Library of Congress >> MARC >> Bibliographic >> 20X-24X >> 246

246 - Varying Form of Title (R)


MARC 21 Bibliographic - Full
February 1999

First Indicator
Note/added entry controller
0 - Note, no added entry
1 - Note, added entry
2 - No note, no added entry
3 - No note, added entry

Second Indicator
Type of title
# - No type specified
0 - Portion of title
1 - Parallel title
2 - Distinctive title
3 - Other title
4 - Cover title
5 - Added title page title
6 - Caption title
7 - Running title
8 - Spine title


Subfield Codes
$a - Title proper/short title (NR)
$b - Remainder of title (NR)
$f - Date or sequential designation (NR)
$g - Miscellaneous information (NR)
$h - Medium (NR)
$i - Display text (NR)
$n - Number of part/section of a work (R)
$p - Name of part/section of a work (R)
$5 - Institution to which field applies (NR)
$6 - Linkage (NR)
$8 - Field link and sequence number (R)

FIELD DEFINITION AND SCOPE

Varying forms of the title appearing on different parts of an item or a portion of the title proper, or an alternative form of the title when the form differs substantially from the title statement in field 245 and if they contribute to the further identification of the item.

For items including several works but lacking a collective title, field 246 is used only for titles related to the title selected as the title proper, usually the first work named in the chief source of information. Titles related to other works are recorded in field 740 (Added Entry-Uncontrolled Related/Analytical Title) or one of the other 7XX (Added Entry) fields.

When displayed/printed as a note, varying forms of titles are usually preceded by an introductory term or phrase that is generated as a display constant based on the second indicator value.


GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING CONTENT DESIGNATORS

INDICATORS

First Indicator - Note/added entry controller
Whether a note and/or an added entry is generated from the field.
0 - Note, no added entry
Note but no title added entry is generated from the field.
246 0#$iAdded title page title on some issues:$aAnnual report
1 - Note, added entry
Both a note and a title added entry are generated from the field.
246 13$aCalifornia State Assembly file analysis
2 - No note, no added entry
No note and no title added entry is generated from the field.
245 00$aALA bulletin.
246 2#$aAmerican Library Association bulletin
3 - No note, added entry
No note but a title added entry is generated from the field.
245 00$aJournal for general philosophy of science =$bZeitschrift für allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie
246 31$aZeitschrift für allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie
Second Indicator - Type of title
Type of title recorded in field 246. Used to generate a display constant that generally precedes titles when notes are generated from this field, i.e., when the first indicator is set to value 0 or 1.
# - No type specified
No information is provided in the indicator as to the type of title. Information may be provided in subfield $i (Display text) when a special display is needed, or the value is used for titles not handled by the other values.
245 00$a4 corners power review.
246 1#$aFour corners power review
246 1#$iPanel title:$aWelcome to big Wyoming
245 10$aComputerized engineering index.
246 1#$iAlso known as:$aCOMPENDEX
245 10$aDevelopment of laser velocimeter system for flame studies.
246 1#$iAugmented title:$aDevelopment of electro-optical laser velocimeter system for flame studies
245 00$aAfrican semminar [sic] series.
246 3#$aAfrican seminar series
0 - Portion of title
Added entry may be generated by first indicator value 1. No note is generated.Title given in field 246 is a portion of a title for which access or an added entry is desired, but which does not require that a note be generated from this field. Examples for which value 0 is used are the following.Portions of the title in field 245 such as part or section titles (subfield $p); alternative titles (subfield $a); and portions of the title proper/short title for which access is desirable (subfield$a). The portion of the title is transcribed as it appears.
245 00$aFresenius' Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie.
246 30$aZeitschrift für analytische Chemie
245 00$aAmerican Council on Education studies.$nSeries III,$pFinancial advisory services
246 30$aFinancial advisory services
245 04$aThe Berkley book of modern writing.
246 30$aModern writing
[Title given prominence by typography.]
Other title information when field 245 subfield $b consists of an initialism or full form of title rejected as title proper.
245 00$aLibrary resources market place :$bLRMP.
246 10$aLRMP
1 - Parallel title
Parallel title that is contained in subfield $b of field 245. No note is generated.Parallel title is a title in another language for which access or an added entry is desired. When one or more parallel titles have been recorded in field 245, each parallel title is also recorded in a separate field 246.
245 00$aJapan report =$bNihon.
246 11$aNihon
245 00$aModern problems of pharmacopsychiatry =$bModerne Probleme der Pharmakopsychiatrie = Problèmes actuels de pharmacopsychiatrie.
246 31$aModerne Probleme der Pharmakopsychiatrie
246 31$aProblèmes actuels de pharmacopsychiatrie
Note: When recording parallel titles, subfields $n and $p are used when appropriate even though the parallel title in field 245 is not separately subfield coded.
246 31$aArchives for meteorology, geophysics, and bioclimatology.$nSerie A,$pMeteorology and geophysics
2 - Distinctive title
Special title that appears in addition to the regular title on individual issues of an item and by which the issue may be known. Distinctive title: may be generated with the note for display. Distinctive titles are most commonly found on such items as annual reports, yearbooks, or conference proceedings when an issue is dedicated to a particular topic or theme. Distinctive titles should not be confused with individual titles (e.g., analytics) within a series. The distinctive titles are recorded in field 246 if the individual volume is likely to be known by the special title. Subfield $f is always used with a distinctive title.
245 00$aAnnual report /$cEconomic Development Administration.
246 12$aCreating jobs$f1980
245 00$aCommodity year book.
246 12$aCommodities in industry$f1940
246 12$aCommodity statistics$f1942
Note: If many or all of the issues have distinctive titles, a field 500 (General Note) may be used instead of a 246 field for each title.
500 ##$aSome issues have also distinctive title.
3 - Other title
Another title that appears on the piece that is not more appropriately indicated by one of the other values. Other title: may be generated with the note for display. Used when subfield $i is not being used to give specific text. Other titles include masthead title, half-titles, binder's titles, colophon titles, parallel titles not recorded in field 245, cover titles found in an inverted format at the back of the publication, spelled out titles, etc. The display constant
245 00$aAssembly file analysis$h[microform].
246 13$aCalifornia State Assembly file analysis
246 13$aCalifornia Legislature State Assembly analysis
245 10$aVier letzte Lieder$h[sound recording] ;$bDie heiligen drei Könige aus Morgenland; Capriccio ; Mondscheinmusik ; Monolog der Gräfin /$cRichard Strauss.
246 3#$a4 letzte Lieder
246 30$aLetzte Lieder
740 02$aHeiligen drei Könige aus Morgenland
740 02$aCapriccio
740 02$aMondscheinmusik
740 02$aMonolog der Gräfin
[Field 740 used for titles of works other than the first]
4 - Cover title
Cover title that is printed on the original cover of a publication or lettered or stamped on the publisher's binding. Used only when the cover is not the chief source of the bibliographic description. Cover title: may be generated with the note for display. Do not confuse with the Title from cover note which is used when the cover substitutes as the chief source of information.
245 00$aMonthly checklist of state publications /$cthe Library of Congress, Processing Department, Exchange and Gift Division.
246 14$aState publications monthly checklist$fJuly 1976-
245 00$aReport and financial accounts for the fifteen months ended 31st March ... /$cQantas Empire Airways Limited.
246 14$aQantas annual report
5 - Added title page title
Added title page title, usually a title in another language found on a title page preceding or following the title page used as the chief source, or on an inverted title page at the end of the publication. Added title page title: may be generated with the note for display.
245 00$aSudan guide.
246 15$aMurshid al-Sudan$f1982-1983
6 - Caption title
Caption title, printed at the head of the first page of text. Caption title: may be generated with the note for display.
245 10$aNewspaper geog. list$h[microform] /$cCarleton University.
246 16$aNewspaper index$fJan. 1982-
7 - Running title
Running title, printed on the top or bottom margin of each page of a publication. Running title: may be generated with the note for display.
245 00$aBangladesh Education Extension Centre bulletin.
246 3#$aBEEC bulletin
246 17$aB.E.E.C. bulletin
8 - Spine title
Publisher's title found on the spine of a publication. Spine title: may be generated with the note for display.Title must be a publisher's title and not a library binder's title.
245 10$aChartbook of federal programs on aging /$cIrma Schechter.
246 18$aChartbook on aging

SUBFIELD CODES

Detailed descriptions of subfields $a, $b, $h, $n, and $p including examples and most input conventions are given in the 245 Title Statement section. Other subfields are described below.
$f - Date or sequential designation
Dates or volume and issue numbers that relate the variant title to the record when a note is generated from the field.
Subfield $f is not used when the second indicator position contains value 0 or 1.
246 14$aState publications monthly checklist$fJuly 1976-
$g - Miscellaneous information
Miscellaneous information that is not more appropriately recorded in another subfield. Used for information such as the phrase varies slightly, enclosed in parentheses.
246 04$a<variant title>$g(varies slightly)
$i - Display text
Text to be displayed when none of the display constants associated with second indicator values 2-8 is adequate. When this subfield is present, the second indicator contains value # (No information provided). Subfield $i precedes subfield $a at the beginning of the field.
245 00$aBulletin of atomic scientists.
246 1#$iAt head of title:$aScience and public affairs$fJan. 1970-Apr. 1974
246 1#$iTitle on container:$aNew Brunswick royal gazette
246 1#$iAlternate issues published with title:$aChicago daily telegraph
$5 - Institution to which field applies
See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.
245 00$a<title of the original issue>
500 ##$aReissued as: <title of reissue>; LC has reissue copies.$5DLC
246 3#$a<title of reissue>;$5DLC
[In this example, field 500 contains the variant title note as the information cannot easily be handled using subfields $i and $a in field 246.]
$6 - Linkage
See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.
$8 - Field link and sequence number
See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

INPUT CONVENTIONS

Punctuation - Field 246 does not end with a mark of final punctuation unless the last word in the field is an abbreviation, initial/letter, or data that ends with a mark of punctuation. No punctuation precedes subfield $f unless the item preceding subfield $f is an abbreviation, initial/letter, or data that ends with a mark of punctuation.
246 14$aWeather bureau technical paper$fno. 3-

See also subfield descriptions in the 245 Title Statement section for punctuation information.
Initial Articles - Initial articles (e.g., The, La) are generally not recorded in field 246 unless the intent is to file on the article.
246 10$aLos Angeles Police Department crime report
Incomplete Dates/Volume Designations - When only the ending date/volume designation is recorded, space is left between the subfield code and the dash. The amount of space may be determined by the cataloging agency but is generally one to three blanks.
246 05$aListe de publication$f-Oct. 1977

Incomplete dates/volume designations may include only part of the beginning data and/or ending data. In this case space is left between the two.
246 14$aRentabilidad$f19 -1976
[Spaces left to represent the missing digits of the beginning year.]
Multiple Fields - Order of input of multiple 246 fields is customarily determined in part by the value in the second indicator position. Multiple Varying Form of Title fields are recorded in the following order:
245 00$aEducational & industrial television.
246 3#$aEducational and industrial television
246 3#$aEITV
246 13$aE-ITV$fJan. 1981-May 1983
246 17$aE&ITV$fJan. 1980-Apr. 1981
Display Constants - Introductory terms and phrases such as cover title, etc. that are used with notes generated from this field are not carried in the MARC record. They may be generated as a display constant associated with the second indicator value.
Second indicator Display constant
# [no display constant]
0 [no note generated]
1 [no note generated]
2 Distinctive title:
3 Other title:
4 Cover title:
5 Added title page title:
6 Caption title:
7 Running title:
8 Spine title:

CONTENT DESIGNATOR HISTORY

$c - Remainder of title page transcription [OBSOLETE, 1991] [CAN/MARC only]
$d - Designation of section/part/series (SE) [OBSOLETE, 1979]
$e - Name of section/part/series (SE) [OBSOLETE, 1979]
Prior to the redefinition in 1979 of subfields $n and $p for numbered and named parts/sections/series of a work in other fields, these data were contained in subfields $d and $e in field 246.
$h - Medium (SE)
Prior to the definition of $g (Miscellaneous information) in 1979, subfield $h was defined for miscellaneous information.

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