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MARC DISCUSSION PAPER NO. 2014-DP06

DATE: May 22, 2014
REVISED:

NAME: Defining Values for Indicator 1 in Field 037 in the MARC 21 Bibliographic Format

SOURCE: British Library

SUMMARY: This paper considers the definition of values for Indicator 1 in Field 037 to sequence sources of acquisition. 

KEYWORDS: Source of acquisition (BD); Field 037 (BD) ; Field 264 (BD)

RELATED: 2011-02

STATUS/COMMENTS:
05/22/14 – Made available to the MARC community for discussion.


Discussion Paper No. 2014-DP06: Defining Values for Indicator 1 in Field 037

1. BACKGROUND

The British Library is required to sequence multiple instances of the 037 field (Source of Acquisition) to manage the exchange of metadata for electronic serials with third parties. This involves the recording of additional information about stock numbers and their sources of acquisition. As a means of doing so, we suggest that indicator 1 in the 037 field could be defined to carry sequence information relating to the source of acquisition. The codes for and categories of sequence information could correspond to those already defined for indicator 1 in the 264 field (Production, Publication, Distribution, Manufacture, and Copyright Notice), following the approval of Proposal 2011-02.

2. DISCUSSION

When the source of acquisition for an electronic serial changes over time, this information needs to be recorded as a means of supporting the automated accessioning process. It is important to retain the history of changes, rather than only the latest information, to support the ordering of serial back issues as well as current ones. Source of acquisition information belongs at the bibliographic rather than holdings level of description. This is because it relates to the distribution of a resource, rather than the stock held by an individual institution. Sharing this information with third parties provides them with the means of ordering material from the same source, should they so desire. Furthermore, the information only needs to be captured once, rather than being duplicated in a number of holdings which are linked to the same bibliographic record.

The British Library analysed the MARC Bibliographic format to establish the most appropriate field in which changes to the source of acquisition for electronic serials could be recorded. The 035 field (System Control Number) was considered but rejected on the basis that it must incorporate a registered MARC organization code. Not all the sources used by the British Library to acquire electronic serials are registered, nor do they create MARC records. It was determined that the 037 field offered a better means of recording changes in the source of acquisition for electronic serials. This is because the definition and scope associated with the 037 field specifies that “order numbers assigned by a distributor for computer files are recorded in this field”.

At present, it is only feasible to record a change in the source of acquisition in the MARC format by using 037 subfields $8 and $n. Subfield $8 allows a sequence number and field link type to be recorded. Subfield $n allows a free text note to be recorded which pertains to the item’s acquisition. However, both $8 and $n are manually entered subfields without a fixed range of values. This makes their use undesirable from the perspective of machine actionability and therefore an automated accessioning process. As a result, it would be preferable to record the change of acquisition information by using an indicator in the 037 field. Such an approach would also provide the means of creating a sequentially ordered, labelled display for the user. In addition, this solution has the benefit of requiring less data input.  

By defining codes in 037 indicator 1 which correspond to those already specified for 264 field indicator 1, it would be possible to both sequence the source of acquisition information for electronic serials and to carry on recording information which relates to other types of material. This is because indicator 1 code blank covers the three categories “Not applicable/No information provided/Earliest” and could be applied to serial as well as non serial records. It could also be used in a current and legacy record context, as well as a provider neutral and non provider neutral one. 264 field indicator 1 code 2 covers the category “Intervening”, whilst code 3 covers the category “Current/latest”. If a situation arose in which multiple intervening sources of acquisition were present, then these could be differentiated by recording additional $8 subfields which each contain a sequence number and field link type. Although a possibility, this last scenario has not yet been encountered at the British Library.

At present the British Library is relying on local MARC coding in 037 field indicators 1 and 2 as a means of utilizing the categories covered by 264 indicator 1 as follows:

037 ## $b Blackwell Publishers Ltd., 108 Cowley Road, Oxford OX4 1JF, England
037 92  $a ISSN_00318094 $b Portico
037 93  $a philoq $b Oxford University Press

As a long term measure, this approach is undesirable from the perspective of sharing information with third parties. Because it represents a non-standard usage of MARC, it also has the potential to make future system upgrades less straightforward.

Field 037 is currently defined in the Bibliographic format as follows:

The codes for and categories of sequence information defined for 264 indicator 1 are as follows:

First Indicator - Sequence of statements

# - Not applicable/No information provided/Earliest
Used when a resource is first cataloged. Information given in value # is not changed (unless incorrect or earlier issues of a serial are later available with differing publishing information).

Defined as “No information provided” for monographic works that are complete as first issued.

2 - Intervening
Used when the place of production, publication, distribution, manufacture or the name of the producer, publisher, distributor, manufacturer changes. Additional production, publication, distribution, manufacture statements between the earliest and latest may also be recorded with first indicator value 2.

3 - Current/latest
Used when the name of the producer, publisher, distributor, manufacturer changes, or when the place of production, publication, distribution, manufacture associated with the earliest statement changes. The current statement may be added with first indicator value 3. Data given in a subsequent statement can be changed to reflect the current information when only the earliest and most current data is needed.

3. EXAMPLES

The following examples model the use of 037 field indicator 1 as a means of sequencing the source of acquisition for electronic serials, whilst retaining its current meaning in the context of non serial and unsequenced serial resources. They are based on real examples which are currently recorded on the British Library catalogue using local coding.

Example 1:

Stock number and source of stock number information for the distributor of a monograph:

037 ## $a 1325870 $b QBI

Example 2:

Stock number and source of stock number information for the distributor of a serial:

037 ## $a ISSN_23264624 $b Portico

Example 3:

Stock number and source of stock number information for the earliest and current/latest distributors of a serial:

037 ## $a ISSN_13693786_98 $b Portico
037 3# $a mmy $b Oxford University Press

Example 4:

Stock number and source of stock number information for the earliest, intervening and current/latest distributors of a serial:

037 ## $b Blackwell Publishers Ltd., 108 Cowley Road, Oxford OX4 1JF, England
037 2# $a ISSN_00318094 $b Portico
037 3# $a philoq $b Oxford University Press

4. BIBFRAME DISCUSSION

Currently BIBFRAME has the property bf:stockNumber, with range of bf:Identifier, to which MARC 037 data is mapped.  A property could be added to the bf:Identifier called bf:identifierOrder.

5. QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION

5.1. Do you consider the definition of values for indicator 1 in the 037 field to be an acceptable means of recording sequential source of acquisition information?

5.2. If you do consider that the definition of values for indicator 1 is acceptable, should these be based on the indicator values present in the 264 field?

5.3. If the definition of values for indicator 1 is not considered acceptable, what alternative methods do you suggest as regards recording sequential source of acquisition information?


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