Library of Congress >> MARC >> Community Information >> 6XX >> 650

650 - Subject Added Entry-Topical Term (R)


MARC 21 Community Information - Full
October 2007

First Indicator
Level of subject
# - No information available
0 - No level specified
1 - Primary
2 - Secondary

Second Indicator
Thesaurus
0 - Library of Congress Subject Headings
1 - LC subject headings for children's literature
2 - Medical Subject Headings
3 - National Agricultural Library subject authority file
4 - Source not specified
5 - Canadian Subject Headings
6 - Répertoire de vedettes-matière
7 - Source specified in subfield $2


Subfield Codes
Main term portion
$a - Topical term or geographic name as entry element (NR)
$b - Topical term following geographic name as entry element (NR)

Subject subdivision portion
$v - Form subdivision (R)
$x - General subdivision (R)
$y - Chronological subdivision (R)
$z - Geographic subdivision (R)
Control subfields
$0 - Authority record control number (R)
$2 - Source of heading or term (NR)
$3 - Materials specified (NR)
$6 - Linkage (NR)
$8 - Field link and sequence number (R)

FIELD DEFINITION AND SCOPE

Topical subject used as a subject added entry.

Subject added entries are assigned to a community information record to provide access according to generally accepted thesaurus-building rules (e.g., Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)). Field 650 may be used by any institution assigning subject headings based on the lists and authority files identified in the second indicator position or in subfield $2 (Source of heading or term).


GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING CONTENT DESIGNATORS

INDICATORS

First Indicator - Level of subject
Level of the subject entry. This indicator is used to distinguish primary and secondary descriptors.
# - No information available
0 - No level specified
Level of the subject term could be determined but is not specified.
650 00$aImmunization.
1 - Primary
Entry is a primary subject.A subject is considered primary if it covers the main focus or subject content associated with the community information entity.
650 17$aCareer Exploration.$2ericd
650 17$aCooks.$2ericd
2 - Secondary
Entry is a secondary subject.A subject is considered secondary if it represents a less important aspect associated with the community information entity.
650 17$aFood Service.$2ericd
650 27$aJunior High Schools.$2ericd
[Primary and secondary subject content identified.]
Second Indicator - Thesaurus
Name and/or subject heading system or thesaurus used in constructing the subject heading.
0 - Library of Congress Subject Headings
Subject added entry conforms to and is appropriate for use in the Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) that is maintained by the Library of Congress.Conforms to LCSH is defined as:
  • topical headings (or topical headings and subdivisions) found in the LC subject authority file or in the latest edition of LCSH, including the latest microfiche, printed version, CD-ROM, and supplements;
  • topical headings found in the LC subject authority file or in the latest edition of LCSH to which is added a free-floating or regular subdivision according to the rules stated in the Subject Cataloging Manual: Subject Headings, particularly subdivisions listed in the pattern lists, and geographic subdivisions formulated and applied according to the rules in the manual;
  • topical headings not printed in LCSH in the past but which have been used by LC and which are not likely to have changed (e.g., names of chemical compounds);
  • certain music headings with qualifiers specifying instruments or vocal parts when the main heading has a general scope note printed in LCSH, with or without a general see also reference.
1 - LC subject headings for children's literature
Subject added entry conforms to the "AC Subject Headings" section of Library of Congress Subject Headings and is appropriate for use in the LC Annotated Card Program.LCSH is maintained by the Library of Congress.
2 - Medical Subject Headings
Subject added entry conforms to and is appropriate for use in Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and/or the NLM name authority filesMeSH is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
3 - National Agricultural Library subject authority file
Subject added entry conforms to the U.S. National Agricultural Library subject authority file.Requires that the field is appropriate for NAL subject heading purposes.
4 - Source not specified
Subject added entry conforms to a controlled list but the source cannot be specified by one of the subject heading system/thesauri covered by second indicator values 0-3, 5-6 or by a code for a specific subject heading list in subfield $2.Field 653 (Index Term-Uncontrolled) is used to record terms that are not derived from controlled subject heading lists.
5 - Canadian Subject Headings
Subject added entry conforms to and is appropriate for use in Canadian Subject Headings that is maintained by the Library and Archives Canada.
6 - Répertoire de vedettes-matière
Subject added entry conforms to the Répertoire de vedettes-matière that is maintained by the Bibliothèque de l'Université Laval.
7 - Source specified in subfield $2
Subject added entry conforms to a set of subject heading system/thesaurus building rules other than that specified by one of the other defined values and for which identifying codes are given in subfield $2. Codes from: Subject Heading and Term Source Codes.

SUBFIELD CODES

$a - Topical term or geographic name as entry element
Topical subject or a geographic name used as an entry element for a topical term. Parenthetical qualifying information associated with the term is not separately subfield coded.
650 #0$aMeals on wheels programs.
650 #0$aNursing home care.
650 #0$aNutrition disorders.
650 #0$aConcertos (String orchestra)
650 #0$aVocal music$zFrance$y18th century.
650 #0$aDentistry$xResearch.
$b - Topical term following geographic name as entry element
Topical term that is entered under a geographic name contained in subfield $a.
650 #0$aCaracas.$bBolivar Statue.
$v - Form subdivision
Form subdivision that designates a specific kind or genre of material as defined by the thesaurus being used. Subfield $v is appropriate only when a form subject subdivision is added to a main term.
$x - General subdivision
Subject subdivision that is not more appropriately contained in subfields $v (Form subdivision, $y (Chronological subdivision) or $z (Geographic subdivision). Subfield $x is appropriate only when a general topical or form subject subdivision is added to a main term.
650 #0$anumismatics$xCollectors and collecting.
$y - Chronological subdivision
Subject subdivision that represents a period of time. Subfield $y is appropriate only when a chronological subject subdivision is added to a main term.
650 #0$aMusic$y500-1400.
$z - Geographic subdivision
Geographic subject subdivision. Subfield $z is appropriate only when a geographic subject subdivision is added to a main term.
650 #0$aHousing rehabilitation$zGeorgia.
650 #0$aReal property$zMississippi$zTippah County.
$0 - Authority record control number
See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.
$2 - Source of heading or term
MARC code that identifies the source list from which the heading or term in a Subject Added Entry field was assigned. Code from: Subject Heading and Term Source Codes.
Used only when the second indicator position contains value 7 (Source specified in subfield $2).
650 #7$aFood Service.$2ericd
$3 - Materials specified
Part of the described materials to which the field applies.
$6 - Linkage
See the description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.
$8 - Field link and sequence number
See the description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

INPUT CONVENTIONS

Ambiguous Headings - See Appendix D.
Punctuation - Field 650 ends with a mark of punctuation or a closing parenthesis. If the final subfield is subfield $2, the mark of punctuation or closing parenthesis precedes the subfield.
650 #0$aBallads, American$zHudson River Valley (N.Y. and N.J.)
650 17$aCareer Exploration.$2ericd

A topical term followed by a subject subdivision does not end with a mark of punctuation unless the topical term ends with an abbreviation, initial/letter, or open date.
650 #0$aMental health counseling$zWashington (State)$zSeattle.
Spacing - No spaces are used in initialisms, acronyms, or abbreviations. One space is used between preceding and succeeding initials if an abbreviation consists of more than a single phrase.
Display Constant - The dash ( - ) that precedes a subject subdivision in an extended subject heading is not carried in the machine-readable record. It may be system generated as a display constant associated with the content of subfields $x, $y, and $z.
Initial Articles - Initial articles (e.g., The) occurring at the beginning of topical subject added entry fields are usually omitted in most languages (except when the intent is to file on the article). Any diacritics and/or special characters occurring at the beginning of fields are retained. Note that such characters are usually ignored for purposes of sorting and filing.

CONTENT DESIGNATOR HISTORY

$0 - Authority record control number [NEW, 2007]

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