At some time around 1960 the Library of Congress' Photoduplication Service assembled into two reels of film issues of newspapers, handbills, and announcements published in Hungary during and immediately after the 1956 Revolution; that is, from the first day of the revolution -- October 23 -- until December 31, 1956. The two reels appear to have been filmed independently of each other and are housed in separate locations.
The first reel (hereafter noted as Reel 1), Miscellaneous Hungarian Newspapers from the 1956 Revolution, contains 26 newspaper titles, plus a handbill published by the Soviet forces stationed in Hungary at that time. This newspaper count differs from the Library of Congress catalog record, which indicates 23 titles, and the table of contents on the reel itself, which indicates 16. This reel (356A) may be requested in the Library's Newspaper and Current Periodical Reading Room, located in room LM-133 in the Library's James Madison Building.
The second reel (Reel 2), A Collection of Hungarian Newspapers and Pamphlets Published during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, was compiled by Theodore E. Kyriak and is dated July 14, 1961. Listed are 18 newspaper titles, but there are two entries for Népszava (with different publishers, but consecutively numbered) and Szabad Ifjuság (with two different publishers, and the second marked as Vol. 1, Issue 1). The newspapers are followed by images of 30 handbills and announcements, issued during and after the Revolution. There is also a three-page index of 17 terms found througout the reel, for such topics as the "Army's role in the revolution," "Demands," "Life in Budapest during the fighting," etc, as well as a key to the abbreviations used in the index. This reel (Microfilm 7260 AN) may be requested in the Library's Microform and Electronic Resources Center, located in room LJ-139 in the Thomas Jefferson Building.
The originals found on Reel 2 form the Theodore E. Kyriak Collection at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, and a finding aid to this collection may be viewed at the Online Archive of California site.
Listed below are the newspaper titles of the two reels, combined and in alphabetical order. Each entry is accompanied by its bibliographic record in the catalog of the National Széchényi Library (Országos Széchényi Könyvtár -- OSzK), in Budapest. The OSzK record provides more detail about the titles than the corresponding records, where they exist, in the Library of Congress catalog. Naturally, the OSzK record is in Hungarian. The titles are also linked to their corresponding entries in the finding aid Hungarian Newspapers at the Library of Congress. Listed first are the newspaper titles, with handbills and other miscellanea following.
Note also that some of the titles have been digitized, primarily by the Electronic Periodical Database/Archive [Elektronikus Periodika Adatbázis / Archívum] at the National Széchenyi Library.
To report gaps or errors in the bibliography, or to inquire about the Library's Hungarian newspapers, please contact Kenneth Nyirady, Reference Specialist for Hungary, [email protected]
Budai hírlap (Budapest)
Order of the titles on Reel 1:1. Viharsarok népe
2. Esti hírlap
3. Mai nap
8. Győr-Sopron megyei hírlap
9. Szabad Somogy
10. Somogyi néplap
13. Dunántúli napló
14. Szabad Dunántúl
16. Fejér megyei néplap
17. Fejérmegyei hírlap
19. Magyar függetlenség
20. Magyar szabadság
21. Győr-Sopron megyei hírlap
24. Felhivás a magyar néphez. Magyarok, katonák és tisztek!
25. Budai hírlap
26. Egyetemi ifjúság
27. Dunántúli napló [date]
28. Vasi hírlap
29. (Föltámadott a tenger [Items taken from Igazság and Hétfői hírlap])
30. Hétfői hírlap
Also on Reel 1:
Felhivás a magyar néphez. Magyarok, katonák és tisztek!
Also on Reel 2:
Flyers/handbills/announcements of the Hungarian Revolution
Nos. 1-7: By youth organizations: University Revolutionary Student Committee, Hungarian Young Workers and Students, University Revolutionary Committee, Hungarian Revolutionary Youth Party. (in support of Imre Nagy; demands; Party program; general strike)
No. 8. "Foreign and domestic policy reforms" . . . . "This is the program of the Free Independent Hungarian National Party" (handwritten)
No. 9. The Revolutionary Military Council of the Hungarian People's Army's Leadership (demands)
No. 10. The XIX-th District's National Committee "First Declaration" (Oct. 28)
No. 11. The new national government; a list (Oct. 27)
No. 12. The Revolutionary Military Council of the Kecskemét military air-base (calls for moderation, not to attack the evacuating Soviet troops, gallantry toward Soviet women and the wounded)
No. 13. People of Kecskemét (calls on the "people of Budapest" to end the civil war and support Imre Nagy)
No. 14. Miners' Union of Pécs County (calls on Budapest to continue fighting and promises to give military and economic assistance), (Oct. 31)
Nos. 15-19. Kispest: Kispest Revolutionary Youth's Temporary Committee, Officers of the Municipal Police (demands of neutrality, Soviet evacuation, multiparty system, AVH, etc.; officers deny the presence of AVH men in their units), (Oct 29, 30 and 31)
Nos. 20-21. Orders of the Soviet Military Forces' No. 1 Order, November 6, Signed, (informs that the Soviet forces were invited to "render brotherly help," orders curfew from 7pm to 7am, surrender of weapons, go to work) (Nov. 6 and 19.)
Nos. 22-30. Misc. pamphlets, XVI-th district, Kispest, Csepel and general (after the second Soviet intervention, November 1956)