The World Health Organization declared Zika virus an international public health emergency. That freed up funds to combat the disease and coordinate an international response.
Zika virus was first detected in 1947 in a captive rhesus monkey in Uganda’s Zika forest near Entebbe. In 1948 the virus was recovered from an Aedes africanus mosquito in that forest. The first human cases were detected in Uganda and Tanzania in 1952. For a complete timeline, see: http://www.who.int/emergencies/zika-virus/timeline/en/
This list of Internet resources is not comprehensive and is intended for a general audience. It seeks to provide reliable sources of information for those wanting a basic understanding of the problem, news updates, and answers to many of the questions they may have about health, prevention, the spread of the virus, travel, vaccine development, and other concerns.
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BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW
Fauci, Anthony S., and David M. Morens. Zika virus in the Americas–yet another arbovirus threat. New England journal of medicine, January 13, 2016.
Wagstaff, Keith. Aedes aegypti: Why one mosquito is so good at spreading the Zika virus. Forbes, February 11, 2016.
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Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP), University of Minnesota
This organization only deals with infectious diseases and is an excellent source for the latest news and research. Links are provided to information culled from all of the other organizations listed here—and more (see research and literature).
(In the search box, type Zika)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This direct link to the Zika page is a good place to go if you are pregnant or traveling. See “What’s New” for the very latest Zika news. There are answers on this page to many of your other questions, and you can choose English or Spanish.
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS, National Institutes of Health)
Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)
Here you can find information about tests, treatment, and research, and you can even submit a question.
(In the search box, type Zika virus infection)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID, National Institutes of Health)
NIAID is the lead institute at NIH for Zika.
(Under Health and Research Topics A-Z, choose Zika virus)
National Library of Medicine-MedlinePlus (National Institutes of Health)
MedlinePlus is targeted to consumers and provides information that is not overly technical.
(In the search box, type Zika virus)
NLM also has a Zika virus health information guide.
Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
PAHO serves as the Regional Office of the Americas for the World Health Organization (WHO). It links to information from WHO, but also provides information specifically on the Americas in English or Spanish.
(Search Zika virus infection)
World Health Organization (WHO)
Information provided in six languages: Arabic, Chinese, French, English, Russian and Spanish.
(Search Zika virus)
Compiled by Stephanie Masten Marcus