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Alternative Fuel Vehicles and
Combustion Processes


Tracer Bullet 06-8

Photo: people looking at a car  that is labeled, "fuel cell vehicle."

Photo:  a golf cart and a pickup truck parked side by side.

Photo: passengers boarding bus that  says "Natural Gas " on the side.

Photos, from top: Visitors examine alternative fuel vehicle, from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Web site; Alternative fuel vehicles at Cabrillo National Monument, National Park Service; EPA uses alternative fuel cars and buses vehicles nationwide.

 
SCOPE

This guide lists relevant sources of information on alternative fuel vehicles and includes electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles, and personal transportation vehicles, as well as the technology of fuel economy and alternative fuels. It also includes advanced autoignition and lean-burn combustion processes for improving engine fuel economy.

In order to meet the challenge of reducing consumption and lowering emissions using better mixture preparation and combustion control, the chemistry of combustion, especially the autoignition processes at moderate cylinder pressure, must be better understood. Ideally, a lean-burn process that eliminates the throttle plate and uses alternative fuels could be applied to hybrids to boost highway fuel mileage. Future hybrids may combine a combustion engine with electric motors and batteries that, in full-blown form, can let a car run on battery power alone at low speeds or allow the engine to make use of a wide range of fuels such as kerosene, diesel, alcohol, or soy bean oil.

A related title in the Science Tracer Bullet series is TB 92-3, Electric Vehicles. Not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography, this compilation is designed--as the name of the series implies--to put the reader "on target."

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INTRODUCTIONS TO THE TOPIC

Coelho, S. T., and J. Goldemberg. Alternative transportation fuels: contemporary case studies. In Encyclopedia of energy. Editor-in-chief, Cutler J. Cleveland; associate editors, Robert U. Ayres and others. v. 1. Amsterdam, Boston, Elsevier Academic Press, c2004. p. 67-80.
   TJ163.28.E53 2004 <SciRR>

MacCoull, Neil, and Donald L. Anglin. Internal combustion engine. In McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science & technology. 9th ed. v. 9. New York, McGraw-Hill, c2002. p. 350-357.
   Q121.M3 2002 <SciRR>

Moore, Richard K. Alternative fuel vehicle. In McGraw-Hill encyclopedia of science & technology. 9th ed. v. 1. New York, McGraw-Hill, c2002. p. 511-512.
   Q121.M3 2002 <SciRR>

Zumerchik, John. Alternative fuels and vehicles. In Macmillan encyclopedia of energy. John Zumerchik, editor in chief. v. 1. New York, Macmillan Reference USA, c2001. p. 67-69.
  TJ163.28.M33 2001 <SciRR>

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SUBJECT HEADINGS

Subject headings used by the Library of Congress, under which materials on alternative fuel vehicles can be located in Library catalogs, include the following:

Highly Relevant

ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES

Relevant

BIODIESEL FUELS
FUEL CELLS
HYDROGEN AS FUEL
INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES--COMBUSTION
INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES--IGNITION
INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES, SPARK IGNITION--ALTERNATIVE FUELS
MOTOR FUELS
SYNTHETIC FUELS

Related

AUTOMOBILES--DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
AUTOMOBILES--ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
AUTOMOBILES--MOTORS
INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
MOTOR VEHICLES--RESEARCH
PARTNERSHIP FOR A NEW GENERATION OF VEHICLES (U.S.)

More general

AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY AND TRADE--TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS
AUTOMOBILES--ENERGY CONSUMPTION
AUTOMOBILES--RESEARCH
AUTOMOBILES--TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS

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BASIC TEXTS

Alternative transportation fuels: issues and developments. Jack C. Sparrow, editor. New York, Nova Science Publishers, c2003. 168 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP360.A48 2003 <SciRR>

Goodger, E. M. Transport fuels technology: from well to wheels, wings, and water. Norwich, UK, Landfall Press, 2000. 409 p.
   TP343.G65 2000 <SciRR>

Riley, Robert Q. Alternative cars in the 21st century: a new personal transportation paradigm. With contributions by Dr. Wonshik Chee. 2nd ed. Warrendale, PA, SAE International, c2004. 513 p.
   Includes bibliographical references
   TL158.R55 2004 <SciRR>

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ADDITIONAL TITLES

Alternative fuels in the nineties. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c1991. 83 p. (SP-876)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TL214.F8A48 1991
   “Future Transportation Technology Conference, Portland, Oregon, August 5-7, 1991.”

Alternative transportation fuels: an environmental and energy solution. Edited by Daniel Sperling. New York, Quorum Books, 1989. 326 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP360.A47 1989 <SciRR>

Bechtold, Richard L. Alternative fuels guidebook: properties, storage, dispensing, and vehicle facility modifications. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c1997. 204 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP343.B37 1997 <SciRR>

The Biodiesel handbook. Editors, Gerhard Knothe, Jon Van Gerpen, Jurgen Krahl. Champaign, IL, AOCS Press, c2005. 302 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP359.B46B56 2005 <SciRR>

Garrett, T. K. Automotive fuels and fuel systems: fuels, tanks, delivery, metering, mixing and combustion, and environmental considerations. Volume 1: Gasoline. London, Pentech Press; Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c1991. 361 p.
   TL214.F8G37 1991

Guibet, Jean-Claude, and Emmanuelle Faure-Birchem. Fuels and engines: technology, energy, environment. Translated from the French by Frank Carr. Rev. ed. Paris, Éditions Technip, 1999. 2 v.
   Bibliography: p. 387-401.
   TP343.G8413 1999 <SciRR>

Nieuwenhuis, Paul, and Peter Wells. The automotive industry and the environment: a technical, business and social future. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press; Cambridge, UK, Woodhead Pub., c2003. 255 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TL158.N54 2003 <SciRR>

Poulton, M. L. Alternative engines for road vehicles. Southampton, UK, Boston, Computational Mechanics Publications, c1994. 164 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TL210.P637 1994

Probstein, Ronald F., and R. Edwin Hicks. Synthetic fuels. Mineola, NY, Dover Publications, c2006. 490 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP360.P759 2006 <SciRR>
   “Unabridged republication of the 1990 corrected edition of the work originally published by McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, in 1982 and republished by pH Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1990. The authors have written a new preface to the Dover edition.”

Sørensen, Bent. Hydrogen and fuel cells: emerging technologies and applications. Amsterdam, Boston, Elsevier Academic Press, c2005. 450 p.
   Bibliography: p. 405-440.
   P359.H8S68 2005 <SciRR>

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SPECIALIZED TITLES

Automotive spark-ignited direct-injection gasoline engines. Editors, F. Zhao, M.-C. Lai, D. L. Harrington. Oxford, UK, Pergamon, c1999. p. 438-562.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TL214.F78A88 1999
   Published originally in Progress in energy and combustion science (v. 25, no. 5).

Fuel spray technology and applications. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c1996. 206 p. (SP-1132)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TL214.F78F854 1996
   “SAE International Congress & Exhibition, Detroit, Michigan, February 26-29, 1996.”

Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines: key research and development issues. Edited by Fuquan Zhao and others. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c2003. 658 p. (PT, 94)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TL213.H66 2003

Low-temperature combustion and autoignition. M. J. Pilling, editor. Amsterdam, New York, Elsevier, 1997. 794 p. (Comprehensive chemical kinetics, v. 35)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   QD501.B242 vol. 35

Thacher, Eric Forsta. Solar car primer. New York, Nova Science Publishers, c2003. 1 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TL222.T43 2003

Zhao, Fuquan, David L. Harrington, and Ming-Chia Lai. Automotive gasoline direct-injection engines. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c2002. 352 p.
   Bibliography: p. 317-337.
   TL214.F78Z49 2002

Internal Combustion Engines

Ferguson, Colin R., and Allan T. Kirkpatrick. Internal combustion engines: applied thermosciences. 2nd ed. New York, John Wiley & Sons, 2000. 369 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TJ756.F47 2000

Heywood, John B. Internal combustion engine fundamentals. New York, McGraw-Hill, c1988. 930 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TJ755.H45 1988 <SciRR>

Lumley, John L. Engines: an introduction. Cambridge, UK, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1999. 248 p.
   Bibliography: p. 237-242.
   TJ755.L94 1999 <SciRR>

Oppenheim, Antoni K. Combustion in piston engines: technology, evolution, diagnosis, and control. Berlin, New York, Springer, c2004. 160 p.
    Bibliography: p. 149-156.
   TJ756.O67 2004

Stone, Richard. Introduction to internal combustion engines. 3rd ed. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c1999. 641 p.
   Bibliography: p. 617-634.
   TJ755.S87 1999 <SciRR>

Fuel Cells

Busby, Rebecca L. Hydrogen and fuel cells: a comprehensive guide. Tulsa, OK, PennWell Corp., c2005. 445 p.
   Bibliography: p. 415-426.
   TP359.H8B87 2005 <SciRR>

Fuel cell fundamentals. Ryan O’Hayre and others. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, c2006. 409 p.
   Bibliography: p. 389-393.
   TK2931.F78 2006 <SciRR>

Larminie, James, and Andrew Dicks. Fuel cell systems explained. 2nd ed. Chichester, West Sussex, UK, J. Wiley, c2003. 406 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TK2931.L37 2003 <SciRR>

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HANDBOOKS, ENCYCLOPEDIAS, AND DICTIONARIES

Encyclopedia of energy. Editor in chief, Cutler J. Cleveland; Associate editors, Robert U. Ayres and others. Amsterdam, Boston, Elsevier Academic Press, c2004. 6 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TJ163.28.E53 2004 <SciRR>

Handbuch Verbrennungsmotor. English. Internal combustion engine handbook: basics, components, systems, and perspectives. Edited by Richard van Basshuysen and Fred Schäfer. Warrendale, PA, SAE International, c2004. 811 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TJ755.H2513 2004 <SciRR>

Macmillan encyclopedia of energy. John Zumerchik, editor in chief. New York, Macmillan Reference USA, 2001. 3 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TJ163.28.M33 2001 <SciRR>

Owen, K., and Trevor Coley. Automotive fuels reference book. 2nd ed. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c1995. 963 p.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TP343.O89 1995 <SciRR>
   Revised edition of Automotive fuels handbook (1990).

The Wiley encyclopedia of energy and the environment. Attilio Bisio, Sharon Boots, editors. New York, Wiley, c1997. 2 v.
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TJ163.235.W55 1997 <SciRR>
   Abridged ed. of Encyclopedia of energy technology and the environment, c1995.

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CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Internal Combustion Engine Division. Technical Conference (2001, Argonnne, Illinois). Proceedings of the 2001 Fall Technical Conference of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division: presented at 2001 Fall Technical Conference of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division: Argonne, Illinois, September 23-26, 2001. Sponsored by the Internal Combustion Engine Division, ASME. Edited by Victor W. Wong. New York, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, c2001. 3 v. (ICE, v. 37)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TJ751.A645 2001

Direct injection SI engine technology. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, 2003. 189 p. (SP-1746)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TL214.F78D59 2003
   “Papers from the session Direct Injection SI Engine Technology, held during the SAE 2003 World Congress, March 3-6 in Detroit, MI, USA.”

Progress in fuel systems to meet new fuel economy and emissions standards. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c1995. 149 p. (SP-1084)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TL214.F8P77 1995
   “International Congress & Exposition, Detroit, Michigan, February 27-March 2, 1995.”

SAE Powertrain & Fluid Systems Conference & Exhibition (2002, San Diego, Calif.). Gasoline direct injection engines 2002. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, 2002. 184 p. (SP-1719)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TL214.F78S247 2002
   “Papers from the sessions ‘Gasoline direct injection engines,’ held during the 2002 SAE Powertrain & Fluid Systems Conference & Exhibition.”
   Held in San Diego, California, USA, October 21-24, 2002.

SAE Powertrain & Fluid Systems Conference & Exhibition (2002, San Diego, Calif.). Homogeneous charge compression ignition engines. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c2002. 218 p. (SP-1718)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TJ756.S24 2002
   “Papers from the sessions ‘Homogeneous charge compression ignition engines,’ held during the 2002 SAE Powertrain & Fluid Systems Conference & Exhibition.”
   Held in San Diego, California, USA, October 21-24, 2002.

SAE World Congress (2004, Detroit, Mich.). Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion 2004. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c2004. 280 p. (SAE/SP-1819)
   Includes bibliographical references.
   TJ756.S26 2004
   “SAE 2004 World Congress, Cobo Center, Detroit, Michigan, March 8-11, 2004.”

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GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS

Greening the fleet: a local government guide to alternative fuels and vehicles. Washington, Public Technology, Inc., c1997. 164 p.
   Bibliography: p. 163-164.
   TL214.F8G74 1997

National Research Council (U.S.). Standing Committee to Review the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles. Review of the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles: seventh report. Standing Committee to Review the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council. Washington, National Academy Press, c2001. 117 p.
   Bibliography: p. 86-89.
   TL158.N39 2001
   URL: http://www.nap.edu/catalog/9475.html#toc

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TECHNICAL REPORTS

TECHNICAL REPORTS and other types of literature may be identified in the following abstracting and indexing journals:

Government Reports Announcements & Index (1946-)
   Z7916.G78 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format
   URL: http://www.ntis.gov

Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications (1895-)
   Z1223.A18 <SciRR A&I> and Electronic format
   URL: http://catalog.gpo.gov (1976-)

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SELECTED TECHNICAL REPORTS

Reports listed below are available in the technical reports collection of the Science, Technology & Business Division. Some reports on the topic may be purchased from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5825 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22161. NTIS telephone: (703) 605-6585. NTIS web site URL: http://www.ntis.gov.

Special Publications of the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)

Advanced hybrid vehicle powertrains 2005. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c2005. 270 p.
   SAE/SP-1973
   Describes new production hybrid powertrains, hybrid component, systems development, and systems analysis.

Applications of fuel cells in vehicles 2006. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c2005. 101 p.
   SAE/SP-2006
   Presents papers from the session Applications of Fuel Cells in Vehicles held during the SAE 2006 World Congress, held April 3-6, 2006 in Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Combustion and flow diagnostics, and fundamental advances in thermal and fluid sciences. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c2005. 183 p.
   SAE/SP-1971
   Presents papers from the sessions Combustion & Flow Diagnostics and Fundamental Advances in Thermal and Fluid Sciences, held during the SAE 2005 World Congress, held April 11-14, 2005 in Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Compression ignition combustion processes 2005. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c2005. 180 p.
   SAE/SP-1974
   Presents papers from the session Compression Ignition Combustion Processes, held during the SAE 2005 World Congress, held April 11-14, 2005 in Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion modeling 2006. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c2005. 618 p.
   SAE/SP-2005
   Presents papers from the session Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Combustion, held during the SAE 2006 World Congress, held April 3-6, 2006 in Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Multi-dimensional engine modeling 2005. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c2005. 163 p.
   SAE/SP-1970
   Presents papers from the session Multi-Dimensional Engine Modeling, held during the SAE 2005 World Congress, held April 11-14, 2005 in Detroit, Michigan, USA.

New SI engine and component design 2006. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c2006. 187 p.
   SAE/SP-2004
   Presents papers from the session New SI Engine and Component Design, held during the SAE 2006 World Congress, held April 3-6, 2006 in Detroit, Michigan, USA.

SI combustion and direct injecton SI engine technology. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, c2005. 417 p.
   SAE/SP-1972
   Contains the papers included in the SI Combustion and Direct Injection SI Engine Technology Sessions, held during the SAE 2005 World Congress, held April 11-14, 2005 in Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Titles from the SAE Technical Paper Series

Blank, David A. Methanol hypergolic combustion kinetics (without N2) and frozen equilibrium in radical-ignition reduced compression ratio D.I. engines using piston micro-chambers. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, 2004. 15 p.
   2004-01-1847

Cole, Roger L., Ramesh B. Poola, and Raj Sekar. Exhaust emissions of a vehicle with a gasoline direct-injection engine. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, 1998. 11 p.
    982605

Iwamoto, Y., and others. Development of gasoline direct injection engine. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, 1997. 17 p.
   970541

Matthews, Ron, and others. Effects of load on emissions and NOx trap/catalyst efficiency for a direct injection spark ignition engine. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, 1999. 14 p.
   1999-01-1528

Thring, R. H. Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, 1989. 9 p.
   892068

Zheng, Jincai, and others. Two types of autoignition and their engine applications. Warrendale, PA, Society of Automotive Engineers, 2005. 11 p.
   2005-01-0178

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DISSERTATIONS

DISSERTATIONS may be identified by using online resources or the following indexes located in the Main Reading Room. Consult any reference librarian about options. Some dissertations may be available in full text through electronic resources on public terminals at the Library of Congress.

Comprehensive Dissertation Index (1861-1972)
   Z5053.X47 1973

Comprehensive Dissertation Index. Supplement (1973- annual)
   Z5053.X47a

Dissertation Abstracts International (1938- monthly)
   Z5053.D57 and Electronic format

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SELECTED DISSERTATIONS

Crane, Soheila Soltani. An empirical study of alternative fuel vehicle choice by commercial fleets: lessons in transportation choices, cost efficiency, and public agencies' organization. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 1997.
   UMI publication number 9704627
   Collation of the original: 135 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of California, Irvine, 1996.

Hoed, Robert van den. Driving fuel cell vehicles: how established industries react to radical technologies. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 2004.
   UMI publication number C816791
   Collation of the original: 332 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--Technische Universiteit Delft (The Netherlands), 2004.

Huai, Tao. Investigation of the formation of ammonia and nitrous oxide emissions from light-duty mobile sources. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 2005.
   UMI publication number 3151710
   Collation of the original: 148 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of California, Riverside, 2004.

Kazimi, Camilla. A microsimulation model for evaluating the environmental impact of alternative-fuel vehicles. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 1996.
   UMI publication number 9600329
   Collation of the original: 207 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of California, Irvine, 1995.

Ren, Weiping. A vehicle transactions choice model for use in forecasting vehicle demand for alternative-fuel vehicles conditioned on current vehicle holdings. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 1996.
   UMI publication number 9600343
   Collation of the original: 119 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of California, Irvine, 1995.

Schickler, Robert Andrew. A breath of fresh air: the future of hybrids and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 2005.
   UMI publication number 1421793
   Collation of the original: 16 p.
   Thesis (masters)--University of Southern California, 2004.

Sheng, Hongyan. A dynamic household alternative-fuel vehicle demand model using stated and revealed transaction information. Ann Arbor, MI, University Microfilms, 1999.
   UMI publication number 9929108
   Collation of the original: 102 p.
   Thesis (doctoral)--University of California, Irvine, 1999.

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ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING SERVICES

ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING SERVICES that index relevant journal articles and other literature are listed below. Some suggested terms for searching are “Active thermo-atmosphere combustion,” “Biodiesel fuels,” “Biomass for renewable energy and fuels,” “Controlled auto-ignition,” “Ethanol fuel,” “Fuel injection,” “Gasoline direct-injection engines,” “Homogeneous-charge compression-ignition combustion (HCCI),” “Hybrid electric vehicles,” “Hydrogen,” “Ignition,” “Internal combustion,” “Premixed combustion,” “Stratified charge radical ignition,” “Thermal efficiency,” or other headings, depending upon the topic of interest. Many of the titles may now be available in electronic format. Consult a reference librarian for the location and format of abstracting and indexing services.

Applied Science & Technology Index (1913-)
   Z7913.I7 <SciRR> and Electronic format

Current Technology Index (1962-)
   Z7913.B7 <SciRR>

Engineering Index (1884-)
   Z5851.E62 <SciRR> and Electronic format

General Science Index (1978-)
   Z7401.G46 <SciRR> and Electronic format

Highway Research Information (1968-)
   TE1.N469a

Index to Current Urban Documents (1972-)
   Z7165.U5I654 <N&CPRR>

National Research Council. Transportation Research Board. Publication Index (1955-)
   Z7295.N325

PAIS International in Print (1915-)
   Z7164.E2P34 <MRR> <N&CPRR> and Electronic format

Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literature (1900-)
   AI3.R48 <BusRR> and Electronic format

Society of Automotive Engineers. Technical Papers
   Cumulative Index of SAE Technical Papers (1906-1993)
   TL1.C83 <SciRR>
   Annual Index/Abstracts of SAE Technical Papers (1993-)
   TL1.S473 <SciRR>

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JOURNALS

Journals that often contain articles relevant to alternative fuel vehicles:

Automotive Engineer TL1.A596
Automotive Engineering International TL1.S5
Journal of Transportation Engineering TA1001.A512
Transportation Research, Part A: Policy and Practice HE192.5.T682
Transportation Research, Part C: Emerging Technologies HE1.T867
Transportation Research, Part D: Transport and Environment HE192.5.T684
Transportation Research Record TE7.H5

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REPRESENTATIVE JOURNAL ARTICLES

Brown, Daniel, C. Moving toward alternative fuel vehicles. Public works, v. 135, Nov. 2004: 34-37.
   TD1.P8

Coles, Gerald. An alternative in motion. Chemistry and industry, no. 9, May 2, 2005: 23-24.
   TP1.S6332

Fleming, Jesse S., Shiva Habibi, and Heather L. MacLean. Investigating the sustainability of lignocellulose-derived fuels for light-duty vehicles. Transportation research, part D, transport and environment, v. 11D, Mar. 2006: 146-159.
   HE192.5.T684

Janssen, Arthur, and others. Model aided policy development for the market penetration of natural gas vehicles in Switzerland. Transportation research, part A, policy and practice, v. 40A, May 2006: 316-333.
   HE192.5.T682

Kaneko, Makoto, and others. A study on homogeneous charge compression ignition gasoline engines. JSME international journal, series B, fluids and thermal engineering, v. 46, no. 1, 2003: 31-36.
   TJ1.J752

Lipman, Timothy E., and Mark A. Delucchi. A retail and lifecycle cost analysis of hybrid electric vehicles. Transportation research, part D, transport and environment, v. 11D, Mar. 2006: 115-132.
   HE192.5.T684

Manzie, C., and others. A comparison of fuel consumption between hybrid and intelligent vehicles during urban driving. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, part D, Journal of automobile engineering, v. 220, no. D1, 2006: 67-76.
   TJ1.P863

Slavnich, Dean. Ethanol to fuel Saab growth. Automotive engineer, v. 30, no. 5, 2005:10-11.
   TL1.A596

Van Mierlo, Joeri, and others. Environmental rating of vehicles with different alternative fuels and drive trains: a comparison of two approaches. Transportation research, part D, transport and environment, v. 9D, Sept. 2004:
387-399.
   HE192.5.T684

Westbrook, Charles K. Chemical kinetics of hydrocarbon ignition in practical combustion systems. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, v. 28, 2000: 1563-1577.
   QD516.S92

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SELECTED MATERIALS

SELECTED MATERIALS available in the Science Reading Room pamphlet boxes include the following:

Alexander, David. Fuel for thought. Automotive engineering international, v. 113, no. 9, 2005: 44, 46, 48, 50-51.

Ashley, Steven. A low-pollution engine solution. Scientific American, v. 284, June 2001: 90-95.

Blank, David A., and Andrew A. Pouring. Radical ignition in low compression ratio D.I. engines enabled by Sonex piston design. In A new generation of engine combustion processes for the future? Paris, Editions Technip, 2001. p.127-140.

Brooke, Lindsay. Traveling the long road to gasoline direct injection. Automotive engineering international, v. 114, no. 6, 2006: 78-79.

Daniels, Jeff. The last word. Automotive engineer, v. 31, no. 3, 2006: 56.

Eisberg, Neil. Fuel with a cleaner future. Chemistry and industry, no. 14, July 18, 2005: 20-21, 26.

Fuel properties for advanced engines. Automotive engineering international, v. 109, no. 7, 2001: 117-120.

Kimberley, William. Footprints for the future. Automotive engineer, v. 29, no. 2, 2004: 30-31.

Lemley, Brad. Anything into oil. Discover, v. 24, May 2003: 51-57.

Martin, Ron. Orange County commits to alternative-fuel vehicles. Public works, v. 137, no. 5, 2006: 43.

Schmidt, Gerhard. The car at the crossroads. Automotive engineering international, v. 112, no. 10, 2004: 134-135.

Yacobucci, Brent D. Alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles: issues in Congress. Washington, Library of Congress, Congressional Research Service, 2006. 11 p. (IB10128)

Zetsche, Dieter. Alternatives for fueling personal mobility. Automotive engineering international, v. 112, no. 10, 2004: 136-137.

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ADDITIONAL SOURCES OF INFORMATION

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Headquarters
400 Seventh Street, SW
Washington, DC 20590
Telephone: (202) 366-0123 and Toll-Free (888) 327-4236
URL: http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/
See: Laws Administered by NHTSA
   URL: http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/nhtsa/Cfc%5Ftitle49/
   Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Aug. 8, 2005; P.L. 109-58)
   Also available at URL: http://www.gpoaccess.gov/nara/index.html, click on "Public and Private Laws."

National Transportation Library (Primarily telephone and electronic reference)
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street, SW
Washington, DC 20590
Telephone: (800) 853-1351
Email: librarian@bts.gov
Email: answers@bts.gov
URL: http://ntl.bts.gov/
General reference and referral to transportation sources including statistics.

U.S. Department of Transportation Library (DOT)
Room 2200
400 Seventh Street, SW
Washington, DC 20590
Telephone: (202) 366-0746
URL: http://dotlibrary.dot.gov/
Ask A Librarian: URL: http://dotlibrary.dot.gov/forms/asklib.asp
Online catalog at URL: http://onlinecatalog.dotlibrary.dot.gov/D10090Staff/OPAC/index.asp
The DOT Library is one of the largest transportation libraries in the United States. The library holds more than 300,000 titles, including over 1200 periodical titles.

Library, DTS-980
U.S. Department of Transportation
John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center
55 Broadway
Cambridge, MA 02142-1093
Telephone: (617) 494-2306
URL: http://www.volpe.dot.gov/infosrc/index.html
See Directory of Transportation Libraries and Information Centers URL: http://ntl.bts.gov/tldir/

Transportation Library
Northwestern University
1970 Campus Drive
Evanston, IL 60208
Telephone: (847) 467-5273
Fax: (847) 491-8601
URL: http://www.library.northwestern.edu/transportation/

Hammer E. Davis Transportation Library
Institute of Transportation Studies
412 McLaughlin Hall, MC1720
UC Berkeley Campus
Berkeley, CA 94720-1720
Telephone: (510) 642-3604
Fax: (510) 642-9180
Email: itslib@uclink.berkeley.edu
URL: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/ITSL/

Institute of Transportation Engineers
1099 14th Street, NW, Suite 300 West
Washington, DC 20005-3438
Telephone: (202) 289-0222
Fax: (202) 289-7722
Email: ite_staff@ite.org
URL: http://www.ite.org/

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SELECTED INTERNET RESOURCES

The Internet offers a number of sites useful for finding information on alternative fuel vehicles. Several of the organizations listed above provide links to related sites from their web sites. You might try the sites described below, or use your favorite search engine (such as Google or Yahoo) and appropriate key words to identify more specific resources.

Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Vehicles and Characteristics (Chapter 6)
   Transportation Energy Data Book
   URL: http://www-cta.ornl.gov/data/chapter6.shtml

Alternative Fuel Vehicles
   URL: http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/current.shtml

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress
   URL: http://italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/IB10128.pdf/ PDF - 69.8 KB

Alternative Fuels Data Center
   URL: http://www.eere.energy.gov/afdc/
   Generate a list of Web sites that meet your needs at:
   URL: http://www.eere.energy.gov/afdc/resources/links.html

American Coalition for Ethanol
   URL: http://www.ethanol.org/

American Gas Association
   URL: http://www.aga.org/

American Methanol Institute
   URL: http://www.methanol.org/

American Petroleum Institute
   URL: http://api-ec.api.org

American Public Transit Association (APTA)
   URL: http://www.apta.com/

CALSTART (Advanced Transportation Technologies EVs, NGVs, etc.)
   URL: http://www.calstart.org/

Electric Auto Association
   URL: http://www.eaaev.org/

Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA)
   URL: http://www.electricdrive.org/

Energy & Environmental Research Center
   URL: http://www.eerc.und.nodak.edu/

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (U.S. Department of Energy)
   URL: http://www.eere.energy.gov/
   EERE Information Center URL: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/informationcenter/

Ethanol Promotion and Information Council
   URL: http://www.drivingethanol.org/

Gas Technology Institute
   URL: http://www.gastechnology.org/

Global Electric Motorcars, LLC
   URL: http://www.gemcar.com/

Independent Petroleum Association of America
   URL: http://www.ipaa.org/

INFORM, Inc.
   URL: http://www.informinc.org/

International Association of Natural Gas Vehicles
   URL: http://www.iangv.org/

Japan International Transport Institute
   URL: http://www.japantransport.com/

Motor Industry Research Association
   URL: http://www.mira.co.uk/

National Association of Fleet Administrators, Inc.
   URL: http://www.nafa.org/

National Biodiesel Board
   URL: http://www.biodiesel.org/

National Conference of State Legislatures
   URL: http://www.ncsl.org/

National Ethanol Vehicle Coalition
   URL: http://www.e85fuel.com/index.php

National Hydrogen Association
   URL: http://www.hydrogenassociation.org/

National Petroleum Council
   URL: http://www.npc.org/

Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition
   URL: http://www.ngvc.org/

Natural Gas Vehicle Technology Forum
   URL: http://www.nrel.gov/vehiclesandfuels/ngvtf/index.html

Northeast Alternative Vehicle Consortium (NAVC)
   URL: http://www.navc.org/

Propane Education and Research Council
   URL: http://www.propanecouncil.org/

Renewable Fuels Association
   URL: http://www.ethanolrfa.org/

Society of Automotive Engineers
   URL: http://www.sae.org/

Tata Energy Research Institute (TERI)
   URL: http://www.teriin.org/

Transportation Research Board of the National Academies
   URL: http://trb.org/
   See: TRB Publications URL: http://www4.trb.org/trb/onlinepubs.nsf
   See: Publication Series - TRB Special Reports
   URL: http://trb.org/news/blurb_browse.asp?id=12
   See: Publication Series - Transportation Research Record
   URL: http://trb.org/news/blurb_browse.asp?id=25

United States Council for Automotive Research (USCAR)
   URL: http://www.uscar.org/

United States Department of Transportation
   URL: http://www.dot.gov/
   See: Search engine of the U.S. Department of Transportation
   URL: http://search.bts.gov/ntl/?qp=site%3Abts.gov/

World Energy
   URL: http://www.worldenergy.net/

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