Earth Decade Reading List
The Library of Congress
Fourth, Revised and Enlarged Edition: December 1996
I. General books on the environmental crisis
II. Directories and related works
III. Annual reports
IV. Books on specific selected topics
V. What every person can do: manuals for individual action
VI. Some books for young readers
"When we try to pick out anything by itself, we find it
hitched to everything else in the universe."
John Muir (1869),
one of the founders of the environmental movement.
This is a list of books and magazines about current
environmental issues. One of the goals of Earth Day 1990, the
twentieth anniversary of the first Earth Day in 1970, was to
initiate a new decade of environmental awareness and action, to
match and surpass that of the 1970s, during which so many advances
were made in assessing and combating the problems of our planet.
The national library can best contribute to the environmental
cause by suggesting representative sources of information. These
and other recent publications on the environment may be available
in your local public, university, or school library, or may be
found or ordered in bookstores.
A great many significant publications have appeared since
the 1994 edition. While sampling these and inserting a number of
the relevant, diverse and provocative, we have continued to add
contributions by and about precursors and founders of the
environmental movement, while retaining many of the classic
publications from earlier editions of this list. While some of
these might be dated in various respects, they reflect the history
of what we now call the environmental movement, and have lost none
of their historical relevance.
Some of the titles in this list could have been placed in
several categories. For example, problems documented in the
section on biodiversity and biological conservation (part IV)
depend greatly on other factors such as the population explosion,
increasing consumption, and habitat loss, discussed elsewhere in
the list. However, due to limitations of space, we have attempted
to place each specialized entry under the most appropriate
heading, without cross-indexing. (The quotation from John Muir,
which begins this list, reminds us that everything is connected.)
The list is revised biennially.
Baer-Brown, Leslie, and Bob Rhein. Earth keepers: a
sourcebook for environmental issues and action. San
Francisco: Mercury House, c1995. 274 p.
A volume by the hosts of the public radio
program "Earth Watch."
Coleman, Daniel A. Ecopolitics: building a green society.
New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, c1994.
Will we really be able to reverse the process of
Commoner, Barry. The closing circle: nature, man, and
technology. New York: Knopf, 1971. 326 p.
An environmental classic from the wave of
literature which followed the first Earth Day in 1970.
Commoner, Barry. Making peace with the planet. New York:
Pantheon Books, c1990. 292 p.
How short we have fallen of the "eco-revolution"
envisioned in the 1960s and 70s; what remains to be
The Earth report: the essential guide to global ecological
issues. General editors, Edward Goldsmith and Nicholas
Hildyard. Los Angeles, Calif.: Price, Stern, Sloan,
c1988. 240 p.
Major articles, plus many brief references to
Easterbrook, Gregg. A moment on the Earth: the coming age of
environmental optimism. New York: Viking, 1995. 745 p.
The concept of "ecorealism": a positive view of
the future of the Earth.
Ecology, economics, ethics: the broken circle. Edited by
Herbert Bormann, Stephen R. Kellert. New Haven: Yale
University Press, c1991. 233 p.
Essays by writers who argue that environmental
solutions depend upon understanding of this
Ehrlich, Anne H., and Paul R. Ehrlich. Earth. New York: F.
Watts, 1987. 255 p.
A summary of Earth's current health, and its
Ehrlich, Paul R. The machinery of nature. New York: Simon
and Schuster, c1986. 320 p.
An explanation of the living world around us and
how it works: a primer of ecology.
Ehrlich, Paul R., and Anne H. Ehrlich. Betrayal of science
and reason: how anti-environmental rhetoric threatens
our future. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1996.
The authors challenge those who use "appealing
but misleading rhetoric to downplay the reality and
severity of global environmental problems."
Ehrlich, Paul R., and Anne H. Ehrlich. Healing the planet:
strategies for resolving the environmental crisis.
Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, c1991. 366 p.
Far-reaching solutions to the massive problems
that our advanced civilization has created for the
Environment in peril. Edited by Anthony B. Wolbarst.
Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991.
Contributions by eminent American environmental
Environmental viewpoints: selected essays and excerpts on
issues in environmental protection. Detroit: Gale
Research, c1992-94. 3 v.
Reprinted excerpts from various publications, on
a spectrum of environmental topics. Ceased with v. 3,
Global change and our common future: papers from a forum.
Ruth S. DeFries and Thomas F. Malone, editors.
Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1989. 227 p.
A project of the U.S. National Research Council.
Gore, Albert. Earth in the balance: ecology and the human
spirit. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, c1992. 407 p.
Only a radical rethinking of our relationship
with nature can save the Earth's resources for future
Gralla, Preston. How the environment works. Emeryville,
Calif.: Ziff-Davis Press, c1994. 213 p.
What systems coexist to make up our natural and
urban worlds, how human activity affects the
environment, and why we should care.
Institutions for the Earth: sources of effective
international environmental protection. Edited by
Peter M. Haas, Robert O. Keohane, and Marc A. Levy.
Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, c1993. 448 p.
International approaches for dealing with
Nisbet, E. G. Leaving Eden: to protect and manage the Earth.
Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Problems and solutions: conserving our heritage
for the future.
Sarre, Philip, Paul Smith, and Eleanor Morris. One world for
one Earth: saving the environment. London: Earthscan
Publications in association with the Open University,
1991. 188 p.
A general work on the environmental crisis and
the need for a combination of local action and
Threats without enemies: facing environmental insecurity.
Edited by Gwyn Prins. London: Earthscan Publications,
1993. 197 p.
Essays arguing that the most serious threats the
world faces today are not military but environmental;
these require new institutions and approaches.
Ward, Barbara, and Rene J. Dubos. Only one Earth: the care
and maintenance of a small planet. New York: Norton,
1972. 225 p.
An environmental classic, commissioned by the
United Nations: "the first attempt to examine our
environmental problems not only from a global
perspective, but in their social, economic, and
Weiner, Jonathan. The next one hundred years: shaping the
fate of our living Earth. New York: Bantam Books,
1990. 312 p.
The problems we must address, in an
unprecedented global effort, before it is too late.
II. Directories and related works
Beacham's guide to environmental issues & sources. Edited by
Walton Beacham. Washington, D.C.: Beacham Pub., c1993.
5 v. (3335 p.)
An exhaustive guide to books, reports,
proceedings, periodicals, electronic databases, and
Carroll's environmental directory, 1995. Washington, D.C.:
Carroll Pub., 1995. 884 p.
An annual guide to corporations with
environmental officers; consulting firms; relevant
business and trade associations; nonprofit
organizations; lobbyists; centers of research and
information; and governmental agencies.
Conservation and environmentalism: an encyclopedia. Editor,
Robert Paehlke. New York: Garland Pub., 1995. 771 p.
Alphabetically arranged entries for terms and
Conservation directory. 41st ed; 1996. Washington, D.C.:
National Wildlife Federation. 515 p.
Published annually since 1956.
Cooper, Andre R. Cooper's comprehensive environmental desk
reference. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, c1996.
A compilation of standard environmental
language, terms, acronyms, and abbreviations.
Crump, Andy. Dictionary of environment and development:
people, places, ideas and organizations. London:
Earthscan Publications, 1991. 272 p.
An alphabetical encyclopedia.
Deal, Carl. The Greenpeace guide to anti-environmental
organizations. Berkeley, Calif.: Odonian Press, c1993.
Greenpeace's directory to groups that
"masquerade as environmental organizations but
actually want to destroy the environment."
Directory of environmental information sources. Edited by
Thomas F. p. Sullivan. 5th ed. Rockville, Md.:
Government Institutes, c1995. 299 p.
Covers federal and state governments,
organizations, publications, databases, and research
Encyclopedia of environmental science and engineering.
Edited by James R. Pfafflin, Edward N. Ziegler. 3rd
ed., rev. and updated. Philadelphia: Gordon and Breach
Science Publishers, 1992. 2 v. (1235 p.)
A comprehensive desk source.
The Environment encyclopedia and directory. London: Europa
Publications, 1994. 381 p.
An international guide to organizations,
publications, terms, and persons.
Environmental grantmaking foundations: 1996 directory. 4th
ed. Edited by Edith C. Stein. Rochester, N.Y.:
Environmental Data Research Institute, c1996. 952 p.
700 sources of environmental grants; a series
published since 1992.
Environmental telephone directory. 1996 ed. Rockville, Md.:
Government Institutes, c1996. 281 p.
Relevant names and numbers.
Feldman, Andrew J. The Sierra Club green guide: everybody's
desk reference to environmental information. San
Francisco: Sierra Club Books, c1996. 282 p.
A sourcebook, including listings of Internet
sites and electronic databases.
Franck, Irene M., and David M. Brownstone. The green
encyclopedia. New York: Prentice Hall, 1992. 485 p.
"An A-to-Z sourcebook of environmental concerns
þ and solutions."
Gale environmental sourcebook: a guide to organizations,
agencies, and publications. Donna Batten, editor. 2nd
ed. Detroit: Gale Research Inc., c1994. 934 p.
References to over 9,000 sources; a biennial
Green index: a state-by-state guide to the nation's
environmental health, 1991-1992. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, c1991. 162 p.
This assessment of conditions in the United
States, using 35 indicators to rank each state's
environmental health, will not be updated by the
publisher, but is still of considerable relevance.
The Green pages: a subject-oriented directory of
environmental listings and resources on the Internet.
Washington, D.C.: Environmental Science Institute,
c1996. 254 p.
A guide to sources available on computers.
Grossman, Mark. The ABC-CLIO companion to the environmental
movement. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, c1994.
Historical data about conservationists,
environmentalists, organizations, legislation, court
decisions, and watershed events.
Harms, Valerie. The National Audubon Society almanac of the
environment: the ecology of everyday life. New York:
G. p. Putnam's Sons. c1994. 290 p.
An extensive compilation from various works,
depending much on NAS publications.
The 1994 Information please environmental almanac. Compiled
by World Resources Institute. Boston: Houghton
Mifflin, c1994. 704 p.
The series, which ended with this volume, is
Rittner, Don. EcoLinking: everyone's guide to online
environmental information. Berkeley, Calif.: Peachpit
Press, c1992. 352 p.
A guide to computer sources.
Schumann, Roland W. Eco-data: using your PC to obtain free
environmental information. Rockville, Md.: Government
Institutes, 1995. 1 v. (various pagings)
Another source of data via computer.
Soeters, M. A. H., and S. A. Wink. Research activities on
nature and environment: overview of national and
international programmes and organizations. Rijswijk,
Netherlands: Advisory Council on Nature and
Environment, 1996. 358 p.
A listing of international and European research
programs, with relevant information.
Stein, Edith Carol. The environmental sourcebook, in
cooperation with the Environmental Data Research
Institute. New York: Lyons & Burford, c1992. 264 p.
What the issues are, and where to go for
World directory of country environmental studies. 3rd ed.
Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute, c1996.
"An annotated bibliography of natural resource
profiles, plans, and strategies." A database diskette
is available from World Resources Institute.
World directory of environmental organizations. 5th ed.
Edited by Thaddeus C. Trzyna, Elizabeth Margold, and
Julia K. Osborn. Sacramento: California Institute of
Public Affairs (etc.), c1996. 263 p.
Previous editions have been published at
irregular intervals since 1973.
III. Annual reports
Green globe yearbook of international co-operation on
environment and development. Oxford, New York: Oxford
University Press, 1996. 368 p.
Produced by the Fridtjof Nansen Institute,
State of the world 1996: a Worldwatch Institute report on
progress toward a sustainable society. [By Lester R.
Brown, et al.] New York: W. W. Norton; 249 p.
Reports with topical chapters have been
published since 1984.
Vital signs 1996: the trends that are shaping our future.
[By] Lester R. Brown [et al.] New York: W. W. Norton.
The fifth volume in a Worldwatch Institute
World Resources Institute. At a glance 1995. Washington,
D.C., c1995. 51 p.
A WRI mission statement and description of
World resources 1996-97: a joint publication by the World
Resources Institute, the United Nations Environment
Programme and the United Nations Development
Programme. New York: Oxford University Press, c1996.
A series of reports on the global environment,
published since 1986. A database diskette, a teacher's
guide, and a set of color slides or transparencies are
also available from World Resources Institute.
IV. Books on specific selected topics
(1) History and biography
American environmentalism: readings in conservation history.
[Edited by] Roderick Nash. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-
Hill, c1990. 364 p.
Selections from the literature, 1832-1988.
American environmentalism: the U.S. environmental movement,
1970-1990. Edited by Riley E. Dunlap and Angela G.
Mertig. Philadelphia: Taylor & Francis, c1992. 121 p.
Topical chapters on recent developments,
originally published in the journal Society and
Bowler, Peter J. The Norton history of the environmental
sciences. New York: W. W. Norton, 1993. 634 p.
In the Norton History of Science series.
Cronon, William. Changes in the land: Indians, colonists,
and the ecology of New England. New York: Hill and
Wang, 1983. 241 p.
The profound ecological changes resulting from
Crosby, Alfred W. Ecological imperialism: the biological
expansion of Europe, 900-1900. Cambridge, New York:
Cambridge University Press, 1986. 368 p.
A classic in environmental history: how European
expansion affected world ecology.
Devlin, John C., and Grace Naismith. The world of Roger Tory
Peterson: an authorized biography. New York: NYT Times
Books, c1977. 266 p.
The life and work of an American pioneer of the
worldwide hobby of "birding," who often remarked that
earlier, birds had most often been observed down the
barrel of a shotgun.
The Ecocriticism reader: landmarks in literary ecology.
Edited by Cheryll Glotfelty and Harold Fromm. Athens:
University of Georgia Press, 1996. 415 p.
Selections for environmental bedtime reading.
Forbes, John Ripley. In the steps of the great American
zoologist, William Temple Hornaday. New York: M.
Evans, distributed in association with Lippincott,
Philadelphia, c1996. 128 p.
A popular biography of one of the chief founders
of wildlife conservation.
Fox, Stephen R. John Muir and his legacy: the American
conservation movement. Boston: Little, Brown, c1981.
A history, 1890-1975.
Golley, Frank B. A history of the ecosystem concept in
ecology: more than the sum of the parts. New Haven:
Yale University Press, c1993. 254 p.
An eminent ecologist explains the study of
ecosystems in an historical context.
Goudie, Andrew. The human impact on the natural environment.
4th ed. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1994. 454 p.
The latest edition of a classic work about how
man's activities have affected nature.
Government and environmental politics: essays on historical
developments since World War Two. Edited by Michael J.
Lacey. Washington, D.C.: Wilson Center Press; Lanham,
Md.: Distributed by arrangement with University Press
of America, c1989. 325 p.
From a conference at the Woodrow Wilson
International Center for Scholars.
Great events from history II. Ecology and the environment
series. Edited by Frank N. Magill. Pasadena, Calif.:
Salem Press, c1995. 5 v. (2123 p.)
Analyses of key events in environmental history,
Historical ecology: cultural knowledge and changing
landscapes. Edited by Carole L. Crumley. Santa Fe,
N.M.: School of American Research Press; Seattle,
Distributed by the University of Washington Press,
c1994. 284 p.
Collected essays on current ecological topics,
from an historical viewpoint.
McCormick, John. Reclaiming paradise: the global
environmental movement. Bloomington: Indiana
University Press, c1989. 259 p.
Chiefly from World War II to date.
Meine, Curt. Aldo Leopold: his life and work. Madison:
University of Wisconsin Press, 1988. 638 p.
A biography of one of the founders of the
Mowrey, Marc, and Tim Redmond. Not in our backyard: the
people and events that shaped America's modern
environmental movement. New York: W. Morrow, c1993.
From Earth Day 1970 to the present.
Nash, Roderick. Wilderness and the American mind. New
Haven: Yale University Press, 1967. 256 p.
A classic history of one of the concepts which
formed the environmental movement.
Petulla, Joseph M. American environmental history. 2nd ed.
Columbus: Merrill Pub. Co., c1988. 444 p.
An updated and revised edition of the standard
Ponting, Clive. A green history of the world: the
environment and the collapse of great civilizations.
New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992. 432 p.
How man's treatment of the environment has
shaped world history.
Potts, Richard. Humanity's descent: the consequences of
ecological instability. New York: Morrow, c1996.
Human development and history within the context
of Earth's ecology.
Revkin, Andrew. The burning season: the murder of Chico
Mendes and the fight for the Amazon rain forest.
Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1990. 317 p.
The activities of a martyr in the global effort
to preserve rainforests.
Scheffer, Victor B. The shaping of environmentalism in
America. Seattle: University of Washington Press,
1991. 249 p.
When conservation concerns grew into
environmental consciousness, 1960-1980.
Strong, Douglas H. Dreamers & defenders: American
conservationists. Lincoln: University of Nebraska
Press, c1988. 295 p.
A revised and enlarged edition of a biographical
survey, The Conservationists (1971).
Thomas, Keith. Man and the natural world: a history of the
modern sensibility. New York: Pantheon Books, c1983.
A classic, about man's "ascendancy" over nature.
Turner, Frederick W. Rediscovering America: John Muir in his
time and ours. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books,
c1985. 417 p.
The contributions of a chief founder of the
Turner, Tom. Sierra Club: 100 years of protecting nature.
New York: H.N. Abrams in association with the Sierra
Club, 1991. 288 p.
Arguably the first substantial American
environmental organization, and still in the forefront
of the cause; with an introduction, "The American Land
and the History of Hope," by Frederick Turner.
Van Andel, Tjeerd H. New views on an old planet: a history
of global change. 2nd ed. Cambridge, New York:
Cambridge University Press, 1994. 439 p.
How Earth's environment changed naturally before
Vasey, Daniel E. An ecological history of agriculture:
10,000 B.C. þ A.D. 10,000. Ames: Iowa State University
Press, 1992. 363 p.
A provocative work on the past development and
possible future of agricultural systems.
Wilson, Edward O. Naturalist. Washington, D.C.: Island
Press/Shearwater Books, c1994. 380 p.
The inspiring autobiography of one of the
leading biologists and environmentalists of our time.
Worster, Donald. Nature's economy: a history of ecological
ideas. 2nd ed. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge
University Press, 1994. 505 p.
From the eighteenth century to the present.
Worster, Donald. The wealth of nature: environmental history
and the ecological imagination. New York: Oxford
University Press, 1993. 255 p.
A compilation of lectures and previously
(2) A few selected older classics of American conservation
Carson, Rachel. Silent spring. 25th anniversary ed. Boston:
Houghton Mifflin, c1962. 368 p.
A work which "spoke out against the reckless and
irresponsible poisoning of the world."
Cook, Robert C. Human fertility: the modern dilemma. New
York: W. Sloane Associates, 1951. 380 p.
Cook was a pioneer demographer who predicted the
population crisis and its causes.
Ecotactics: the Sierra Club handbook for environment
activists. Edited by John G. Mitchell, with Constance
L. Stallings. New York: Pocket Books, 1970. 288 p.
A very influential book which helped to attract
young people to the environmental movement and further
the aims of Earth Day 1970.
Hornaday, William Temple. The extermination of the American
bison. Washington: Govt. Print. Off., 1889. 369-548 p.
"From the Report of the National Museum, 1886-
Hornaday's campaign in behalf of the once-
numerous American "buffalo" may have saved the species
Hornaday, William Temple. Thirty years war for wild life:
gains and losses in the thankless task. New York:
Published for the Permanent Wild Life Protection Fund
by C. Scribner's sons, 1931. 292 p.
An eminent pioneer conservationist's
recollections of the long battle for initial wildlife
protection laws, in which he was the prime mover.
Leopold, Aldo. The river of the mother of God and other
essays. Edited by Susan L. Flader and J. Baird
Callicott. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press,
c1991. 384 p.
With an excellent introduction to Leopold's
seminal contributions to the environmental movement.
Leopold, Aldo. Round River: from the journals of Aldo
Leopold. Edited by Luna B. Leopold. Oxford, New York:
Oxford University Press, c1993. 173 p.
Leopold's views on nature and the environment.
Leopold, Aldo. A Sand County almanac, and sketches here and
there. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. 228 p.
A reprint of a 1949 work central to
environmental history, especially valuable for
Leopold's essay, "The Land Ethic."
Muir, John. The Yosemite. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books,
c1988. 215 p.
Originally published by one of the founders of
the environmental movement in 1914. Other Muir titles
republished by Sierra Club Books in 1988 are The
Mountains of California (1894), My First Summer in the
Sierra (1911), and The Story of My Boyhood and Youth
Osborn, Fairfield. The limits of the Earth. Boston: Little,
Brown, c1953. 238 p.
An early assessment of the population explosion.
Osborn, Fairfield. Our plundered planet. Boston: Little,
Brown, c1948. 217 p.
Osborn's prescient books are well worth reading
Shiras, George. Hunting wild life with camera and
flashlight. 2nd ed. Washington, D.C.: National
Geographic Society, 1936. 2 v.
A conservation classic by the American pioneer
of wildlife photography, who inspired two generations
to hunt with cameras rather than firearms, and who
drafted the Migratory Bird Act of 1913.
Thoreau, Henry David. Journal. Edited by Bradford Torrey and
Francis H. Allen. New York: Dover Publications, 1962.
14 v. (1804 p.) in 2.
The thoughts of one of the precursors of the
environmental movement. Modern editions of his Walden
(1854), The Maine Woods (1864), and other seminal
works are available.
(3) Environmental philosophy, ethics and law
Abram, David. The spell of the sensuous: perception and
language in a more-than-human world. New York:
Pantheon Books, c1996. 326 p.
A new approach to ecological philosophy.
Allaby, Michael. A guide to Gaia: a survey of the new
science of our living Earth. New York: E. p. Dutton,
1990. 181 p.
A primer for lay persons: James Lovelock's Gaia
hypothesis concerning Earth as a living superorganism.
Allen, T. F. H., and T. W. Hoekstra. Toward a unified
ecology. New York: Columbia University Press, c1992.
A conceptual framework for a more coherent view
The Biophilia hypothesis. Edited by Stephen R. Kellert and
Edward O. Wilson. Washington, D.C.: Island Press,
c1993. 484 p.
Contributions about Wilson's hypothesis
suggesting an innate human affinity for all living
Buck, Susan J. Understanding environmental administration
and law. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1991. 199 p.
A primer on the real-life application of
Callicott, J. Baird. Earth's insights: a survey of
ecological ethics from the Mediterranean basin to the
Australian outback. Berkeley: University of California
Press, c1994. 285 p.
A fresh look at environmental ethics.
Callicott, J. Baird. In defense of the land ethic: essays in
environmental philosophy. Albany: State University of
New York Press, c1989. 325 p.
Collected writings of an heir to Aldo Leopold.
The Deep ecology movement: an introductory anthology. Edited
by Alan Drengson & Yuichi Inoue. Berkeley, Calif.:
North Atlantic Books, c1995. 293 p.
Selections in the tradition of Norwegian
ecological philosopher Arne Naess.
Devall, Bill, and George Sessions. Deep ecology. Salt Lake
City, Utah: G. M. Smith, 1985. 266 p.
An explanation of the relatively recent "deep
Environmental justice: issues, policies, and solutions.
Edited by Bunyan Bryant. Washington, D.C.: Island
Press, c1995. 278 p.
Contributors to the "environmental justice"
movement discuss the failure of past public policy to
deal effectively with issues of environmental equity.
Foreman, Dave. Confessions of an eco-warrior. New York:
Harmony Books, c1991. 228 p.
An alternative view of environmental activism.
Freyfogle, Eric T. Justice and the Earth: images for our
planetary survival. Urbana: University of Illinois
Press, 1995. 203 p.
Do we really "own" the Earth? An argument for
land stewardship echoing the views of Aldo Leopold and
Interpreting the precautionary principle. Edited by Tim
O'Riordan and James Cameron. London: Earthscan
Publications, 1994. 315 p.
The "precautionary principle" is becoming
established as a concept in environmental management,
with implications for domestic and international law,
the conduct of research, business, and investment, and
Lovelock, J. E. Gaia: a new look at life on Earth. Oxford,
Eng.; New York: Oxford University Press, c1987. 157 p.
The controversial Gaia hypothesis postulates
that the entire life of Earth functions as a single,
complex organism which defines and maintains
conditions necessary for its survival; first published
Natural resources policy and law: trends and directions.
Edited by Lawrence J. MacDonnell and Sarah F. Bates.
Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1993. 241 p.
An exploration of past, present and future
directions in natural resources and environmental law
and policy, with emphasis on new legislation and
important cases of the past decade.
Rolston, Holmes. Environmental ethics: duties to and values
in the natural world. Philadelphia: Temple University
Press, 1988. 391 p.
The moral and ethical aspects of environmental
Sacred trusts: essays on stewardship and responsibility.
Edited by Michael Katakis. San Francisco: Mercury
House, c1993. 281 p.
Our moral and ethical responsibility to conserve
the Earth for future generations.
Shepard, Paul. The others: how animals make us human.
Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1996. 374 p.
How diverse cultures have thought about, reacted
to, and interacted with animals.
Thomashow, Mitchell. Ecological identity: becoming a
reflective environmentalist. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT
Press, c1995. 228 p.
How to expand your concept of environmentalism
so it bridges professional practice, personal
lifestyle, living in nature, and political
Wilson, Edward O. Biophilia. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard
University Press, 1984. 157 p.
An eminent biologist and environmentalist
suggests that an innate love and affiliation for other
organisms has been part of the evolution of the human
(4) Environmental economics
Barker, Rocky. Saving all the parts: reconciling economics
and the Endangered Species Act. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, c1993.
The Act and the question of how to restore the
economy while protecting environmental integrity.
Dixon, John A., and Paul B. Sherman. Economics of protected
areas: a new look at benefits and costs. Washington,
D.C.: Island Press, c1990. 234 p.
A methodology for assigning monetary values to
nature, and how countries have applied the principle
Frankhauser, Samuel. Valuing climate change: the economics
of the greenhouse. London: Earthscan Publications,
1995. 176 p.
How to assess the economic costs of global
warming, calculate the likely costs of current
projections of climate change, and evaluate the
policies available to meet them.
The Global greenhouse regime: who pays? Science, economics
and North-South politics in the Climate Change
Convention. London: Earthscan Publications; Tokyo, New
York: United Nations University Press, 1993. 382 p.
Multinational and multidisciplinary attempts to
establish and allocate costs for adapting to and
reducing the greenhouse effect.
Gowdy, John M., and Sabine O'Hara. Economic theory for
environmentalists. Ankeny, Iowa: Soil and Water
Conservation Society; Delray Beach, Fla.: St. Lucie
Press, c1995. 192 p.
Explains relevant concepts to workers and policy
Mitigation banking: theory and practice. Edited by Lindell
L. Marsh, Douglas R. Porter, and David A. Salveson. In
cooperation with the Urban Land Institute. Washington,
D.C.: Island Press, c1996. 300 p.
Under the Clean Water Act, development that
results in the permanent destruction of wetlands must,
in most cases, be mitigated by the creation of a new
wetland or the restoration of a degraded one. Rather
than require developers to create and maintain
wetlands on their own, mitigation banking allows them
to pay for wetlands that have been created by others
to compensate for their damage.
Rich, Bruce. Mortgaging the Earth: the World Bank,
environmental impoverishment, and the crisis of
development. Boston: Beacon Press, c1994. 376 p.
The case against the World Bank and what the
author thinks is its destructive impact on the
environment: a critique of current assumptions and
goals of economic development.
A Survey of ecological economics. Edited by Rajaram
Krishnan, Jonathan M. Harris and Neva R. Goodwin.
Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1995. 384 p.
Ecological economics is based on the concept
that the world's economics are a function of the
Earth's ecosystems þ an idea that reverses the
traditional view of neoclassical economics.
Valuing local knowledge: indigenous people and intellectual
property rights. Edited by Stephen B. Brush and Doreen
Stabinsky. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1995.
Can we promote environmental protection and
cultural survival by allowing impoverished peoples in
biologically rich areas to realize an economic return
from resources under their care?
(5) Environmental education and careers
Chase, Jayni. Blueprint for a green school. New York:
Scholastic, c1995. 670 p.
Provides information on creating environmentally
healthy school buildings and integrating environmental
teaching into the curriculum.
Cohn, Susan. Green at work: finding a business career that
works for the environment. Rev. and expanded ed.
Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1995. 427 p.
An updated edition of Cohn's 1992 guide to
finding opportunities in environmentally concerned
businesses and other organizations.
Environmental leadership: developing effective skills and
styles. Edited by Joyce K. Berry and John C. Gordon.
Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1993. 286 p.
Learning to guide and effect positive change.
Fasulo, Michael, and Paul Walker. Careers in the
environment. Lincolnwood, Ill.: VGM Career Horizons,
c1995. 290 p.
Opportunities and necessary training.
Greening the college curriculum: a guide to environmental
teaching in the liberal arts. Edited by Jonathan
Collett and Stephen Karakashian. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, c1996. 328 p.
Provides the tools college and university
faculty need to integrate environmental issues into
their curricula; a project of the Rainforest Alliance.
Sharp, Bill. The new complete guide to environmental
careers. 2nd ed. Washington, D.C.: Island Press,
c1993. 364 p.
A revised and updated report of a project by the
Environmental Careers Organization.
(6) The population explosion: the basic problem
Brown, Lester R. Who will feed China? Wake-up call for a
small planet. New York: W. W. Norton, c1995. 163 p.
A recent volume in the Worldwatch Environmental
Brown, Lester R., and Hal Kane. Full house: reassessing the
Earth's population carrying capacity. New York: W. W.
Norton, c1994. 261 p.
A warning from the Worldwatch Institute.
Cohen, Joel E. How many people can the Earth support? New
York: W. W. Norton, c1995. 532 p.
An eminent theoretical biologist discusses one
of the most urgent questions of our time.
Durning, Alan T. How much is enough? The consumer society
and the future of the Earth. New York: W. W. Norton,
c1992. 200 p.
What level of consumer consumption can our
Ehrlich, Paul R. The population bomb. New York: Ballantine
Books, 1968. 223 p.
Ehrlich's classic warning about the consequences
of population growth. It followed precursor Robert
Cook's 1951 prediction: see IV, section 1.
Ehrlich, Paul R., and Anne H. Ehrlich. The population
explosion. New York: Simon and Schuster, c1990. 320 p.
How increasing population is contributing to the
Ehrlich, Paul R., Anne H. Ehrlich, and Gretchen C. Daily.
The stork and the plow: the equity answer to the human
dilemma. New York: Putnam, c1995. 364p.
New insights into the population-consumption
Meadows, Donella H., Dennis L. Meadows, and Jorgen Randers.
Beyond the limits: confronting global collapse,
envisioning a sustainable future. Post Mills, Vt.:
Chelsea Green Pub. Co., c1992. 300 p.
What basic changes are needed to insure the
support of the world's population.
(7) The atmosphere: climate change, global warming and the
The Baked apple? Metropolitan New York in the greenhouse.
Edited by Douglas Hill. New York: New York Academy of
Sciences, 1996. 221 p. (Annals of the New York Academy
of Sciences, v. 790)
What could happen to a major world city.
Climate change 1995: the science of climate change. Edited
by J. T. Houghton [et al.] Cambridge; New York:
Cambridge University Press, 1996. 572 p.
A project of the Intergovernmental Panel on
Global climate change and life on Earth. Richard L. Wyman,
editor. New York: Routledge, Chapman and Hall, 1991.
Papers from a 1989 conference at the New York
State Museum, Albany.
Global environmental change: understanding the human
dimensions. Paul C. Stern, Oran R. Young, and Daniel
Druckman, editors. Committee on the Human Dimensions
of Global Change, Commission on the Behavioral and
Social Sciences and Education, National Research
Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press,
1992. 308 p.
The causes and human consequences of changes in
Global warming and biological diversity. Edited by Robert L.
Peters & Thomas E. Lovejoy. New Haven: Yale University
Press, c1992. 386 p.
The effects of global warming on ecosystems.
Negotiating climate change: the inside story of the Rio
Convention. Edited by Irving M. Mintzer and J. Amber
Leonard. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University
Press, 1994. 392 p.
International cooperation to shape useful
Ozone protection in the United States: elements of success.
Elizabeth Cook, editor. Washington, D.C.: World
Resources Institute, 1996. 128 p.
Ten case studies illustrate how and why the
adoption of chlorofluorocarbon alternatives has been
so successful in the United States.
Revkin, Andrew. Global warming: understanding the forecast.
New York: Abbeville Press, 1992. 180 p.
A volume to complement a travelling exhibit by
The American Museum of Natural History.
Somerville, Richard. The forgiving air: understanding
environmental change. Berkeley: University of
California Press, c1996. 195 p.
Climatic change, ozone depletion, the greenhouse
effect, and other related aspects.
Whyte, Ian. Climatic change and human society. London; New
York: Arnold, 1995. 217 p.
The human aspects of coming climate change.
(8) Energy and transportation
Brower, Michael. Cool energy: renewable solutions to
environmental problems. Rev. ed. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT
Press, c1992. 219 p.
Alternatives to oil, gas, and coal.
Cole, Nancy, and p. J. Skerrett. Renewables are ready:
people creating renewable energy solutions. White
River Junction, Vt.: Chelsea Green Pub. Co., c1995.
A recent guide to renewable energy technologies.
Energy for a sustainable world. [By] Jose Goldemberg, Thomas
B. Johansson, Amulya K. N. Reddy, Robert H. Williams.
Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute, c1987.
Technological opportunities for using energy
Flavin, Christopher, and Nicholas Lenssen. Power surge:
guide to the coming energy revolution. New York: W. W.
Norton, c1994. 382 p.
A recent volume in the Worldwatch Environmental
Golob, Richard, and Eric Brus. The almanac of renewable
energy. New York: H. Holt, 1993. 348 p.
A guide to emerging energy technologies.
MacKenzie, James J. The keys to the car: electric and
hydrogen vehicles for the 21st century. Washington,
D.C.: World Resources Institute, c1994. 128 p.
Alternatives to the gas-guzzlers.
Nadis, Steven J., James J. MacKenzie, and Laura Ost. Car
trouble. Boston: Beacon Press, c1993. 229 p.
The problems posed by our love affair with the
Ogden, Joan M., and Robert H. Williams. Solar hydrogen:
moving beyond fossil fuels. Washington, D.C.: World
Resources Institute, 1989. 123 p.
The potential of an environmentally appealing
Potts, Michael. The independent home: living well with power
from the sun, wind, and water. Post Mills, Vt.:
Chelsea Green Pub. Co., c1993. 300 p.
If you didn't think you could do it, Potts might
change your mind.
Renewable energy: sources for fuels and electricity. Edited
by Thomas B. Johansson [et al.]. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, c1993. 1160 p.
Revised printing of a comprehensive survey
commissioned by the United Nations Solar Energy Group
on Environment and Development.
Sperling, Daniel. Future drive: electric vehicles and
sustainable transportation. Washington, D.C.: Island
Press, c1995. 175 p.
The concept of electric propulsion as a key to
sustainable transportation and energy systems.
(9) Biodiversity and biological conservation
Alverson, William S., Walter Kuhlmann, and Donald M. Waller.
Wild forests: conservation biology and public policy.
Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1994. 300 p.
A review of the issues concerning biological
diversity in the context of contemporary forest
Balancing on the brink of extinction: the Endangered Species
Act and lessons for the future. Edited by Kathryn A.
Kohm. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1991. 318 p.
What have we learned about protection since
passage of the 1973 act, and where should we direct
Biodiversity II: understanding and protecting our biological
resources. Marjorie L. Reaka-Kudla, Don E. Wilson, and
Edward O. Wilson, editors. Washington, D.C.: Joseph
Henry Press, 1995. 524 p.
How much we already know, and what remains to be
determined, concerning the world's biodiversity.
Craighead, John J., Jay S. Sumner, and John A. Mitchell. The
grizzly bears of Yellowstone: their ecology in the
Yellowstone ecosystem, 1959-1992. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, c1995. 535 p.
How the "Yellowstone study" evolved into the
current attempt to save the grizzlies.
Ehrlich, Paul R., and Anne H. Ehrlich. Extinction: the
causes and consequences of the disappearance of
species. New York: Random House, c1981. 305 p.
A pioneering study of extinction, especially
that caused not by nature but by man; still of major
Global biodiversity: status of the Earth's living resources;
a report compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring
Centre. Editor, Brian Groombridge, in collaboration
with the Natural History Museum, London, and in
association with IUCN þ the World Conservation Union
[et al.]. London, New York: Chapman & Hall, 1992.
A massive report by many collaborators.
Matthiessen, Peter. Wildlife in America. Rev., updated ed.
New York: Viking, 1987. 332 p.
Three and a half centuries of destruction, and
attempts to protect the survivors.
National biodiversity planning: guidelines based on early
experiences around the world. Washington, D.C.: World
Resources Institute in cooperation with United Nations
Environment Programme, the World Conservation Union,
1995. 161 p.
A proposal for biodiversity planning in selected
National Forum on BioDiversity (1986: Washington, D.C.)
Biodiversity. E. O. Wilson, editor, Frances M. Peter,
associate editor. Washington, D.C.: National Academy
Press, 1988. 521 p.
Biological diversity in crisis: papers read at
Norton, Bryan G. Why preserve natural variety? Princeton,
N.J.: Princeton University Press, c1987. 281 p.
A comprehensive rationale for saving wild
species and ecosystems.
Our living resources: a report to the nation on the
distribution, abundance, and health of U.S. plants,
animals, and ecosystems. [Edited by] Edward T. LaRoe
[et al.] Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior,
National Biological Service, 1995. 530 p.
The first product of the National Biological
Service's Status and Trends Program: much information
about our nation's biological wealth, and a guide for
identifying research needs.
Phillips, Kathryn. Tracking the vanishing frogs: an
ecological mystery. New York: St. Martin's Press,
1994. 244 p.
Frog populations are declining rapidly
worldwide. Many scientists think that frogs are
"indicator species" of the Earth's environmental
Quammen, David. The song of the dodo: island biogeography in
an age of extinctions. New York: Scribner, c1996.
How island biogeography yields insights into the
development and extinction of species everywhere.
Restoring diversity: strategies for reintroduction of
endangered plants. Edited by Donald A. Falk, Constance
I. Millar, Margaret Olwell. Washington, D.C.: Island
Press, c1996. 505 p.
Have we forgotten plants when considering
biological diversity? Not at all; populations are now
being restored, and new strategies are developing.
Simon, Noel. Nature in danger: threatened habitats and
species. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
A world survey, prepared in association with the
World Conservation Monitoring Centre, first published
in 1993 as The Guinness Guide to Nature in Danger.
Tudge, Colin. Last animals at the zoo: how mass extinction
can be stopped. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1992.
The role of zoos as an essential part of
Wildlife policies in the U.S. national parks. [By] Frederic
H. Wagner [et al.]. Washington, D.C.: Island Press,
c1995. 242 p.
The results of a five-year study of the subject.
Wilson, Edward O. The diversity of life. Cambridge, Mass.:
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1992.
Loss of animal and plant species: the world
crisis in biodiversity.
(10) Land use
Alternative agriculture. Committee on the Role of
Alternative Farming Methods in Modern Production
Agriculture, Board on Agriculture, National Research
Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press,
1989. 448 p.
Alternative farming methods as practical and
economical ways to maintain yields, conserve soil,
preserve water quality, and lower operating costs
through improved farm management and reduced use of
Beatley, Timothy. Habitat conservation planning: endangered
species and urban growth. Austin: University of Texas
Press, 1994. 234 p.
Habitat conservation plans, or HCPs, as tools
for resolving land-use conflict.
Callenbach, Ernest. Bring back the buffalo! A sustainable
future for America's Great Plains. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, 1996. 280 p.
Reintroduction of the American bison as a key to
a sustainable future for the Great Plains, a region
which is partially unsuited for traditional
agriculture or cattle ranching.
Creating the countryside: the politics of rural and
environmental discourse. Edited by E. Melanie DuPuis
and Peter Vandergeest. Philadelphia: Temple University
Press, 1996. 346 p.
What of the "country" are we trying to save, and
what do we mean by "save"?
Galston, William A., and Karen J. Baehler. Rural development
in the United States: connecting theory, practice, and
possibilities. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1995.
An evaluation of the economic, environmental,
and political implications of past rural development,
and a consideration of the direction of future
Land use in America. Edited by Henry L. Diamond and Patrick
F. Noonan. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1996.
The report of the Sustainable Use of the Land
Let the people judge: wise use and the private property
rights movement. Edited by John D. Echeverria and
Raymond Booth Eby. Washington, D.C.: Island Press,
c1995. 369 p.
The challenges to environmentalism posed by the
"Wise Use" movement.
Mitsch, William J., and James G. Gosselink. Wetlands. 2nd
ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, c1993. 722 p.
A technical monograph, but well worth attention.
Power, Thomas M. Extraction and the environment: the
economic battle to control our natural landscapes.
Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1995. 350 p.
The quality of the natural landscape is
essential to a community's economic base and should
not be sacrificed to maintain employment levels in
ranching, mining, and timber industries which are
ultimately not sustainable.
Prairie conservation: preserving North America's most
endangered ecosystem. Edited by Fred B. Samson and
Fritz L. Knopf. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1996.
The historical, economic, and cultural
significance of America's prairies, the threats to
their survival, and conservation and restoration
programs currently under way.
Zaslowsky, Dyan, T. H. Watkins, and the Wilderness Society.
These American lands: parks, wilderness, and the
public lands. Rev. and expanded ed. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, c1994. 398 p.
History, resource uses, current policy
conflicts, and preservation goals of our 634 million
acres of public lands.
(11) Deforestation and forest management
Alexander, Brian. Green cathedrals. New York: Lyons &
Burford, c1995. 201 p.
An unvarnished tour of the world's rainforests.
Brown, Beverly A. In timber country: working people's
stories of environmental conflict and urban flight.
Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995. 300 p.
The conflict between logging and environmental
concerns in Oregon.
Defining sustainable forestry. Edited by Gregory H. Aplet
[et al.]. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1993.
Papers presented at a national conference
sponsored by the Wilderness Society, American Forests,
and the World Resources Institute to establish a
framework for the future development of forestry; with
a foreword by E. O. Wilson.
Dietrich, William. The final forest: the battle for the last
great trees of the Pacific Northwest. New York: Simon
& Schuster, c1992. 303 p.
Why the battle isn't just for the ancient
Eastern old-growth forests: prospects for rediscovery and
recovery. Edited by Mary Byrd Davis. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, c1996. 383 p.
The first volume devoted exclusively to threats
in the eastern United States, rather than western
Ervin, Keith. Fragile majesty: the battle for North
America's last great forest. Seattle: The
Mountaineers, c1989. 272 p.
Threats to old-growth forests in the Pacific
Forest patches in tropical landscapes. Edited by John
Schelhas, and Russell Greenberg. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, 1996. 375 p.
The cutting of tropical forests is rarely
complete; remnants are left that have value for
biological diversity and indigenous people. How can
these remnants be conserved?
Forests: market and intervention failures; five case
studies. Edited by Soren Wibe and Tom Jones. London:
Earthscan Publications, 1992. 204 p.
Failures of forest management in Britain, Spain,
Italy, Germany, and Sweden, with ideas for avoiding
the mistakes of the past.
Fuller, Margaret. Forest fires: an introduction to wildland
fire behavior, management, firefighting, and
prevention. New York: Wiley, c1991. 238 p.
A provocative work about complex issues.
Gradwohl, Judith, and Russell Greenberg. Saving the tropical
forests. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1988. 214 p.
Strategies to combat rainforest destruction.
Grainger, Alan. Controlling tropical deforestation. London:
Earthscan Publications, 1993. 310 p.
An analysis of the causes of deforestation and
the policies needed to prevent or slow it.
Jepma, C. J. Tropical deforestation: a socio-economic
approach. London: Earthscan Publications, 1995. 316 p.
Most studies have concentrated on the
environmental effects of deforestation. This one
investigates the underlying socio-economic causes.
Lessons of the rainforest. Edited by Suzanne Head and Robert
Heinzman. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, c1990.
The complex issues of tropical deforestation,
with strategies for slowing destruction.
Little, Charles E. The dying of the trees: the pandemic in
America's forests. New York: Viking, 1995. 275 p.
How a host of human-caused maladies has
precipitated forest decline.
Panaiotov, Todor, and Peter S. Ashton. Not by timber alone:
economics and ecology for sustaining tropical forests.
[By] Theodore Panayotou and Peter S. Ashton.
Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1992. 282 p.
Policy and management reforms to insure the
continued existence of tropical forests.
Raphael, Ray. More tree talk: the people, politics, and
economics of timber. Washington, D.C.: Island Press,
c1994. 330 p.
An entirely revised edition of the author's 1981
Tropical forests and their crops. Nigel J. H. Smith, J. T.
Williams, Donald L. Plucknett, and Jennifer p. Talbot.
Ithaca: Comstock Pub. Associates, 1992. 568 p.
The plight of tropical forest resources and
their great potential for improving the human
Yaffee, Steven Lewis. The wisdom of the spotted owl: policy
lessons for a new century. Washington, D.C.: Island
Press, c1994. 430 p.
What the controversy over management of
Northwest forests can teach us for the future.
(12) Pollution, pesticides and acid rain
Colborn, Theo, Dianne Dumanoski, and John p. Myers. Our
stolen future: are we threatening our fertility,
intelligence, and survival? A scientific detective
story. New York: Dutton, c1996. 306 p.
Where Carson's Silent Spring left off, with a
foreword by Albert Gore.
Elsom, Derek M. Atmospheric pollution: a global problem. 2nd
ed. Oxford, Eng., Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell
Publishers, 1992. 422 p.
A thorough revision of the 1987 classic.
Forster, Bruce A. The acid rain debate: science and special
interests in policy formation. Ames: Iowa State
University Press, 1993. 166 p. (Contemporary issues in
natural resources and environmental policy, #3)
The controversy over the importance and possible
consequences of acid rain.
Howells, Gwyneth Parry. Acid rain and acid waters. 2nd ed.
New York: E. Horwood, 1995. 262 p. (Ellis Horwood
series in environmental management, science, and
A recent, useful summary of the topic.
The Poisoned well: new strategies for groundwater
protection. Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund; Eric p.
Jorgensen, editor. Washington, D.C.: Island Press,
c1989. 415 p.
What citizens can do to clean up local
Reducing toxics: a new approach to policy and industrial
decisionmaking. Edited by Robert Gottlieb. Washington,
D.C.: Island Press, c1995. 447 p.
Recent initiatives and ideas for further
Repetto, Robert C., and Sanjay S. Baliga. Pesticides and the
immune system: the public health risks. Washington,
D.C.: World Resources Institute, 1996. 103 p.
Recent information about the effects of
pesticides on humans.
Silent Spring revisited. Edited by Gino J. Marco, Robert M.
Hollingworth, and William Durham. Washington, D.C.:
American Chemical Society, 1987. 214 p.
Papers based on an Aug. 1984 symposium held in
Philadelphia on the topics posed in Rachel Carson's
Silent Spring: see IV, section 1.
Silver, Cheryl S., and Dale S. Rothman. Toxics and health:
the potential long-term effects of industrial
activity. Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute,
c1995. 59 p.
A working paper of the 2050 Project: the report
from a 1994 workshop.
Stauber, John C., and Sheldon Rampton. Toxic sludge is good
for you: lies, damn lies, and the public relations
industry. Monroe, Me.: Common Courage Press, c1995.
PR efforts to make environmental disasters look
like public blessings.
Wagner, Travis. In our backyard: a guide to understanding
pollution and its effects. New York: Van Nostrand
Reinhold, c1994. 320 p.
Sources of pollution, effects on the
environment, and ideas for action.
(13) Waste disposal and recycling
Goldbeck, Nikki, and David Goldbeck. Choose to reuse: an
encyclopedia of services, businesses, tools &
charitable programs that facilitate reuse. Woodstock,
N.Y.: Ceres Press, c1995. 455 p.
A comprehensive guide to the concept of reuse;
more than 200 topics, from air filters to zippers.
Lochbaum, David A. Nuclear waste disposal crisis. Tulsa,
Okla.: PennWell Books, c1996. 179 p.
Managing the risk from its discharge from plants
until it is no longer a hazard to the public and the
The Nuclear waste primer. [By] the League of Women Voters
Education Fund. Rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: The League,
1993. 170 p.
What nuclear waste is, where it comes from, how
it has been managed, and what we can do with it in the
The Problem of waste disposal. Edited by Robert Emmet Long.
New York: H. W. Wilson Co., 1989. 213 p.
Collected magazine articles on refuse and the
environment, ocean waste disposal, nuclear waste, and
other hazardous refuse.
Recycling and incineration: evaluating the choice. Edited by
Richard A. Denison, John Ruston (Environmental Defense
Fund). Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1990. 322 p.
The scientific, legal, economic, and
Waite, Richard. Household waste recycling. London: Earthscan
Publications, 1995. 174 p.
Successful management of waste is becoming one
of the more urgent tasks on Earth; here are state-of-
the-art details about how disposal techniques could
(14) Water resources, rivers and oceans
Adler, Robert W., Jessica C. Landman, and Diane M. Cameron.
The Clean Water Act 20 years later. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, c1993. 320 p.
A comprehensive assessment of successes and
failures of the Act.
Bolling, David M. How to save a river: a handbook for
citizen action. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1994.
What people can do, individually and
Entering the watershed: a new approach to save America's
river ecosystems. [By] Bob Doppelt [et al.].
Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1993. 462 p.
A project developed by the Pacific Rivers
Council to propose new federal river protection and
restoration policy alternatives.
Freedom for the seas in the 21st century: ocean governance
and environmental harmony. Edited by Jon M. Van Dyke,
Durwood Zaelke, and Grant Hewison. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, c1993. 504 p.
Legal approaches to marine resources
conservation and pollution.
The Freshwater imperative: a research agenda. Edited by
Robert J. Naiman [et al.]. Washington, D.C.: Island
Press, c1995. 165 p.
Strategies for water availability, aquatic
ecosystem integrity, and human health and safety.
Harden, Blaine. A river lost: the life and death of the
Columbia. New York: W. W. Norton, c1996. 271 p.
An example of what the concept of "progress" has
done to our great river systems.
Marx, Wesley. The frail ocean: a blueprint for change in the
1990s and beyond. Chester, Conn.: Globe Pequot Press,
c1991. 204 p.
The imperiled oceans, and courses of action.
Outwater, Alice B. Water: a natural history. New York:
BasicBooks, c1996. 212 p.
Once water naturally cleaned itself, but how has
man's intervention changed that over the last 500
Postel, Sandra. Last oasis: facing water scarcity. New York:
W. W. Norton, c1992. 239 p.
Water problems: ecological, economic, and
Searching out the headwaters: change and rediscovery in
Western water policy. [By] Sarah F. Bates [et al.].
Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1993. 241 p.
Understanding Western water issues: an analysis
of water use and the outmoded rules that govern it.
Water in crisis: a guide to the world's fresh water
resources. Edited by Peter H. Gleick. New York: Oxford
University Press, 1993. 473 p.
A collection of essays on water quality and
quantity, and future problems.
Weber, Michael, and Judith Gradwohl. The wealth of oceans.
New York: W. W. Norton, c1995. 256 p.
How long can our oceans withstand the pressure
of population growth and development?
(15) Business and the environment
Buchholz, Rogene A. Principles of environmental management:
the greening of business. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.:
Prentice Hall, c1993. 433 p.
Has business really become environmentally
conscious? Perhaps, but why?
Cairncross, Frances. Green Inc.: a guide to business and the
environment. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1995.
A thought-provoking analysis of the complex
relationship between government, business and the
environment: how industry has a vital role in finding
solutions to environmental problems.
The Greening of industry resource guide and bibliography.
Edited by Peter Groenewegen [et al.]. Washington,
D.C.: Island Press, c1996. 260 p.
Appropriate activities for industry:
sustainability, effective environmental policies,
strategies, and action.
Westerman, Marty. The business environmental handbook.
Grants Pass, Or.: Oasis Press/PSI Research, c1993.
How businesses can profit from environmental-
(16) Sustainable development: the ultimate goal
Brown, Lester R., Christopher Flavin, and Sandra Postel.
Saving the planet: how to shape an environmentally
sustainable global economy. New York: W. W. Norton,
A useful Worldwatch Institute publication.
Chiras, Daniel D. Lessons from nature: learning to live
sustainably on the Earth. Washington, D.C.: Island
Press, c1992. 289 p.
How we can alter ethics, economics, and
governments to place civilization on a sustainable
Environmental indicators: a systematic approach to measuring
and reporting on environmental policy performance in
the context of sustainable development. [By] Allen
Hammond, Albert Adriaanse, Eric Rodenburg, Dirk
Bryant, Richard Woodward. Washington, D.C.: World
Resources Institute, 1995. 43 p.
Using environmental indicators to influence
Harrison, Paul. The third revolution: environment,
population, and a sustainable world. London, New York:
I. B. Tauris, 1992. 359 p.
The transition to sustainable development.
National Commission on the Environment. Choosing a
sustainable future: the report of the National
Commission on the Environment. Washington, D.C.:
Island Press, c1993. 180 p.
A private-sector initiative commissioned by the
World Wildlife Fund.
Our common future. World Commission on Environment and
Development. Oxford, New York: Oxford University
Press, 1987. 383 p.
A pioneering view of sustainable development.
Pearce, David W., Anil Markandya, and Edward Barbier.
Blueprint for a green economy. A report for the UK
Department of the Environment. London: Earthscan
Publications, 1989. 192 p.
The policies needed to achieve sustainability in
a national economy, now widely adopted as a student
textbook. It was followed by Blueprint 2: Greening the
World Economy (1991); Blueprint 3: Measuring
Sustainable Development (1994); and Blueprint 4:
Sustaining the Earth (1995), produced by Pearce and
Planning for a sustainable environment. A report by the Town
and Country Planning Association, edited by Andrew
Blowers. London: Earthscan Publications, 1993. 239 p.
Sustainable development is possible, but only
through an integrated, strategic, and long-term
approach; how to plan policy to take account of
environmental impacts of planning decisions.
Reid, David. Sustainable development: an introductory guide.
London: Earthscan Publications, 1995. 261 p.
A survey of attempts to integrate economic
development and environmental requirements.
Sustainable America: a new consensus for prosperity,
opportunity, and a healthy environment for the future.
Washington, D.C.: President's Council on Sustainable
Development, U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1996. 186 p.
The result of an executive initiative to develop
a strategy for sustainable development in the United
States at a time of challenges that have global
Technology and environment. Jesse H. Ausubel and Hedy E.
Sladovich, editors; National Academy of Engineering.
Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1989. 221 p.
Environmentally responsible economic
Toward sustainable development: concepts, methods, and
policy. Edited by Jeroen C. J. M. van den Bergh and
Jan van der Straaten. Washington, D.C.: Island Press,
c1994. 287 p.
A critique of traditional economic concepts and
methods, and a new framework for analysis of issues of
development and environmental policy.
(17) Ecodesign: responsibly building and shaping our future
Berger, John J. Restoring the Earth: how Americans are
working to renew our damaged environment. Garden City,
N.Y.: Anchor Press, 1987. 241 p.
Ecological restoration: the repair of damaged
resources and re-creation of ecosystems.
Bormann, F. Herbert, Diana Balmori, and Gordon T. Geballe.
Redesigning the American lawn: a search for
environmental harmony. New Haven: Yale University
Press, c1993. 166 p.
Environmentally healthy alternatives to
America's obsession with well manicured and chemically
The Ecological city: preserving and restoring urban
biodiversity. Edited by Rutherford H. Platt, Rowan A.
Rowntree, and Pamela C. Muick. Amherst: University of
Massachusetts Press, c1994. 291 p.
A collection of essays proposing ways of
retaining a balance between created and natural
environment through planning and design.
Sagan, Carl. Pale blue dot: a vision of the human future in
space. New York: Random House, c1994. 429 p.
What happens after we exhaust Earth's capacity?
If at first you don't succeed, try, try again.
Stein, Sara B. Noah's garden: restoring the ecology of our
own back yards. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1993. 294 p.
Natural gardening: how to improve the barrenness
of America's mushroom subdivisions.
Van der Ryn, Sim, and Stuart Cowan. Ecological design.
Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1996. 201 p.
How mankind and the rest of the living world can
be reunited by using ecology as the basis for
designing buildings, landscapes, cities, and
Wann, David. Deep design: pathways to a livable future.
Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1996. 216 p.
Designing for the future: products, buildings,
technologies, and communities, without the side
effects of pollution, erosion, congestion, and stress.
Yeang, Ken. Designing with nature: the ecological basis for
architectural design. New York: McGraw-Hill, c1995.
Designing "low environmental impact" buildings.
(18) Miscellaneous topics
Bonanno, Alessandro, and Douglas Constance. Caught in the
net: the global tuna industry, environmentalism, and
the state. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas,
c1996. 293 p.
The tuna-dolphin controversy is just part of the
Coates, Peter A. The Trans-Alaska pipeline controversy:
technology, conservation, and the frontier. Pbk. ed.
Fairbanks: University of Alaska Press, 1993. 447 p.
More than the title suggests: problems from
American acquisition of Alaska to the Exxon Valdez
tragedy. With a new preface; first published by
Associated University Presses in 1991.
Coe, Sue. Dead meat. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows,
1995. 136 p.
You might not agree with it, but it's a powerful
argument about how animals are treated in the food
Colinvaux, Paul A. Why big fierce animals are rare: an
ecologist's perspective. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton
University Press, c1978. 256 p.
A classic analysis of the science of ecology,
written to counter 1970s misconceptions equating
ecology with conservation and what is now called the
Feschbach, Murray. Ecological disaster: cleaning up the
hidden legacy of the Soviet regime. New York:
Twentieth Century Fund Press, 1995. 157 p.
Why we need strict environmental protection in
the U.S.: how lack of regulation in the U.S.S.R.
caused monumental, but perhaps not irreversible, harm.
Foreman, Dave, and Howie Wolke. The big outside: a
descriptive inventory of the big wilderness areas of
the United States. Rev. ed. New York: Harmony Books,
c1992. 499 p.
A survey by cofounders of the "Earth First!"
Gadgil, Madhav, and Ramachandra Guha. Ecology and equity:
the use and abuse of nature in contemporary India.
London; New York: Routledge, 1994. 213 p.
A well-researched study of environmental
conflict in a Third World culture.
Gangstad, Edward O. Natural resource management of water and
land. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, c1990. 192 p.
The effective management of Earth's resources.
Graves, Jonathan D., and Duncan Reavey. Global environmental
change: plants, animals, and communities. Harlow,
Eng.,: Longman, 1996. 226 p.
A recent assessment and its implications.
Heart of the land: essays on last great places. Edited by
Joseph Barbato and Lisa Weinerman. New York: Pantheon
Books, c1994. 296 p.
The editors are on the staff of the Nature
In the U.S. interest: resources, growth, and security in the
developing world. Edited by Janet Welsh Brown.
Boulder: Westview Press, 1990. 228 p.
Why the environmental problems of the Third
World cannot be ignored by U.S. policy makers.
Naar, Jon, and Alex J. Naar. This land is your land: a guide
to North America's endangered ecosystems. New York:
HarperPerennial, c1993. 388 p.
Where to find the problems.
Nature tourism: managing for the environment. Edited by
Tensie Whelan. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, c1991.
The benefits and pitfalls of "nature tourism,"
with practical advice and examples to assist in
planning an environmentally responsible nature tourism
Nature's new voices. Edited by John A. Murray. Golden,
Colo.: Fulcrum Pub., c1992. 242 p.
Essays originally published 1985-92.
A New century for natural resources management. Edited by
Richard L. Knight and Sarah F. Bates. Washington,
D.C.: Island Press, c1995. 398 p.
The current situation in historical perspective,
the forces that are inducing change, and specific
trends which are transforming all aspects of
Ocko, Stephanie. Environmental vacations: volunteer
vacations to save the planet. 2nd ed. Santa Fe, N.M.:
J. Muir Publications; New York: Distributed by W. W.
Norton, c1992. 248 p.
An updated edition.
Odum, Eugene p. Ecology and our endangered life-support
systems. 2nd ed. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer
Associates, c1993. 301 p.
Long-term solutions to environmental problems.
Risks and opportunities: managing environmental conflict and
change. [By] Valerie Brown [et al.]. London: Earthscan
Publications, 1995. 354 p.
Detailed case studies illustrate conflicts
caused by environmental change; the who, why, what,
and when of managing change.
Rogers, Adam. The Earth Summit: a planetary reckoning. Los
Angeles, Calif.: Global View Press, c1993. 351 p.
What was accomplished at the 1992 U.N.
conference in Rio, and where do we go from there?
Veit, Peter G., A. C. Mascarenhas, and Okyeame Ampadu-Agyei.
Lessons from the ground up: African development that
works. Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute,
1995. 75 p.
Problems and solutions in sub-Saharan Africa.
A number of these books were published for, and shortly
after, Earth Day 1990. The topics they discuss are
still valid and useful, but some addresses and
telephone numbers have changed; in such cases readers
may wish to consult current volumes in part II,
Directories and related works, above.
Beattie, Mollie, Charles Thompson, and Lynn Levine. Working
with your woodland: a landowner's guide. Rev. ed.
Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, c1993.
Branson, Gary D. The complete guide to recycling at home:
how to take responsibility, save money, and protect
the environment. White Hall, Va.: Betterway
Publications, c1991. 176 p.
Call to action: handbook for ecology, peace, and justice.
Edited by Brad Erickson. San Francisco: Sierra Club
Books, c1990. 250 p.
Campolo, Anthony, and Gordon G. Aeschliman. 50 ways you can
help save the planet. Downers Grove, Ill.:
InterVarsity Press, c1992. 144 p.
Caplan, Ruth, and the staff of Environmental Action. Our
Earth, ourselves: the action-oriented guide to help
you protect and preserve our planet. New York: Bantam
Books, 1990. 340 p.
Elkington, John, Julia Hailes, and Joel Makower. The green
consumer. New York: Penguin Books, 1990. 342 p.
50 simple things you can do to save the Earth. [By] the
EarthWorks Group. Berkeley, Calif.: Earthworks Press,
c1989. 96 p.
Gershon, David. Ecoteam: a program empowering Americans to
create Earth-friendly lifestyles. Woodstock, N.Y.:
Global Action Plan for the Earth, c1995. 99 p.
The Global ecology handbook: what you can do about the
environmental crisis. [By] the Global Tomorrow
Coalition. Edited by Walter H. Corson. Boston: Beacon
Harker, Donald F., and Elizabeth Ungar Natter. Where we
live: a citizen's guide to conducting a community
environmental inventory. Washington, D.C.: Island
Press, c1995. 319 p.
How to find information about the local
environment and use it to further desirable goals.
Henriques, Darryl. 50 simple things you can do to pave the
earth. Berkeley, Calif.: Ulysses Press, c1990. 96 p.
Environmental humor: a parody of the best-
selling EarthWorks "how-to" guides.
Hollender, Jeffrey, and Linda Catling. How to make the world
a better place: 115 ways you can make a difference.
Rev. and expanded ed. New York: W. W. Norton, c1995.
MacEachern, Diane. Save our planet: 750 everyday ways you
can help clean up the Earth. New York: Dell Pub.,
c1995. 212 p.
The Millennium whole Earth catalog: access to tools and
ideas for the twenty-first century. San Francisco:
HarperSan Francisco, c1994. 384 p.
The new format of an old friend.
The Mother Earth handbook: what you need to know and do at
home, in your community, and through your church þ to
help heal our planet now. Edited by Judith S. Scherff.
New York: Continuum, 1991. 320 p.
Naar, Jon. Design for a livable planet: how you can help
clean up the environment. New York: Perennial Library,
c1990. 338 p.
The Next step: 50 more things you can do to save the Earth.
[By] the Earth Works Group. Kansas City, Mo.: Andrews
and McMeel, c1991. 120 p.
Shumway, Jeff, and Wallace B. Black. The planet mechanic's
guide to environmental car care. Fontana, Wis.: B&B
Pub., c1993. 111 p.
Sombke, Laurence. The solution to pollution: 101 things you
can do to clean up your environment. New York:
MasterMedia, c1990. 115 p.
Steger, Will, and Jon Bowermaster. Saving the Earth: a
citizen's guide to environmental action. New York:
Knopf, Distributed by Random House, c1990. 306 p.
Waterman, Laura, and Guy Waterman. Backwoods ethics:
environmental issues for hikers and campers. 2nd ed.,
rev. Woodstock, Vt.: Countryman Press, c1993. 280 p.
Bowden, Joan Chase. Where does our garbage go? Turn a wheel,
or lift a flap, to find out how garbage gets recycled!
New York: Doubleday Books for Young Readers, c1992. 1
A clever pop-up book.
Dashefsky, H. Steve. Environmental science: high-school
science fair experiments. Blue Ridge Summit, Pa.: TAB
Books, c1994. 177 p.
Hands-on exercises for students in grades 10-12.
50 simple things kids can do to save the Earth. [By] the
Earth Works Group. Kansas City, Mo.: Andrews and
McMeel, c1990. 156 p.
How young people can develop habits and projects
that are environmentally sound.
Gardner, Robert. Celebrating Earth Day: a sourcebook of
activities and experiments. Brookfield, Conn.:
Millbrook Press, c1992. 96 p.
Kids can also commemorate April 22.
Kallen, Stuart A. Eco-fairs & carnivals: a complete guide to
raising funds for the environment. Edina, Minn.: Abdo
& Daughters; Minneapolis: Distributed by Rockbottom
Books, c1993. 39 p.
How to organize an environmental event.
Kallen, Stuart A. Eco-games. Edina, Minn.: Abdo & Daughters;
Minneapolis: Rockbottom Books, c1993. 31 p.
Environmentalism can be fun for kids.
Kid heroes of the environment. [By] the Earth Works Group.
Edited by Catherine Dee. Berkeley, Calif.: EarthWorks
Press, c1991. 96 p.
Simple things real kids have done to combat the
Lowery, Linda, and Marybeth Lorbiecki. Earthwise at school:
a guide to the care & feeding of your planet.
Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books, c1993. 48 p.
What kids can do at school to help the Earth.
Mattson, Mark T. Scholastic environmental atlas of the
United States. New York: Scholastic, 1993. 80 p.
An historical introduction to environmental
conditions in the United States.
Metzger, Mary, and Cinthya p. Whittaker. This planet is
mine: teaching environmental awareness and
appreciation to children. New York: Simon & Schuster,
c1991. 224 p.
With an extensive appendix of resources for
Mott, Chapman. Amazing Earth adventures: a kid's guide to
preserving the planet. New York: Scholastic, c1992. 1
Concepts and projects, easy to understand and
Rand McNally and Company. Rand McNally children's atlas of
the environment. Chicago: Rand McNally, c1991. 79 p.
Maps and text portray the world's ecosystems and
environmental concerns; with positive suggestions for
helping the planet.
Roa, Michael L. Environmental science activities kit. West
Nyack, N.Y.: Center for Applied Research in Education,
c1993. 332 p.
Ready-to-use lessons, labs and worksheets for
Ross, Anna. Grover's 10 terrific ways to help our wonderful
world. New York: Random House, c1992. 1 v. (unpaged)
A Sesame Street book.
Savan, Beth. Earthwatch: earthcycles and ecosystems.
Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co., 1992. 96 p.
How ecosystems work; with suggested activities.
Showers, Paul. Where does the garbage go? Rev. ed. New York:
HarperCollins Publishers, c1994. 32 p.
Teaches environmentally responsible ways to deal
Simon, Seymour. Earth words: a dictionary of the
environment. New York: HarperCollins, c1995. 48 p.
Definitions of terms commonly used in discussing
the environment, from "acid rain" to "wetland."
Tangley, Laura. The rainforest. New York: Chelsea House
Publishers, c1992. 135 p.
A useful introduction to rainforest problems for
Tyson, Peter. Acid rain. New York: Chelsea House, c1992.
With an introduction by environmentalist Russell
E. Train; part of the "Earth at Risk" series for kids,
which includes volumes (1991-94) by various authors on
recycling, extinction, the ozone layer, nuclear energy
and waste, global warming, clean air, clean water,
solar energy, land degradation, the rainforest, the
automobile and the environment, economics and the
environment, wilderness preservation, overpopulation,
environment and the law, toxic materials, the fragile
Earth, environmental action groups, alternative
energy, the ocean, animal welfare, environmental
disasters, and other titles. There is a related "Earth
at Risk Environment Video Series."
Many magazines are concerned wholly or in part with aspects of the environmental
movement. The following is only a sampling: Audubon, The Conservationist, E: The
Environmental Magazine, Earthwatch, Environment, International Wildlife, National
Wildlife, New Scientist, Orion, Sierra, Wilderness, and World Watch. Your local
librarian can assist you in obtaining magazines.
Ronald S. Wilkinson
Senior Science Specialist
Stephanie Masten Marcus
Science Reference Librarian
Science and Technology Division
The Library of Congress
Note: This file has been edited for use on computer networks.
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