Library of Congress >> MARC >> Authority >> 1XX,3XX  >> 382

382 - Medium of Performance (R)


MARC 21 Authority - full
November 2016

First Indicator Second Indicator
Display constant controller
# - No information provided
0 - Medium of performance
1 - Partial medium of performance

Undefined
# - Undefined


Subfield Codes
  • $a - Medium of performance (R)
  • $b - Soloist (R)
  • $d - Doubling instrument (R)
  • $e - Number of ensembles of the same type (R)
  • $n - Number of performers of the same medium (R)
  • $p - Alternative medium of performance (R)
  • $r - Total number of individuals performing alongside ensembles (NR)
  • $s - Total number of performers (NR)
  • $t - Total number of ensembles (NR)
  • $v - Note (R)
  • $0 - Authority record control number or standard number (R)
  • $2 - Source of term (NR)
  • $6 - Linkage (NR)
  • $8 - Field link and sequence number (R)

FIELD DEFINITION AND SCOPE

The instrumental, vocal, and/or other medium of performance for which a musical work was originally conceived or for which a musical expression is written or performed. May be used to differentiate a musical work or expression from another with the same title.

Multiple mediums from the same source vocabulary may be recorded in the same field in separate occurrences of subfields $a (Medium of performance), $b (Soloist), $d (Doubling instrument), or $p (Alternative medium of performance). Multiple mediums from the same source vocabulary may also be recorded in separate occurrences of the field if each medium is controlled by an Authority record control number or standard number in subfield $0. Terms from different source vocabularies are recorded in separate occurrences of the field.


GUIDELINES FOR APPLYING CONTENT DESIGNATORS

INDICATORS

First Indicator - Display constant controller

# - No information provided

0 - Medium of performance

The complete medium of performance of the musical work/expression.

1 - Partial medium of performance

Incomplete medium of performance of the musical work/expression. To be used when certain instruments or voices are prominent but the complete instrumentation is unknown to the cataloger.

382 1#$adidjeridu$n1
[A sound recording of didjeridu music, in which the didjeridu is prominent, but other instruments are not identified.]

Second Indicator - Undefined

Undefined and contains a blank (#).

SUBFIELD CODES

$a - Medium of performance

A term that indicates the instrumental, vocal, and/or other medium of performance.

382 0#$aclarinet$n1$apiano$n1$s2$2lcmpt
[A work for clarinet and piano.]
382 0#$apiano$n1$s1$2lcmpt
[A work for solo piano.]

$b - Soloist

Medium of performance term for a soloist (a featured instrument or voice accompanied by an ensemble).

382 0#$bflute$n1$aorchestra$e1$r1$t1$2lcmpt
[A work for flute accompanied by orchestra.]

$d - Doubling instrument

Medium of performance term for the instrument(s)/voice(s) a performer in a musical work/expression plays in addition to the primary instrument/voice. Multiple doubling instruments may be recorded in separate occurrences of subfield $d. They may also be recorded in separate occurrences of the field if each medium is controlled by an Authority record control number or standard number in subfield $0.

382 0#$aflute$n1$dpiccolo$n1$dalto flute$n1$dbass flute$n1$s1$2lcmpt
[A work for solo flute, doubling piccolo, doubling alto flute, and doubling bass flute.]

$e - Number of ensembles of the same type

Number of ensembles named in the preceding subfield. Use after $a (Medium of performance) or $p (Alternative medium of performance).

382 0#$bharpsichord$n1$bpiano$n1$achamber orchestra$e2$r2$t2$2lcmpt
[A double concerto for harpsichord and piano with two chamber orchestras.]

$n - Number of performers of the same medium

Number of performers of the medium named in the preceding subfield. Use after subfield $a (Medium of performance), $b (Soloist), $d (Doubling instrument), or $p (Alternative medium of performance). Subfield $n may be omitted if the number equals 1.

382 0#$atrumpet$n2$atrombone$n2$s4$2lcmpt
[A work for two trumpets and two trombones.]

$p - Alternative medium of performance

Medium of performance term for an alternative instrument, vocal, and/or other medium of performance, given as an alternative to its primary medium of performance in preceding subfield $a, $b, or $d.

382 0#$aviolin$n1$pclarinet$n1$valternative for violin$s1$2lcmpt
[A work for violin, which may also be performed on clarinet.]

$r - Total number of individuals performing alongside ensembles

The total number of individual performers given in all instances of subfield $b needed to perform in the musical work/expression alongside one or more ensembles. Use subfield $s to record total number of individual performers when no ensembles are involved.

382 0#$bspeaker$n1$bmezzo-soprano voice$n1$bbaritone voice$n1$amixed chorus$e1$aorchestra$e1$r3$t2$2lcmpt
[A work for speaker, mezzo-soprano, baritone, mixed chorus, and orchestra.]
382 0#$bsoprano voice$n3$balto voice$n2$btenor voice$n1$bbaritone voice$n1$bbass voice$n1$amixed chorus$e2$vSATB, SATB$achildren's chorus$e1$aorchestra$e1$r8$t4$2lcmpt
[A work for 8 vocal soloists (3 sopranos, 2 altos, tenor, baritone, bass), 2 SATB mixed choruses, 1 children's choir, and orchestra.]

$s - Total number of performers

Total number of performers needed to perform in the musical work/expression.

382 0#$asoprano voice$n2$amezzo-soprano voice$n1$atenor saxophone$n1$dbass clarinet$n1$atrumpet$n1$apiano$n1$aviolin$n1$dviola$n1$adouble bass$n1$s8$2lcmpt
[A work for 2 sopranos, one mezzo-soprano, tenor saxophone (doubling bass clarinet), C trumpet, piano, violin (doubling viola), and double bass--8 total performers).]

$t - Total number of ensembles

The total number of ensembles needed to perform in the musical work/expression.

382 0#$amixed chorus$e2$vSATB, SATB$t2$2lcmpt
[A work for 2 unaccompanied choruses, each consisting of soprano, alto, tenor, and bass voices (SATB).]

$v - Note

Note for information that is not kept otherwise in the subfields of the field. May contain a description of the relationship between an alternative medium of performance and its primary medium of performance, or other textual information.

382 0#$apercussion instrument$n1$vany resonant object that is not a traditional percussion instrument$s1$2lcmpt
[A work scored for an unspecified resonant object that can be struck like a percussion instrument, but must not be a traditional instrument.]

$0 - Authority record control number or standard number

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

$2 - Source of term

MARC code that identifies the source of the term in subfield $a when it is from a controlled list.

Code from: Musical Instrumentation and Voice Code Source Codes.

$6 - Linkage

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.

$8 - Field link and sequence number

See description of this subfield in Appendix A: Control Subfields.


CONTENT DESIGNATOR HISTORY

Indicator 1 - Type of edition [NEW, 2012]
# - No information provided [NEW, 2012]

0 - Medium of performance [NEW, 2012]

1 - Partial medium of performance [NEW, 2012]

Prior to 2012 Indicator 1 was undefined.

$b - Soloist [NEW, 2012]
$d - Doubling instrument [NEW, 2012]
$e - Number of ensembles [RENAMED, 2016]
$e - Number of ensembles [NEW, 2015]
$p - Alternative medium of performance [NEW, 2012]
$n - Number of performers of the same medium [NEW, 2012]
$r - Total number of individuals performing alongside ensembles [NEW, 2016]
$s - Total number of performers [NEW, 2012]
$s - Total number of performers [CHANGED, 2014]

Repeatability corrected

$t - Total number of ensembles [NEW, 2016]
$v - Note [NEW, 2012]

Library of Congress >> MARC >> Authority >> 1XX,3XX  >> 382
(11/17/2016)
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