Treaty of Alliance with France
Treaty of Alliance with France was signed on February
6, 1778, creating a military alliance between the United States
and France against Great Britain. Negotiated by the American
diplomats Benjamin Franklin, Silas Deane, and Arthur Lee,
the Treaty of Alliance required that neither France nor the
United States agree to a separate peace with Great Britain,
and that American independence be a condition of any future
peace agreement. In addition to the Treaty of Alliance, the
Treaty of Amity and Commerce with France was signed on February
6, 1778, promoting trade and commercial ties between the two
Library of Congress Web Site | External
Web Sites | Selected Bibliography
Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation
This collection contains congressional publications from 1774 to 1875, including debates, bills, laws, and journals.
Revolutionary Diplomatic Correspondence of the United
States, a six-volume set, contains a wide variety
of documents concerning the diplomatic relations between
the United States and France during the American Revolution,
including a chapter entitled "Attitude
of France to the United States."
The Revolutionary Diplomatic Correspondence
of the United States also contains a large collection
of letters sent by the American diplomatic team that negotiated
the Treaty of Alliance with France, Benjamin
Deane, and Arthur
Lee. For example, Franklin and Deane sent a letter
to Congress on February 8, 1778, announcing
the signing of the Treaty of Alliance and the Treaty
of Amity and Commerce.
the Journals of the Continental Congress
and The Revolutionary Diplomatic
Correspondence of the United States to locate additional
information on the negotiations and ratification of the
Treaty of Alliance.
Washington Papers at the Library of Congress
The complete George Washington Papers collection from the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress consists of approximately 65,000 documents.
Thomas Jefferson Papers at the Library of Congress
The complete Thomas Jefferson Papers from the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress consists of approximately 27,000 documents.
Back in Time: France Allied with American Colonies, February
Conceived in partnership with France’s national
library, the Bibliothèque nationale de France,
France in America is a bilingual digital library. It explores
the history of the French presence in North America from
the first decades of the sixteenth century to the end
of the nineteenth century, including French
participation in the American War of Independence.
Memory Timeline: Revolutionary War: The Turning Point, 1777-1778
Discusses the Revolutionary War during the years 1777
to 1778 and links to related documents, including the
Treaty of Alliance with France.
On February 6, 1778, France and the fledgling United
States of America signed the Treaty of Amity and Commerce
and the Treaty of Alliance in Paris, France.
The French Alliance, ushistory.org
Assistance to the American Cause, Department of State
Documents, Treaty of Alliance with France (1778), National
Archives and Records Administration
of 1778 with France and Related Documents, Avalon Project
at Yale Law School
Bemis, Samuel F. The Diplomacy of
the American Revolution. Bloomington: Indiana University
Press, 1957. [Catalog Record]
Dull, Jonathan R. A Diplomatic History
of the American Revolution. New Haven: Yale University
Press, 1985. [Catalog Record]
-----. The French Navy and American
Independence: A Study of Arms and Diplomacy, 1774-1787.
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975. [Catalog Record]
Hoffman, Ronald, and Peter J. Albert, eds. Diplomacy
and Revolution: The Franco-American Alliance of 1778.
Charlottesville: Published for the United States Capitol
Historical Society by the University Press of Virginia,
1981. [Catalog Record]
Schiff, Stacy, A Great Improvisation:
Franklin, France, and the Birth of America. New York:
Henry Holt, 2005. [Catalog Record]
Stinchcombe, William C. The American
Revolution and the French Alliance. Syracuse: Syracuse
University Press, 1969. [Catalog Record]