Library of Congress >> MARC >> Bibliographic >> 01X-09X >> 031

031 - Musical Incipits Information (R)

MARC 21 Bibliographic - Full
October 2004

First Indicator
# - Undefined

Second Indicator
# - Undefined

Subfield Codes
$a - Number of work (NR)
$b - Number of movement (NR)
$c - Number of excerpt (NR)
$d - Caption or heading (R)
$e - Role (NR)
$g - Clef (NR)
$m - Voice/instrument (NR)
$n - Key signature (NR)
$o - Time signature (NR)
$p - Musical notation (NR)
$q - General note (R)
$r - Key or mode (NR)
$s - Coded validity note (R)
$t - Text incipit (R)
$u - Uniform Resource Identifier (R)
$y - Link text (R)
$z - Public note (R)
$2 - System code (NR)
$6 - Linkage (NR)
$8 - Field link and sequence number (R)


Coded data representing the musical incipit for music using established notation schemes that employ ordinary ASCII symbols. Primarily used to identify music manuscripts, but can be applied to any material containing music.




$a - Number of work
Work to which the incipit applies. The numeric code is based strictly on the order and presentation of works within the catalog record. If the record describes only one work, use 1.
031 ##$a2
[An incipit identifying the second sonata of a set of six.]
$b - Number of movement
Movement within a work to which the incipit applies. The numeric code is based strictly on the order and presentation of parts within the work. If the work has only one movement use 1.
031 ##$b3
[An incipit identifying the third movement of a symphony.]
$c - Number of excerpt
Order of incipits within the movement defined in subfield $b. If there is only one incipit for a movement, use 1.
031 ##$c1
[An incipit for the instrumental introduction of an aria.]
031 ##$c2
[An incipit for the vocal part of an aria.]
$d - Caption or heading
031 ##$dAria. Allegro
[The transcribed heading of the movement.]
$e - Role
Name of the character singing the incipit coded in subfield $p (Musical notation), when appropriate.
031 ##$eSara
[Name of character in the aria.]
$g - Clef
Clef of the incipit, as it appears in the source. Use the appropriate code from the scheme specified in $2.
031 ##$gF-4
[The incipit uses the bass clef (Plaine & Easie Code).]
$m - Voice/instrument
Name of the voice or instrument coded in subfield $p (Musical notation). Subfield $m is usually in coded form, derived from a controlled list maintained by the cataloging agency. Terms may also be taken from the item being cataloged if there is no appropriate code available.
031 ##$mS
[RISM code for Soprano voice.]
$n - Key signature
Letter “x” indicates sharps and the letter “b” indicates flats followed by capital letters to indicate the affected pitches.
031 ##$nxFCG
[The incipit is in A major with three sharps.]
$o - Time signature
Time signature or mensuration sign of the incipit. The time signature may be transcribed as a symbol (for mensural notation use “c”, “c.”, “o”, or ”o.”; or “c” for common time, “c/” for alla breve) and/or a number (“3", “2", “c3", etc.) or a fraction (“4/4", “12/8", etc.) or "nd" if marking is not present. Use of subfield $o is mandatory if subfield $p is present or subfield $2 contains either code "pe" or "da."
031 ##$oc
[The incipit is in common time.]
$p - Musical notation
Notation symbols of the code specified in subfield $2 to transcribe the first 10-12 notes of the selected staff. The code system used in indicated in subfield $2.
031 ##$p'2B4B8BB/4G8GxF4FF/4xA8AA4.At8B/4B$2pe
$q - General note
Free-text general note.
$r - Key or mode
Key or mode of the incipit, if applicable. The following codes from the Plaine & Easie Code may be used:
031 ##$re
[The movement is in the key of E minor.]
$s - Coded validity note
Note in coded form on the validity of the information.
031 ##$s?
[There is a mistake in the incipit that has not been corrected.]
$t - Text incipit
Literary text (if present) as it appears on the source. It is usually the text corresponding to the music in the incipit. If the source has multiple texts (usually recorded to accommodate contrafactum texts), each corresponding text string is transcribed in a separate occurrence of $t.
$u - Uniform Resource Identifier
Uniform Resource Identifier (URI), for example a URL or URN, which provides electronic access data in a standard syntax. This data can be used for automated access to an electronic item using one of the Internet protocols. URIs usually recorded include audio files (such as .mid, .wav., .mp3), image files (.jpg, .tiff, .gif) or notational files (such as enigma or niff).
031 ##$u
[A MIDI file of the incipit is located online.]
$y - Link text
Link text which is used for display in place of the URL in subfield $u. When subfield $y is present, applications should use the contents of subfield $y as the link instead of the content of subfield $u when linking to the destination in subfield $u.
$z - Public note
Note relating to the electronic location of the source identified in the field. The note is written in a form that is adequate or intended for public display.
$2 - System code
MARC code that identifies the encoding system used to transcribe the musical notation in subfield $p (Musical notation). Use of subfield $2 is mandatory if subfield $p is present. Code from: Musical Incipit Scheme Source Codes.
031 ##$p'2B4B8BB/4G8GxF4FF/4xA8AA4.At8B/4B$2pe
[The incipit is encoded using the Plaine & Easie Code.]
$6 - Linkage
See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.
$8 - Field link and sequence number
See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.


031 ##$a01$b01$c01$mS$dAria$tRei d’impuniti eccessi$re$gC-1$oc$p'2B4B8BB/4G8GxF4FF/4xA8AA4.At8B/4B$2pe
031 ##$a01$b01$c01$mvl1$dScena. Largo$lG-2$nbBEA$oc$p'C+8(3{CDEFG};5)}8{GC}{,nB'G}4(-)/''2G+6{GnB'''C''E}6{DCAG}$2pe
031 ##$aa$b01$c02$mS$eSara$dScena. Largo$gC-1$nbBEA$oc$tChi per pietà mi dice il figlio mio che fà$p=5/4-''6C3CC6DEgF6CC8-6ED/q8D4C8C'nB''4D-/2-/$2pe
031 ##$a01$b02$c01$mvl1$dAria. Allegro$gG-2$nbBEA$oc$p6{'EDEF}{GABG}{EDEF}{GABG}/{''C'BAG}{FEDC},4B-/$2pe
031 ##$a01$b02$c01$mS$dSara$dAria. Allegro$gC-1$nbBEA$oc$tDeh parlate che forse tacendo$p2-/2-''4.F8D/gC'8BB4-2(-)/=2/''2E'G/''4.C'8A4F-/-Fq8B4A8GF/$2pe
031 ##$a01$b01$c01$mOb. 1$gG-2$nbB$oc$pRE 9S(( 8)) 9(( 8 9 8)) 9E( 6) 7( 6S( 5)) / 4S(( 3 2 3))/$u$2da

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