Library of Congress >> MARC >> Bibliographic >> 00X  >> 008 >> 008 (Visual Materials)

008 - Visual Materials (NR)


MARC 21 Bibliographic - full
April 2015

Indicators and Subfield Codes

Field has no indicators or subfield codes; the data elements are positionally defined.

Character Positions
18-20 - Running time for motion pictures and videorecordings (006/01-03)
000 - Running time exceeds three characters
001-999 - Running time
nnn - Not applicable
--- - Unknown
||| - No attempt to code
21 - Undefined (006/04)
# - Undefined
22 - Target audience (006/05)
# - Unknown or not specified
a - Preschool
b - Primary
c - Pre-adolescent
d - Adolescent
e - Adult
f - Specialized
g - General
j - Juvenile
| - No attempt to code
23-27 - Undefined (006/06-10)
# - Undefined
28 - Government publication (006/11)
# - Not a government publication
a - Autonomous or semi-autonomous component
c - Multilocal
f - Federal/national
i - International intergovernmental
l - Local
m - Multistate
o - Government publication-level undetermined
s - State, provincial, territorial, dependent, etc.
u - Unknown if item is government publication
z - Other
| - No attempt to code
29 - Form of item (006/12)
# - None of the following
a - Microfilm
b - Microfiche
c - Microopaque
d - Large print
f - Braille
o - Online
q - Direct electronic
r - Regular print reproduction
s - Electronic
| - No attempt to code
30-32 - Undefined (006/13-15)
# - Undefined
33 - Type of visual material (006/16)
a - Art original
b - Kit
c - Art reproduction
d - Diorama
f - Filmstrip
g - Game
i - Picture
k - Graphic
l - Technical drawing
m - Motion picture
n - Chart
o - Flash card
p - Microscope slide
q - Model
r - Realia
s - Slide
t - Transparency
v - Videorecording
w - Toy
z - Other
| - No attempt to code
34 - Technique (006/17)
a - Animation
c - Animation and live action
l - Live action
n - Not applicable
u - Unknown
z - Other
| - No attempt to code

FIELD DEFINITION AND SCOPE

Visual materials definition of field 008/18-34 is used when Leader/06 (Type of record) contains code g (Projected medium), code k (Two-dimensional nonprojectable graphic, code o (Kit), or code r (Three-dimensional artifact or naturally occurring object). Field 008 positions 01-17 and 35-39 are defined the same in all 008 fields and are described in the 008-All materials section.

Field 008/18-34 correspond to equivalent positionally defined data elements in field 006/01-17 when field 006/00 (Form of material) contains code g, k, o, or r . Details about specific codes defined for the equivalent character positions in field 006 and 008 for visual materials are provided in the Guidelines for Applying Content Designators section of 008-Visual materials only.


GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING CONTENT DESIGNATORS

CHARACTER POSITIONS

18-20 - Running time for motion pictures and videorecordings (006/01-03)

Three-digit number that indicates the total running time of the motion picture or videorecording. The number is right justified and each unused position contains a zero.

000 - Running time exceeds three characters
008/18-20 000
300 ##$a30 videocassettes (52 min. each) :$bsd., col. ;$c1/2 in.
001-999 - Running time

Represents running time in whole numbers from 1 to 999. Running times of less than three digits are right justified and unused positions contain zeros.

008/18-20 052
300 ##$a1 film reel (52 min.) :$bsd., col. ;$c16 mm.
008/18-20 180
300 ##$a12 videorecordings (15 min. each) :$bsd., col. ;$c1 in.
008/18-20 024
300 ##$a3 film reels (24 min.) :$bsd., col. ;$c16 mm.
505 0#$aBirds of Maryland (5 min., 21 sec.) -- Birds of Virginia(10 min., 15 sec.) -- Birds of Delaware (8 min., 6 sec.)
nnn - Not applicable

Running time is not applicable, such as when the item is not a motion picture or a videorecording.

008/18-20 nnn
300 ##$a121 slides :$bcol. ;$c2x2 in. +$e1 teacher's guide.
[Code nnn indicates that the item is other than a motion picture or a videorecording.]
--- - Unknown

Running time is unknown.

008/18-20 ---
300 ##$a1 videocassette :$bsd., col. ;$c3/4 in.
[Running time not stated elsewhere in the record.]
||| - No attempt to code

21 - Undefined (006/04)

Undefined; contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).


22 - Target audience (006/05)

One-character alphabetic code that indicates the audience for which the item is intended.

Used primarily for educational audiovisual materials. When items with factual content are considered appropriate for more than one target audience, the code is recorded for the highest level appropriate.

# - Unknown or not specified

Target audience for which the material is intended is unknown or is not specified. Used for all original or historical graphic material.

008/22 #
245 00$aQuantum mechanics.
a - Preschool

Intended for children, approximate ages 0-5 years.

008/22 a
245 04$aThe Magic color wheel.
b - Primary

Intended for children, approximate ages 6-8 years.

008/22 b
245 14$aThe alphabet.
c - Pre-adolescent

Intended for young people, approximate ages 9-13.

008/22 c
245 00$aPearl Harbor$h[motion picture].
d - Adolescent

Intended for young people, approximate ages 14-17.

008/22 d
245 00$aBuilding of the Panama Canal.
e - Adult

Intended for adults.

008/22 e
245 00$aSquare dancing :$badvanced level calls.
f - Specialized

Aimed at a particular audience and the nature of the presentation would make the item of little interest to other audiences. Examples include: 1) highly technical training films; 2) items intended for special education of the physically or mentally handicapped; and 3) items which address a limited audience, for example, the employees of a single organization.

008/22 f
245 00$aProper use of the Scubapro buoyancy compensator$h[videorecording].
[An instructional tape accompanying special equipment]
g - General

Of general interest and not aimed at an audience of a particular intellectual level. Used for fictional works not covered more appropriately by one of the other codes.

008/22 g
245 00$aTo fly$h[motion picture].
j - Juvenile

Intended for use by children and young people, approximate ages 0-15. Used when a more specific code for the juvenile target audience is not desired.

| - No attempt to code

23-27 - Undefined (006/06-10)

Undefined; each contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).


28 - Government publication (006/11)

One-character alphabetic code that indicates whether the item is published or produced by or for an international, provincial, national, state, or local government agency, or by any subdivision of such a body, and, if so, the jurisdictional level of the agency.

Government bodies and all their subdivisions are treated as government bodies regardless of how they may be entered as headings (i.e., entered under jurisdiction or not). In the bibliographic record, the body does not have to be a main or added entry, but it should be named as publisher, etc. in the publication, distribution, etc. area, or have caused the item to be published (usually inferred when the governmental body is responsible for the content of the work). When in doubt, treat the item as a government publication.

Guidelines for certain types of publications

  • Socialist countries- Since the coding of all items published in socialist countries as government publications would limit the usefulness of this element, coding should be used only for the same type of bodies that would be considered government in a non-socialist country. In coding items in this manner, when in doubt, treat the item as a government publication.
  • Two levels- If an item is published or produced jointly by government agencies at two different levels, record the code for the higher government level.
  • Academic publications- In the U.S., items published by academic institutions are considered government publications if the institutions are created or controlled by a government.
# - Not a government publication

Not published by or for a government body.

008/28 #
110 2#$aUnited Artists.
008/28 #
260 ##$aNew York :$bTime-Life Books,$c1976.
a - Autonomous or semi-autonomous component

Published or produced by or for a government body of an autonomous or semi-autonomous component of a country.

008/28 a
110 1#$aSabah.
c - Multilocal

Published or produced by or for a multilocal jurisdiction which is defined as a regional combination of jurisdictions below the state level.

008/28 c
110 2#$aWashington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority.
f - Federal/national

Published or produced by or for a federal or national government body, e.g., a sovereign nation, such as Canada. Used for the governments of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. Code f is also used for American Indian tribes.

008/28 f
110 1#$aUnited States.$bNational Park Service.
i - International intergovernmental

Published or produced by or for an international intergovernmental body.

008/28 i
110 2#$aOrganization of American States.
l - Local

Published or produced by or for a local government jurisdiction such as a county, city, town, etc.

008/28 l
110 1#$aZanesville (Ohio)
m - Multistate

Published or produced by or for a regional combination of jurisdictions at the state, provincial, territorial, etc. level.

008/28 m
110 2#$aTennessee Valley Authority.
o - Government publication-level undetermined

Published or produced by or for a government body but that the jurisdictional level cannot be determined.

s - State, provincial, territorial, dependent, etc.

Jurisdictional level of the government body is a state, province, territory, etc.

008/28 s
110 1#$aPuerto Rico.$bLegislative Assembly.
u - Unknown if item is government publication

Whether or not the item is published or produced by or for a government agency is unknown.

z - Other

None of the other defined codes are appropriate.

| - No attempt to code

29 - Form of item (006/12)

One-character alphabetic code that specifies the form of material.

# - None of the following

None of the other defined codes are appropriate.

a - Microfilm
b - Microfiche
c - Microopaque
d - Large print
f - Braille
o - Online

The resource is accessed by means of hardware and software connections to a communications network. If a distinction between types of electronic resources is not necessary, code s can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource.

q - Direct electronic

Storage on a directly accessible tangible recording medium, e.g. disc, tape, playaway device, flashdrive, portable hard drive, etc. If a distinction between types of electronic resources is not necessary, code s can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource.

r - Regular print reproduction

Eye-readable print, such as a photocopy.

s - Electronic

Intended for manipulation by a computer. May reside in a carrier accessed either directly or remotely, in some cases requiring the use of peripheral devices attached to the computer (e.g., a CD-ROM player). Not used for items that do not require the use of a computer (e.g., music compact discs, videodiscs). This code can be used as a generic code for any form of electronic resource. Codes o and q may be used if there is a need to separately identify online and direct electronic resources.

| - No attempt to code

30-32 - Undefined (006/13-15)

Undefined; each contains a blank (#) or a fill character (|).


33 - Type of visual material (006/16)

One-character alphabetic code that indicates the type of visual material being described.

a - Art original

Two or three-dimensional work of art created by an artist, for example, a sculpture, as contrasted with a reproduction of it.

008/33 a
245 14$a[La gioconda]$h[art original] =$b[Mona Lisa].
b - Kit

Mixture of components from two or more categories, that is, sound recording, maps, filmstrips, etc., no one of which is the predominant constituent of the item.

Also includes the packages of material called laboratory kits, and packages of assorted materials, such as a set of K-12 social studies curriculum material (all books, workbooks, guides, activities, etc.) or packages of educational test materials (tests, answer sheets, scoring guides, score charts, interpretative manuals, etc.).

008/33 b
245 00$a200 ans d'opéra, La Scala$h[kit] ...
500 ##$aIssued in box (63 x 48 x8 cm.) containing 1 vol. (166, [156] p. : ill. ; 31 cm.), 6 sound discs (33 1/3 rpm, mono. ; 12 in. in case), 4 dioramas (47 pieces : col.), 4 souvenir booklets (12 p. each : ill. ; 15 cm. in case), and 2 art reproductions (photogravure, col. ; 60 x 45 cm.).
c - Art reproduction

Two or three-dimensional mechanically reproduced copy of a work of art, generally as one of a commercial edition.

008/33 c
245 10$a[Breezing up]$h[art reproduction].
d - Diorama

Three-dimensional representation of a scene created by placing objects, figures, etc. in front of a two-dimensional background.

008/33 d
245 00$aCrèche de Noël$h[diorama].
f - Filmstrip

Length of film containing a succession of images intended for projection one frame at a time with or without recorded sound.

008/33 f
245 00$aWord processing$h[filmstrip]$can audiovisual production of the Robert C. Brady Co.
g - Game

Item or set of items designed for play according to prescribed rules and intended for recreation or instruction. Code g includes puzzles and simulations.

008/33 g
245 04$aThe Fable game$h[game].
i - Picture

Two-dimensional visual representation accessible to the naked eye and generally on an opaque backing.

008/33 i
245 03$a[A Rainbow over the Grand Canyon]$h[picture].
k - Graphic

Used for original or historical graphic material.

008/33 k
100 1#$aGilpin, Laura,$ephotographer.
245 15$a[The prelude]$h[graphic].
l - Technical drawing

Cross section, detail, diagram, elevation, perspective, plan, working plan, etc., made for use in an architectural engineering or other technical context.

008/33 l
245 00$a[Cross section of west stairway]$h[technical drawing].
m - Motion picture

Series of still pictures on film with or without sound, designed to be projected in rapid succession to produce the optical effect of motion.

008/33 m
245 00$aLeaving the freeway$h[motion picture].
n - Chart

Opaque sheet that exhibits data in graphic or tabular form (e.g., a calendar).

008/33 n
245 00$a[Periodic table]$h[chart].
o - Flash card

Card or other opaque material printed with words, numerals, or pictures and designed for rapid display. Activity cards are included in this category.

008/33 o
245 00$aGerman$h[flash card].
p - Microscope slide

Transparent mount, usually glass, containing a minute object to be viewed through a microscope or microprojector.

008/33 p
245 00$a[Onion skin]$h[microscope slide].
q - Model

Three-dimensional representation of a real thing, either of the exact size of the original or to scale.

008/33 q
245 00$aSolar system simulator$h[model].
r - Realia

Includes 1) all other three-dimensional items not covered by the other codes (e.g., clothing, stitchery, fabrics, tools, utensils), and 2) naturally occurring objects.

008/33 r
245 00$a[Sea shell]$h[realia].
s - Slide

Transparent material on which there is a two-dimensional image, usually held in a mount, and designed for use in a projector or viewer. Modern stereographs, for example, Viewmaster reels, are included here.

008/33 s
245 00$aStreet paintings of Los Angeles$h[slide].
t - Transparency

Transparent material on which a basically still image is recorded. Transparencies are designed for use with an overhead projector or a light box. X-rays are coded as transparencies.

008/33 t
245 04$aThe Electromagnetic spectrum$h[transparency].
v - Videorecording

Recording on which visual images, usually in motion and accompanied by sound, have been registered. Videorecordings are designed for playback by means of a television receiver or monitor.

008/33 v
245 00$aRadio processing--a short story history of processors$h[videorecording].
w - Toy

Material object for children or others to play with (often an imitation of some familiar object); a plaything; also, something contrived for amusement rather than for practical use.

008/33 w
245 00$a[Yoyo]$h[toy].
z - Other

None of the other defined codes are appropriate.

| - No attempt to code

34 - Technique (006/17)

One-character alphabetic code that indicates the technique used in creating motion in motion pictures or videorecordings.

a - Animation

Animated films are produced using a variety of techniques including 1) cartoons; 2) graphic film (with paint or other media directly applied to the surface of the film); 3) model, clay, or puppet animation (where three-dimensional objects are photographed one frame at a time to achieve the effect of animation); and 4) other techniques.

008/34 a
245 00$aClosed Mondays$h[motion picture].
520 ##$aUses clay animation ...
c - Animation and live action

Combination of animation and live action. Used when there is some indication elsewhere in the cataloging record that there are animated sequences. This information may appear in a Summary note (field 520) or in a Credits note (field 508).

008/34 c
245 00$aNarcissus$h[motion picture].
520 ##$aThrough optical imagery shows the beauty of traditional ballet. Live action and animation are used ...
l - Live action

If no information is found in the cataloging record and accompanying material that indicates otherwise, it is assumed that the motion picture or videorecording is live action.

008/34 l
245 00$aAnnie Hall$h[motion picture] ...
n - Not applicable

Item is not a motion picture or a videorecording.

u - Unknown

Technique for creating motion is unknown.

z - Other

Primarily of special techniques which are neither animation nor live action. These include microcinematography, time lapse cinematography, trick cinematography, and other techniques. Code z is also used for videorecordings and motion pictures which were made from still image slide sets or filmstrips without adding animation to the images.

008/34 z
245 00$aCloud formation$h[motion picture].
520 ##$aUses time-lapse photography to show actual cloud formation in the earth's atmosphere.
| - No attempt to code

INPUT CONVENTIONS

Capitalization - Alphabetic codes are input in lowercase.

Field length - Field 008 should always consist of forty (40) character positions.


CONTENT DESIGNATOR HISTORY

008/18-20 - Length [REDEFINED, 1984]

In 1984, 008/18-20 (Length) was redefined to limit its use to motion pictures and videorecordings. Code nnn (Not applicable) was defined at that time. Records created prior to that change may contain the number of slides, filmstrip frames, or transparencies in 008/18-20.

nnn - Not applicable [NEW, 1984]
008/21 - In LC collection [OBSOLETE, 1983] [USMARC only]

Defined codes were: # (Not in LC), a (In LC, print note), b (In LC, do not print note), u (Unknown).

008/22 - Target audience
c - Elementary and junior high [RENAMED, 2002]
d - Secondary (senior high) [RENAMED, 2002]
f - General [OBSOLETE]
g - Specialized [OBSOLETE]

Prior to 1972, the definitions of codes f and g were reversed: f (General), g (Specialized).

h - Secondary (grades 10-12) [OBSOLETE] [CAN/MARC only]
k - Preschool and Kindergarten [OBSOLETE] [CAN/MARC only]
m - Primary (grades 4-6) [OBSOLETE] [CAN/MARC only]
p - Special education - general [OBSOLETE] [CAN/MARC only]
q - Physically handicapped [OBSOLETE] [CAN/MARC only]
r - Mentally retarded [OBSOLETE] [CAN/MARC only]
s - Simplified works for adults [OBSOLETE] [CAN/MARC only]
t - Gifted [OBSOLETE] [CAN/MARC only]
008/23-27 - Accompanying matter code [OBSOLETE, 1980]

Prior to 1980, character positions 23-27 were positionally defined (23, Stills; 24, Script material; 25, Posters; 26, Press books; and 27, Other). Each position contained a status code 0 (No) or 1 (Yes) to indicate the absence or presence of the type of material. In 1980, specific codes were defined for types of accompanying material and 008/23-27 were restructured to contain as many as five codes.

Character positions 23-27 were made obsolete in 1997. The defined codes were: # (No accompanying matter), l (Stills), m (Script material), o (Posters), p (Pressbooks), q (Lobby cards), r (Instructional materials), s (Music), z (Other).

0 - No [OBSOLETE] [USMARC only]
1 - Yes [OBSOLETE] [USMARC only]
008/23 - Form of item [OBSOLETE, 1997] [CAN/MARC only]

Defined codes were: # (None of the following), a (Microfilm); b (Microfiche); c (Microopaque). Code z (Other) was obsolete.

008/24-27 - Accompanying material [OBSOLETE, 1997] [CAN/MARC only]

Defined codes were: # (No accompanying material); a (Language material-printed); c (Music-printed); d (Diorama); e (Map-printed); f (Filmstrip); g (Game); h (Microform); i (Sound recording-non-musical); j (Sound recording-musical); k (Picture); l (Machine-readable data file); m (Motion picture); n (Chart); o (Flash card); p (Microscope slide); q (Model); r (Realia); s (Slide); t (Transparency); v (Videorecording); z (Other).

008/28 - Government publication

Prior to 2015, university press publications were included as examples of government publications.

n - Government publication-level undetermined [OBSOLETE, 1979]

Prior to 1979, an undetermined level was identified by code n; currently code o is used.

008/29 - Form of item
o - Online [NEW, 2010]
q - Direct electronic [NEW, 2010]
008/32 - Main Entry in body of entry [OBSOLETE, 1990]

Defined codes were: 0 (Main entry not in body of entry), 1 (Main entry in body of entry).

008/33 - Type of visual material
e - Electronic videorecording [OBSOLETE, 1975]

Code was made obsolete when code v (Videotape) was redefined to include any videorecording.

008/34 - Technique

Codes defined for this character position were applicable only to motion pictures until the definition was expanded to include videorecordings in 1980. At that time code n was defined for items other than motion pictures and videorecordings and # was made obsolete.

# - Not applicable [OBSOLETE, 1980]

Library of Congress >> MARC >> Bibliographic >> 00X  >> 008 >> 008 (Visual Materials)
(04/29/2015)
Contact Us