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Genre Terms

Adaptations
SN Works created by the modification of other works
Examples: World's greatest novels; NBC University theater; Screen director's playhouse

Addresses
SN Speeches, lectures, or remarks delivered to audiences by individuals
UF Lectures
UF Speeches
UF Talks
Examples: Inaugural addresses; FDR's fireside chats; Marconi memorial address; Speeches at the dedication of the Avenue of the Allies

Adult fantasy
USE Fantasy

Addresses
SN Fictional programs that dramatize the exciting and usually hazardous exploits of a person or persons; sometimes set in a particular historical period
Examples: The Count of Monte Cristo; Superman

Advertising
SN Paid announcements, of any length, used to promote a product, service, person, or organization
UF Commercials
UF Political advertising
UF Promotional spots
UF Spots
Examples: Meier & Frank commercial spot; Weekend preview promotion spots

Amateur talent shows
USE Talent shows

Announcements
SN Statements made by a station or a network
UF Special announcements
UF Station identification
RT News bulletins
RT Public service announcements
Examples: Special announcements for WLWO

Anthologies
SN Previously existing or newly created discrete works intentionally gathered together into a single program or entity
Examples: Modern romances; My secret story; Stroke of fate

Audience participation programs
SN Programs which involve spontaneous participation by members of the studio audience
RT Call-in shows
RT Talk shows
Examples: Puzzle program; Deadline dramas; People are funny; Dr. I.Q.

Auditions
SN Material that demonstrates or tests the abilities of a performer(s) or speaker(s); also used for prospective programs intended for evaluation
Examples: Two for the money: rehearsal or audition; Gene Rayburn audition; Roadshow audition #1

Beauty programs
USE Informational programs

Biographies
SN Accounts of a person's life
UF Portraits
UF Profiles
Examples: Will of Stratford; Lives of great men; Biography in sound

Call-in shows
SN Talk shows in which a host(s) fields telephone calls from the public; callers typically seek expert advice and/or express their opinions on current events or topics; may feature guest experts or celebrities
RT Audience participation programs
RT Talk shows
Examples: The Diane Rehm show; Car talk

Campaign debates
USE Debates

Childcare programs
USE Informational programs

Children's programs
SN Fictional or nonfictional programs produced primarily for children
Examples: Our barn; Mary Small and her junior revue; Horn and Hardart's children's hour

Classical music
USE Western art music

College courses
USE Instructional programs

Comedies
SN Programs in which the primary intention is to amuse; the plot is humorous; the tone of the program is overwhelmingly comic or light
CN See also LCSH for other literary terms for comedy, wit, and humor
UF Situation comedies Examples: The Jack Benny show; The life of Riley; Easy Aces; Town Hall tonight (comedy/variety); The great Gildersleeve; Amos 'n' Andy

Commentary
SN Analysis or evaluation of news events or trends; may include editorial comment
UF Editorials
UF Opinion Examples: Behind the headlines; Commentary by John T. Flynn; Martin Agronsky commentary; On the line with Bob Considine

Commercials
USE Advertising

Community affairs
SN Nonfictional programs dealing with issues, problems or events concerning a locale or community Examples: Death on a weekend; Citizens Committee for Pecora program

Contests
USE Quiz shows

Continuing education
USE Educational programs

Cooking programs
USE Informational programs

Crime or mystery programs
SN Programs which focus on the commission and investigation of crime, or revolve around the solution of a mystery
CN See also LCSH under Detective and mystery [plays] or [stories]
UF Detective programs
UF Gangster programs
UF Murder mysteries
UF Police programs
UF Prison programs
UF Spy programs
UF Suspense programs
UF Thrillers
UF True crime programs Examples: Alias Jimmy Valentine; Adventures of Ellery Queen; Mr. District Attorney; Big town

Criticism
SN Analysis, evaluation, or interpretation of literary, artistic, or cultural works and/or events
CN See also LCSH for more specific types of criticism Examples: Critics' choice; Talking about music

Debates
SN Formal arguments between two or more individuals taking opposite sides of a question or questions
UF Campaign debates
UF Political debates
Examples: Congessional debate; Debate on jobs for women; You and your government; National radio forum

Detective programs
USE Crime or mystery programs

Disc jockey programs
SN Music programs in which a radio host plays records; these do not feature live music Examples: Music you want when you want it; Caravana tropical; To be perfectly Frank

Discussion shows
USE Panel discussions

Discussions
USE Panel discussions

Doctor dramas
USE Medical dramas

Docudramas
USE Historical dramas

Documentaries
SN Nonfictional programs that present political, social or historical subject matter in a factual and informative manner; often consist of actual news reports, actualities, and/or interviews; often contain narration
RT Histories Examples: The war that did not come; Army hour; The challenge of our prisons; Yalta papers story

Dramas
SN Serious, fictional narrative works in which actors represent characters; includes works of literature adapted for the radio and original radio dramas
CN See also LCSH for more specific types of literary dramas
UF Plays NT Historical dramas NT Soap operas Examples: Shakespeare streamlined; Great plays; March of time; Laboratory theater; NBC University theater

Dramatic readings
USE Literary readings

Editorials
USE Commentary

Educational programs
SN Programs intended primarily to inform or edify rather than to entertain and which do not utilize an instructional format; may have cultural content and could entertain; intended for a general or professional audience
UF Continuing education
RT Informational programs
RT Instructional programs Examples: The schools are yours; New world; Pageant of art

Ethnic programs
SN Fictional or nonfictional programs dealing with specific ethnic experiences and/or intended for a specific ethnic or cultural audience Examples: Ukrainian Catholic hour; Breakfast in bed (Scottish audience); Portugual de hoja

Etiquette programs
USE Informational programs

Exercise programs
USE Informational programs

Fairy tales
USE Fantasy

Fantasy
SN Fictional programs which depict imaginary characters, often with supernatural powers, sometimes inhabiting imaginary worlds
UF Adult fantasy
UF Fairy tales
Examples: Dark fantasy

Farming programs
USE Informational programs

Fashion programs
USE Informational programs

Field reports
SN Reportorial pieces recorded on location; often at the scene of a particular event; these can be edited
RT News
RT Special events coverage
Examples: A broadcast from aboard ship during the 1944 Guam campaign; Coverage of the dedication of RCA transmitter in Fairbanks, AK

Forums
USE Panel discussions

Game shows
USE Quiz shows

Gangster programs
USE Crime or mystery programs
Gardening programs
USE Informational programs
Gossip
SN Nonfictional programs that relay rumors, anecdotes, likes and dislikes and personal histories of celebrities
UF Gossip columns
Examples: Jimmy Fidler program; Sidney Skolsky; Jergen's journal; The Hedda Hopper show

Gossip columns
USE Gossip

Health/medical programs
USE Informational programs

Helpful hints programs
USE Informational programs

Historical dramas
SN Fictionalized or dramatized accounts of news, events, or social conditions
UF Docudramas
UF Historical recreations
UF Historical reenactments
BT Dramas
Examples: Confession; Last man out; Stroke of fate

Historical recreations
USE Historical dramas

Historical reenactments
USE Historical dramas

Histories
SN Nonfictional programs which present, explain, or analyze past events in an historical context
RT Documentaries
Examples: Torch of progress; Lives of great men; Pageant of art

Horror
SN Fictional programs in which the primary intention is to frighten; often feature monsters
CN See also LCSH for more specific literary terms
Hospital dramas
USE Medical dramas

Household programs
USE Informational programs

Informational programs
SN Programs designed to impart somewhat ephemeral information in the nature of news, helpful hints or advice, often containing audience participation; designed for a general audience
CN Consider using LC subject headings to describe what the show is about
UF Beauty programs
UF Childcare programs
UF Etiquette programs
UF Exercise programs
UF Farming programs
UF Fashion programs
UF Gardening programs
UF Health/medical programs
UF Helpful hints programs
UF Household programs
UF Petcare programs
UF Psychology programs
RT Educational programs
RT Instructional programs
Examples: The ABCs of NBC; Food for all; Woman of tomorrow; Your health

Instructional programs
SN Nonfictional programs designed to instruct or train using a structured format
UF College courses
UF Pedagogy
UF Training
RT Educational programs
RT Informational programs
Examples: Music appreciation hour; Dancing on air; Band lessons; American school of the air; You are an artist

Lectures
USE Addresses

Literary readings
SN Recitations of works of literature
CN See also LCSH for more specific types of literary form/genres
UF Dramatic readings
UF Literature readings
UF Poetry readings
Examples: World's greatest short stories; Pilgrimage of poetry; Words and music

Literature readings
USE Literary readings

Magazines
SN Nonfictional programs that take the form of a number of stories on items of current interest which are treated in a more in-depth and/or reflective way than they would be on news programs
Examples: Rollins College magazine of the air

Man on the street interviews
USE Vox pop

Medical dramas
SN Fictional programs in which the protagonist(s) are medical personnel and the plot takes place in a medical setting
UF Doctor dramas
UF Hospital dramas
UF Nurse dramas
Examples: Doctor Paul; Inside the doctor's office; The doctor; Joyce Jordon, MD

Murder mysteries
USE Crime or mystery programs

Music rehearsals
USE Rehearsals

News
SN Programs that feature commentators in the studio reporting on current events and noteworthy issues
UF Newscasts
NT News bulletins
RT Field reports
RT Special events coverage
Examples: World news roundup; News communique, no. 29; The Huntley and Brinkley report

News bulletins
SN News announcements that interrupt the regularly scheduled programming
UF News flashes
BT News
RT Announcements
EXAMPLES: Johnstown flood bulletin; News flashes about Nova Scotia trapped miners; Bulletins announcing the death of JFK

News flashes
USE News bulletins

Newscasts
USE News

Nurse dramas
USE Medical dramas

Opinion
USE Commentary

Outtakes
SN Material that is not intended to be included in the original program and that has been edited from a radio broadcast or otherwise excluded from a radio program
Examples: Gene Autry outtakes; Outtakes from a talk by James R. Angell

Panel discussions
SN Discussions conducted by a selected group of speakers, usually formal in nature
UF Discussion shows
UF Discussions
UF Forums
UF Roundtables
Examples: University of Chicago roundtable; Herald Tribune forum; Let's talk it over

Panel game shows
USE Quiz shows

Pedagogy
USE Instructional programs

Petcare programs
USE Informational programs

Plays
USE Dramas

Poetry readings
USE Literary readings

Police programs
USE Crime or mystery programs

Political advertising
USE Advertising

Political debates
USE Debates

Portraits
USE Biographies

Press conferences
SN Collective interviews granted to journalists by political figures or others in the public eye
Examples: Press conference at the Labor Dept.; President Nixon's press conference; President-elect Jimmy Carter's news conference

Prison programs
USE Crime or mystery programs

Profiles
USE Biographies

Promotional spots
USE Advertising

Propaganda
SN Intentionally persuasive and/or ideological programs that are primarily designed to propagate particular doctrines
Examples: National Defense Week program; Army recruiting program; You're in the Army now; Day of reckoning

PSAs
USE Public service announcements

Psychology programs
USE Informational programs

Public affairs
SN Nonfictional programs concerned with public policy or politics
Examples: Congress speaks; University of Chicago roundtable; You and your government

Public service
SN Programs intended to be presented over the air by or on behalf of nonprofit or governmental organizations that attempt to persuade the audience to take some specific action or adopt a favorable view towards some service, institution, or cause
Examples: Mobilization for human needs; Your health; The greater New York fund program; Catholic charities

Public service announcements
SN Usually unpaid announcements of any length presented by or on behalf of nonprofit or governmental organizations used to persuade the audience to take some specific action or adopt a favorable view towards some service, institution, or cause
UF PSAs
RT Announcements
Examples: Saint Charles Community Center appeal spots

Quiz shows
SN Programs on which a group of people (experts, celebrities, and/or members of the audience) compete in answering questions or partake in some other competitive activity, following certain rules, usually for prizes
UF Contests
UF Game shows
UF Panel game shows
Examples: NBC spelling bee; Truth or consequences; What's my name?; Information please

Rehearsals
SN Private performances or practice sessions preparatory to public appearances
UF Music rehearsals
Examples: Toscanini at a rehearsal with NBC Orchestra; Boston Symphony Orchestra rehearsal

Religious programs
SN Fictional and nonfictional programs clearly designed to promote a religious point of view; or programs that feature religious services or activities
Examples: Call to youth; Catholic hour; Easter Mass at St. Peter's; Art of living; Eternal light

Roundtables
USE Panel discussions

Science fiction
SN Fictional programs that revolve around imaginary science and technology, visions of future society, outer space, and futuristic world cataclysms
CN See also LCSH for more specific literary terms
Examples: The fifth horseman; Dimension X; X minus one

Science programs
SN Nonfictional programs which depict, analyze, or are concerned with the sciences, including life, physical, and the applied sciences, and mathematics and logic
RT Informational programs
RT Instructional programs
Examples: Solar eclipse expedition; Science in the news; March of science

Situation comedies
USE Comedies

Soap operas
SN Melodramatic serials usually dealing with domestic themes
BT Dramas
Examples: Stella Dallas; John's other wife; Mary Noble, backstage wife; Guiding light

Special announcements
USE Announcements

Special events coverage
SN Nonfictional reports of noteworthy events; often feature several commentators; usually combine studio reports with on-the-scene coverage; often combine field reports, actualities, news and commentary
RT Field reports
RT News
Examples: Goldwater statement; Presidential election coverage; Gemini coverage; Pope's visit

Specials
SN Programs that are not part of a regular series or serial and do not consist of a number of parts or episodes broadcast over time
Examples: NBC tenth anniversary banquet; Bundles for Britain program; ASCAP program; Red Cross relief program

Speeches
USE Addresses

Sports events coverage
SN Coverage of and commentary on sporting events as they happen
RT Sports news and commentary
Examples: Max Baer vs Jim Braddock post-fight interview; Santa Anita derby; National Open golf championship; Kentucky Derby preview

Sports news and commentary
SN Programs that give news, scores, and possibly commentary on various sports-related events that have occurred or will occur
RT Sports events coverage
Examples: Sports forum; Sports stories; Sports news

Spots
USE Advertising

Spy programs
USE Crime or mystery programs

Station identification
USE Announcements

Suspense programs
USE Crime or mystery programs

Talent shows
SN Programs consisting of a series of individual performances by amateurs who may be selected for special recognition as performing talent
UF Amateur talent shows
Examples: Major Bowes amateur hour; NBC employees talent program; Youth on parade

Talk shows
SN Programs consisting primarily of informal conversations between a host and various guests
RT Audience participation programs
RT Call-in shows
Examples: Adela Rogers St. John; Mary Margaret McBride show; Adelaide Hawley show

Talks
USE Addresses

Telescoped airchecks
SN Radio broadcasts in which most of the music and/or commercials are eliminated leaving the announcer's segments intact. Primarily used by announcers who are sending tapes to prospective employers.

Thrillers
USE Crime or mystery programs

Training
USE Instructional programs

Travelogues
SN Nonfictional programs that record trips and/or describe travels
Examples: Where have you been?; Pan American holiday; Vagabond traveller; Television travelogue

True crime programs
USE Crime or mystery programs
Variety
SN Programs that feature various kinds of acts, including comedy, skits and/or music
CN For comedy-variety programs, use two genres: Comedies and Variety
CN For musical-variety programs, use two or more genres: Variety and the appropriate LCSH music heading Examples: Town Hall tonight; The Bob Hope show; The Martin & Lewis show; Toast of the town

Vox pop
SN Impromtu interviews with randomly chosen people in which opinions are elicited on a particular issue or event; usually conducted outside the studio
UF Man on the street interviews
UF Vox populi

Vox populi
USE Vox pop

War dramas
SN Fictional programs whose protagonists engage in warfare
Examples: Cavalcade of America; Words at war; Doctors at war; They call me Joe

Western art music
CN Used for programs in which "classical" music (as opposed to popular music forms) predominates. To be used as a general identifier when more specific LCSH music forms cannot be applied to describe the musical selections.
UF Classical music

Westerns
SN Fictional programs set on the American frontier and/or in the American West Examples: Death Valley days; Western caravan; Tales of the Texas rangers

FORMS
The following terms which indicate format, intended audience, or structure of the material rather than content, may be used as form subdivisions to modify radio genres in form/genre strings. With the exception of EXCERPTS, RADIO, SHORTWAVE BROADCASTS and TELEVISION they also may be used as main headings in form/genre strings. RADIO, TELEVISION and SHORTWAVE BROADCASTS are to be used only when one is sure of the format of the program; if the format cannot be determined, then none of the terms is used and an explanation is placed in a general note field. RADIO, TELEVISION, and SHORTWAVE BROADCASTS will always be the final term in the form/genre string.
Adaptations
SN Works created by the modification of other works

Anthologies
SN Previously existing or newly created discrete works intentionally gathered together into a single program or entity

Auditions
SN Material that demonstrates or tests the abilities of a performer(s) or speaker(s); also used for prospective programs intended for evaluation

Excerpts
SN Portions from radio programs; these are often complete sequences
CN EXCERPTS will always be placed last in the form/genre string unless RADIO, TELEVISION or SHORTWAVE BROADCASTS are used, in which case they will be the final term

Outtakes
SN Material that is not intended to be included in the original program and that has been edited from a radio broadcast or otherwise excluded from a radio program

Radio
SN Sound from a radio program (not necessarily broadcast)
CN RADIO will always be placed last in the form/genre string

Rehearsals
SN Private performances or practice sessions preparatory to public appearances

Shortwave broadcasts
CN SHORTWAVE BROADCASTS will always be placed last in the form/genre string

Television
SN The soundtrack from a television program (not necessarily broadcast)
CN TELEVISION will always be placed last in the form/genre string
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  November 27, 2012
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