants and groups of plants, e.g., CORN--BIOTECHNOLOGY; FRUIT--BIOTECHNOLOGY; NUTS--BIOTECHNOLOGY;RICE--BIOTECHNOLOGY; WHEAT--BIOTECHNOLOGY
PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY

RELEVANT

ANIMAL GENETIC ENGINEERING
   See also subdivision GENETIC ENGINEERING under individual animals and groups of animals, e.g., CATTLE--GENETIC ENGINEERING; FISHES--GENETIC ENGINEERING
BIOMASS ENERGY
BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
CLONING
   See also subdivision CLONING under individual animals and groups of animals, e.g., CATTLE--CLONING; FISHES--CLONING; SHEEP--CLONING
CROPS--GENETIC ENGINEERING
EMBRYONIC STEM CELLS
GENETIC RECOMBINATION
MOLECULAR CLONING
PLANT GENETIC ENGINEERING
   See also subdivision GENETIC ENGINEERING under individual plants and groups of plants, e.g., CORN--GENETIC ENGINEERING; RICE--GENETIC ENGINEERING; WHEAT--GENETIC ENGINEERING
RECOMBINANT DNA
RECOMBINANT MICROORGANISMS
STEM CELLS
TRANSGENIC ANIMALS
TRANSGENIC ORGANISMS
TRANSGENIC PLANTS

RELATED

BIOENGINEERING
BIOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIES
GENETIC ENGINEERING INDUSTRY
GENETIC VECTORS
HIGH PRESSURE BIOTECHNOLOGY
HUMAN CLONING
MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES
PHARMACEUTICAL BIOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY
PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY
PROTEIN ENGINEERING
TISSUE ENGINEERING

MORE GENERAL

BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
HUMAN REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGY
INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY
REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGY

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BASIC TEXTS

Basic biotechnology. Edited by Colin Ratledge and Bjørn Kristiansen. 3rd ed. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2006. 666 p.
   TP248.2.B367 2006 <SciRR>

Batiza, Ann. Bioinformatics, genomics, and proteomics: getting the big picture. Philadelphia, Chelsea House Publishers, c2006. 196 p.
   Bibliography: p. 181-188.
   QH324.2.B38 2006 <SciRR>

Gazit, Ehud. Plenty of room for biology at the bottom: an introduction to bionanotechnology. London, Imperial College Press; Hackensack, NJ, World Scientific Pub., c2007. 183 p.
   Bibliography: p. 171-179.
   QP514.2.G39 2007 <SciRR>

An Introduction to molecular biotechnology: molecular fundamentals, methods and applications in modern biotechnology. Edited by Michael Wink, translated by Renate Fitzroy. Weinheim, Wiley-VCH, c2006. 768 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP248.2.I6813 2006 <SciRR>

Nicholl, Desmond S. T. An introduction to genetic engineering. 3rd ed. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2008. 336 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH442.N53 2008

Renneberg, Reinhard. Biotechnology for beginners. Edited by Arnold L. Demain. Berlin, Boston, Springer-Verlag, c2008. 360 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP248.2.R45 2008

Shmaefsky, Brian. Biotechnology 101. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 2006. 251 p.
   Bibliography: p. 235-245.
   TP248.215.S56 2006 <SciRR>

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ADDITIONAL TITLES

Biotechnology: changing life through science. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, editors. Detroit, Thomson Gale, c2007. 3 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP248.218.B56 2007

Brown, T. A. Gene cloning and DNA analysis: an introduction. 5th ed. Oxford, Malden, MA, Blackwell Pub., 2006. 386 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH442.2.B76 2006

Daugherty, Ellyn. Biotechnology: science for the new millennium. St. Paul, MN, Paradigm Publishers, c2007.
420 p. + 1 CD-ROM.
   TP248.2.D38 2007 FT MEADE

McGloughlin, Martina, and Edward Re. The evolution of biotechnology: from Natufians to nanotechnology. Dordrecht, Springer, c2006. 262 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP248.2.M434 2006

Pimentel, David, and Marcia H. Pimentel. Food, energy, and society. 3rd ed. Boca Raton, CRC Press, c2008.
380 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HD9000.6.P55 2008

Shmaefsky, Brian. Biotechnology on the farm and in the factory: agricultural and industrial applications. Philadelphia, Chelsea House Publishers, c2006. 158 p.
   Bibliography: p. 145-149.
   S494.5.B563S53 2006

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SPECIALIZED TITLES

Agriculture, Genetically Modified Organisms, and Food Biotechnology

Andrée, Peter. Genetically modified diplomacy: the global politics of agricultural biotechnology and the environment. Vancouver, UBC Press, c2007. 324 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   S494.5.B563A53 2007

Biotechnology of fruit and nut crops. Edited by Richard E. Litz. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, Eng., Cambridge, MA, CABI Pub., c2005. 723 p. (Biotechnology in agriculture series, no. 29)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   SB359.3.B549 2005 <SciRR>

Food biotechnology. Edited by Kalidas Shetty and others. 2nd ed. New York, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, 2006. 1982 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP248.65.F66F6482 2006 <SciRR>

Food biochemistry and food processing. Editor, Y. H. Hui; Associate editors, Wai-Kit Nip and others. Ames, IA, Blackwell Pub. Professional, 2006. 769 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP370.8.F66 2006 <SciRR>

The Gene revolution: GM crops and unequal development. Edited by Sakiko Fukuda-Parr. London, Sterling, VA, Earthscan, 2007. 248 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP248.65.F66G44 2007

Herren, Ray V. Introduction to biotechnology: an agricultural revolution. Clifton Park, NY, Delmar Learning, c2005. 413 p.
   S494.5.B563H47 2005 <SciRR>

Labeling genetically modified food: the philosophical and legal debate. Edited by Paul Weirich. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 2007. 249 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP248.65.F66L33 2007

Murphy, Denis J. Plant breeding and biotechnology: societal context and the future of agriculture. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2007. 423 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   SB123.M77 2007

Safety of genetically engineered foods: approaches to assessing unintended health effects. Committee on Identifying and Assessing Unintended Effects of Genetically Engineered Foods on Human Health, Board on Life Sciences, Food and Nutrition Board, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Institute of Medicine. Washington, National Academies Press, 2004. 235 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP248.65.F66S245 2004 <SciRR>

Sanderson, Colin J. Understanding genes and GMOs. Singapore, Hackensack, NJ, World Scientific, c2007. 345 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH442.6.S26 2007

Thompson, Paul B. Food biotechnology in ethical perspective. 2nd ed. Dordrecht, Springer, c2007. 340 p. (The International library of environmental, agricultural and food ethics, 10)
   Bibliography: p. 309-334.
   TP248.65.F66T47 2007

Biotechnology Ethics and Law

Bailey, Ronald. Liberation biology: the scientific and moral case for the biotech revolution. Amherst, NY, Prometheus Books, 2005. 332 p.
   Bibliography: p. 247-310.
   TP248.23.B35 2005

Biotechnology and the law. Hugh B. Wellons and others. Chicago, American Bar Association, c2006. l957 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   KF3133.B56B56 2006 <Law>

Bohrer, Robert A. A guide to biotechnology law and business. Durham, NC, Carolina Academic Press, c2007.
341 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   KF3133.B56 B64 2007 <Law>

Cohen, Cynthia B. Renewing the stuff of life: stem cells, ethics, and public policy. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 2007. 311 p.
   Bibliography: p. 244-295.
   QH588.S83C46 2007

Fundamentals of the stem cell debate: the scientific, religious, ethical, and political issues. Edited by Kristen Renwick Monroe, Ronald B. Miller, and Jerome S. Tobis. Berkeley, University of California Press, c2008. 218 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH588.S83F86 2008

Morris, Jonathan. The ethics of biotechnology. Philadelphia, Chelsea House Publishers, c2006. 158 p.
   Bibliography: p. 142-144.
   TP248.23.M67 2006

Energy and Environment: Biofuels and Waste Management

Biofuels for transport: global potential and implications for sustainable energy and agriculture. Worldwatch Institute. London, Sterling, VA, Earthscan, 2007. 452 p.
   Bibliography: p. 407-443.
   TP339.B5435 2007 <SciRR>

Biofuels refining and performance. Ahindra Nag, editor. New York, McGraw-Hill, c2008. 312 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP339.B5437 2008

Biomass: energy from plants and animals. Amanda de la Garza, book editor. Detroit, Greenhaven Press, c2007. 120 p.
   Bibliography: p. 109-113.
   TP339.B5646 2007

Bitton, Gabriel. Wastewater microbiology. 3rd ed. Hoboken, NJ, Wiley-Liss, John Wiley & Sons, c2005. 746 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QR48.B53 2005

Logan, Bruce E. Microbial fuel cells. Hoboken, NJ, Wiley-Interscience, c2008. 200 p.
   Bibliography: p. 189-198.
   TP339.L64 2008

Materials, chemicals, and energy from forest biomass. Dimitris S. Argyropoulos, editor. Washington, American Chemical Society; Distributed by Oxford University Press, c2007. 591 p. (ACS symposium series, 954)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP339.M367 2007

Progress in biomass and bioenergy research. Steven F. Warnmer, editor. New York, Nova Science Publishers, c2007. 217 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP360.P768 2007

Medical and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Autologous and cancer stem cell gene therapy. Editors, Roger Bertolotti, Keiya Ozawa. Hackensack, NJ, World Scientific, c2008. 446 p. (Progress in gene therapy, v. 3)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH588.S83A98 2008

Biotechnology in personal care. Edited by Raj Lad. New York, Taylor & Francis, 2006. 454 p. (Cosmetic science and technology series, v. 29)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP983.B565 2006

Cancer biotherapy: an introductory guide. Edited by Annie Young, Lewis Rowett, David Kerr. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, c2006. 323 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RC271.I45C33 2006

Kelly, Evelyn B. Stem cells. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 2007. 203 p.
   Bibliography: p. 193-198.
   QH588.S83K45 2007 <SciRR>

The National Academies’ guidelines for human embryonic stem cell research. Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Advisory Committee, Board on Life Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine, National Research Council and Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. Washington, National Academies Press, c2007. 36 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   "2007 amendments."
   QH442.2.N38 2007

Newton, David E. Stem cell research. New York, Facts On File, c2007. 284 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH588.S83N49 2007

Panno, Joseph. Stem cell research: medical applications and ethical controversy. New York, Facts On File, c2005. 178 p.
   Bibliography: p. 157-161.
   QH588.S83P36 2005

Pharmaceutical biotechnology. Edited by Michael J. Groves. 2nd ed. Boca Raton, Taylor & Francis, 2006. 411 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RS380.P475 2005

Pharmaceutical biotechnology: fundamentals and applications. Edited by Daan J. A. Crommelin, Robert D. Sindelar, Bernd Meibohm. 3rd ed. New York, Informa Healthcare, c2008. 466 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RS380.P484 2008

Sasson, Albert. Medical biotechnology: achievements, prospects and perceptions. Tokyo, New York, United Nations University Press, c2005. 154 p.
   Bibliography: p. 143-148.
   TP248.2.S273 2005

Schacter, Bernice. Biotechnology and your health: pharmaceutical applications. Philadelphia, Chelsea House Publishers, c2006. 178 p.
   Bibliography: p. 163-167.
   RS380.S33 2006

Stem cells and cancer. Devon W. Parsons, editor. New York, Nova Biomedical Books, c2007. 284 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RC269.7.S74 2007

Stem cells: from bench to bedside. Editors, Ariff Bongso and Eng Hin Lee. Singapore, Hackensack, NJ, World Scientific, c2005. 565 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH588.S83B66 2005 <SciRR>

Stephenson, Frank Harold. DNA: how the biotech revolution is changing the way we fight disease. Amherst, NY, Prometheus Books, 2007. 333 p.
   Bibliography: p. 303-312.
   TP248.215.S74 2007

Walsh, Gary. Pharmaceutical biotechnology: concepts and applications. Chichester, Eng., Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, c2007. 480 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   RS380.W35 2007

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RELATED TITLES

Glazer, Alexander N., and Hiroshi Nikaido. Microbial biotechnology: fundamentals of applied microbiology. 2nd ed. Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2007. 554 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP248.27.M53G57 2007

Globalization, biosecurity, and the future of the life sciences. Committee on Advances in Technology and the Prevention of Their Application to Next Generation Biowarfare Threats, Development, Security, and Cooperation Policy and Global Affairs Division, Board on Global Health, Institute of Medicine, Institute of Medicine and National Research Council of the National Academies. Washington, National Academies Press, c2006. 299 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   HV6433.3.G56 2006

Landecker, Hannah. Culturing life: how cells became technologies. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2007. 276 p.
   Bibliography: p. 239-271.
   QH585.2.L36 2007

Okafor, Nduka. Modern industrial microbiology and biotechnology. Enfield, NH, Science Publishers, c2007. 530 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QR53.O355 2007

Principles of tissue engineering. Edited by Robert P. Lanza, Robert Langer, Joseph Vacanti. 3rd ed. Amsterdam, Boston, Elsevier/Academic Press, c2007. 1307 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP248.27.A53P75 2007 <SciRR>

Sunder Rajan, Kaushik. Biocapital: the constitution of postgenomic life. Durham, NC, Duke University Press, 2006. 343 p.
   Bibliography: p. 315-326.
   HD9999.B442S86 2006

Ullmann’s biotechnology and biochemical engineering. Weinheim, Wiley-VCH, c2007. 2 v. (855 p.)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP248.2.U44 2007 <SciRR>

Zimmer, Marc. Glowing genes: a revolution in biotechnology. Amherst, NY, Prometheus Books, 2005. 221 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QP552.G73Z56 2005

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HANDBOOKS, ENCYCLOPEDIAS, DICTIONARIES AND DIRECTORIES

Bains, William. Biotechnology from A to Z. 3rd ed. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 2004. 413 p.
   Bibliography: p. 387.
   TP248.16.B33 2004 <SciRR>

Encyclopedia of genetics. Editor, revised edition, Bryan D. Ness; editor, first edition, Jeffrey A. Knight. Rev. ed. Pasadena, CA, Salem Press, c2004. 2 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH427.E53 2004 <SciRR>

Kahl, Günter. The dictionary of gene technology: genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics. 3rd ed. Weinheim, Wiley-VCH, c2004. 2 v. (1290 p.)
   QH442.K333 2004 <SciRR Dict>

Kent and Riegel's handbook of industrial chemistry and biotechnology. Edited by James A. Kent. 11th ed. New York, Springer, c2007. 1 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Rev. ed. of Riegel’s handbook of industrial chemistry. 2003.
   TP145.R53 2007 <SciRR>

Nill, Kimball R. Glossary of biotechnology and nanobiotechnology terms. 4th ed. Boca Raton, Taylor & Francis, 2006. 402 p.
   TP248.16.F54 2006 <SciRR Dict>

Plunkett's biotech & genetics industry almanac. Houston, TX, Plunkett Research, c2001- .
   Annual.
   HD9999.B44P57 <BRS>

Steinberg, Mark, and Sharon D. Cosloy. The Facts on File dictionary of biotechnology and genetic engineering. 3rd ed. New York, Facts on File, 2006. 275 p.
   Not yet in LC

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CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

Challenges and risks of genetically engineered organisms. Paris, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, c2004. 223 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Proceedings of a workshop on "Challenges and Risks of GMOs-What Risk Analysis is Appropriate?" held in Maastricht, Netherlands, 16-18 July 2003.
   QH450.C45 2004

European Society of Animal Cell Technology. General Meeting (19th, 2005, Harrogate, England). Cell technology for cell products: proceedings of the 19th ESACT Meeting, Harrogate, UK, June 5-8, 2005. Edited by Rodney Smith. Dordrecht, Springer, c2007. 821 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP248.27.A53E93 2005

European Symposium on Environmental Biotechnology (2004, Oostende, Belgium). European Symposium on Environmental Biotechnology--ESEB 2004: proceedings of the European Symposium on Environmental Biotechnology, ESEB 2004, 25-28 April 2004, Oostende, Belgium. Edited by W. Verstraete. Leiden, Balkema, 2004. 909 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TD192.5.E965 2004

Food Innovation: Emerging Science, Technologies and Applications (FIESTA) conference. Edited by Peter Roupas. In Innovative food science & emerging technologies, v. 9, Apr. 2008: 139-254.
   TP248.65.F66I55

Frontiers in Biomedical Devices Conference (2nd, 2007, Irvine, Calif.). Proceedings of the 2nd Frontiers in Biomedical Devices Conference--2007: presented at the Frontiers in Biomedical Devices Conference, June 7-8, 2007, Irvine, California, USA. New York, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, c2007. 160 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   R857.M3F76 2007

International Conference on Experimental Mechanics (2006, Jeju, Korea). Experimental mechanics in nano and biotechnology. Edited by Soon-Bok Lee, Yun-Jae Kim. Üetikon Zürich, Switzerland; Enfield, NH, Trans Tech Publications, Ltd., 2006. 2 v. (Key engineering materials, v. 326-328)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Proceedings of the International Conference on Experimental Mechanics (ICEM 2006) and the 5th Asian Conference on Experimental Mechanics (ACEM5), September 26-29, 2006, Jeju, Korea; organized by Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) and Asian Committee for Experimental Mechanics (ACEM).
   TA349.I478 2006

Symposium of the Tohoku University 21st Century Center of Excellence Program (2007, Tohoku University, Japan). Future medical engineering based on bionanotechnology: proceedings of the final symposium of the Tohoku University 21st Century Center of Excellence Program, Sendai International Center, Japan 7-9 January 2007. Editors, Esashi Masayoshi and others. London, Imperial College Press, 2006. 1115 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   R857.N34S94 2007

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GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS

Breaking the biological barriers to cellulosic ethanol: a joint research agenda: a research roadmap resulting from the Biomass to Biofuels Workshop, December 7-9, 2005, Rockville, Maryland. Washington, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 2006. 206 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP339.B73 2006

Guidance for industry: E15 definitions for genomic biomarkers, pharmacogenomics, pharmacogenetics, genomic data and sample coding categories. Silver Spring, MD, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, 2008. 10 p.
   URL: http://www.fda.gov/cber/gdlns/iche15term.htm
   Electronic format

Report of the Joint Subcommittee Studying the Medical, Ethical, and Scientific Issues Relating to Stem Cell Research Conducted in the Commonwealth: to the Governor and the General Assembly of Virginia. Richmond, Commonwealth of Virginia, 2006. 1 v. (various pagings) (House document, no. 43)
   Includes bibliographical references
   QH588.S83R47 2006

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Reform. Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources. Human cloning and embryonic stem cell research after Seoul: examination exploitation, fraud, and ethical problems in the research: hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, second session, March 7, 2006. Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2006. 245 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   “Serial no. 109-169"
   SuDocs no.: Y 4.G 74/7:ST 4/5
   KF27.G64 2006d <Law>

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry. To review the benefits and future developments in agriculture and food biotechnology: hearing before the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, June 14, 2005. Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2006. 114 p.
   “S. hrg. 109-438"
   SuDocs no.: Y 4.AG 8/3:S.HRG.109-438
   KF26.A35 2005g <Law>

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry. Subcommittee on Energy, Science, and Technology. The next generation of biofuels: cellulosic ethanol and the 2007 farm bill: hearing before the Subcommittee on Energy, Science, and Technology of the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, United States Senate, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session, April 4, 2007. Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2007. 123 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   “S. hrg. 110-160"
   SuDocs no.: Y 4.AG 8/3:S.HRG.110-160
   KF26.A3542 2007 <Law>

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies. Alternative methods for deriving stem cells: hearing before a Subcommittee on of the Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, first session, special hearing, July 12, 2005, Washington, DC. Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2006. 57 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   “S. hrg. 109-675"
   SuDocs no.: Y 4.AP 6/2:S.HRG.109-675
   KF26.A653 2005i <Law>

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies. Alternative Pluripotent Stem Cell Therapies Enhancement Act (S. 2754): hearing before a subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, One Hundred Ninth Congress, second session, special hearing, June 27, 2006, Washington, DC. Washington, U.S. G.P.O., 2007. 28 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   “S. hrg. 109-815"
   SuDocs no.: Y 4:AP 6/2:109-815
   KF26.A643 2006a <Law>

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TECHNICAL REPORTS

TECHNICAL REPORTS and other types of literature may be identified in the following abstracting and indexing journals:

Government Reports Announcements & Index (1946- )
   URL: http://www.ntis.gov/
   Z7916.G78 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format

Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications (1895- )
   URL: http://catalog.gpo.gov (1976-)
   Z1233.A18 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format

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SELECTED TECHNICAL REPORTS

These selected reports are available in the technical reports collection of the Science, Technology & Business Division. Other reports on the topic may be purchased from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5825 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22161. NTIS telephone: (703) 605-6585. NTIS web site URL: http://www.ntis.gov.

Agricultural biotechnology risk analysis research in the federal government: cross agency cooperation. Washington, National Science and Technology Council, 2007. 27 p.
   PB2007114082

Bridgwater, F. E., and C. D. Nelson. Biotechnology in the Southern Research Station: a problem analysis. Asheville, NC, Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Sept. 2006. 42 p.
   PB2007105792

Campbell, K. D., and others. Biotechnology industry. Washington, Industrial College of the Armed Forces, 2007. 31 p.
   ADA475052

Emerging technologies for biosolids management. Washington, Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Wastewater Management, Sept. 2006. 133 p.
   PB2007101973

Gottron, F. Project BioShield. Washington, Congressional Research Service, Sept. 27, 2006. 7 p.
   ADA456426

Irving, G. W., A. J. Tijerina, and M. A. Sloan. Advances in biotechnology and the biosciences for warfighter performance and protection: anti-aptamers for revenom. San Antonio, TX, Conceptual Mindworks, Inc., Oct. 2006. 43 p.
   ADA462209

Liebman, M. Showcase for Biotechnology 2005. Fort Detrick, MD, Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (Provisional), Telemedicine and Advanced Tech Research Center, Nov. 2006. 25 p.
   ADA459725

Makosky, L., and E. R. Stephen. Development of a threat assessment framework applicable to dual use biotechnology: results of a study to determine the feasibility, applicability and potential design of a threat assessment framework concept. Ottawa (Ontario), Interquest Consulting, Apr. 2007. 64 p.
   ADA473055

O'Connor, A., and others. Economic impact of ATP's contributions to DNA diagnostics technologies. Research Triangle Park, NC, RTI International, Jan 2007. 210 p.
   PB2007108540

Sarewitz, D., and T. H. Karas. Policy implications of technologies for cognitive enhancement. Albuquerque, NM, Sandia National Labs., Feb 1, 2007. 33 p.
   DE2007901973

Urban, N. Center for the Evaluation of Biomarkers for Early Detection of Breast Cancer. Seattle, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Oct. 2006. 25 p.
   ADA460759

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DISSERTATIONS

Dissertations can be identified by using online resources or the following indexes located in the Main Reading Room. Consult any reference librarian about options. Some dissertations may be available in full text through electronic resources on public terminals at the Library of Congress.

Comprehensive Dissertation Index, 1861-1972
   Z5053.X47 1973

Comprehensive Dissertation Index. Supplement (1973- annual)
   Z5053.X47a

Dissertation Abstracts International (1938- monthly)
   Z5053.D57 and Electronic format

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SELECTED DISSERTATIONS

Bortagaray, Isabel. The building of agro-biotechnology capabilities in small countries: the cases of Costa Rica, New Zealand and Uruguay. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 2007.
   Collation of the original: 411 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--Georgia Institute of Technology, 2007.
   UMI Publication Number AAT 3271477

Bryan, Bradley William. Code dependency: biotechnology and the embrace of biopolitics. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 2006.
   Collation of the original: 434 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of California, Berkeley, 2006.
   UMI Publication Number AAT 3232944

George, Deepa Sarah. Adapting science, building capabilities: the emergence of healthcare biotechnology in India. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 2006.
   Collation of the original: 267 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--Duke University, 2006.
   UMI Publication Number AAT 3267907

Gretton, Linda Burak. The rhetorical helix of the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries: strategies of transformation through definition, description, and ingratiation. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 2007.
   Collation of the original: 242 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 2007
   UMI Publication Number AAT 3273327

Hutcheon, Mary. Negotiating without nature: multilateral negotiation of genetic engineering biotechnology via the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 2007.
   Collation of the original: 334 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--Carleton University (Canada), 2007.
   UMI Publication Number AAT NR23292

Kinchy, Abby J. Genes out of place: science, activism, and the politics of biotechnology. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 2007.
   Collation of the original: 260 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--The University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2007.
   UMI Publication Number AAT 3278785

Wang, Xia. Three essays on technological capabilities and strategies in the United States biotechnology industry. Ann Arbor, MI, UMI, 2007.
   Collation of the original: 122 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of Connecticut, 2007.
   UMI Publication Number AAT 3265808

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ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING SERVICES

Abstracting and Indexing Services that index relevant journal articles and other literature are listed. Some suggested terms for searching include headings listed in the Subject Headings section of this guide, or more specific headings, depending upon the topic of interest. Many titles may now be available in electronic format. Consult a reference librarian for the location and format of abstracting and indexing services.

ABI/Inform Global (1971- )
   Electronic format

Academic Search Premier (1965- )
   Electronic format

Applied Science & Technology Index (1913- )
   Z7913.I7 <SciRR A&I > and Electronic Format

Bibliography of Agriculture (1942- )
   Z5073.U572 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format

Biological Abstracts (1926- )
   QH301.B37 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format

Biological & Agricultural Index (1916- )
   Z5073.A46 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format

Business Periodicals Index (1958- )
   Z7164.C81B983 <BRS> and Electronic format

Chemical Abstracts (1907- )
   QD1.A51 <SciRR A&I >

Engineering Index (1884- )
   Z5851.E62 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format

Environment Complete
   Electronic format

Environmental Sciences and Pollution Management
   Electronic format

Food Science and Technology Abstracts (1969- )
   TP368.F678 <SciRR A&I>

General Science Index (1978- )
   Z7401.G46 and Electronic format

Health and Medical Complete (Coverage varies)
   Electronic format

History of Science, Technology, and Medicine (1975- )
   Electronic format

Index Medicus (1960- ) Z6660.I422 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format
   URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/

INSPEC (1969- )
   Electronic format

Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature (1900- )
   AI3.R48 <BRS> and Electronic format

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JOURNALS

Journals that often contain articles relevant to biotechnology:

Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology QR53.E87
Bioethics QH332.B517
Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining: Biofpr TP339.B542
Bioinformatics QH324.2.C64
Biofutur TP248.13.B545
Biopharm International RS380.B547a
Biotechnology Advances TP248.2.B55
Biotechnology and Bioengineering QH324.B5
Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering Reviews TP248.13.B56
Biotechnology Annual Review TP248.13.B573
Biotechnology Journal TP248.13.B577
Biotechnology Letters QR53.B536
Biotechnology Progress TP248.13.B578
Cell QH573.C38
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology TP248.13.C74
Current Opinion in Biotechnology TP248.13.C87
Gene QH442.G43
Genome Technology TP248.6.G52
Industrial Biotechnology TP248.13.I53
IET Nanobiotechnology
(
Formerly IEE Proceedings. Nanotechnology TP248.13.I34)
TP248.13.I35
Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies: IFSET TP248.65.F66I55
Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
(
Formerly Journal of Applied Chemistry & Biotechnology)
TP248.13.J68
Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology QR53.J682
Molecular Biotechnology TP248.13.M65
Molecular Pharmaceutics RM301.65.M635
Nature Q1.N2
Nature Biotechnology TP248.3.B557
Plant Biotechnology Journal SB106.B56P5925
Protein Engineering, Design & Selection:PEDS PEDS TP248.P77P763
Science Q1.S35
Scientific American T1.S5
Trends in Biotechnology TP248.13.T74

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REPRESENTATIVE JOURNAL ARTICLES

Armand, M., and J.-M. Tarascon. Building better batteries. Nature, v. 451, Feb. 7, 2008: 652-657.
   Q1.N2

Bhattacharjee, Rumpa Biswas, Aqbal Singh, and S. N. Mukhopadhyay. Use of nitrogen-fixing bacteria as biofertiliser for non-legumes: prospects and challenges. Applied microbiology and biotechnology, v.80, Aug. 2008: 199-209.
   QR53.E87

Dodo, Hortense W., and others. Alleviating peanut allergy using genetic engineering: the silencing of the immunodominant allergen Ara h 2 leads to its significant reduction and a decrease in peanut allergenicity. Plant biotechnology journal, v. 6, Feb. 2008: 135-145.
   SB106.B56P5925

Eaton, Margaret L., and Judy Illes. Commercializing cognitive neurotechnology--the ethical terrain. Nature biotechnology, v. 25, Apr. 2007: 393-397.
   TP248.3.B557

Gasser, Robin B., and others. Toward practical, DNA-based diagnostic methods for parasitic nematodes of livestock--bionomic and biotechnological implications. Biotechnology advances, v. 26, July/Aug. 2008: 325-334.
   TP248.2.B55

Ludwig, Christine, and Ralf Wagner. Virus-like particles-universal molecular toolboxes. Current opinion in biotechnology, v. 18, Dec. 2007: 537-545.
   TP248.13.C87

McHughen, Alan, and Stuart Smyth. US regulatory system for genetically modified [genetically modified organism (GMO), rDNA or transgenic] crop cultivars. Plant biotechnology journal, v. 6, Jan. 2008: 2-12.
   SB106.B56P5925

Rouwkema, Jeroen, Nicolas C. Rivron, and Clemens A. van Bitterswijk. Vascularization in tissue engineering. Trends in biotechnology, v. 26, Aug. 2008: 434-441.
   TP248.13.T74

Sanvicens, Nuria, and M. Pilar Marco. Multifunctional nanoparticles--properties and prospects for their use in human medicine. Trends in biotechnology, v. 26, Aug. 2008: 425-433.
   TP248.13.T74

Walker, Bruce D., and Dennis R. Burton. Toward an AIDS vaccine. Science, v. 320, May 9, 2008: 760-764.
   Q1.S35

Wang, James H.-C., and others. Mechanoregulation of gene expression in fibroblasts. Gene, v. 391, Apr. 15, 2007: 1-15.
   QH442.G43

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SELECTED MATERIALS

Selected materials available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet boxes include the following:

Allan, M. F., and T. P. L. Smith. Present and future applications of DNA technologies to improve beef production. Meat science, v. 80, Sept. 2008: 79-85.

Cannon, R. O., III, and C. E. Dunbar. BM-derived cell therapies for cardiovascular disease. Cytotherapy, v. 9, Aug. 2007: 305-315.

Deretic, Vojo, and Daniel J. Klionsky. How cells clean house. Scientific American, v. 298, May 2008: 74-81.

Dyer, John M., and others. High-value oils from plants. Plant journal, v. 54, May 2008: 640-655.

Guimarães, Elcio P., Eric Kueneman, and Michela Paganini. Assessment of the national plant breeding and associated biotechnology capacity around the world. Crop science, v. 47, Dec. 2007: S262-S273.

Holderegger, Rolf, and Helene H. Wagner. Landscape genetics. Bioscience, v. 58, Mar. 2008: 199-207.

Khandeparker, Rakhee, and Mondher Th. Numan. Bifunctional xylanases and their potential use in biotechnology. Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology, v. 35, July 2008: 635-644.

Klaus, D. M., and H. N. Howard. Antibiotic efficacy and microbial virulence during space flight. Trends in biotechnology, v. 24, Mar. 2006: 131-136.

Muyzer, Gerard, and Alfons J. M. Stams. The ecology and biotechnology of sulphate-reducing bacteria. Nature reviews. Microbiology, v. 6, June 2008: 441-454.

Nutritional and safety assessments of foods and feeds nutritionally improved through biotechnology: case studies. Journal of food science: an official publication of the Institute of Food Technologists, v. 72, Nov./Dec. 2007: R131-R137.

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ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF INFORMATION

Institute of Food Research (IFR) UK
Norwich Research Park, Colney, Norwich NR4 7UA, UK
Telephone: 011 44 1603 255000
Fax: 011 44 1603 507723
Email: ifr.communications@bbsrc.ac.uk
URL: http://www.ifr.ac.uk/

National Agricultural Library (NAL)
Research Services
Abraham Lincoln Building
10301 Baltimore Avenue
Beltsville, MD 20705-2351
Telephone: (301) 504-5755 (NAL) / (202) 720-3434 (DCRC)
Fax: (301) 504-6110 (NAL) / (202) 720-0342 (DCRC)
URL: http://www.nal.usda.gov/

National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)
National Library of Medicine
Building 38A
Bethesda, MD 20894
Telephone: (301) 496-2475
Fax: (301) 480-9241
Email: info@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST)
Chemical Science and Technology Laboratory
Biochemical Science Division
100 Bureau Drive, MS 8300
Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8300
General NIST Inquiries: Public Inquiries Unit: (301) 975-NIST or TTY (301) 975-8295
Technical Inquiries: cstlinfo@nist.gov
URL: http://www.cstl.nist.gov/div831/

Sanger Institute (UK)
Morgan Building
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute
Wellcome Trust Genome Campus
Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1HH, UK
Telephone: 011 44 1223 834244
Fax: 011 44 1223 496802
URL: http://www.sanger.ac.uk/

U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
FAO Headquarters
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
00153 Rome, Italy
Phone: 011 39 06 57051
Fax: 011 39 06 570 53152
Email: FAO-HQ@fao.org
Media Relations
Telephone: 011 39 06 57053625
Fax: 011 39 06 57053699
URL: http://www.fao.org/

U.N. Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
UNIDO Headquarters
Vienna International Centre
Wagramerstrasse 5
P.O. Box 300
A-1400 Vienna, Austria
Telephone: 011 43 1 260260
Fax: 011 43 1 2692669
URL: http://www.unido.org/

US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
5600 Fishers Lane
Rockville, MD 20857-0001 
Telephone: (888) INFO-FDA ((888) 463-6332)
Help Desk: http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~furls/helpf2.html
URL: http://www.fda.gov/default.htm

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SELECTED INTERNET RESOURCES

THE INTERNET offers a growing number of sites useful for finding information on biotechnology. Several of the organizations listed above provide links to related sites from their web sites. You might try the sites listed below, or use your favorite search engine (such as Google or Yahoo) and appropriate key words to identify more specific resources.

General Resources

Biosafety - BioTrack
URL: http://www.oecd.org/department/0,3355,en_2649_34385_1_1_1_1_1,00.html

The Biotech Weblog
URL: http://www.biotech-weblog.com/

The Biotechnology Institute
URL: http://www.biotechinstitute.org/

Council for Biotechnology Information
URL: http://whybiotech.com/index.asp

Genetically Engineered Organisms Public Issues Education Project (GEO-PIE)
URL: http://www.geo-pie.cornell.edu/gmo.html

International Resources

Biotechnology Europe
URL: http://www.biotechnology-europe.com/

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)
URL: http://www.cgiar.org/

Database of the Safety and Benefits of Biotechnology
URL: http://croplife.intraspin.com/Biotech/

European Federation of Biotechnology
URL: http://www.efb-central.org/

The International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB)
URL: http://www.icgeb.trieste.it/home.html

International Society for the Study of Xenobiotics (ISSX)
URL: http://www.issx.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=1

National Resources--United States

Animal Biotechnology Society
URL: http://www.animalbiotechnology.org/

Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO)
URL: http://www.bio.org/

Council for Responsible Genetics
URL: http://www.gene-watch.org/

National Resources--Other Countries

AusBiotech - Australia’s Biotechnology Organisation
URL: http://www.ausbiotech.org/

The BioIndustry Association (BIA) (UK)
URL: http://www.bioindustry.org/

BioPortal: Your Window to Biotechnology @ the Government of Canada
URL: http://www.bioportal.gc.ca/splash.asp

Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) (UK)
URL: http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/

Biotechnology Australia
URL: http://www.biotechnology.gov.au/

The DECHEMA (Society for Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology)
URL: http://www.dechema.de/

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