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Newspapers from Montenegro at the Library of Congress

Angela Cannon
Reference Specialist for Russian and South Slavic Montage of Montenegrin newspapers

From 1835-1994, Montenegro published more than 1100 periodicals, over 500 of which were general or special interest newspapers, called novine or listovi. The terms list and novine are sometimes applied to journals, not just to newspapers, which makes it difficult to count newspapers throughout Montenegrin history. For the purposes of this introduction we count as newspapers all novine and listovi, but most figures in this introduction should be considered estimates.

The first newspaper was Crnogorac, a weekly published in Cetinje from 1871-1873. During the first two years of its publication, 48 issues appeared, but in its final year just six were published. The Library of Congress holds this title and its supplement Crnogorka in facsimile. Newspaper publishing in Montenegro experienced slow growth until after World War I, when it began to expand because of the continued development of professional journalism and the increase in literacy among the population, but it really grew during and after World War II, due to the need for news of the war, and for anti-occupation arguments and propaganda materials. The communist era saw steady growth in newspaper publishing. Although newspapers continue to be a significant percentage of periodical publishing with almost 100 newspaper titles published today, only a few are major dailies. Most are more specialized in locale or subject. As a general rule, the Library of Congress did not start to systematically collect materials from Slavic and East European countries until World War II and after, and the Montenegrin newspaper holdings reflect this collection development policy. The Library of Congress holds only a handful of the newspapers from Montenegro, including principal dailies from the communist era, one title from the post-communist period, and a few from the 19th century.

Major centers of Montenegrin newspaper publishing are the capital city Podgorica/Titograd, as well as the cities of Nikšić and Cetinje, the former capital. The largest collections of Montenegrin newspapers are in Montenegro and Serbia with the preeminent collection held by the National Library "Đurđe Crnojević" in Cetinje.

The titles in the bibliography below are arranged by place of publication and then alphabetically by title. Most newspapers from Montenegro were published in Cyrillic in the language now called B/C/S by western scholars and Montenegrin by the people of Montenegro. In the bibliography below the language is designated as B/C/S and the alphabet is indicated by "Cyrillic" or "Roman." The microfilm holdings are available for interlibrary loan, but the loose paper issues and bound volumes are not. This bibliography does not include Library of Congress holdings of official legal gazettes or other titles held in the Law Library of Congress.

Online Newspapers from Montenegro

The Library of Congress has almost no online newspapers from Montenegro. News sources such as Internet portals, news magazines, and newswires are available through three main databases (Factiva, Emerging Markets, and Library PressDisplay), but almost all of the sources are in English.

English Translations of Yugoslav Newspapers

Most former Yugoslav newspapers have not been translated into English. However, the Summary of the Yugoslav Press by the Joint Translation Service at the U.S. and U.K embassies in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, published from 1949-1972, has translations and abstracts in English of major Yugoslav communist newspapers. This publication was meant for distribution only among certain western embassies in Yugoslavia. Most content is from Borba and Politika, but there are also some articles or headlines from the news agency Tanjug, and other newspapers from the various former Yugoslav republics. LC has almost the entire run of the Summary, with bound volumes for Aug-Sep, 1950; Apr-May, Oct-Dec, 1951; Jan-Dec 1952, LC Call Number: DR301.J6. LC has 1953-1972 on 153 microfilm reels, LC Call Number: Microfilm 02392, permalinks http://lccn.loc.gov/79648231 and http://lccn.loc.gov/sv89096978.

Bibliographies of Montenegrin Newspapers

Below are some sources that were used to verify bibliographic information for Montenegrin newspapers. The most comprehensive print title on this topic is Crnogroska bibliografija, knj.1-2.

(BJSP) Bibliografija Jugoslavije. Serijske publikacije. Beograd: Jugoslovenski bibliografski institut, 1975-2002. LC Call Number: Z6956.Y9 B58 LC holds: 1975:1-4 + index; 1976:1-4; 1977:1-4 + index; 1978:1-4 + index; 1979:1-4 + index; 1980:4 + index; 1982-1990, 1997, 2002.

(CB) Crnogorska bibliografija. Tom II, Knj.1. Serijske publikacije. Cetinje: Centralna narodna biblioteka SR Crne Gore, 1985. LC Call Number: Z2951.C76 1998 v.2, pt.1.

(CB2) Crnogorska bibliografija. Tom II, Knj.2. Serijske publikacije 1985-1994. Cetinje: Centralna narodna biblioteka SR Crne Gore, 2011. LC Call Number: Z2951.C76 1998 v.2, pt.2.

(COBIBME) Mutual E-Catalogue of Montenegro External link

(CYP) Catalogue of Yugoslav Periodicals and Newspapers 1989. Beograd: Jugoslovenska knjiga, 1988. LC Call Number: Z6956.Y9 C37.

(JS) Jugoslavenska štampa. Referati i bibliografija. Beograd: Izd. Sprskog novinarskog udruženja, 1911. LC Call Number: Z6956.Y9 S55 1911b.

(Kisić) Kisić, Milica. Bulatović, Branka. Srpska štampa 1768-1995. Istorijsko-bibliografski pregled. Beograd: Medija centar, 1996. LC Call Number: Z6956.Y9 K573 1996.

(Kisić2) Kisić, Milica. Bibliografija srpske dečje i omladinske štampe 1846-1945. Beograd: Kultura, 1986. LC Call Number: Z6956.Y9 K57 1986.

(NBS catalog) Online catalog of the Narodna biblioteka Srbije External link

(SLIC) Spisak listova i časopisa štampanih na teritoriji FNRJ. Beograd: Bibliografski institut FNRJ, 1956-1974. LC Call Number: Z6956.Y9 B48 LC holds: 1956-1974.

For questions about newspapers from Montenegro please contact:

Angela Cannon
Reference Specialist for Russian and South Slavic
European Division
Library of Congress
101 Independence Ave SE
Washington, DC 20540-4830

Ph: 202-707-8490
Fax: 202-707-8482

Bibliography of Montenegrin Newspapers in the Library of Congress

City: Cetinje
Title: Crnogorac
Dates of Publication:
  Jan 23, 1871-Feb 15, 1873
LCCN:  http://lccn.loc.gov/91644932
Language of Publication:  B/C/S (Cyrillic)
LC Call Number:  AP56.C76
LC Location:  Ft. Meade
LC Has:
 Bound Volumes:
  Jan 23, 1871-Dec 23, 1872

Index: 
Bibliographic Source: CB #63
Notes:  LC has this only as a printed facsimile; See Crnogorka (1871) below which is a supplement to Crnogorac.
URL: 

City: Cetinje
Title: Crnogorka
Dates of Publication:
  Jul 10-Dec 18, 1871
LCCN:  http://lccn.loc.gov/91644931
Language of Publication:  B/C/S (Cyrillic)
LC Call Number:  AP56.C763
LC Location:  GenColl
LC Has:
 Bound Volumes:
  Jul 10-Dec 18, 1871

Index: 
Bibliographic Source: CB #64
Notes:  LC has this only as a printed facsimile; this is a supplement to Crnogorac above.
URL: 

City: Cetinje
Title: Crnogorka
Dates of Publication:
  Jan 12, 1884-Jul 4, 1885
LCCN: http://lccn.loc.gov/sn83015273
Language of Publication:  B/C/S (Cyrillic)
LC Call Number:  WMLC L 83/155
LC Location:  Landover
LC Has:
 Bound Volumes:
  1884: 1-45 (Jan 12-Dec 20, 1884);
  1885: 1-25 (Jan 10-Jul 4, 1885)

Index: 
Bibliographic Source: CB #65
Notes:  LC has this only as a printed facsimile.
URL: 

City: Cetinje
Title: Glas Crnogorca
Dates of Publication:
  Apr 21, 1873-Jun 18, 1922
LCCN: http://lccn.loc.gov/2003203074
Language of Publication:  B/C/S (Cyrillic)
LC Call Number:  DR1802.G58
LC Location:  Ft. Meade
LC Has:
 Bound Volumes:
  Apr 21-Dec 24, 1873

Index: 
Bibliographic Source: CB #6
Notes:  LC has this only as a printed facsimile.
URL: 

City: Cetinje
Title: Zeta
Dates of Publication:
  Jul 11-Dec 19, 1885
LCCN: http://lccn.loc.gov/sf87090801
Language of Publication: B/C/S (Cyrillic)
LC Call Number: WMLC L 83/3772
LC Location: Landover
LC Has:
 Bound Volumes:
  1885: 1-20 (Jul 11-Dec 19, 1885)

Index: 
Bibliographic Source: CB #19
Notes:  LC has this only as a printed facsimile.
URL: 

City: Cetinje and Nikšić
Title: Pobjeda
Dates of Publication:
 Oct 24-Nov 18, 1944; Nov 19, 1944-Jun 6, 1954
LCCN: http://lccn.loc.gov/sn97059084
Language of Publication: B/C/S (Cyrillic)
LC Call Number: Newspaper Microfilm 2837
LC Location: Eur
LC Has:
 Film:
  Apr 22, 1945, Jan 1, 1950-Jun 6, 1954 [4 reels]

Index: 
Bibliographic Source: CB #301, 644
Notes: From Oct 24-Nov 18, 1944, published in Nikšić; Removed to Podgorica (Titograd) with issue Jun 13, 1954 (See Newspaper Microfilm 902); Organ of the Socialist Alliance of Working People of Montenegro.
URL: 

City: Podgorica
Title: Ovdje
Dates of Publication:
 Jun 1969-2003
LCCN: http://lccn.loc.gov/79646490 ; http://lccn.loc.gov/x79064690 ; http://lccn.loc.gov/sv86024013 ;
http://lccn.loc.gov/70506079
Language of Publication: B/C/S (Cyrillic)
LC Call Number: Microfilm 05328 + AP56.O9
LC Location: MicroRR [film] + Eur [paper]
LC Has:
 Film:
  Jun-Dec 1969-1972; Jan-Mar, May 1973; Oct, Dec 1977; Feb, Jun-Nov 1978; Mar, Jun-Dec 1980; Jan-Dec 1981; Jan-Feb, Apr-Dec 1982; Jan-Dec 1984; Jan, May-Dec 1985; Jan-Dec 1986 (Nos. 1-46, 48, 101, 103, 105, 109-114, 130, 133-153, 155-188, 192-211) [4 reels]
 Paper:
  1990: 248-253,255,257-263;
  1991: 264-271,275;
  1992: 279,281
  1999: 370-372

Index: 
Bibliographic Source: NBS catalog
Notes: 
URL: 

City: Podgorica
Title: Pobjeda
Dates of Publication:
 Jun 13, 1954-present
LCCN: http://lccn.loc.gov/sn97059084
Language of Publication: B/C/S (Cyrillic)
LC Call Number: Newspaper Microfilm 902
LC Location: Eur [film + paper]
LC Has:
 Film:
  Jun 13, 1954-Dec 23, 1956; Jan 1-Jun 9, Nov 29-Dec 22, 1957; Jan 1, 1958-Dec 24, 1961; Jan-Dec 1962-1979; Jan-Dec 1981-1986; Jan1/2-26, 1987; Mar-Apr, Jun 1996; Jan-Dec 1997; Jan-Feb, Jun 1998 [76 reels]
 Paper:
  1995: 10771-10776 (Dec 6-11);
  1996: 10816, 10817,10819, 10913-10914, 10920-10925, 10935, 11465 (Jan 23-24, 26; May 1-3, 8-13, 23, Nov 11);
  1997: 11154 (Jan 1-2)

Index: 
Bibliographic Source: NBS catalog
Notes: Previously published in Cetinje (See Newspaper Microfilm 2837); the paper issue from 1997 is missing from the microfilm
URL: http://www.pobjeda.net/novine/ External link 

City: Podgorica
Title: Vijesti
Dates of Publication:
 Sep 1, 1997-present
LCCN: http://lccn.loc.gov/sn2008059014
Language of Publication: B/C/S (Roman)
LC Call Number: Newspaper Microfilm 4334
LC Location: Eur
LC Has:
 Film: Sep 1-Dec 1997; Jan-Dec 1998-1999; Jan-Jul, Sep-Dec 2000; Jan-Aug 2001; Nov 1-Dec 15, 2001; Feb 2-13, 2002 [32 reels]
 Paper:
  1997: 27-53 (Oct);
  2002: 1376 (Feb 1)
  2015: Jan-Dec
  2016: Jan-Dec
  2017: Jan-Feb 25; currently received

Index: 
Bibliographic Source: COBIBME catalog
Notes: The 1997 and 2002 paper issues are missing from the microfilm
URL: http://www.vijesti.me External link 

Titograd SEE Podgorica

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