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Selected Internet Resources --
Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) or Mad Cow Disease

Science Reference Section
Science, Technology, and Business Division
Library of Congress

 

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS): BSE
   http://www.aphis.usda.gov/newsroom/hot_issues/bse/index.shtml
   APHIS provides information about the current BSE situation, general information, and trade initiatives.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA): BSE
   http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/GuidanceComplianceEnforcement/ComplianceEnforcement/..../default.htm
   The FDA provides background information, recent actions, and consumer information related to BSE.

Food Safety and Inspection Services (FSIS)
   http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Fact_Sheets/Bovine_Spongiform_Encephalopathy_BSE/index.asp
   FSIS provides the latest news, risk assessments, information resources, and historical information about BSE.

Government Accounting Office (GAO): Mad Cow Disease Improvements in Animal Feed Ban and Other Regulatory Areas Would Strengthen U.S. Prevention Efforts (January 2002)
   http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02183.pdf
   This GAO report (GAO-02-183) makes recommendations to strengthen the enforcement of the animal feed ban,    and to develop a coordinated strategy to increase inspections of imported goods. In addition, it recommends alerting consumers when beef has been produced using the advanced meat recovery technology and may contain central nervous system tissue.

National Center for Infectious Diseases: BSE
   http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/bse/
   This Web site contains links to BSE news and articles from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and outside of CDC.

National Center for Infectious Diseases: vCJD Information and Resources
   http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/vcjd/
   This Web site contains links to vCJD news and articles from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and outside of CDC.

United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS)
   http://www.fas.usda.gov/dlp/BSE/bse.html
   "This page provides sources of information on the effects of BSE on trade. Provided are links to related documents    such as regulations, reports, and press briefings, as well as main BSE pages for various government and    organization sites."

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FOREIGN GOVERNMENT AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

BSE from the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA): United Kingdom
   http://www.defra.gov.uk/foodfarm/farmanimal/diseases/atoz/bse/index.htm
   This site provides a wealth of information about BSE issues in the United Kingdom such as disease control and    eradication, export & trade, legislation, statistics, and frequently asked questions.

BSE from the Food Standards Agency: United Kingdom
   http://www.food.gov.uk/safereating/animaldiseases/bse/
   "The Food Standards Agency is an independent Government department set up by an Act of Parliament in 2000 to    protect the public's health and consumer interests in relation to food. " The BSE Web site provides general    information about BSE, facts and figures, BSE News, and links.

BSE Official Web site in Europe
   http://niah.naro.affrc.go.jp/disease/bse/eu_gov_en.html
   This Web site from the National Institute of Animal Health (NIAH) in Japan provides links to BSE information from    Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.

European Commission: Directorate - General Health and Consumer Protection Food and Feed Safety
   http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/biosafety/bse/index_en.htm
   This Web site includes topics on legislation, inspection and control, impact on trade, scientific advice , monitoring    results, and FAQ's. Speeches, press releases, publications, and related links are also available at this Web site.

National Institute of Animal Health (NIAH)- Japan. BSE in Japan
   http://niah.naro.affrc.go.jp/disease/bse/bse.html
   This Web site contains information about activity and research of NIAH, BSE chronology and statistics, related    Web sites, bibliography, and Q&A’s.

World Health Organization (WHO)
   http://www.who.int/csr/disease/bse/en/
   The Department of Communicable Disease Surveillance and Response provides publications, articles, Web links    and fact sheets about BSE and variant CJD.

World Organization for Animal Health: Office of International Epizootics (OIE)
   http://www.oie.int/eng/info/en_esb.htm
   This Web site contains statistics on the number of BSE cases reported Worldwide (excluding United Kingdom)    since 1989, a link to the number of cases reported in the United Kingdom, and other BSE statistics.

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NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS

BSEInfo.org - The Source for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Information
   http://www.bseinfo.org/
   "This site includes information about the single BSE case found in a Washington State dairy cow imported from    Canada." It gives background information about the beef industry and about BSE. The stated goal of this website is    "to share scientific information about BSE and information about the investigation of the recent U.S. case and the    systems in place to ensure U.S. beef remains the safest in the world." This site is partially funded by America's    Beef Producers through the Beef Checkoff Program on behalf of the Cattlemen's Beef Board and State Beef    Councils. It is partially funded and managed by the National Cattlemen's Beef Association."

NOVA Mad Cow
   http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/madcow/
   This companion Web site to the NOVA program "The Brain Eater," retraces the scientific sleuthing that linked mad    cow disease in cattle to a related brain disease in humans. Topical sections include: food safety tips, when    science faces the unknown, resources, 20/20 hindsight, teacher’s guide, and do prions exist?

Official Mad Cow Disease Home Page
   http://www.mad-cow.org/
   There are 7,651+ articles on mad cow, new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, prions, BSE, scrapie, and other    related Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE) diseases available through this Web site. This site was    last update on April 17, 2001.

Organic Consumers Association: Mad Cow Disease
   http://www.organicconsumers.org/madcow.htm
   The Organic Consumers Association provides featured articles, news, and links about Mad Cow disease.

Compiled by Jennifer J. Harbster 1/04; Updated 6/10

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   July 21, 2015
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