Library of Congress >> MARC >> Community Information >> Name Fields  >> X00

X00 - Personal Names-General Information


MARC 21 Community Information
October 2014

"Full" documentation refers to the MARC 21 Format for Community Information that contains detailed descriptions of every data element, along with examples, input conventions and history sections.

"Concise" documentation refers to the MARC 21 Format for Community Information that contains abridged descriptions of every data element, along with examples.


First Indicator Second Indicator
Type of personal name entry element
0 - Forename
1 - Surname
3 - Family name

100 - Undefined
# - Undefined

600 - Thesaurus
0 - Library of Congress Subject Headings
1 - LC subject headings for children's literature
2 - Medical Subject Headings
3 - National Agricultural Library subject authority file
4 - Source not specified
5 - Canadian Subject Headings
6 - Répertoire de vedettes-matière
7 - Source specified in subfield $2

700 - Undefined
# - Undefined



Subfield Codes

Name portion

  • $a - Personal name (NR)
  • $b - Numeration (NR)
  • $c - Titles and other words associated with a name (R)
  • $d - Dates associated with a name (NR)
  • $e - Relator term (R)
  • $j - Attribution qualifier (R)
  • $q - Fuller form of name (NR)
  • $u - Affiliation (NR)
  • $4 - Relator code (R)

Title portion

  • $f - Date of a work (NR)   [600/700]
  • $n - Number of part/section (R)   [600/700]
  • $p - Name of part/section (R)   [600/700]
  • $s - Version (NR)   [600/700]
  • $t - Title (NR)   [600/700]

Name and title portions

  • $g - Miscellaneous information (R)

Subject subdivision portion

  • $v - Form subdivision (R)   [600]
  • $x - General subdivision (R)   [600]
  • $y - Chronological subdivision (R)   [600]
  • $z - Geographic subdivision (R)   [600]

Control subfields

  • $0 - Authority record control number or standard number (R)
  • $2 - Source of heading or term (NR)   [600]
  • $6 - Linkage (NR)
  • $8 - Field link and sequence number (R)


GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING CONTENT DESIGNATORS

Subelements occurring in personal name fields.

Guidelines for applying all content designators except the second indicator position are given in this section. A field-specific list of content designators and guidelines for applying the second indicator position are provided under the description for each specific X00 field.

INDICATORS

First Indicator - Type of personal name entry element

Form of the entry element of the field. The values distinguish among forenames, surnames, and family names used as the entry element.

0 - Forename

Heading begins with a forename or is a name consisting of words, phrases, initials, separate letters, or numerals that are formatted in direct order.

700 0#$aFather Divine.
700 0#$aDr. X.
700 0#$aR. M. B.
[Initials representing name are in direct order.]
100 0#$aHoward.
[Uncertain whether name is a forename or surname.]
1 - Surname

Heading is a surname formatted in inverted order (surname, forename) or is a name without forename(s) which is known to be a surname. If there is uncertainty that a name without forename(s) is a surname, the first indicator position contains value 0. Phrases, when formulated with inversion and an entry element similar to a surname are treated as a surname.

100 1#$aFitzgerald, David.
100 1#$aWatson,$cRev.
100 1#$aRousseau-Darnell, Lyse.
100 1#$aMc Intosh, Paula.
600 10$aLa-Faye, Julio.
700 1#$aEl-Abiad, Ahmed H.,$d1926-
700 1#$aVérez Peraza, Elena,$d1919-
700 1#$aP-Orridge, Genesis,$d1950-
700 1#$aSalamín C., Marcel A.
700 1#$aRobbins/Carter, Jane,$d1939-
3 - Family name

Heading is the name of a family, clan, dynasty, house, or other such group. The name may be constructed in direct or inverted order.

600 30$aDunlap family.

Second Indicator

Unique to the function of the personal name field. It is described under the following fields: 100 (Primary Name-Personal); 600 (Subject Added Entry-Personal Name); and 700 (Added Entry-Personal Name).

SUBFIELD CODES

$a - Personal name

Personal name may be a surname and/or forename; letters, initials, abbreviations, phrases, or numbers used in place of a name; or a family name.

A parenthetical qualifying term associated with the name is contained in subfield $c, and a fuller form of name added as a qualifier is contained in subfield $q.

100 1#$aWilliams, Martha E.
600 30$aMorton family.

$b - Numeration

Roman numeral or a roman numeral and a subsequent part of a forename. It is used only in a forename heading (first indicator, value 0).

600 00$aJohn Paul$bII,$cPope,$d1920-

$c - Titles and other words associated with a name

Titles and other words associated with a name, including qualifying information such as:

  • titles designating rank, office, or nobility, e.g., Sir;
  • terms of address, e.g., Mrs.;
  • initials of an academic degree or denoting membership in an organization, e.g., F.L.A.;
  • a roman numeral used with a surname;
  • other words or phrases associated with the name, e.g., clockmaker.

Fuller forms of names given in parentheses are given in subfield $q.

100 1#$aRussell, John,$cmap maker.
600 10$aEvans, Montgomery$cII.

If the heading is a surname followed directly by a prefix without intervening forenames or forename initials, the prefix is contained in subfield $c to prevent its being treated as a forename in searching and sorting processes.

700 1#$aWalle-Lissnijder,$cvan de.

Multiple adjacent titles or words associated with a name are contained in a single subfield $c. Subfield $c is repeated only when words associated with a name are separated by subelements contained in other subfields.

$d - Dates associated with a name

Dates of birth, death, or any other date used with a name. A qualifier used with the date (e.g., b., d.) is also contained in subfield $d.

100 1#$aRodgers, Martha Lucile,$d1947-

$e - Relator term

Designation of function that describes the relationship between a name and a community information entity.

Relator codes, which also specify the relationship of a person to a community information entity, are contained in subfield $4.

$f - Date of a work   [600/700]

Date of publication used with a title of a work in a name/title field.

$g - Miscellaneous information

Data element that is not more appropriately contained in another defined subfield.

$j - Attribution qualifier

Attribution information for names when the responsibility is unknown, uncertain, fictitious, or pseudonymous. Qualifiers should be used that follow the name of a known artist for the work.

$n - Number of part/section   [600/700]

Number designation for a part/section of a work used with a title in a name/title field. It can also contain a number designation for a part/section of an event, program, etc. used with a title of an event, program, etc. in a name/title field. Numbering is defined as an indication of sequencing in any form, e.g., Part 1, Supplement A, Book two.

$p - Name of part/section   [600/700]

Name designation of a part/section of a work used with a title in a name/title field. It can also contain a name designation of a part/section of an event, program, etc. used with a title of an event, program, etc. in a name/title field.

$q - Fuller form of name

More complete form of part of the name that is in subfield $a.

100 1#$aGresham, G. A.$q(Geoffrey Austin)

$s - Version   [600/700]

Version, edition, etc., information used with a title of a work in a name/title field.

$t - Title   [600/700]

Title page title of a work or the name of an event, program, etc. used in a name/title field.

$u - Affiliation

Affiliation or address of the personal name.

$v - Form subdivision   [600]

Form subdivision that designates a specific kind or genre of material as defined by the thesaurus being used. Subfield $v is appropriate only when a form subject subdivision is added to a personal or family name to form an extended subject heading. Subfield $v is used for form terms when they function as indicated above. Subfield $x may be used if the terms function as general subdivisions. A form subdivision in subfield $v is generally the last subfield in the field. The subfield may be repeated if more than one form subdivision is used.

$x - General subdivision   [600]

Subject subdivision that is not more appropriately contained in subfield $v (Form subdivision), subfield $y (Chronological subdivision), or subfield $z (Geographic subdivision). Subfield $x is appropriate only when a general topical subdivision is added to a name or a name/title.

$y - Chronological subdivision   [600]

Subject subdivision that represents a period of time. Subfield $y is appropriate only when a chronological subject subdivision is added to a name or a name/title field.

$z - Geographic subdivision   [600]

Geographic subject subdivision. Subfield $z is appropriate only when a geographic subject subdivision is added to a name or a name/title field.

600 10$aFord, Gerald R.,$d1913-$xMuseums$zMichigan.

$0 - Authority record control number or standard number

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

$2 - Source of heading or term   [600]

MARC code that identifies the thesaurus or authority file that is the source list from which the heading or term in a Subject Added Entry field was assigned. It is used only when the second indicator position contains value 7 (Source specified in subfield $2). Code from: Subject Heading and Term Source Codes.

$4 - Relator code

MARC code that specifies the relationship between a name and a community information entity. More than one relator code may be used if the person has more than one function. Code from: MARC Code List for Relators. The code is given after the name portion in name/title fields.

700 1#$aGalway, James.$4prf

Relator terms, which also specify the relationship of a person to a community information entity, are contained in subfield $e.

$6 - Linkage

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

$8 - Field link and sequence number

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.


INPUT CONVENTIONS

Ambiguous Headings - See Appendix D.

Punctuation - Fields 100, 600, and 700 end with a mark of punctuation or a closing parenthesis. If the final subfield is subfield $0, $2 or $4, the mark of punctuation or closing parenthesis precedes these subfields.

100 1#$aGrozelier, Leopold.$4art

Name portion of a name/title field ends with a mark of punctuation. The mark of punctuation is placed inside a closing quotation mark.

Name or title portion followed by a subject subdivision does not end with a mark of punctuation unless the name or title portion ends with an abbreviation, initial/letter, or open date.

Spacing - Adjacent personal name initials/letters or an abbreviation for a name and an adjacent name or initial/letter are separated by one space.

100 1#$aHyatt, J. B.
100 1#$aFlam, F. A.$q(Floyd A.)
700 1#$aEnschedé, Ch. J.

No spaces are used in initials/letters that do not represent personal names. An abbreviation consisting of more than a single phrase is separated from preceding and succeeding words or initials/letters by one space.

Display Constant - Dash (-) that precedes a subject subdivision in an extended subject heading is not carried in the machine-readable record. It may be system generated as a display constant associated with the content of subfields $v, $x, $y, and $z.

Initial Articles - Initial articles (e.g., La) occurring at the beginning of name heading fields are usually omitted in most languages (except when the intent is to file on the article). Initial articles occurring at the beginning of the title and/or part portion of a name/title added entry (i.e., 600 and 700) are also omitted. Any diacritics and/or special characters occurring at the beginning of fields are retained. Note that such characters are usually ignored for purposes of sorting or filing.


CONTENT DESIGNATOR HISTORY

Indicator 1 - Type of personal name entry element
1 - Single surname [REDEFINED, 1996]
2 - Multiple surname [OBSOLETE, 1996]

In 1996, value 1 was redefined to include both single and multiple surnames.

$g - Miscellaneous information [CHANGED, 2014]

In 2014, subfield $g was made repeatable.

$0 - Authority record control number [NEW, 2007]
$0 - Authority record control number [REDEFINED, 2010]

Library of Congress >> MARC >> Community Information >> Name Fields  >> X00
(10/20/2014)
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