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Hungarian Newspapers and Other Materials
from the 1956 Revolution

Kenneth Nyirady,
Reference Specialist,
European Division
Image of the front page of the newspaper Igazság (Budapest), November 1, 1956
Front page of Igazság
November 1, 1956

At some time around 1960 the Library of Congress' Photoduplication Service assembled into two reels of film issues of newspapers, handbills, and announcements published in Hungary during and immediately after the 1956 Revolution; that is, from the first day of the revolution -- October 23 -- until December 31, 1956. The two reels appear to have been filmed independently of each other and are housed in separate locations.

The first reel (hereafter noted as Reel 1), Miscellaneous Hungarian Newspapers from the 1956 Revolution, contains 26 newspaper titles, plus a handbill published by the Soviet forces stationed in Hungary at that time. This newspaper count differs from the Library of Congress catalog record, which indicates 23 titles, and the table of contents on the reel itself, which indicates 16. This reel (356A) may be requested in the Library's Newspaper and Current Periodical Reading Room, located in room LM-133 in the Library's James Madison Building.

The second reel (Reel 2), A Collection of Hungarian Newspapers and Pamphlets Published during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, was compiled by Theodore E. Kyriak and is dated July 14, 1961. Listed are 18 newspaper titles, but there are two entries for Népszava (with different publishers, but consecutively numbered) and Szabad Ifjuság (with two different publishers, and the second marked as Vol. 1, Issue 1). The newspapers are followed by images of 30 handbills and announcements, issued during and after the Revolution. There is also a three-page index of 17 terms found througout the reel, for such topics as the "Army's role in the revolution," "Demands," "Life in Budapest during the fighting," etc, as well as a key to the abbreviations used in the index. This reel (Microfilm 7260 AN) may be requested in the Library's Microform and Electronic Resources Center, located in room LJ-139 in the Thomas Jefferson Building.

The originals found on Reel 2 form the Theodore E. Kyriak Collection at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, and a finding aid External link to this collection may be viewed at the Online Archive of California External link site.

Listed below are the newspaper titles of the two reels, combined and in alphabetical order. Each entry is accompanied by its bibliographic record in the catalog of the National Széchényi Library External link (Országos Széchényi Könyvtár -- OSzK), in Budapest. The OSzK record provides more detail about the titles than the corresponding records, where they exist, in the Library of Congress catalog. Naturally, the OSzK record is in Hungarian. The titles are also linked to their corresponding entries in the finding aid Hungarian Newspapers at the Library of Congress. Listed first are the newspaper titles, with handbills and other miscellanea following.

Note also that some of the titles have been digitized, primarily by the Electronic Periodical Database/Archive External link [Elektronikus Periodika Adatbázis / Archívum] at the National Széchenyi Library.

To report gaps or errors in the bibliography, or to inquire about the Library's Hungarian newspapers, please contact Kenneth Nyirady, Reference Specialist for Hungary, [email protected]


Newspapers

Budai hírlap (Budapest)
[Bibliographic information: none]
 Reel 1:  (One issue, no date)
Other LC holdings of title

Délmagyarország (Szeged)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Oct 23, 24
Other LC holdings of title

Dunántúli napló (Pécs) 
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Oct 24-25, 27, 29-30; Nov 5; Dec 5-6, 8, 9, 11-16, 18-24, 28-31
Other LC holdings of title

Egyetemi ifjúság (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  (one issue, no date)
Other LC holdings of title

Esti hírlap (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Dec 24, 28-31
Other LC holdings of title

Északmagyarország (Miskolc)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Oct 31, Nov 2, 9; Dec 6, 8, 18, 21, 28-31
Other LC holdings of title

Fejér megyei hírlap (Székesfehérvár)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Dec 7-9, 11-16, 18-23, 28-31
Other LC holdings of title

Fejér megyei néplap (Győr)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Oct 24-25
Other LC holdings of title

Győr-Sopron megyei hírlap (Győr)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Oct 26; Nov 1, 3
Other LC holdings of title

Hazánk (Győr)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Nov 10, 20, 24
Other LC holdings of title

Hétfői hírlap (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Oct 29
 Reel 2:  Oct 29
Other LC holdings of title

Igazság (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Nov 1
 Reel 2:  Nov 1
Other LC holdings of title

Kis ujság (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 2:  Nov 2
Other LC holdings of title

Kisalföld (Győr)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Nov 10
Other LC holdings of title

Magyar függetlenség (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Nov 1 (two items; one morning edition, one unnamed edition)
 Reel 2:  Oct 31, Nov 2
Other LC holdings of title

Magyar honvéd (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 2:  Oct 30, Nov 1
Other LC holdings of title

Magyar ifjuság (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 2:  Nov 2, 3
 Online:  Nov 1, 2, 3 External link
Other LC holdings of title

Magyar nemzet (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 2:  Nov. 2
 Online:  Oct 23 - Nov 4 External link
Other LC holdings of title

Magyar szabadság (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Nov 1
 Online:  Oct 30, Nov 1, 3 External link
Other LC holdings of title

Magyar világ (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 2:  Nov 2
 Other LC holdings of title

Mai nap (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Dec 14-16, 18-21
 Other LC holdings of title

Népakarat (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Nov 25, 27-30; Dec 1-2, 4-9, 11-16, 18-23, 25, 28-30
 Online:  Nov 1-4 External link
 Other LC holdings of title

Néphadsereg (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 2:  Oct. 29
Other LC holdings of title

Néplap (Debrecen)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Oct 24-25
 Online:  Oct 2-31, Nov 1-13 External link
 Other LC holdings of title

Népszabadság (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Nov 22, 27-30; Dec 1-2, 4-9, 11-16, 18-23, 25, 28-30
 Reel 2:  Nov 1
 Online:  Nov 2, 3, 4, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 External link
 Other LC holdings of title

Népszava (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 2:  Oct 30, Nov 1, 3
 Online:  Oct 23 - Nov 4 External link
Other LC holdings of title

Somogyi néplap (Kaposvár)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Oct 25, 27; Nov 6, 14-15
Other LC holdings of title

Somogyország (Kaposvár)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Nov 17-18, 22, 27; Dec 5-6, 9, 11-15, 18-24, 28-31
Other LC holdings of title

Sport (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Nov 28-30; Dec 7-9, 11, 13-14, 16-18, 20-21, 24, 27-28, 30-31
Other LC holdings of title

Szabad Dunántúl (Pécs)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Nov 1-3
 Other LC holdings of title

Szabad ifjuság (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
   Reel 2:  Oct 29, 30
 Online:  Oct 23, 27, 28, 29, 30 External link
 Other LC holdings of title

Szabad nép (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 2:  Oct 27, 28, 29
 Online:  Oct 22, 23, 26, 27, 28, 29 External link
Other LC holdings of title

Szabad Somogy (Kaposvár)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Oct 31, Nov 1, 3
 Other LC holdings of title

Szabad szó (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 2:  Oct 31
 Online:  Oct 31 External link
 Other LC holdings of title

Új Magyarország (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 2:  Nov 2
 Online:  Nov 2, 3 External link
 Other LC holdings of title

Váloság (Budapest)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 2:  Nov. 2
 Other LC holdings of title

Vasi hírlap (Szombathely)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Nov 1
Other LC holdings of title

Viharsarok népe (Békéscsaba)
Bibliographic information [OSzK] External link
 Reel 1:  Oct 24
Other LC holdings of title


Order of the titles on Reel 1:

1.  Viharsarok népe
2.  Esti hírlap
3.  Mai nap
4.  Sport
5.  Népakarat
6.  Népszabadság
7.  Néplap
8.  Győr-Sopron megyei hírlap
9.  Szabad Somogy
10. Somogyi néplap
11. Somogyország
12. Északmagyarország
13. Dunántúli napló
14. Szabad Dunántúl
15. Délmagyarország
16. Fejér megyei néplap
17. Fejérmegyei hírlap
18. Igazság
19. Magyar függetlenség
20. Magyar szabadság
21. Győr-Sopron megyei hírlap
22. Kisalföld
23. Hazánk
24. Felhivás a magyar néphez. Magyarok, katonák és tisztek!
25. Budai hírlap
26. Egyetemi ifjúság
27. Dunántúli napló [date]
28. Vasi hírlap
29. (Föltámadott a tenger [Items taken from Igazság and Hétfői hírlap])
30. Hétfői hírlap

Also on Reel 1:

Felhivás a magyar néphez. Magyarok, katonák és tisztek!
(announcement from the command of the Soviet forces stationed in Hungary, unknown date)

Also on Reel 2:

Flyers/handbills/announcements of the Hungarian Revolution
(descriptions are taken from the film)

Nos. 1-7: By youth organizations: University Revolutionary Student Committee, Hungarian Young Workers and Students, University Revolutionary Committee, Hungarian Revolutionary Youth Party. (in support of Imre Nagy; demands; Party program; general strike)

No. 8. "Foreign and domestic policy reforms" . . . . "This is the program of the Free Independent Hungarian National Party" (handwritten)

No. 9. The Revolutionary Military Council of the Hungarian People's Army's Leadership (demands)

No. 10. The XIX-th District's National Committee "First Declaration" (Oct. 28)

No. 11. The new national government; a list (Oct. 27)

No. 12. The Revolutionary Military Council of the Kecskemét military air-base (calls for moderation, not to attack the evacuating Soviet troops, gallantry toward Soviet women and the wounded)

No. 13. People of Kecskemét (calls on the "people of Budapest" to end the civil war and support Imre Nagy)

No. 14. Miners' Union of Pécs County (calls on Budapest to continue fighting and promises to give military and economic assistance), (Oct. 31)

Nos. 15-19. Kispest: Kispest Revolutionary Youth's Temporary Committee, Officers of the Municipal Police (demands of neutrality, Soviet evacuation, multiparty system, AVH, etc.; officers deny the presence of AVH men in their units), (Oct 29, 30 and 31)

Nos. 20-21. Orders of the Soviet Military Forces' No. 1 Order, November 6, Signed, (informs that the Soviet forces were invited to "render brotherly help," orders curfew from 7pm to 7am, surrender of weapons, go to work) (Nov. 6 and 19.)

Nos. 22-30. Misc. pamphlets, XVI-th district, Kispest, Csepel and general (after the second Soviet intervention, November 1956)


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