MARC 21 REFERENCE
Part X: Selected Bibliography
Part XI: Selected Library of Congress Cataloging Distribution Service Publications
Part XII: MARC 21 Holdings Records: A Review
ANSI/NISO Z39.71-2006, Holdings Statements for Bibliographic Items. Bethesda, MD: NISO Press, 2006. Available from: http://www.niso.org/standards/z39-71-2006/
CONSER Guidelines for Input of Caption/Pattern and Holdings Data. By Frieda Rosenberg.
Revisions 2004 by Patricia Hatch with contributions from John Hostage. Available from: http://www.loc.gov/acq/conser/conserhold/guidelinesTOC.html
ISO 10324:1997, Information and documentation – Holdings statements – Summary level. Geneva, CH: International
Organization for Standardization, 2006. Available from: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=18372
Kathryn D. Ellis, "Understanding the MARC format for holdings data (MFHD)," The Serials Librarian, 40, no. 1/2 (2001), 7-18.
NASIGuide: Coding for Serials. By Elizabeth McDonald and Beverly Geckle. NASIG. September 2008. Available from: http://frank.mtsu.edu/~bgeckle/MarcSerials.html
NASIGuide: Serial Holdings. By Frieda Rosenberg, edited by Betty Landesman and Lillian DeBlois. NASIG.
Primer: MARC 21 Format for Holdings Data. Dublin, OH: OCLC Online Computer Library Center, 2006. Available from: http://www.oclc.org/support/documentation/localholdings/primer/holdi
ngsprimer.pdf (PDF, 678 KB)
Shelley Neville, "Implementing and Appreciating the MARC Holdings Format," The Serials Librarian, 40, no. 3/4 (2001), 343-
Selected Library of Congress Cataloging Distribution Service Publications
MARC 21 Formats [On the Web at www.loc.gov/marc]:
MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data
MARC 21 Format for Community Information
MARC 21 Format for Holdings Data
MARC 21 Format for Authority Data
MARC 21 Format for Classification Data
MARC 21 Specifications for Record Structure, Character Sets and Exchange
MARC 21 Concise Formats
MARC 21 Code Lists:
MARC Code List for Countries
MARC Code List for Languages
MARC Code List for Organizations
Understanding MARC Bibliographic
Understanding MARC Authority Records
MARC 21 Holdings Records:
This quiz is designed to assess your understanding of key concepts in
the Understanding MARC Holding Records guide. Select your
answer for each question below.
Answers to the quiz
1. What is the purpose of MARC Holdings
records? [Check all the apply.]
A. They indicate the specific copies of a bibliographic
item that are held by a library and where they are located.
B. They define the content and display of holdings-related
C. They code the information about what is held in a
manner that computers can understand and interpret.
D. They allow automated applications to be developed to
streamline library technical service operations.
2. How is a MARC holdings record related
to a MARC bibliographic record? [Check all that apply.]
A. The holdings record contains a link to the related
B. The bibliographic record contains a link to the related
C. The holdings record is embedded into the bibliographic
D. The bibliographic record is embedded into the holdings
3. Which of the following is the name for
the 3-digit number that identifies the kind of data that
4. Which of the following is the name for
one of two positionally defined characters whose value has a pre-defined
5. Which of the following information is
needed in order to implement automated claiming?
6. Which of the following can be either
compressed or itemized?
D. Textual holding
7. Which levels are applicable to both single-part (monographic) items and multipart and serial items? [Check all that apply.]
A. Level 1
B. Level 2
C. Level 3
D. Level 4
8. Which levels use the itemized version
of the enumeration and chronology? [Check all that apply.]
A. Level 1
B. Level 2
C. Level 3
D. Level 4
9. When can holdings information be
expressed textually rather than in coded format?
A. Textual holdings can only be used when there is no
coded holdings data.
B. Textual holdings can be used in addition to or instead
of coded holdings data.
C. Textual holdings can never be used in MARC 21; the
information must always be coded.
10. What is the purpose of paired tags in
a holdings record?
A. They connect the holdings record with the relevant
B. They connect different media holdings of an item, e.g.,
a print book and an audiobook.
C. They connect label data from one field with the data in
another field for display purposes.
D. They connect multiple copies of the same bibliographic
| Answers to
MARC 21 Holdings Records: A Review
1 – A, C. and D;
2 – A and C, the holdings record can be linked to or embedded in the bibliographic record or both;
3 – C;
4 – B;
5 – D, the pattern indicates the frequency of a publication that an automated claiming system needs so it can tell when something is overdue for receipt;
6 – B, the enumeration, along with the chronology, can be either compressed or itemized;
7 – A and B, levels 3 and 4 are distinguished by fields that carry extent of holdings for multipart items;
8 – D, only Level 4 itemizes the extent of holdings information;
9 – B, textual holdings can optionally be used in addition to or instead of coded holdings, however, if only textual holdings are used, many automated functions such as serials check-in and claiming cannot be used;
10 – C, the caption field is paired with the enumeration and chronology fields to add labels to the data in those fields when displayed.
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