Skip Navigation Links The Library of Congress >> Researchers
European Reading Room: European Division, Area Studies
  Home >> Periodicals >> Kosovo Newspapers

Newspapers from Kosovo at the Library of Congress

Angela Cannon
Reference Specialist for Russian and South Slavic Montage of Kosovo newspapers

When examining the history of newspapers from Kosovo, there are several factors to consider. For example, both major population groups - Serbs and Albanians - have issued newspapers. The Serbian titles are predominantly in Cyrillic in the language now called Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian (B/C/S) by western scholars. In the bibliography below this language is designated as B/C/S and the alphabet is indicated by "Cyrillic" or "Roman." Other common languages of publication are Albanian and Turkish. In fact, Albanian is now more prevalent in Kosovo than B/C/S. In B/C/S, general or special interest newspapers are called novine or listovi. The term list is sometimes applied to periodicals, not just to newspapers, which, in the absence of readily available historical newspaper statistics, makes it difficult to count newspapers throughout Kosovar history. For the purposes of this introduction we count as newspapers all novine, plus listovi with a frequency of weekly or greater, but most figures in this introduction should be considered estimates. In Albanian the word for newspaper is gazetë. For this bibliography we include titles listed in the bibliographies mentioned below by Kisić and several others, as well as any newspaper titles published in the current borders of Kosovo in any language.

Newspaper publishing began in Kosovo with the weekly vilajet newspaper Prizren, issued from 1871-1874 in B/C/S and Turkish. It was followed by Kosovo, from 1877-1888, also in both B/C/S and Turkish, but published in Priština. These titles did not spur more periodical publishing in Kosovo, for another newspaper was not issued until 1915, and that one, also called Kosovo, but just in B/C/S, only lasted for a few issues. This third title was published in Kosovska Mitrovica. After World War I, more periodicals and newspapers appeared, but the publishing output of Kosovo has never been significant in numbers, possibly due to the small population, the low level of literacy, and the existence of two very different language groups. The first newspaper in Kosovo to appear during the era of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was the very short-lived Kosovski glasnik in Priština in 1923. Unfortunately, the Library of Congress does not hold any of these early titles.

Newspaper publishing in Kosovo did not really begin with any regularity until 1945 with the beginning of the B/C/S newspaper Jedinstvo and the Albanian Rilindja. Rilindja was the first newspaper in Albanian to be published in what was then called the Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo in the country of Yugoslavia. These two titles are the earliest Kosovo newspapers that the Library of Congress holds. The communist era, 1945-1991, saw the most significant growth in newspaper publishing in Kosovo, although periodical publishing in Kosovo continued to be lower than in other parts of former Yugoslavia. A survey of the Statistical Yearbook of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia (Statistički godišnjak FNRJ) from 1958-1989 shows the growth in Kosovo newspapers for most of that period. Thus, in the 1950s Kosovo averaged over a dozen periodicals per year, of which about half were newspapers. In the 1960s the average number of periodicals was slightly higher, but the number of newspapers grew to about a dozen per year. In the 1970s and 1980s growth continued with on average over 30 and 50 newspapers respectively published in Kosovo. The 1970s also saw the number of periodicals and newspapers in Albanian overtake the number of titles in B/C/S, a trend which continues today. For example, in 1973 the daily Rilindja had a circulation of 17,500, while the weekly Jedinstvo had 10,000. Some titles were issued in both languages, but in general about two-thirds of the periodicals were in Albanian in 1979.

Current statistics on the number of newspapers published in Kosovo are scarce, for the Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Kosovo (Vjetari statistikor i Republikës së KosovësExternal link does not include publishing statistics. According to the National Library in Priština, in 2010 there were 15 journals and nine newspapers published in Kosovo. According to Media Sustainability Index External link for 2014, there are eight dailies, with Koha ditore having the largest circulation. The Library of Congress holds two of the dailies in Albanian - Koha ditore and Zëri, as well as one weekly in B/C/S - Jedinstvo. For statistics on B/C/S titles, the Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Serbia (Statistički godišnjak Republike SrbijeExternal link is helpful. The 2014 volume shows that in 2012 there were 17 B/C/S periodicals published in Kosovo, two of which were newspapers.

The major center of Kosovo newspaper publishing is the capital city Priština, but some titles also have appeared in Kosovska Mitrovica and Prizren. The preeminent collection of Albanian-language newspapers from Kosovo is in the National Library of Albania in Tiranë. For B/C/S newspapers from Kosovo, the National Library of Serbia in Belgrade also is an important repository. It is unclear how complete the newspaper collections are in Kosovo itself due to potential war damage.

As a general rule, the Library did not start to systematically collect materials from Slavic and East European countries until World War II and after, and the Kosovo newspaper holdings reflect this collection development policy. The Library of Congress holds only a fraction of the newspaper output from Kosovo, just six titles including two principal newspapers and two special interest newspapers from the communist era and several newspapers from the post-communist period. The Library of Congress holds no diaspora titles from the United States.

The titles in the bibliography below are arranged by place of publication and then alphabetically by title. The microfilm holdings are available for interlibrary loan, but the loose paper issues and bound volumes are not. This bibliography does not include Library of Congress holdings of official legal gazettes or other titles held in the Law Library of Congress.

Online Newspapers from Kosovo

The Library of Congress has almost no online newspapers from Kosovo. News sources such as Internet portals, news magazines, and newswires are available through three main databases (Factiva, Emerging Markets, and Library PressDisplay), but almost all of the sources are in English. For Kosovo the latest three months of Koha ditore are available in PressReader.

English Translations of Yugoslav Newspapers

Most former Yugoslav newspapers have not been translated into English. However, the Summary of the Yugoslav Press by the Joint Translation Service at the U.S. and U.K. embassies in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, published from 1949-1972, has translations and abstracts of major Yugoslav communist newspapers. This publication was meant for distribution only among certain western embassies in Yugoslavia. Most content is from Borba and Politika, but there are also some articles or headlines from the news agency Tanjug, and from other newspapers of the various former Yugoslav republics. LC has almost the entire run of the Summary, with bound volumes for Aug-Sep, 1950; Apr-May, Oct-Dec, 1951; Jan-Dec 1952, under LC Call Number: DR301.J6. The Library has 1953-1972 on 153 microfilm reels, LC Call Number: Microfilm 02392. [There are two records for the microfilm: http://lccn.loc.gov/79648231 and http://lccn.loc.gov/sv89096978.

Bibliographies of Newspapers from Kosovo

Below are some sources that were used to verify bibliographic information for newspapers from Kosovo. The Library of Congress does not hold any periodical bibliographies devoted solely to Kosovo, so one must use bibliographies of Serbian, Albanian, or Yugoslav periodicals to piece together some information. Particularly helpful for titles published in B/C/S is Srpska štampa 1768-1995 by Milica Kisić, but the Yugoslav national bibliography (Bibliografija Jugoslavije. Serijske publikacije) is the most complete for both langauges on Kosovo for the years it covers.

(BJSP)  Bibliografija Jugoslavije. Serijske publikacije. Beograd: Jugoslovenski bibliografski institut, 1975-2002. LC Call Number: Z6956.Y9 B58. LC holds: 1975:1-4 + index; 1976:1-4; 1977:1-4 + index; 1978:1-4 + index; 1979:1-4 + index; 1980:4 + index; 1982-1990, 1997, 2002.

(CYP)  Catalogue of Yugoslav Periodicals and Newspapers 1989. Beograd: Jugoslovenska knjiga, 1988. LC Call Number: Z6956.Y9 C37.

(Daka)  Daka, Palok. Bibliografi retrospective e shtypit periodic shqiptar e mbi Shqipërinë e viteve 1848-1944. This bibliography has been in various journal issues. Each issue covers a different time period. In Studime historike (Tiranë): 1971:3, pp.139-170; 1971:4, pp.186-226; 1972:1, pp.195-211; 1972:2, pp.205-233; 1972:4, pp.241-254; 1973:1, pp.185-201; 1973:2, pp.191-205; 1973:3, pp.225-238; 1973:4, pp.209-222; 1974:1, pp.209-224. The same bibliography is also available in Përparimi (Prishtinë): 1972:9, pp.803-836; 1972:12, pp. 1153-1190; 1973:2/3, pp. 221-237; 1973:4, pp.346-376; 1973:5, pp.465-480; 1973:11/12, pp. 1075-1090.

(JS)  Jugoslavenska štampa. Referati i bibliografija . Beograd: Izd. Sprskog novinarskog udruženja, 1911. LC Call Number: Z6956.Y9 S55 1911b.

(Kisić)  Kisić, Milica. Bulatović, Branka. Srpska štampa 1768-1995. Istorijsko-bibliografski pregled. Beograd: Medija centar, 1996. LC Call Number: Z6956.Y9 K573 1996.

(Kisić2)  Kisić, Milica. Bibliografija srpske dečje i omladinske štampe 1846-1945. Beograd: Kultura, 1986. LC Call Number: Z6956.Y9 K57 1986.

(NBS catalog)  Online catalog External link of the Narodna biblioteka Srbije.

(NLK catalog)   Online catalog External link of the National Library of Kosova.

(SBP)  Srpska bibliografija. Periodika 1768-2005. Beograd: Narodna biblioteka Srbije, 2011-. Only one volume has been published so far, Knjiga 1, A-G. LC Call Number: Z6956.S4 S76 2011.

(SLIC)  Spisak listova i časopisa štampanih na teritoriji FNRJ. Beograd: Bibliografski institut FNRJ, 1956-1974. LC Call Number: Z6956.Y9 B48. LC holds: 1956-1974.

Please send comments about this bibliography and questions about newspapers from Kosovo in B/C/S to Angela Cannon, Reference Specialist, European Division, [email protected] For help with newspapers in the Albanian language, please contact Grant Harris, Chief, European Division, [email protected]



Bibliography of Newspapers from Kosovo at the Library of Congress

City:  Priština
Title: Fjala
Dates of Publication:
  1968-?
LCCN: http://lccn.loc.gov/sf87090934
Language of Publication: Albanian
LC Call Number: Microfilm 05610
LC Location: MicroRR
LC Has:
 Film:
  1968: Mar-Apr, Jun-Dec;
  1969: Jan-Dec;
  1970: Jan-Dec;
  1971: Jan-Dec;
  1972: Jan-Dec;
  1973: Jan-Apr, Jul-Dec;
  1974: Jan-Sep, Nov-Dec;
  1975: Jan 15-Apr 15, May 15-Dec 15;
  1976: Jan 1-Dec 15;
  1977: Jan 1-Dec 15;
  1978: Jan 1-Jun 1;
  1980: Jan 15, Feb 1,15, Mar 1,15, Apr 1, May 15, Jun 1, Jul 1-15, Aug 1-15, Sep 1, 15, Dec 15;
  1981: Jan 1,15, Feb 1,15, Mar 15, Apr 15, May 1, Jun 1,15, Sep 1,16, Oct 1,15, Nov 1,15, Dec 1,15;
  1982: Jan 1, Feb 15, Mar 1,15, Apr 1, May 1,15, Jun 15, Jul 1-15, Aug 1-15, Nov 1;
  1983: Jan 1,15, Feb 1-15, Mar 1, Apr 1,15, May 1, Jun 1-15, Sep 1, Dec 15;
  1984: Jan 1, Mar 15, Apr 15, May 1, 15, Jun, Dec 1-15;
  1986: Jan 1,15, Feb 1,15, Mar 1-15, Nov 1,15;
  1987: Mar 1, Apr 1,15, May 1, 15, Aug 1, Sep 1,15, Nov 15;
  1988: Mar 1, Apr 1,15, May 1-15;
  1989: Feb 1, Apr 1;
  1990: Jun 1, Aug 1,15, Oct, Nov: 26-28, Dec 29, 31;
  1991: 1-3, 5-6, 8-18, 20-31, 33, 35, 37-42, 44-46 (Jan-Dec) [6 reels]

Index: 
Bibliographic source: NBS catalog
Notes: This is a cultural newspaper; the numbering and frequency change over the years.
URL: 

City: Priština
Title: Glas juga: nezavisni list sa Kosova i Metohije
Dates of Publication:
  Apr 2001-2008
LCCN: https://lccn.loc.gov/2017214059
Language of Publication: B/C/S (Cyrillic)
LC Call Number: DR2075 .G525
LC Location: Eur [paper]
LC Has:
 Paper:
  2001: 1-3, 5
  2002: 7-18
  2003: 19-21

Index: 
Bibliographic source: NBS catalog
Notes: 

City: Priština
Title: Jedinstvo
Dates of Publication:
 Jan 20, 1945-present
LCCN: http://lccn.loc.gov/2009225656
Language of Publication: B/C/S (Cyrillic)
LC Call Number: AP56.J4
LC Location: Ft. Meade [bound volumes] + Eur [paper]
LC Has:
 Bound Volumes:
  1956: Jun 25-Nov 29;
  1957: Jan 1-Jun 3;
  1959: May 1-Apr 11;
  1960: Apr 18-Oct 10;
  1961: Jan 9-Dec 25;
  1962: Jan 1-Mar 19, Apr 2-Dec 24;
  1963: Jan 1-Dec 23;
  1964: Jan 1-Dec 21;
  1965: Jan 1-Dec 27;
  1966: Jan 3-Dec 26;
  1967: Jan 2-Dec 25;
  1968: Jan 1-Dec 23;
  1969: Jan 6-Dec 31/Jan 5, 1970;
  1970: Jan 8-Dec 31/Jan 4, 1971
 Paper:
  1997: 5, 16, 19-20, 22-25, 32-51, 66-80, 91, 94-104, 108-115, 125-128, 189, 197-201, 203, 207-210, 213-216, 220-240, 246-254, 276-282, 286-319, 321-329, 340-344;
  1998: 24-27, 29-33, 36-56;
  2003: 36, 39;
  2004: 42;
  2005: 1-48;
  2006: 1-21, 23-42, 44-52;
  2007: 1-56, 58;
  2008: 1-52;
  2009: 1-28, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41-43, 45-46, 48-50;
  2010: 1-50;
  2011: 1-52;
  2012: 1-25;
  2013: 1-52;
  2014: 1-52;
  2015: 1-15, 17-26, 28-39, 41-50
  2016: 1-17, 19-47, currently received in print

Index: 
Bibliographic source: NBS catalog
Notes: 
URL:  http://www.jedinstvo.rs/online/ External link

City: Priština
Title: Koha ditore
Dates of Publication:
 Mar 31, 1997- present
LCCN: http://lccn.loc.gov/2013210043
Language of Publication: Albanian
LC Call Number: Not yet cataloged
LC Location: N&CPR
LC Has:
 Paper:
  2013: 5744-5749, 5752-5863, 5865-5875 (Jun-Oct)

Index: 
Bibliographic source: https://online.koha.net/?id=2 External link
Notes: 
URL: https://online.koha.net/?id=2 External link

City: Priština and Prizren
Title: Rilindja
Dates of Publication:
 Feb 12, 1945-1990, 1999-2004
LCCN:  http://lccn.loc.gov/sn98059114 ; http://lccn.loc.gov/sv97017131
Language of Publication: Albanian
LC Call Number: Newspaper Microfilm 896
LC Location: N&CPR
LC Has:
 Film:
  Mar 20, Apr 5, 15, 1945; Mar 8, 1946; [Jun 29-Dec 12, 1947]; Jan 8-Feb 19, Jun 10, 1948; [Jan 22-Aug 31], Dec 10-24, 1949; Jan 1, 1950-Dec 31,1953; Jul 1, 1954-Dec 31, 1962; Sep 1, 1963-Jan 2, 1986; Feb 5-Dec 30, 1986; Feb 25, 1987-Jan 3, 1989; Feb 2-28, Mar 1-Dec 1989; Jan 1-Aug 7, 1990 [127 reels]

Index: 
Bibliographic source: NBS and NLK catalogs
Notes: Organ of the National Front of Kosovo-Metohija, and newspaper of the Albanian national minority; Removed from Priština between Apr 15, 1945 and Mar 8, 1946; Returned to Priština between Mar 8, 1946 and Jun 29, 1947.
URL: 

City: Priština
Title: Zani i rinisë
Dates of Publication:
 1953-1968
LCCN:  http://lccn.loc.gov/77644846
Language of Publication: Albanian
LC Call Number: AP95.A3 Z36
LC Location: GenColl
LC Has:
 Bound Volumes:
  1967: 22-27, 29-31 (Feb 20-Nov 10, Dec 1-10);
  1968: 32/1-4, 7, 10-19 (Jan 1-27, Mar 9-May 5)

Index: 
Bibliographic source: NBS catalog
Notes: This title looks like a combination of a news magazine and a newspaper. Soon after the title change to Zëri i rinisë, it was printed with glossy covers and in a smaller format like a magazine. The holdings for Zëri i rinisë are not provided in this bibliography.
URL: 

City: Priština
Title: Zëri
Dates of Publication:
 
LCCN: http://lccn.loc.gov/92641050
Language of Publication:  Albanian
LC Call Number:  Newspaper Microfilm 4926
LC Location:  N&CPR
LC Has:
 Paper:
  2010: 3372-3375, 3377-3382,3384-3390, 3392-3396, 3403 (Dec);
  2011:3399-3402, 3404-3438, 3440-3445, 3447-3451, 3453, 3456-3458, 3460-3482, 3489-3494, 3496-3537, 3539-3630, 3632-3637, 3639-3644, 3646-3650, 3652-3657, 3659-3664, 3666-3707, 3709-3754, 3764-3766 (Jan-Dec);
  2012:3767-3986, 3988-3996, 4000-4025, 4028-4085, 4087-4088, 4091-4095, 4100-4119 (Jan-Dec);
  2013:4120-4160, 4162-4205 (Jan-Mar)

 Film:
  2009: Aug 29-2010:Nov 30;
  2010: Dec 29-2011:Jan 3 [16 reels]

Index: 
Bibliographic source: 
Notes: 
URL: http://www.zeri.info External link

  Top of Page Top of Page
  Home >> Periodicals >> Kosovo Newspapers
  The Library of Congress >> Researchers
  June 16, 2017
Legal | External Link Disclaimer

Contact Us:  
Ask a Librarian