Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise,
allowing slavery in the territory north of the 36° 30´ latitude.
Introduced by Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois, the
Kansas-Nebraska Act stipulated that the issue of slavery
would be decided by the residents of each territory, a
concept known as popular sovereignty. After the bill passed
on May 30, 1854, violence erupted in Kansas between pro-slavery
and anti-slavery settlers, a prelude
to the Civil War.
Congress Web Site | External Web
Sites | Selected
Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress
Lincoln wrote a draft resolution in the Illinois
General Assembly on January 4, 1855, concerning the
repeal of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Search
Lincoln's Papers using the phrase "Kansas
Nebraska" to find additional documents related
to the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
The Alfred Whital Stern Collection of Lincolniana
This collection documents the life of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) both through writings by and about Lincoln as well as a large body of publications concerning the issues of the times including slavery, the Civil War, Reconstruction, and related topics. It contains eleven items related to the Kansas-Nebraska Act, including newspaper articles and political cartoons.
American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides
and Other Printed Ephemera
Contains a broadside
from Massachusetts printed in 1854 soliciting support
for the anti-slavery settlers in Kansas. Search this
collection to locate additional broadsides and printed
ephemera on Kansas in the 1850s.
Century of Lawmaking for a Nation
On May 22, 1854, the House
of Representatives passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act
by a vote of 113 to 100. The
Senate passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act by a vote 35
to 13 on May 25, 1854. The appendix of the Congressional
Globe, 33rd Congress, 1st Session, contains the final
Senate debate on the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
in the 33rd Congress using the phrase "Kansas Nebraska"
to find more documents related to the Kansas-Nebraska
Nineteenth Century in Print
This collection contains a wide variety of Nineteenth
Century books and periodicals on the Kansas-Nebraska
Act and the conflict in Kansas during the 1850s. For
example, speeches by Herman
Humphrey and Theodore
Parker on the Kansas-Nebraska Act can be viewed in
this collection. Search The Nineteenth
Century in Print using the word "Kansas" to
find additional books and periodicals on this subject.
Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection,
Charles Sumner, a leading opponent of slavery in
the Congress, delivered a speech on February 21, 1854,
against the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
Back in Time: Kansas Entered the Union as a Free State,
January 29, 1861.
U.S. congressman, senator, and presidential candidate
Stephen A. Douglas was born in Brandon, Vermont, on April
23, 1813. Douglas sponsored the Kansas-Nebraska Act in
Kansas entered the Union as a free state on January
Kansas-Nebraska Act and the Rise of the Republican party,
1854-1856, Abraham Lincoln Historical Digitization
Project, Northern Illinois University
Documents, The Kansas-Nebraska Act, National Archives
and Records Administration
Kansas Online, 1854-1861, Kansas State Historical Society
and University of Kansas
Nicole. Bleeding Kansas: Contested Liberty
in the Civil War Era. Lawrence: University
Press of Kansas, 2004. [Catalog
Goodrich, Thomas. War to the Knife:
Bleeding Kansas, 1854-1861.
Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 1998. [Catalog
Malin, James C. The Nebraska Question,
Kans., 1953. [Catalog
Wolff, Gerald W. The Kansas-Nebraska
Bill: Party, Section, and the Coming of the Civil War. New York: Revisionist
Press, 1977. [Catalog
Wunder, John R. and Joann M. Ross. The
Nebraska-Kansas Act of 1854. Lincoln: University
of Nebraska Press, 2008. [Catalog
McArthur, Debra. The Kansas-Nebraska
Act and "Bleeding
Kansas" in American History. Berkeley Heights, N.J.:
Enslow, 2003. [Catalog