Compromise of 1850
The Compromise of 1850 consists of five laws passed in September
of 1850 that dealt with the issue of slavery. In 1849 California
requested permission to enter the Union as a free state,
potentially upsetting the balance between the free and slave
states in the U.S. Senate. Senator Henry Clay introduced
a series of resolutions on January 29, 1850, in an attempt
to seek a compromise and avert a crisis between North and
South. As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Fugitive
Slave Act was amended and the slave
trade in Washington, D.C., was abolished. Furthermore, California
entered the Union as a free state and a territorial government
was created in Utah.
In addition, an act was passed settling a boundary
dispute between Texas and New Mexico that also established
a territorial government in New Mexico.
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Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation
This collection contains congressional publications from 1774 to 1875, including debates, bills, laws, and journals.
- January 29, 1850 - The Compromise of 1850 was introduced by Senator
Henry Clay in a series of resolutions.
- February 5 and 6, 1850 - Senator Henry Clay defended his compromise proposals in a speech.
- March 4, 1850 - Senator John
Calhoun's speech against the Compromise of 1850 was delivered. Calhoun was too weak to give the speech so it was read by Senator James Murray Mason of Virginia.
- March 7, 1850 - Senator Daniel
Webster delivered his speech in favor of the Compromise of 1850 ("Seventh
of March" speech).
this collection in the 31st Congress, 1st Session, to
find additional Congressional documents on the Compromise
and Deeds in American History
In honor of the Manuscript Division's centennial, its staff has selected for online display approximately ninety representative documents spanning from the fifteenth century to the mid-twentieth century.
Back in Time: John C. Calhoun Was Born, March 18, 1782.
Back in Time: The Day Henry Clay Died, June 29, 1852.
This site allows you to search and view millions of historic American newspaper pages from 1836 to 1922. Search this collection to find newspaper articles about the Compromise of 1850.
A selection of articles related to the Compromise of 1850 includes:
- "Mr. Clay's Resolutions," The North-Carolina Standard. (Raleigh, N.C.), February 6, 1850.
- "Mr. Calhoun's Speech," The North-Carolina Standard. (Raleigh, N.C.), March 13, 1850.
- "Mr. Webster," The Daily Crescent. (New Orleans, La.), March 16, 1850.
- "The Fugitive Slave Law," Anti-Slavery Bugle. (New-Lisbon, Ohio), October 12, 1850.
Treasures of the Library of Congress - Compromise of 1850
Exhibit of documents from Senators John C. Calhoun
and Daniel Webster on the Compromise of 1850.
Senator Daniel Webster delivered his famous "Seventh
of March" speech urging sectional compromise on
the issue of slavery.
Clay's Last Compromise, United States Senate
The Compromise of 1850, ushistory.org
Daniel Webster: The Constitution & the Union, United States Senate
Documents, Compromise of 1850, National Archives
and Records Administration
Speech Costs Senator His Seat (Daniel Webster),
United States Senate
over Slavery: The Compromise of 1850, National Archives
and Records Administration
Thomas Hart Benton: Against the Compromise of 1850, United States Senate
Bordewich, Fergus M. America's Great Debate: Henry Clay, Stephen A. Douglas, and the Compromise That Preserved the Union. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2012. [Catalog
Hamilton, Holman. Prologue to Conflict,
the Crisis and Compromise of 1850. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press,
Holt, Michael F. The Political Crisis
of the 1850s. New
York: Norton, 1983. [Catalog
Remini, Robert Vincent. At the Edge of the Precipice: Henry Clay and the Compromise That Saved the Union. New York: Basic Books, 2010. [Catalog
Stegmaier, Mark Joseph. Texas, New
Mexico, and the Compromise of 1850: Boundary Dispute & Sectional Crisis. Kent,
Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1996. [Catalog
Waugh, John C. On the Brink of Civil
War: The Compromise of 1850 and How it Changed the Course
of American History.
Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 2003. [Catalog