Compiled by Kenneth Drexler, Digital Reference Specialist
The digital collections of the Library of Congress contain a wide variety of material associated with Daniel Webster. This resource guide compiles links to digital materials related to Webster such as manuscripts, letters, broadsides, government documents, and images that are available throughout the Library of Congress Web site. In addition, it provides links to external Web sites focusing on Webster and a bibliography containing selected works for both a general audience and younger readers.
Library of Congress Web Site | External Web Sites | Selected Bibliography
A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1875
This collection contains a large selection of congressional material related to Daniel Webster's political career as a member of the House of Representatives (1813-17 and 1823-27), U.S. senator (1827-41 and 1845-50) and secretary of state (1841-43 and 1850-52). Search this collection by date and publication to find materials related to Webster.
A selection of Webster's speeches:
- Bill for the Encouragement of Enlistments, January 14, 1814
- On the Repeal of the Embargo, April 6, 1814
- The Tariff Bill, April 2, 1824
- Second Reply to Hayne, January 26 and 27, 1830
- Presidential Veto of the U.S. Bank Bill, July 11, 1832
- The Constitution Not a Compact between Sovereign States, February 16, 1833
- Slavery in the District of Columbia, January 10, 1838
- "Seventh of March" Speech (Compromise of 1850), March 7, 1850
An American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera
The collection contains, among other materials, posters, playbills, songsheets, notices, invitations, proclamations, petitions, timetables, leaflets, propaganda, manifestos, ballots, tickets, menus, and business cards. There are more than 28,000 items in the collection.
From Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection, 1824-1909
This collection presents 396 pamphlets from the Rare Book and Special Collections Division, published from 1822 through 1909, by African-American authors and others who wrote about slavery, African colonization, Emancipation, Reconstruction, and related topics.
The James Madison Papers at the Library of Congress, 1723-1836
The James Madison Papers from the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress consist of approximately 12,000 items captured in some 72,000 digital images. The Madison Papers contain four letters written to Daniel Webster.
Music for the Nation: American Sheet Music, ca. 1820-1860
This collection consists of over 15,000 pieces of sheet music registered for copyright during the years 1820 to 1860.
Words and Deeds in American History: Selected Documents Celebrating the Manuscript Division's First 100 Years
In honor of the Manuscript Division's centennial, its staff has selected for online display approximately ninety representative documents spanning from the fifteenth century to the mid-twentieth century, including three items related to Daniel Webster.
This site allows you to search and view millions of historic American newspaper pages from 1836-1922. Search this collection to find newspaper articles that reference Daniel Webster from this time period.
A selection of articles related to Webster includes:
- "Speech of Mr. Webster, of Massachusetts, Delivered in the Senate of the United States on the 7th of March, 1850, on the Slavery Question," The North-Carolina Standard. (Raleigh, N.C.), March 20, 1850.
- "Extract from an Article on Daniel Webster," Vermont Watchman and State Journal. (Montpelier, Vt.), September 5, 1850.
- "Death of Mr. Webster," New-York Daily Tribune. (New-York, N.Y.), October 25, 1852.
American Treasures of the Library of Congress: Compromise of 1850
Exhibit on Senators John C. Calhoun's and Daniel Webster's speeches from the Compromise of 1850 debate.
Manuscript Division Finding Aids Online
A finding aid for the Daniel Webster Papers collection in the Library of Congress Manuscript Division can be found online as an HTML or a PDF (41 Kb / Download Adobe Reader for PDFs) document.
Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC)
Search PPOC using the subject heading Webster, Daniel,--1782-1852 to find prints, photographs, political cartoons, and other digital images related to Webster. Search all text fields in PPOC using the phrase Daniel Webster to locate additional images.
There are approximately 700 daguerreotypes in the Prints & Photographs Division. The majority of the images are portraits, including three daguerreotypes of Daniel Webster.
Senator Daniel Webster delivered his famous "Seventh of March" speech urging sectional compromise on the issue of slavery. Following the lead of Senators Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas, Webster endorsed Clay's plan to assure sectional equilibrium in Congress.
In his landmark Dartmouth College v. Woodward decision (1819), Chief Justice John Marshall (1755-1835) supported the inviolability of the charter as a contract and ruled that the college, under the charter, was a private and not a public entity. As such, the school was protected from the state's regulatory power through the contract clause of the United States Constitution. "It is, Sir, as I have said, a small college. And yet there are those who love it!" With these words, Daniel Webster concluded his successful defense of the inviolability of the royal charter of Dartmouth College, which was originally obtained on December 13, 1769.
Digital Reference Section Web Guides
Primary Documents in American History
This site offers a list of some of the most important documents in American history from 1763 to 1877, including documents related to Daniel Webster such as the Compromise of 1850.
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: Daniel Webster
This publication contains a short biography of every member of Congress from 1774 to the present, including Daniel Webster. It also provides a selected bibliography and a list of research collections related to Webster.
The Daniel Webster Estate & Heritage Center
This Web site is dedicated to Daniel Webster's estate in Marshfield, Massachusetts. The site contains biographical information on Webster and a history of the estate.
United States Senate
The Art and History section of the U.S. Senate's Web site contains the following information on Daniel Webster:
- Daniel Webster: The Constitution & the Union Speech, March 7, 1850
- Daniel Webster: Portraits
- Daniel Webster: Second Reply to Hayne, January 26 and 27, 1830
- Historical Minutes: Daniel Webster Quits the Senate, July 22, 1850
- Historical Minutes: The Most Famous Senate Speech, January 26, 1830
- Historical Minutes: Speech Costs Senator His Seat, March 7, 1850
Everett, Edward, ed. The Works of Daniel Webster. 6 vols. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1853.
LC Call Number: E337.8 .W24 1853a [Catalog Record] [Full Text]
McIntyre, James W., ed. The Writings and Speeches of Daniel Webster. 18 vols. Boston: Little, Brown Co., 1903.
LC Call Number: E337.8 .W24 1903 [Catalog Record] [Full Text]
Van Tyne, Claude H., ed. The Letters of Daniel Webster, from Documents Owned Principally by the New Hampshire Historical Society. 1902; rpt. St. Clair Shores, Mich.: Scholarly Press, 1970.
LC Call Number: E337.8 .W365 1970 [Catalog Record] [Full Text]
Wiltse, Charles M., and Harold D. Moser, eds. The Papers of Daniel Webster. 14 vols. Hanover, N.H.: University Press of New England, 1974-1989.
LC Call Number: E337.8 .W24 1974 [Catalog Record]
Bartlett, Irving H. Daniel Webster. New York: W.W. Norton Co., 1978.
LC Call Number: E340.W4 B26 1978 [Catalog Record]
Baxter, Maurice G. One and Inseparable: Daniel Webster and the Union. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, Belknap Press, 1984.
LC Call Number: E340.W4 B297 1984 [Catalog Record]
Dalzell, Robert F., Jr. Daniel Webster and the Trial of American Nationalism, 1843-1852. New York: Norton, 1975.
LC Call Number: E340.W4 D17 1975 [Catalog Record]
Nathans, Sydney. Daniel Webster and Jacksonian Democracy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973.
LC Call Number: E340.W4 N17 [Catalog Record]
Peterson, Merrill D. The Great Triumvirate: Webster, Clay, and Calhoun. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.
LC Call Number: E339 .P47 1987 [Catalog Record]
Remini, Robert V. Daniel Webster: The Man and His Time. New York: W.W. Norton Co., 1997.
LC Call Number: E340.W4 R36 1997 [Catalog Record]
Harvey, Bonnie C. Daniel Webster: Liberty and Union, Now and Forever. Berkeley Heights, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, 2001.
LC Call Number: E340.W4 H28 2001 [Catalog Record]