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African American Sites in the Digital Collections

1945-1968: Post War United States

Image: Caption follows
[Marian Anderson receives the Spingarn Medal from Eleanor Roosevelt]. Silver gelatin print.
Prints and Photographs Division. (8-12) Courtesy of the NAACP.


The black struggle for civil rights also inspired other liberation and rights movements, including those of Native Americans, Latinos, and women, and African Americans have lent their support to liberation struggles in Africa.
In addition to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the National Urban League (NUL) papers, the Library also holds papers of civil rights activists such as Thurgood Marshall, Roy Wilkins, Patricia Roberts Harris, A. Philip Randolph, Bayard Rustin, Nannie Helen Burroughs, and others.

Search the Library's Finding Aid Database.

People, Places and Events

  1. Marian Anderson (1897-1993) [See second entry]: Famed contralto and first African American to perform at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City

    Opera Singer

  2. Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (1899-1974): Often said to be America's greatest composer, bandleader, and recording artist

    Jazz Musician and Composer

  3. John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (1917-1993): Knows as "Dizzy Gillespie," one of the founders of a new style of progressive jazz that came to be known as bebop

    Jazz Musician, Composer and Bandleader

  4. Langston Hughes (1902-1967) [See second entry]: A major influence in African American literature during the 1920's Harlem Renaissance, expressing the mind and spirit of most African Americans for nearly half a century

    Poet and Playwright

  5. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968): Nobel Prize winner Martin Luther King, Jr. and a prolific writer, formed the nonviolence strategy of the civil rights movement

    Clergyman and Civil Rights Leader

  6. Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993): First African American Supreme Court Justice Jurist

    Civil rights lawyer, solicitor general, and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court

  7. Rosa Parks (1913-2005 ): Refused to relinquish her seat to a white passenger on a racially segregated Montgomery, Alabama bus

    Civil Rights Activist

  8. Jack "Jackie" Roosevelt Robinson (1919-1972): First African American of the 20th century to play major league baseball

    Baseball Player
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  October 13, 2010
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