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Science Projects in Biology, Natural History and Agriculture

Tracer Bullet 10-2

Photo:  young woman looking into a microscope.
Photo: Washington, D.C. A biology student at Woodrow Wilson High School, 1943. Prints & Photographs Division, Library of Congress.

SCOPE

This guide lists sources to assist middle-school students and teachers in planning, preparing, and executing science fair projects in biology, natural history, nature study and agriculture. A few books with experiments suitable for elementary grade students are also cited here. Sources for projects and experiments in other areas of science are listed in Science Fair Projects (LC Science Tracer Bullet 09-3), Space Science Projects (LC Science Tracer Bullet 06-3) and Environmental Science Projects (LC Science Tracer Bullet 09-2). This and other recent Tracer Bullets are available online from the Science Reference Section at URL: http://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/tracer-bullets/tbs.html. Not meant to be a comprehensive bibliography, this compilation is designed--as the name of the series implies--to put the reader “on target.”

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SUBJECT HEADINGS

Subject headings used by the Library of Congress, under which books on science projects in the biology, natural history and agriculture can be located in most card, book, and online catalogs, include the following:

Highly relevant

AGRICULTURE--EXPERIMENTS
BIOLOGY--EXPERIMENTS
   See also subdivision "EXPERIMENTS" under headings of particular interest, such as "Agriculutre--Experiments"; "Insects--Experiments"; "Plants--Experiments"; "Seeds--Experiments"
BIOLOGY PROJECTS
BOTANY--EXPERIMENTS
BOTANY PROJECTS
ECOLOGY--EXPERIMENTS
FOOD--EXPERIMENTS
GARDENING--EXPERIMENTS
NATURAL HISTORY PROJECTS
SCIENCE PROJECTS
ZOOLOGY PROJECTS

Relevant

AGRICULTURE--STUDY AND TEACHING (ELEMENTARY)
BOTANY--STUDY AND TEACHING (ELEMENTARY)
NATURAL HISTORY--OUTDOOR BOOKS
NATURAL HISTORY--STUDY AND TEACHING (SECONDARY)
   See also subdivision "Study And Teaching (Secondary)" under headings of particular interest, such as "Biology--Study And Teaching (Secondary)"; "Botany--Study And Teaching (Secondary)"; "Ecology--Study And Teaching (Secondary)"
NATURE STUDY


Related

AGRICULTURE--ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
BIOLOGICAL SPECIMENS--COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION
BIOLOGY--FIELD WORK
CONTAINER GARDENING
SCHOOL GARDENS

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BASIC TEXTS

Benbow, Ann, and Colin Mably. Lively plant science projects. Berkeley Heights, NJ, Enslow Publishers, 2009.
48 p.
   Bibliography: p. 47.
   QK52.6.B46 2009

Bleifeld, Maurice. Adventures with biology: biology experiments for young people. Springfield, NJ, Enslow Publishers, c1997. 96 p.
   Presents thirty science experiments about biology, specifically dealing with physiology, botany, heredity, and microbiology
   QH316.5.B54 1997

Bonnet, Robert L., and Dan Keen. Botany: 49 more science fair projects. Blue Ridge Summit, Pa., TAB Books, c1991. 144 p.
   QK52.6.B64 1990
   Experiments and projects in botany, focusing on germination, vegetative reproduction, hydroponics, photosynthesis, and plant stimulation, transport, and dispersal. Junior high and high school levels.

Bonnet, Robert L., and Dan Keen. Science fair projects: the environment. New York, Sterling Pub. Co., c1995.
95 p.
   Q182.3.B674 1995

Dashefsky, H. Steve. Botany: high-school science fair projects. Blue Ridge Summit, PA, TAB Books, c1995.
158 p.
   Bibliography: p. 150-151.
   QK52.6.D37 1995

Rainis, Kenneth G. Nature projects for young readers. .Rev. ed. New York, F. Watts, c2002. 192 p.
   Bibliography: p. 183-188.
   QH55.R35 2002

Rybolt, Thomas R., and Robert C. Mebane. Environmental science fair projects: revised and expanded using the scientific method. Berkeley Heights, NJ, Enslow Publishers, c2010. 160 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   GE115.R93 2010

Ward, Alan. Experimenting with nature study. New York, Chelsea Juniors, c1991. 48 p.
   QH48.W28 1991

VanCleave, Janice Pratt. Biology for every kid: 101 easy experiments that really work. New York, Wiley, c1990.
224 p.
   QH316.5.V36 1990
   These experiments are unique in their ability to introduce biology concepts in a manner that makes learning exciting. Junior high level.

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ADDITIONAL TITLES

Benbow, Ann, and Colin Mably. Awesome animal science projects. Berkeley Heights, NJ, Enslow Publishers, 2010. 48 p.
   QL52.6.B46 2010

Dashefsky, H. Steve. Zoology: 49 science fair projects. New York, TAB Books, c1995. 169 p.
   Bibliography: p. 163-165.
   QL52.6.D37 1995

Hartzog, John Daniel. Everyday science experiments with food. New York, PowerKids Press, 2000. 24 p.
   TX355.H295 2000

Hershey, David R. Plant biology science projects. New York, J. Wiley, c1995. 165 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QK52.6.H47 1995

Krezel, Cindy. Kids’ container gardening: year-round projects for inside and out. Batavia, IL, Ball Pub., c2005. 72 p.
   SB418.K77 2005

Talmage, Ellen. Unearthing garden mysteries: experiments for kids. Golden, CO, Fulcrum Resources, c2000. 90 p.
   Bibliography: p. 84.
   SB457.T25 2000

Walker, Pam, and Elaine Wood. Ecosystem science fair projects, revised and expanded using the scientific method. Berkeley Heights, NJ, Enslow Publishers, c2010. 1 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH541.24.W348 2010

Waters, Marjorie. The Victory garden kid's book. Rev. ed. Old Saybrook, CT, Globe Pequot Press, c1994. 148 p.
   A spinoff from Victory garden (Television program).
   SB457.W34 1994

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SPECIALIZED TITLES

Benbow, Ann, and Colin Mably. Master the scientific method with fun life science projects. Berkeley Heights, NJ, Enslow Publishers, c2010. 48 p.
   Teaches the scientific method with experiments about life science.
   QH316.5.B4 2010

Benbow, Ann, and Colin Mably. Nature’s secret habitats science projects. Berkeley Heights, NJ, Enslow Elementary, c2010. 48 p.
   Includes bibliographical references
   QH541.14.B475 2010

Court, Judith. Ponds and streams. London, New York, F. Watts, c1985. 32 p.
   Investigates the plant and animal life found in ponds and streams and suggests related experiments and activities.
   QH541.5.P63C65 1985

Dashefsky, H. Steve. Insect biology: 49 science fair projects. Blue Ridge Summit, Pa., TAB Books, c1992. 165 p.
   Bibliography: p. 159.
   Provides background and instructions for various projects related to the behavior, ecology, life cycles, and physical characteristics of insects.
   QL468.5.D37 1992

Gardner, Robert, Salvatore Tocci, and Thomas R. Rybolt. Ace your food science project: great science fair ideas. Berkeley Heights, NJ, Enslow Publishers, 2010. 128 p.
   Bibliography: p. 125.
   TX541.G37 2010

Harlow, Rosie, and Gareth Morgan. 175 amazing nature experiments. New York, Random House, 1992. 172 p.
   A collection of hands-on nature experiments, activities, and crafts.
   QH55.H3 1992

Hickman, Pamela M. Birdwise: forty fun feats for finding out about our feathered friends. The Federation of Ontario Naturalists. Reading, Mass., Addison-Wesley, 1989, c1988. 96 p.
   Descriptive text, illustrations, questions, and suggested activities introduce information about birds in such areas as names of species, types of beaks, methods of nesting, bird-watching, and the feeding of birds.
   QL676.2.H49 1989

Lang, Susan. Nature in your backyard: simple activities for children. With the staff of Cayuga Nature Center. Brookfield, CT, Millbrook Press, c1995. 47 p.
   Bibliography: p. 47.
   QH54.5.L36 1995

MacFarlane, Ruth B. Alford. Making your own nature museum. New York, F. Watts, 1989. 128 p.
   QH70.A1M3 1989
   Bibliography: p. 117-121.
   Gives instructions for collecting, preserving, identifying, and displaying a nature collection.

Milne, Lorus Johnson, and Margery J. G. Milne. The mystery of the bog forest. New York, Dodd, Mead, c1984.
127 p.
   QH541.5.B63M55 1984
   Explains the origin of bogs, their special attractions, and the unique plant life to be found in them.

Producing and obtaining food. Chicago, World Book, c2009. 64 p.
   Bibliography: p. 62.
   S589.75.P77 2009

Robson, Pam. Food and farming. Brookfield, CT, Copper Beech Books, 2001. 32 p.
   S519.R68 2001

Roth, Charles Edmund. The amateur naturalist: explorations and investigations. New York, F. Watts, c1993. 139 p.
   Bibliography: p. 131-133.
   Presents a variety of activities and projects to help the amateur naturalist explore the habits of common plants and animals.
   QH55.R67 1993

Try it with food. New York, Children's Press, c2008. 32 p.
   Bibliography: p. 29.
   Q164.T79 2008

VanCleave, Janice Pratt. Janice VanCleave's microscopes and magnifying lenses: mind-boggling chemistry and biology experiments you can turn into science fair projects. New York, Wiley, c1993. 100 p.
   QH278.V36 1993

Wellnitz, William R. Science in your backyard. Blue Ridge Summit, Pa., TAB Books, c1992. 118 p.
   Q163.W423 1991
   Includes experiments involving plants, animals, and earth sciences that can be done close to home and that encourage the development of observation and measurement skills.

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RELATED TITLES

Armitage, Kevin C. The nature study movement: the forgotten popularizer of America’s conservation ethic. Lawrence, University Press of Kansas, c2009. 291 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QH51.A73 2009

Cohen, Richard, and Betty Phillips Tunick. Snail trails and tadpole tails: nature education guide for young children. St. Paul, MN, Redleaf Press; Mt. Rainier, MD, Distributed by Gryphon House, c1993. 92 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   LB1140.5.S35C64 1993

The Curious naturalist. Washington, National Geographic Society, c1991. 288 p.
   Bibliography: p. 283.
   QH104.C87 1991

Kohlstedt, Sally Gregory. Teaching children science: hands-on nature study in North America, 1890-1930. Chicago, London, University of Chicago Press, 2010. 1 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   LB1585.3.K64 2010 (In Press)

Louv, Richard. Last child in the woods: saving our children from nature-deficit disorder. Updated and expanded. Chapel Hill, NC, Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 2008. 390 p.
   BF353.5.N37L68 2008

Riotte, Louise. Carrots love tomatoes & roses love garlic: secrets of companion planting for successful gardening. Pownal, VT, Storey, 2004. 458 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   SB603.5.R56 2004

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HANDBOOKS

Handbook on agricultural education in public schools. Lloyd J. Phipps and others. 6th ed. Clifton Park, NY, Thomson Delmar Learning, c2008. 553 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   S531.P57 2008 <SciRR>

Schmidt, Diane. A guide to field guides: identifying the natural history of North America. Englewood, CO, Libraries Unlimited, 1999. 304 p.
   Bibliography: p. 251-260.
   Z7408.N6S36 1999 <SciRR>

Williams, Ernest H. The nature handbook: a guide to observing the great outdoors. Oxford, New York, Oxford University Press, 2005. 263 p.
   Bibliography: p. 247-248.
   QH45.2.W55 2005

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CLASSROOM EXPERIMENTS AND ACTIVITIES

Bain, Amy J., Janet Richer, and Janet Weckman. Life sciences: curriculum resources and activities for school librarians and teachers. Englewood, CO, Teacher Ideas Press, 2001. 293 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Z5818.S3B35 2001

Bellamy, Mary Louise. Biology discovery activities kit: lessons, labs, and worksheets for secondary students. West Nyack, NY, Center for Applied Research in Education, c1991. 231 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   An excellent source for activities with detailed directions for preparation, teaching, a list of goals, and reproducible student worksheets. High school level.
   QH316.4.B44 1990

Beller, Joel. Experimenting with plants: projects for home, garden, and classroom. New York, Arco Pub., c1985. 154 p.
   Bibliography: p. 149.
   SB454.3.E95B45 1985

Benbow, Ann, and Colin Mably. Sprouting seed science projects. Berkeley Heights, NJ, Enslow Publishers, c2009. 48 p.
   Includes bibliographical references
   QK661.B38 2009

Harlow, Rosie, and Gareth Morgan. 175 amazing nature experiments. New York, Random House, 1992. 172 p.    QH55.H3 1992

Hendrick, Robert. Biology, history & Louis Pasteur: a new approach to teaching science. American biology teacher, v. 53, Nov./Dec. 1991: 467-478.
   QH1.A275

Hillman, Lawrence E. Nature puzzlers. Englewood, Colo., Teacher Ideas Press, 1989. 152 p.
   Bibliography: p. 143-146.
   QH51.H54 1989
   Activities focus on concept and skill-building. Breaks down each activity into an initial question, background information, hypotheses, and additional activities. High school level.

Hogan, Kathleen. The maple trail: tap into a hands-on experience that leaves your students stuck on science. Science and children, v. 27, May 1990: 22-23.
   LB1585.S34

Horsfall, Jacqueline. Play lightly on the earth: nature activities for children ages 3 to 9. Nevada City, CA, Dawn Publications, c1997. 176 p.
   QH54.5.H67 1997

Jurenka, Nancy E. Allen, and Rosanne J. Blass. Beyond the bean seed: gardening activities for grades K-6. Englewood, CO, Teacher Ideas Press, 1996. 195 p.
   Bibliography: p. 163-186.
   SB457.J87 1996

Kessler, Colleen. Hands-on ecology: real-life activities for kids. Waco, TX, Prufrock Press, c2007. 157 p.    Bibliography: p. 151-155.
   QH541.2.K47 2007

Klein, William J. Learning under the sun. New ed. Sioux City, IA, MB Learning Systems, 1993. 291 p.
   QH53.K57 1993
   A manual composed of discovery labs. A wide range of plants, animals, and environmental issues provides topics for labs and worksheets.

Mueller, Jeanne, and Jamie Picardy. Take me out to the corn field: teacher’s guide. Havre de Grace, MD, Maryland Agricultural Education Foundation, c2004. 172 p.
   S534.M3M84 2004

Nature projects on file: experiments, demonstrations, and projects for school and home. The Diagram Group. New York, Facts on File, 1992. 1 v. (unpaged)
   Issued in loose-leaf format.
   QH55.N38 1992

Outdoor inquiries: taking science investigations outside the classroom. Patricia McGlashan and others. Portsmouth, NH, Heinemann, c2007. 123 p.
   Bibliography: p. 119-123.
   LB1585.3.O88 2007

Pranis, Eve, and others. GrowLab workshop planning packet. Burlington, VT, National Gardening Association, c1998. 159 p.
   Bibliography: p. 150-152.
   Designed to help teachers guide students’ experiments and activities with plants.
   SB457.P73 1998

Sewall, Susan Breyer. Hooked on science: ready-to-use discovery activities for grades 4-8. West Nyack, N.Y., Center for Applied Research in Education, c1990. 202 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Over 60 exciting, easy-to-use activities to enrich and reinforce all areas of the general science curriculum--especially nature/natural history.
   QH51.S48 1990

VanCleave, Janice Pratt. Janice VanCleave’s science around the world: activities on biomes from pole to pole. Hoboken, NJ, Wiley, c2004. 120 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q164.V388 2004

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BIBLIOGRAPHIES AND PROJECT INDEXES

Educators guide to free science materials. 1st- ed.; 1960- Compiled and edited by Mary H. Saterstrom. Randolph, Wis., Educators Progress Service. annual.
   Q181.A1E3 <SciRR Desk>

Clewis, Beth. Books for the amateur naturalist: sources of experiments & activities for outdoor biology classes. American biology teacher, v. 54, Jan. 1992: 16-18.
   QH1.A275

Johnson, Carolyn M. Discovering nature with young people: an annotated bibliography and selection guide. New York, Greenwood Press, 1987. 495 p.
   Z5818.N36J64 1987<SciRR>
   In addition to substantial sections listing print and audiovisual materials for young readers and items for educators and parents, includes information about sources of reviews, educational and recreational programs, organizations and clubs, contests and assorted games, kits, puzzles, posters, and other supplies.

Kennedy, DayAnn M., Stella S. Spangler, and Mary Ann Vanderwerf. Science & technology in fact and fiction: a guide to young adult books. New York, Bowker, c1990. 363 p.
   Z7401.K46 1990b <SciRR>

Pilger, Mary Anne. Science experiments index for young people. 4th ed. Englewood, CO, Libraries Unlimited, c2005. 184 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   Q182.3.P55 2005 <SciRR>

Resource guide to educational materials about agriculture: a project of Agriculture in the Classroom. Washington, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Aug. 1993. 90 p.
   ED385751
   Type in the ED 385751 at URL: www.eric.ed.gov

Resources for teaching elementary school science. National Science Resources Center, National Academy of Sciences, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, National Academy Press, 1996. 289 p.
   Z5818.S3R47 1996
   Rev. ed. of Science for children. 1988.

Science experiments on file: experiments, demonstrations, and projects for school and home. Edited by Judith A. Bazler. Rev. ed. New York, Facts on File, c2000. 2 v. (loose-leaf)
   Q182.3.S33 2000 <SciRR>
   "All of the experiments were obtained from a select group of master teachers--winners and finalists of the prestigious Presidential Award for Excellence in Science Teaching, named by the National Science Foundation."
   Intended as a resource for students, grades 6-12.
   See also More Science Experiments on File (New York, Facts on File, 1991. 1 v. (loose-leaf)) Q182.3.M67 1990 <SciRR>, which offers 80 new projects for grades 3-12.

Science fair project index, 1960-1972. Compiled by the staff of the Science and Technology Division of the Akron Summit County Public Library; edited by Janet Y. Stoffer. Metuchen, N.J., Scarecrow Press, 1975. 728 p.
   Q182.3.S34 1975 <SciRR>

Science fair project index, 1973-1980. Edited by Science and Technology Division, Akron-Summit County Public Library. Metuchen, NJ, Scarecrow Press, 1983. 723 p.
   Bibliography: p. 709-723.
   Q182.3.S34 1975 Suppl. <SciRR>

Science fair project index, 1981-1984. Edited by Cynthia Bishop, Deborah Crowe, Science and Technology Division, Akron-Summit County Public Library. Metuchen, NJ, Scarecrow Press, 1986. 686 p.
   Q182.3.S34 1975 Suppl. 2 <SciRR>

Science fair project index, 1985-1989. Edited by Cynthia Bishop, Katherine Ertle, Karen Zeleznik. Prepared by the Science and Technology staff of the Akron-Summit County Public Library. Metuchen, NJ, Scarecrow Press, 1992. 555 p.
   Q182.3.S34 1975 Suppl. 3 <SciRR>

Science fair project index. 1990-
   URL: http://www.akronlibrary.org/DBS/SFDB/Default.aspx
   The Science and Technology Division of the Akron-Summit County Public Library prepares the Science fair project index as part of the Library’s ongoing commitment to contribute to the literature of the profession. The present electronic database includes bibliographic data for materials published from 1990 to date

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ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING SERVICES

Students may need to use subject-oriented abstracting and indexing services for information on subjects related to their their biology, natural history and agriculture projects. Sample titles are listed below. Some of these may be available only in large or specialized libraries. A reference librarian may be able to suggest additional titles

Biological Abstracts (1926- )
Biological & Agricultural Index (1916- )
Education Abstracts (1983- )
Education Full Text (1996- )
Education Journals via Proquest (1988- )
Environment Complete (1950's- )
General Science Index (1978- )
Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature (1900- )
Science Books & Films (1965- )
Zoological Record (1864- )

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JOURNALS

Journals that often contain articles relevant to biology, natural history and agriculture projects include:

Agricultural Education Magazine
S530.A3
Agricultural History
S1.A16
American Biology Teacher QH1.A275
Audubon QL671.A82
Discover Q1.D57
Environment UF767.S33
Journal of Agricultural Education
   v. 29- available at URL: http://www.jae-online.org/
Not in LC collections
Journal of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education S530.J68
National Wildlife S964.U6N35
Nature Study QH81.N33
Science Activities Q181.A1S29
Science and Children LB1585.S34
Science News Q1.S76
Science Scope
Not in LC Collections
Science Teacher Q181.S38

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REPRESENTATIVE JOURNAL ARTICLES

Callison, Priscilla L., and Emmett L. Wright. Wanted: schoolyard plants. Science activities, v. 29, fall 1992: 8-13.
   Q181.A1S29

Carlson, Patricia. Environmental investigations: the science behind the headlines. Science teacher, v. 60, Feb. 1993: 34-37.
   Q181.S38

Cooke, Ron C. Cloning--maximizing your mediums: recipes for growth. Science teacher, v. 60, Nov. 1993: 43-45.
   Q181.S38

Dalrymple, Dana G. The Smithsonian Bequest, Congress, and nineteenth-century efforts to increase and diffuse agricultural knowledge in the United States. Agricultural history review, v. 57, pt. 2, 2009: 207-235.
   S419.A35

Eason, Perri K., and Melinda M. LaManna. Testing folklore in the lab: can common plants be used to repel insect pests. American biology teacher, v. 62, June 2000: 448-452.
   QH1.A275

Goh, Ngoh-Khang, Yoke-Kum Wan, and Lian-Sai Chia. Simply photosynthesis. Try this simple experiment to help children understand how plants make food. Science and children, v. 31, Sept. 1993: 32-34.
   LB1585.S34

Motten, Alexander F. A simplified experimental system for observing pollen tube growth in styles. American biology teacher, v. 54, Mar. 1992: 173-176.
   QH1.A275

Schneider, Mike. Setting up an outdoor lab. Science and children, v. 21, Jan. 1984: 17-20.
   LB1585.S34

Strauss, Richard T., and Mable B. Kinzie. Hi-tech alternatives to dissection. American biology teacher, v. 53, Mar. 1991: 154-158.
   QH1.A275

Swarthout, Flora L. The compost community: a closer look. Science teacher, v. 60, Oct. 1993: 45-47.
   Q181.S38

Texley, Juliana. Bait-shop biology. Science teacher, v. 60, May 1993: 23-25.
   Q181.S38

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SELECTED MATERIALS

Selected materials available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet boxes include the following:

Adams, Jacqueline. Nests that please bees. Science world, v. 66, Sept. 21, 2009: 10-12.

Dungan, Robert S., Brad D. Lee, and Chris Amrhein. Stinking mud: an introductory soil science laboratory exercise demonstrating redox reactions in flooded soil. Journal of natural resources and life science education, v. 28, 1999: 89-92.

Franklin, Wilfred. Investigating effects of invasive species on plant community structure. American biology teacher, v. 70, Oct. 2008: 479-482.

Hanagriff, Roger D. Measuring the economic value of Ag Ed and benefits to the economy. Techniques, v. 85, Feb. 2010: 52-55.

Hillison, John. Agriculture in the classroom: early 1900s style. Journal of agricultural education, v. 39, no. 2, 1998: 11-18.

Huss, Jeanine, and Cheryl Baker. The farmer in the lab: agriculture connects students with their community and offers opportunities for scientific investigation. Science and children, v. 47, Feb. 2010: 40-43.

Kiemnec, G. L. An experiment to demonstrate density and water-holding capacity of organic matter. Journal of natural resources and life sciences education, v. 28, 1999: 57-58.

McComas, William F. Back to the future. Science teacher, v. 75, Feb. 2008: 24-28.
The return of nature-study for a generation lacking detailed contact with nature

May, Robert M. How many species are there on Earth? Science, v. 241, Sept. 16, 1988: 1441-1449.

Olien, Rebecca. Worm your way into science: experiments with these familiar creatures promote a better understanding of the natural world. Science and children, v. 31, Sept. 1993: 25-27.

Ruesink, Jennifer, Eileen O’Connor, and Grace Sparks. Biodiversity & ecosystem functioning: exploring principles of ecology with agricultural plants. American biology teacher, v. 68, May 2006: 285-292.

Skelton, Peter, and Tom Dormody. Adding context to content: The Memorial Middle School Agricultural Science Center model. Agricultural education magazine, v. 81, Mar./Apr. 2009: 26-28.

Smith, Marian. Plant growth-responses to touch--literally a 'hands-on' exercise! American biology teacher, v. 53, Feb. 1991: 111-114.

Smith, Rosemary J., and Joel S. Brown. A practical technique for measuring the behavior of foraging animals. American biology teacher, v. 53, Apr. 1991: 236-242.

Swarthout, Flora L. The science of composting: become an aerobic instructor. Science teacher, v. 60, Sept. 1993: 27-29.

Thompson, Greg, and Brian Warnick. Putting the science of agriculture into instruction: the why and how. Agricultural education magazine, v. 76, Mar./Apr, 2004: 13-15.

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ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF INFORMATION

American Association for the Advancement of Science
1200 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20005-3920
Telephone: 202-326-6400
   URL: http://www.aaas.org
   See also URL: http://www.aaas.org/port_kid.shtml

National Audubon Society
225 Varick Street
7th Floor
New York, NY 10014
Telephone: 212-979-3000
   URL: http://www.audubon.org
   See also URL: http://www.audubon.org/educate

Maryland Agricultural Foundation
P.O. Box 536
403 Oakington Road
Havre de Grace, MD 21078
Telephone: 410-939-9030
Fax: 410-939-9035
   URL: http://www.maefonline.com

National Science Teachers Association
1840 Wilson Boulevard
Arlington, VA 22201-3000
Telephone: 703-243-7100
   URL: http://www.nsta.org

National Wildlife Federation
11100 Wildlife Center Drive
Reston, VA 20190
Telephone: 800-822-9919
   URL: http://www.nwf.org
   See also URL: http://www.nwf.org/Kids.aspx

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Education and Outreach: Youth Resources
1400 Independence Avenue SW
Washington, DC 20250
Telephone: 202-720-2791
   URL: http://www.usda.gov
   See also URL: http://www.nass.usda.gov/Education_and_Outreach/Lesson_Plans/index.asp

U.S. Department of Agriculture
National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA)
1400 Independence Avenue SW
Washington, DC 20250-2201
   URL: http://www.csrees.usda.gov
   See also URL: http://www.csrees.usda.gov/nea/family/family.cfm

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THE INTERNET

The Internet offers a growing number of sites useful in locating information on nature study, biology projects, and agriculture in the classroom. In addition to the organizations listed above, many professional and scientific societies provide links to science activities for students and teachers. You might try the sites listed below, or use your favorite search engine and appropriate key words to identify more specific resources.

Agriculture in the Classroom
   URL: http://www.agclassroom.org

American Horticultural Society Youth Gardens
   URL: http://www.ahs.org/youth_gardening/

Backyard Conservation
   URL: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/national/newsroom/features/?&cid=nrcs143_023574

Center for Excellence in Education
   URL: http://www.cee.org

Educating about Agriculture
   URL: http://www.ageducate.org

Farm to School.org
   URL: http://www.farmtoschool.org

Gardenabc’s
   URL: http://www.gardenabcs.com

Handbook of Nature Study (A family’s use of Anna Comstock’s Handbook)
   URL: http://handbookofnaturestudy.blogspot.com

National Gardening Association
   URL: http://www.kidsgardening.com

Naturewatch
   URL: http://www.fs.fed.us/outdoors/naturewatch/resources.htm

Sustainable Table
   URL: http://www.gracelinks.org/1117/sustainable-table

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   April 4, 2014
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