New York World Telegram & Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection
Collection digitized? Generally, no. Selected
images are included here to give a sample of the collection.
The collection includes an estimated 1 million photographs
that the New York World-Telegram & Sun Newspaper assembled
between the 1890s and 1967 (chiefly 1920 to 1967), the year
in which the newspaper closed. No original negatives are included
in the collection. The collection is divided into two parts:
1) a biographical file which contains portraits and other images
related to specific people (750,000 photographs in 300,000
folders), and 2) a subject/geographical file which contains
images related to topical subjects and places (250,000 photographs
in 50,000 folders). This newspaper photo morgue is typical
of the files that newspapers maintain of images that either
were published or were believed to have some future publication
potential. Such files were periodically "weeded" by newspaper
staff members. Much of the photography used by newspapers is "quick
copy," and many images have been cropped, retouched, or highlighted
for publication. Some images were taken by the newspaper's
staff photographers while others came from wire press services,
studios, or amateur photographers. The New York World-Telegram & Sun
newspaper itself is not indexed, but it has been microfilmed
and is available for use in the Newspaper and Current Periodical
Reading Room of the Library (LM 133). The clipping file is
no longer extant.
Access is through a multi-volume finding aid which lists
the folder headings used by the NYWTS staff. The following
information is helpful in using the finding aid. In general,
if you don't find your topic under one heading, try synonyms,
pseudonyms, and married names.
Biographical headings: The form and spelling of
names are entered as they appear on the folders created by
NYWTS staff. Rules of alphabetization used by NYWTS have been
retained in this finding aid. In many cases, nicknames or other
versions of a name are used. It would be helpful to browse
a general part of the alphabet or to check the finding aid
for all possible name versions and spellings to find the sitter
you want. Members of royal families are generally listed under
the name of the country they represented. For example, Princess
Margaret is found under "England, Royal Family........Margaret,
Subject/Geographical headings: Headings used were
devised by the New York World-Telegram & Sun staff and have
few cross references. For example, subjects related to World
War II are listed under "War -- European II -- ."
(empty), (clipping only), and (paper plate only): Parenthetical
entries following the name entry have been added by Library
of Congress staff to indicate that the folder contains no photographs.
These entries represent a folder that is empty, a folder containing
only a newspaper clipping, or a folder that contains only a
printing plate or matrix, a paper mold used to print the newspaper
image. "[...]" indicates the information available was unreadable.
Descriptive information: The descriptive information
provided on the right hand side of the page (after the dots)
is the information that was provided by NYWTS on the outside
of the folders. It has not been edited, but, at times, headings
that used abbreviations have been spelled out completely so
they are more easily understood. Some entries include the description "Dead," used
by the newspaper staff to indicate the subject is deceased,
and this has been included since that is the information that
was originally listed. Once a folder has been processed, a
count of the contents is added in the right hand margin.
SEE: and SEE ALSO: references: SEE: and SEE ALSO:
references are recorded from the outside of the folders. These
references have not been verified, and many of the leads may
not be fruitful. Do not assume that the folder is empty because
there is a SEE: reference; the only empty folders are those
with the parenthetical entry "(empty)."
Copy negative available: If a folder has one or more
images with a copy negative, the finding aid entry is stamped: "Copy
negative/s available". For more information about the images
with copy negatives, please use the automated catalog.
Images copied by the Library's Duplication Services in
response to patron requests are cataloged individually and
can be searched in the Prints & Photographs
Online Catalog. The catalog records include the note "New
York World-Telegram & Sun Collection."
The collection is so large that it must be stored off site.
Retrieval and necessary physical processing of requested materials
will take more time than usual. A five-working-day turnaround
time is needed for any requested material to be brought into
the Library for viewing. Because of the special service requirements
for the collection, a special call slip is used. Only 10 folder
headings may be requested by a researcher at a time.
P&P staff has compiled notebooks of xeroxes of interesting
images that were identified while preparing the finding aid.
Although they do not by any means form a complete record of
all notable images and people found in the collection, they
do provide a sense of the general flavor of NYWTS, and they
highlight some of the major personalities depicted in the collection.
Cropping, highlighting, retouching, and other marks on the
photographs have been retained as part of the artifactual nature
of the image. These marks may not be removed by staff or researchers
and will not be removed for photography work.
Photographs taken by New York World-Telegram & Sun staff
photographers are in the public domain and may be used without
restriction. Images from wire press services, including Acme,
Associated Press, Black Star, United Press International (as
well as its predecessors Pacific & Atlantic, Newspaper Enterprise
Association, Inc., International Newsreel, William H. Rau Collection,
International News Photos, Acme News Photos, United Press Photos,
and UPI), and Wide World may be copyrighted. If so, the images
should be cleared before publishing or exhibiting. It is suggested
that a copyright search be conducted. When images are reproduced
in a publication, the Library requests that the reproduction
number be published with the credit, as in the following example: "Library
of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-104052."
Photographic prints or transparencies can be ordered directly
from the Library of Congress, Duplication Services, Washington, D.C. 20540-5230. Order forms, price,
and order instructions will be provided on request. Since the
Library does not own original negatives for the images in this
collection, photographic copies are made directly from the
original images in cases where the image does not already bear
a copy negative or copy transparency number (beginning LC-USZ..).
If the original image must be photographed, it is highly advisable
to retrieve the image in advance of placing a reproduction
order, and set it aside in the Division's "Photoduplication
Hold" so the image can be easily identified and located by
the Library's copying service. If this is not possible, at
a minimum a call number [example: BIOG--NORTON, KAY- ACTRESS]
and a xerox of the front & back of the desired image is required
so the lab can identify and locate the desired image.
Prepared by: Mary Ison, Head, Reference Section and Barbara
Orbach Natanson, Reference Specialist, based on work by Marcy
Silver, Cataloger, 9/8/94. Revised Nov. 18, 2002.