Library of Congress >> MARC >> Bibliographic >> 70X-75X  >> 752

752 - Added Entry-Hierarchical Place Name (R)


MARC 21 Bibliographic - full
November 2016

First Indicator Second Indicator
Undefined
# - Undefined

Undefined
# - Undefined


Subfield Codes
  • $a - Country or larger entity (R)
  • $b - First-order political jurisdiction (NR)
  • $c - Intermediate political jurisdiction (R)
  • $d - City (NR)
  • $e - Relator term (R)
  • $f - City subsection (R)
  • $g - Other nonjurisdictional geographic region and feature (R)
  • $h - Extraterrestrial area (R)
  • $0 - Authority record control number (R)
  • $2 - Source of heading or term (NR)
  • $4 - Relator code (R)
  • $6 - Linkage (NR)
  • $8 - Field link and sequence number (R)

FIELD DEFINITION AND SCOPE

Added entry in which the entry element is a hierarchical form of place name that is related to a particular attribute of the described item, e.g., the place of publication for a rare book. For display, a dash (--) may be generated to separate the subelements of the place name, e.g., Canada -- British Columbia -- Vancouver.

This kind of added entry is assigned according to various cataloging rules to give access to a bibliographic record through a hierarchical form of a place name related to a particular attribute (e.g., for newspapers, the name of the community served; for rare books, the place of publication or printing).


GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING CONTENT DESIGNATORS

INDICATORS

SUBFIELD CODES

$a - Country or larger entity

Name of the country or a larger political jurisdiction. It also contains the names of geographical areas/entities such as continents or hemispheres at a country level or higher. Subfield $a may be repeated for hierarchies when multiple levels are given, retaining the order highest-to-lowest.

752 ##$aSpain$dMadrid.

$b - First-order political jurisdiction

Name of a first-order political jurisdiction or division and, depending on the country, can include the names of states, provinces, territories, départments, etc.

752 ##$aFrance$bDoubs.

$c - Intermediate political jurisdiction

Name of a second-order or lower political jurisdiction or division but not including towns or cities, and, depending on the country, can include the names of counties, islands, municipalities, prefectures, regions, etc. Subfield $c may be repeated for hierarchies when multiple levels are given, retaining the order highest-to-lowest.

752 ##$aEngland$cGreater Manchester$dManchester.
752 ##$aUnited States$bMaryland$cMontgomery County.

$d - City

Name of the city.

752 ##$aUnited States$bKansas$cButler$dAugusta.
752 ##$aCanada$bBritish Columbia$dVancouver.
700 11$aFranklin, Benjamin,$d1706-1790,$eprinter.
752 ##$aUnited States$bPennsylvania$dPhiladelphia.

$e - Relator term

Designation of the relationship between a geographic name and the described materials (e.g., event place, publication place, etc.).

752 ##$aEngland$dLondon,$epublication place.
752 ##$aScotland$dEdinburgh,$emanufacture place.

$f - City subsection

Name of a smaller unit within a populated place, e.g., neighborhoods, parks or streets.

752 ##$aUnited States$bCalifornia$cLos Angeles (County)$dLos Angeles$fLittle Tokyo.$2tgn

$g - Other nonjurisdictional geographic region and feature

Name of a terrestrial nonjurisdictional geographic entity, e.g., rivers, lakes, islands, mountains, etc. Subfield $g may be repeated for hierarchies when multiple levels are given, retaining the order highest-to-lowest.

752 ##$aAfrica$gNile River$gSixth Cataract.$2tgn

$h - Extraterrestrial area

Name of any extraterrestrial entity or space and includes solar systems, galaxies, star systems, and planets as well as geographic features of individual planets, etc. Subfield $h may be repeated for hierarchies when multiple levels are given, retaining the order highest-to-lowest.

752 ##$hMars$hValles Marineris.$2MARC code for Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature

$0 - Authority record control number

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

$2 - Source of heading or term

MARC code that identifies the source list from which the geographic name was assigned.

Code from: Name and Title Authority Source Codes.

752 ##$aUnited States$bNew York (State)$gNiagara Falls.$2lcsh/naf
752 ##$aCanada$bOntario (Province)$gNiagara Falls.$2lcsh/naf

$4 - Relator code

MARC code that specifies the relationship between a geographic name and the described materials. More than one relator code may be used if the hierarchical place name has more than one function. Code from: MARC Code List for Relators.

752 ##$aEngland$dLondon.$4pup
752 ##$aScotland$dEdinburgh.$4mfp

$6 - Linkage

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

$8 - Field link and sequence number

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.


INPUT CONVENTIONS

Punctuation - Field 752 ends with a mark of punctuation unless the last word in the field is an abbreviation, initial/letter, or other data that ends with a mark of punctuation. No punctuation is recorded between subfields.

Display Constant

- [dash]

Dash that follows each subfield except the last subfield in the field is not carried in the MARC record. It may be system generated as a display constant.

 
Content designated field:
752 ##$aUnited States$bAlabama$dMontgomery.
Display:
United States-Alabama-Montgomery.

Subfield order - Subfields should be in descending order from highest level place to lowest level place.


CONTENT DESIGNATOR HISTORY

In the serial specifications, this field was defined originally in 1975 as Non-AACR/ALA Entry-Place of Publication to contain a hierarchical form of geographic access to newspapers. In 1978, the name of the field was changed to Place of Publication Access (Newspapers) to clarify its usage.

In 1983, the field was redefined for use with other forms of material and was validated for the books, maps, and music specifications. The name of the field was changed to Place of Publication/Printing.

In 1984, the field was redefined to include place of production and was validated for the archival and manuscripts control and visual materials specifications. The name of the field was changed to Added Entry-Place of Publication or Production.

In 1986, the current names of the field and subfields were validated to better reflect a more generalized application of the field.

$a - Country or larger entity [RENAMED, 2005]
$b - First-order political jurisdiction [RENAMED, 2005]
$c - Intermediate political jurisdiction [RENAMED, 2005]
$e - Relator term [NEW, 2016]
$f - City subsection [NEW, 2005]
$g - Other nonjurisdictional geographic region and feature [NEW, 2005]
$h - Extraterrestrial area [NEW, 2005]
$0 - Authority record control number [NEW, 2007]
$2 - Source of heading or term [NEW, 2005]
$4 - Relator code [NEW, 2016]

Library of Congress >> MARC >> Bibliographic >> 70X-75X  >> 752
(11/17/2016)
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