Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: Human rights http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Joint Committee Call to End Harmful Practices Against Women and Children http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404198_text Children's rights; Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), 1979; Human rights; United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989; Women's rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 13 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404198_text Global Legal Monitor: Namibia: Supreme Court Ruling Against Forced Sterilizations of HIV-Positive Women http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404195_text Health; HIV/AIDS; Human rights; Women's rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404195_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights; France: Prohibition of Unionization of Military Personnel Condemned http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404173_text Human rights; International organizations; Labor-management relations; Military service - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014),... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 24 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404173_text Global Legal Monitor: Estonia: Family Relations Extended Beyond Marriage http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404169_text Human rights; LGBT rights; Marriage and family status - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 17 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404169_text Global Legal Monitor: Cambodia: New Regulation to Protect Workers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404161_text Human rights; Labor - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 15 Oct 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404161_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Presidential Decree Enhances Punishments Against Legal Persons and Individuals Receiving Foreign Funding http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404137_text Civil rights and liberties; Crime and law enforcement; Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 26 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404137_text Global Legal Monitor: Italy: Abolition of Crime of "Illegal Immigration" and the Mare Nostrum Policy http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404131_text Administrative remedies; Boundaries; Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Immigration - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 24 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404131_text Global Legal Monitor: Bahrain: Magistrate Court Extends Detention of Human Rights Activist http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404115_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 09 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404115_text Global Legal Monitor: Tanzania; United Nations: Protection Needed for Albinos http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404114_text Child welfare; Discrimination; Human rights; Minority rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 08 Sep 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404114_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights; Finland: Court Rules on Change of Gender Issue http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404085_text Human rights; Marriage and family status; Same-sex marriage - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 01 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404085_text Global Legal Monitor: U.N. Human Rights Council: Gaza War Crimes Commission to Be Formed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404083_text Human rights; War crimes - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 30 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404083_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights; France: Recent Court Decisions on Islamic Veil Bans http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404071_text Discrimination; Freedom of information; Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 11 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404071_text Global Legal Monitor: Saudi Arabia: Human Rights Lawyer Convicted Under Anti-Terror Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404070_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Lawyers and legal services; Terrorism - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 10 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404070_text Global Legal Monitor: Denmark: Changing Legal Sexual Identity Simplified http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404057_text Documents; Health; Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Jul 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404057_text Global Legal Monitor: Burma; United Nations: Experts Oppose Draft Law on Religious Conversion http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404044_text Church and state relations; Human rights; International organizations; Religious minorities - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 26 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404044_text Global Legal Monitor: International Criminal Court: Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crime http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404027_text Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against humanity; Human rights; International criminal court; Sex offenses; War crimes - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 13 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404027_text Global Legal Monitor: Slovak Republic: Marriage Defined as Between One Man and One Woman http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404021_text Constitution; Families ; Human rights; Marriage and family status; Same-sex marriage - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 10 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404021_text Global Legal Monitor: Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the: Agreement Concluded on Movement and Settlement of Nationals http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404019_text Human rights; International affairs; Refugees; Treaties and International Agreements/Human Rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404019_text Global Legal Monitor: Spain: Government Amends Citizens Safety Bill http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404013_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Law enforcement officers - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 06 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404013_text Global Legal Monitor: China: 2013 Human Rights White Paper Issued http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404006_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Jun 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404006_text Global Legal Monitor: Sudan: Court Sentences Woman to Death for Converting to Christianity http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403982_text Freedom of religion; Crime and law enforcement; Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403982_text Global Legal Monitor: Court of Justice of the European Union: Data Retention Directive Held Invalid http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403983_text Human rights; Information technology; Judiciary; Right of privacy - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403983_text Global Legal Monitor: Court of Justice of the European Union: Decision Upholds Right to Have Personal Data Erased http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403984_text Human rights; Right of privacy; Telecommunications; Judiciary - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403984_text Global Legal Monitor: Ukraine: Judges Will Be Subjected to Lustration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403975_text Freedom of speech; Government ethics and transparency; Human rights; Judges - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 May 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403975_text Global Legal Monitor: Sri Lanka; United Nations: Human Rights Council to Investigate Alleged War Crimes Committed During Civil War http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403926_text Human rights; International organizations; War crimes - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 04 Apr 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403926_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights; Russia; Ukraine: Ukraine Files an Inter-State Application Against Russia http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403909_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 28 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403909_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights; Russia; Ukraine: Ukraine Files an Inter-State Application Against Russia http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403898_text Human rights; International organizations; Judiciary - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 20 Mar 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403898_text Global Legal Monitor: Saudi Arabia: New Terrorism Law in Effect http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403851_text Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Terrorism - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Feb 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403851_text Global Legal Monitor: Nepal: Supreme Court Rules Government Ordinance on Truth and Reconciliation Commission to Be Unconstitutional http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403820_text Constitution; Human rights; War crimes - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Jan 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403820_text Global Legal Monitor: Kenya: Rejection of Bill Capping NGO Foreign Funding and Giving Spy Agency Broadened Surveillance Powers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403785_text Human rights; Intelligence activities; National security; Nongovernmental organizations - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 12 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403785_text Global Legal Monitor: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the: Provincial Assembly Revises Law on "Jungle Justice" http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403771_text Human rights; Judiciary - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 26 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403771_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Working Group Says Private Military Companies Should Be Regulated http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403756_text Armed forces and national security; Human rights; International affairs; International organizations; Militias and paramilitary groups - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 13 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403756_text Global Legal Monitor: Thailand: Draft Legislation on Civil Partnerships for Same-Sex Couples http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403745_text Discrimination; Families; Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 05 Nov 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403745_text Global Legal Monitor: Guyana: Ruling Limits Old Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403704_text Constitution; Discrimination; Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 18 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403704_text Global Legal Monitor: Mozambique: Berne Convention Ratified http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403687_text Human rights; Intellectual property - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403687_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Parliament Passes Legislation to Strike the Word "Race" from All French Laws http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403657_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403657_text Global Legal Monitor: Council of Europe; Norway: Signing of Protocol to European Convention on Human Rights http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403640_text Human rights; International law - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 15 Jul 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403640_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Law on Mass Organizations http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403636_text Associations; Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 11 Jul 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403636_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Domestic Worker Legislation Under Consideration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403606_text Labor; Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 03 Jun 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403606_text Global Legal Monitor: Macau: U.N. Recommendations for Universal Voting Rights and Human Rights Monitoring in Response to First Human Rights Report http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403547_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 10 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403547_text Global Legal Monitor: Germany: East German Stasi Harassment of Emigres Revealed in Files http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403528_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 26 Mar 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403528_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights: Decision Issued in Rendition Case http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403503_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 04 Mar 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403503_text Global Legal Monitor: Philippines: Compensation to Victims of Martial Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403501_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 28 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403501_text Global Legal Monitor: Nigeria: Government Ordered to Pay Local Community http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403494_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 26 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403494_text Global Legal Monitor: ASEAN: Leaders Adopt Human Rights Declaration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403405_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 21 Nov 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403405_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations; United States: California Water Rights Law Lauded http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403353_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 03 Oct 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403353_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights; Italy: Ruling on Embryo Screening http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403307_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 31 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403307_text Global Legal Monitor: Singapore: Challenge to Law on Homosexuality Permitted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403297_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 27 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403297_text Global Legal Monitor: Burma: Recent Human Rights Assessments Identify Problems http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403271_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Aug 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403271_text Global Legal Monitor: Zimbabwe: House of Assembly Reduces Powers of Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403252_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403252_text Global Legal Monitor: Ethiopia: Federal Court Imposes Harsh Sentences on Journalists, Opposition Members http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403246_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 17 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403246_text Global Legal Monitor: Canada: Right to Food Issues Raised http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403166_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 24 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403166_text Global Legal Monitor: Mali: Human Rights Crisis http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403162_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 23 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403162_text Global Legal Monitor: Argentina: New Law on Transgender Rights Approved http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403153_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 16 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403153_text Global Legal Monitor: Pakistan: Senate Passes Bill on Establishing a National Commission on Human Rights http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403050_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 23 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403050_text Global Legal Monitor: Taiwan: Call for Amendment of Domestic Laws to Conform with Human Rights Covenants http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403031_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 15 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403031_text Global Legal Monitor: Turkey: Cases Before European Court of Human Rights on Lengthy Detentions to Be Addressed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403014_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403014_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Gay Advocacy Among Minors Can Be Prohibited http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403000_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 24 Feb 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403000_text Global Legal Monitor: England and Wales: Prisoners' http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402934_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 11 Jan 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402934_text Global Legal Monitor: United Kingdom: Ministry of Defence Investigations in Iraq Not Independent Enough to Meet Human Rights Requirements http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402936_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 11 Jan 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402936_text Global Legal Monitor: Burma: Peaceful Protest Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402928_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) }... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 Dec 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402928_text Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Lawsuit Seeks to Allow Detained Blogger to Vote in Parliamentary Election http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402920_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 20 Dec 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402920_text Global Legal Monitor: Malaysia: Bill on Peaceful Assembly Criticized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402912_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 Dec 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402912_text Global Legal Monitor: Mexico; Organization of American States: Agreement to Provide Human Rights Training for Mexican Judges http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402882_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 16 Nov 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402882_text Global Legal Monitor: Bangladesh: Homeless Persons' Treatment Under 2011 Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402867_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 07 Nov 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402867_text Global Legal Monitor: Syria: Experts to Review Syrian Human Rights Abuses http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402806_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 15 Sep 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402806_text Global Legal Monitor: Burma: New Human Rights Commission http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402800_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 Sep 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402800_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Working Group on Arbitrary Detention Begins Session http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402796_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 06 Sep 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402796_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Implementation of Judgments Issued by European Court of Human Rights http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402772_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF).... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 08 Aug 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402772_text Global Legal Monitor: Iran: Prominent Human Rights Lawyer Sentenced to Nine Years in Prison http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402750_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 20 Jul 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402750_text Global Legal Monitor: China; United Nations: Practice of Enforced Disappearances Criticized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402706_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Jun 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402706_text Global Legal Monitor: East African Community; Kenya; Uganda: Lawyers Sue over Rights Violations http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402704_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 10 Jun 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402704_text Global Legal Monitor: Sri Lanka: New Panel of Retired Judges to Probe Human Rights Violations http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402691_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 31 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402691_text Global Legal Monitor: Burma; United Nations: UN Officials Critical of Human Rights Record http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402684_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 25 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402684_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Creation of the "Defender of Rights" http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402682_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 24 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402682_text Global Legal Monitor: Rwanda: ICTR Convicts Former High Ranking Rwandan Officers http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402680_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 20 May 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402680_text Global Legal Monitor: Vietnam: Prominent Rights Lawyer Sentenced to Seven Years' Imprisonment http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402624_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 13 Apr 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402624_text Global Legal Monitor: Zimbabwe: Use of Military, Police Against Civil Society Criticized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402592_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 28 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402592_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda: Human Rights Watch Finds Ongoing Use of Torture, Illegal Detention http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402588_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402588_text Global Legal Monitor: Bulgaria: Cabinet Adopts Emissions Control, Human Rights, and Other Measures http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402567_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 14 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402567_text Global Legal Monitor: Greece: New Proposal on Fighting Racism and Xenophobia http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402556_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 07 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402556_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights; United Kingdom: Use of Conditional Fee Agreements Seen as Violation of European Convention on Human Rights http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402484_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 24 Jan 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402484_text Global Legal Monitor: Uganda: Court Rules Leaking of Homosexuals' Identity by Media Unlawful http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402456_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United In what rights groups are already calling a landmark ruling, on December 30, 2010, the Ugandan High Court at Kampala ruled that media outlets may not publish information exposing individuals' identity as homosexuals (Uganda Court Ruling... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 04 Jan 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402456_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union: Rejection of Eastern European States' Call to Hold Communist Crimes to Same Standard as Nazi Crimes http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402448_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United In what rights groups are already calling a landmark ruling, on December 30, 2010, the Ugandan High Court at Kampala ruled that media outlets may not publish information exposing individuals' identity as homosexuals (Uganda Court Ruling On December 22, 2010, it was reported that the European Commission had turned down a request from six Eastern European states to treat Soviet crimes "according to the same standards" as those of Nazi regimes and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 30 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402448_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights; Scotland: Violation of Convention Provision on Free Expression http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402413_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United In what rights groups are already calling a landmark ruling, on December 30, 2010, the Ugandan High Court at Kampala ruled that media outlets may not publish information exposing individuals' identity as homosexuals (Uganda Court Ruling On December 22, 2010, it was reported that the European Commission had turned down a request from six Eastern European states to treat Soviet crimes "according to the same standards" as those of Nazi regimes and On December 7, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Scotland had violated articles 10 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. (Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402413_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights; France: Applicant's Police Custody Rights Violated as Public Prosecutor Not Competent Legal Authority Under Article 5 3 http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402415_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United In what rights groups are already calling a landmark ruling, on December 30, 2010, the Ugandan High Court at Kampala ruled that media outlets may not publish information exposing individuals' identity as homosexuals (Uganda Court Ruling On December 22, 2010, it was reported that the European Commission had turned down a request from six Eastern European states to treat Soviet crimes "according to the same standards" as those of Nazi regimes and On December 7, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Scotland had violated articles 10 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. (Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental On November 23, 2010, in the case of Moulin v. France, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that France violated article 5, section 3 (right to liberty and security), of the European Convention on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 13 Dec 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402415_text Global Legal Monitor: Sri Lanka: Government Group Established to Implement Reconciliation Commission Findings http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402347_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United In what rights groups are already calling a landmark ruling, on December 30, 2010, the Ugandan High Court at Kampala ruled that media outlets may not publish information exposing individuals' identity as homosexuals (Uganda Court Ruling On December 22, 2010, it was reported that the European Commission had turned down a request from six Eastern European states to treat Soviet crimes "according to the same standards" as those of Nazi regimes and On December 7, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Scotland had violated articles 10 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. (Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental On November 23, 2010, in the case of Moulin v. France, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that France violated article 5, section 3 (right to liberty and security), of the European Convention on In order to implement the recommendations of the Sri Lankan Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, the country's Cabinet decided on October 28, 2010, to establish an Inter-Agency Advisory Group. The goal of the new organization is... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402347_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Torture Committee Chair Calls for Increased Efforts http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402332_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United In what rights groups are already calling a landmark ruling, on December 30, 2010, the Ugandan High Court at Kampala ruled that media outlets may not publish information exposing individuals' identity as homosexuals (Uganda Court Ruling On December 22, 2010, it was reported that the European Commission had turned down a request from six Eastern European states to treat Soviet crimes "according to the same standards" as those of Nazi regimes and On December 7, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Scotland had violated articles 10 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. (Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental On November 23, 2010, in the case of Moulin v. France, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that France violated article 5, section 3 (right to liberty and security), of the European Convention on In order to implement the recommendations of the Sri Lankan Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, the country's Cabinet decided on October 28, 2010, to establish an Inter-Agency Advisory Group. The goal of the new organization is Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 27 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402332_text Global Legal Monitor: France: Supreme Court Ruled Some Police Custody Provisions Violate European Convention on Human Rights http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402335_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United In what rights groups are already calling a landmark ruling, on December 30, 2010, the Ugandan High Court at Kampala ruled that media outlets may not publish information exposing individuals' identity as homosexuals (Uganda Court Ruling On December 22, 2010, it was reported that the European Commission had turned down a request from six Eastern European states to treat Soviet crimes "according to the same standards" as those of Nazi regimes and On December 7, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Scotland had violated articles 10 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. (Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental On November 23, 2010, in the case of Moulin v. France, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that France violated article 5, section 3 (right to liberty and security), of the European Convention on In order to implement the recommendations of the Sri Lankan Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, the country's Cabinet decided on October 28, 2010, to establish an Inter-Agency Advisory Group. The goal of the new organization is Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture On October 19, 2010, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, ruled in three decisions that some of the provisions of French law on police custody (garde andagrave; vue) violate... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 27 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402335_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights; France: Rights to Remain Silent and to Be Assisted by a Lawyer http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402318_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United In what rights groups are already calling a landmark ruling, on December 30, 2010, the Ugandan High Court at Kampala ruled that media outlets may not publish information exposing individuals' identity as homosexuals (Uganda Court Ruling On December 22, 2010, it was reported that the European Commission had turned down a request from six Eastern European states to treat Soviet crimes "according to the same standards" as those of Nazi regimes and On December 7, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Scotland had violated articles 10 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. (Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental On November 23, 2010, in the case of Moulin v. France, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that France violated article 5, section 3 (right to liberty and security), of the European Convention on In order to implement the recommendations of the Sri Lankan Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, the country's Cabinet decided on October 28, 2010, to establish an Inter-Agency Advisory Group. The goal of the new organization is Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture On October 19, 2010, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, ruled in three decisions that some of the provisions of French law on police custody (garde andagrave; vue) violate On October 14, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights condemned France for violating article 6, sections 1 and 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (right to remain silent and not to incriminate oneself)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402318_text Global Legal Monitor: Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; United Nations: Rapes to Be Investigated by U.N. Official http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402284_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United In what rights groups are already calling a landmark ruling, on December 30, 2010, the Ugandan High Court at Kampala ruled that media outlets may not publish information exposing individuals' identity as homosexuals (Uganda Court Ruling On December 22, 2010, it was reported that the European Commission had turned down a request from six Eastern European states to treat Soviet crimes "according to the same standards" as those of Nazi regimes and On December 7, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Scotland had violated articles 10 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. (Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental On November 23, 2010, in the case of Moulin v. France, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that France violated article 5, section 3 (right to liberty and security), of the European Convention on In order to implement the recommendations of the Sri Lankan Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, the country's Cabinet decided on October 28, 2010, to establish an Inter-Agency Advisory Group. The goal of the new organization is Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture On October 19, 2010, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, ruled in three decisions that some of the provisions of French law on police custody (garde andagrave; vue) violate On October 14, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights condemned France for violating article 6, sections 1 and 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (right to remain silent and not to incriminate oneself) On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 30 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402284_text Global Legal Monitor: Belgium: International Human Rights Organization to File Complaint over Treatment of Roma http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402280_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United In what rights groups are already calling a landmark ruling, on December 30, 2010, the Ugandan High Court at Kampala ruled that media outlets may not publish information exposing individuals' identity as homosexuals (Uganda Court Ruling On December 22, 2010, it was reported that the European Commission had turned down a request from six Eastern European states to treat Soviet crimes "according to the same standards" as those of Nazi regimes and On December 7, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Scotland had violated articles 10 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. (Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental On November 23, 2010, in the case of Moulin v. France, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that France violated article 5, section 3 (right to liberty and security), of the European Convention on In order to implement the recommendations of the Sri Lankan Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, the country's Cabinet decided on October 28, 2010, to establish an Inter-Agency Advisory Group. The goal of the new organization is Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture On October 19, 2010, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, ruled in three decisions that some of the provisions of French law on police custody (garde andagrave; vue) violate On October 14, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights condemned France for violating article 6, sections 1 and 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (right to remain silent and not to incriminate oneself) On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in The International Federation of Human Rights Leagues will file a complaint against Belgium before the Council of Europe Social Rights Committee over Belgium's treatment of Roma and "travelers" (La Belgique poursuivie au Conseil de l'Europe pour... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 29 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402280_text Global Legal Monitor: Burundi: Report on Human Rights Violations Disputed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402273_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United In what rights groups are already calling a landmark ruling, on December 30, 2010, the Ugandan High Court at Kampala ruled that media outlets may not publish information exposing individuals' identity as homosexuals (Uganda Court Ruling On December 22, 2010, it was reported that the European Commission had turned down a request from six Eastern European states to treat Soviet crimes "according to the same standards" as those of Nazi regimes and On December 7, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Scotland had violated articles 10 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. (Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental On November 23, 2010, in the case of Moulin v. France, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that France violated article 5, section 3 (right to liberty and security), of the European Convention on In order to implement the recommendations of the Sri Lankan Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, the country's Cabinet decided on October 28, 2010, to establish an Inter-Agency Advisory Group. The goal of the new organization is Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture On October 19, 2010, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, ruled in three decisions that some of the provisions of French law on police custody (garde andagrave; vue) violate On October 14, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights condemned France for violating article 6, sections 1 and 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (right to remain silent and not to incriminate oneself) On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in The International Federation of Human Rights Leagues will file a complaint against Belgium before the Council of Europe Social Rights Committee over Belgium's treatment of Roma and "travelers" (La Belgique poursuivie au Conseil de l'Europe pour The Government of Burundi sent a strong protest, in the form of an official note to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, over a draft U.N. report that states Burundi committed human rights offenses. On September 22,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 28 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402273_text Global Legal Monitor: United Nations: Officials Urge De-Criminalizing Homosexuality http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402257_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on December 16, 2013, and later signed by King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, became effective on February 2, 2014. The law provides that On January 2, 2014, Nepal's Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional an ordinance adopted by the Maoist-led government that provides for amnesties of persons deemed responsible for serious human rights abuses during the country's civil war of 1996-2006. On December 4, 2013, Kenya's parliament rejected the Statute Law (Miscellaneous Amendments) Bill, 2013, which, if passed, would have amended various laws resulting, among others, in the limiting of funding streams of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in On November 20, 2013, the legislative assembly in Sud-Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) voted to revise the law of the province in order to end the practice of "jungle justice." The On November 4, 2013, the United Nations Working Group on the Use of Mercenaries urged the countries of the world to create a binding agreement that would regulate the operations of private military and security companies It was reported on September 19, 2013, that the Thai government plans to introduce landmark legislation on civil partnerships that would extend most marriage protections, rights, and benefits to same-sex couples. If approved by the Thai On September 6, 2013, the Acting Chief Justice of the High Court of Guyana, Ian Chang, ruled that cross-dressing can be deemed a criminal offense only if engaged in for improper purposes such as prostitution, not On August 22, 2013, Mozambique ratified the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, initially adopted in September 1886, which forms the basis of international protection of copyright. The ratification occurred when Mozambican On May 16, 2013, the French legislature passed a draft law to strike the word "race" from all of its legislation. (No Such Thing as 'Race,' Say French Lawmakers, FRANCE 24 (May 17, On June 25, 2013, Norway signed Protocol 15 Amending the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europoe (COE) adopted the Protocol on May 16, On July 2, 2013, the Indonesian House of Representatives passed long-debated draft legislation on civic organizations by a vote of 311-50; there were 199 legislators who did not vote. (Rancangan Undang-undang Republik Indonesia andhellip; Tentang On May 28, 2013, Lita Anggraini, the coordinator of the Indonesian National Network for Domestic Workers Advocacy (Jala PRT, an NGO network) urged the country's legislature to finalize the draft law on protection of domestic workers. On March 27, 2013, the Human Rights Committee (the Committee) of the United Nations, based in Geneva, made public its concluding observations on the human rights report submitted More than 20 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the wrongdoings of the Staatssicherheitsdienst, the East German secret police agency commonly known as Stasi, continue to be uncovered through research in the files of On December 13, 2012, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a final judgment in a case involving a German national of Lebanese origin, who was arrested by authorities of the On February 25, 2013, President Benigno Aquino III of the Philippines signed a law giving compensation to victims of human rights violations that occurred when the country Nigeria's Federal High Court (FHC) ruled on February 19, 2013, that the federal government must pay 37.6 billion Nigerian naira (about US$240 million) to the community in the town of Odi. (Leaders of the ten-nation Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), during their annual summit held this year in Cambodia from November 18 to 20, endorsed a declaration on human rights. (ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, ASEAN On September 25, 2012, the state of California issued a new law on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. (Assembly Bill 685 (Sept. On August 25, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Italy's ban on embryonic screening violates article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. Article 8 is on the right to respect In an August 21, 2012, decision, the Court of Appeal of Singapore ruled that a constitutional challenge, lodged against the Penal Code provision criminalizing male homosexuality, can go forward. (Tan Eng Hong v Attorney-General, 2012 Two recent reports, one by the United Nations and one by the non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), have pointed out continuing, serious human rights problems in Burma (Myanmar). Tomandaacute;s Ojea Quintana, the United Nations Special On July 12, 2012, the 214-member Zimbabwe House of Assembly adopted the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission Bill, 2011, aimed at putting into operation the Zimbabwe Human Rights Commission (ZHRC). The Commission had been established in 2009 On July 13, 2012, the Ethiopian Federal Court handed down severe sentences, ranging from eight years to life imprisonment, against 20 journalists and opposition figures. (Aaron Maasho, Update 3-Ethiopia Jails Blogger, Reporters, Opposition Figures, REUTERS Olivier De Schutter, who has been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the right to food since appointed to the post by the U.N. Human Rights Council four years ago, released a statement about food security In the last few weeks, two prominent nongovernmental human rights organizations have released statements on the human rights crisis in Mali, where internal strife has led to a host of abuses reportedly committed by all participating st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender identity based on an individual's own feelings. The free development On March 9, 2012, the upper chamber of Pakistan's Parliament unanimously passed the National Commission on Human Rights Bill, 2012, which will establish a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) for Pakistan. (National Commission on Human On March 9, 2012, it was reported that Taiwan legal experts and activists have called for government fast-tracking of amendments to Taiwan's laws to bring them into conformity with the United Nations' International Covenant on Civil Turkey's Minister of Justice, Sadullah Ergin, announced on March 1, 2012, that the government would establish a special commission to handle cases filed with the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR or ECtHR) on lengthy periods On February 8, 2012, the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg, Russia's second largest city and one of the constituent components of the Russian Federation, approved on a second reading a bill amending the Law of St. The High Court of England and Wales recently dismissed a case in which prisoners claimed that the practice of requiring them to urinate or defecate in plastic buckets violated their human rights. The Court held that The Court of Appeal in England and Wales recently issued a judgment that the current mode of investigating allegations of abuse in Iraq by British forces in 2003-2004 is not sufficiently independent. The Iraq Historic Allegations st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } On December 8, 2011, blogger Alaa Abd al Fattah filed a lawsuit before an administrative court in Egypt against the Ministers of the Interior and of Justice, asking to be allowed to cast his vote in Malaysia's parliament has passed a bill on peaceful assembly that has been called a threat to the basic freedom in that country. The law has been described by United Nations' experts as designed to "arbitrarily and On October 14, 2011, Mexico's Supreme Court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (a part of the Organization of American States) signed an agreement whereby the Commission will collaborate with the Court in order to The Vagrants and Shelterless Persons Act 2011 was passed by the Parliament of Bangladesh on August 25, 2011. The law empowers the police and judicial officers to capture suspected "vagrants" and detain them for up to On September 12, 2011, the Human Rights Council of the United Nations appointed three specialists to look into allegations of recent human rights abuses in Syria. Since the crackdown against anti-government protesters began this spring, it The Myanmar government officially established the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, comprising "former government officials, diplomats, academics, doctors and lawyers," on September 5, 2011. (Alexandra Malatesta, Myanmar Government Forms Human Rights Commission, PAPER CHASE NEWSBURST On August 29, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention began a five-day session to consider 43 cases of arbitrary dentention from 22 countries. Information about the cases, which are viewed as confidential, will The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in Strasbourg is the main court defending human rights in Europe and applying the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ECHRFF). On July 4, 2011, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, a prominent Iranian lawyer and human rights activist, was sentenced to nine years' imprisonment upon conviction on the charge of "actions and propaganda against the Islamic regime" and banned On June 8, 2011, the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (WGEID) urged Chinese authorities to address the practice of "enforced disappearances" and to disclose the fate and location of those in China In late May 2011, lawyers from the East Africa Law Society (EALS) filed several suits with the East African Court of Justice in Arusha, Tanzania, against the Kenyan and Ugandan governments and the East African Community The Government of Sri Lanka plans to appoint a panel of five judges to begin a new investigation of human rights violations in the northeastern part of the country. The body will report its findings to Vijay Nambiar, the United Nations envoy for Burma (also called Myanmar), spoke in closed session to the U.N. Security Council concerning recent developments in the country. He noted that although some political prisoners have been released Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du 29 mars 2011 relative au d;fenseur des droits [Law On May 17, 2011, the Tanzania-based International Criminal Court for Rwanda (ICTR) convicted four former high-ranking officers in the Rwandan army and police: Augustin Bizimungu (former chief of staff of the Rwandan Army), Augustin Ndindiliyimana (former Lawyer-activist Cu Huy Ha Vu was convicted by the people's court of Hanoi on April 1, 2011, in a one-day trial, of spreading propaganda against and defaming the state in violation of article 88 of the On March 23, 2011, the Zimbabwean human rights group Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition issued a statement denouncing the use of that country's army and police forces to intimidate opposition figures. Dewa Muvhinga of the Coalition attributed On March 23, 2011, Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report documenting how the Government of Uganda, through its Rapid Response Unit under the Ugandan police, routinely practices illegal detention and torture, and sometimes extrajudicial killing, Bulgaria's Cabinet, at a regular meeting held on March 9, 2011, adopted a number of significant measures. Some highlights of the Cabinet actions are summarized below. The Cabinet will sponsor amendments to the Environmental The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights in Greece published on its website a new legislative initiative on combating certain types of racism and xenophobia through the application of criminal law, with a view to On January 18, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), in MGN Limited v UK (application 39401/04) delivered a landmark decision criticizing Conditional Fee Agreements (CFAs) as currently regulated under the law of the United In what rights groups are already calling a landmark ruling, on December 30, 2010, the Ugandan High Court at Kampala ruled that media outlets may not publish information exposing individuals' identity as homosexuals (Uganda Court Ruling On December 22, 2010, it was reported that the European Commission had turned down a request from six Eastern European states to treat Soviet crimes "according to the same standards" as those of Nazi regimes and On December 7, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that Scotland had violated articles 10 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights. (Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental On November 23, 2010, in the case of Moulin v. France, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that France violated article 5, section 3 (right to liberty and security), of the European Convention on In order to implement the recommendations of the Sri Lankan Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission, the country's Cabinet decided on October 28, 2010, to establish an Inter-Agency Advisory Group. The goal of the new organization is Claudio Grossman, the Chairperson of the United Nations Committee Against Torture, stated on October 19, 2010, that countries need to increase their efforts to combat the use of torture and recommit to the Convention Against Torture On October 19, 2010, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, ruled in three decisions that some of the provisions of French law on police custody (garde andagrave; vue) violate On October 14, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights condemned France for violating article 6, sections 1 and 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (right to remain silent and not to incriminate oneself) On September 28, 2010, Margot Wallstrand#337;m, the United Nations Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, began a mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to organize a U.N. response to the mass rapes in The International Federation of Human Rights Leagues will file a complaint against Belgium before the Council of Europe Social Rights Committee over Belgium's treatment of Roma and "travelers" (La Belgique poursuivie au Conseil de l'Europe pour The Government of Burundi sent a strong protest, in the form of an official note to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, over a draft U.N. report that states Burundi committed human rights offenses. On September 22, On September 17, 2010, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Navi Pillay, called for all the nations of the world to eliminate criminal law provisions on sexual orientation and gender identity, saying that laws... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 21 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402257_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights; Turkey: Decision in Case of Slain Journalist http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402242_text Human rights - On November 4, 2014, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the Committee on the Rights of the Child released a joint recommendation/comment on the obligation of states "to prevent, respond On November 3, 2014, the Supreme Court of Namibia ruled that three HIV-positive women had been forcibly sterilized, without proper consent, during emergency caesarean deliveries. The Court thereby affirmed an In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. (Matelly v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (Oct. 2, 2014), On October 9, 2014, the Riigikogu (Estonian legislature) passed the Cohabitation Act, which was signed into law by the President of Estonia on the same day. The law will enter into force in 2016, after the On October 8, 2014, Cambodia's Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training and Ministry of Tourism jointly issued a regulation (prakas) to extend to workers in the entertainment industry the same rights and protections that are accorded On September 21, 2014, President Abdal Fatah al Sisi of Egypt issued Presidential Decree No. 128 of 2014, amending article 78 of the country's Penal Code with the aim ofimpeding foreign funding of individuals and local In recent years, Italy has dealt with increased illegal immigration coming through its southern border through legislation and policy measures. One important piece of legislation this yearandnbsp;abolished the crime of "illegal immigration." Law No. 67 of It was reported on September 7, 2014, that the magistrate court of Moharaq Province in Bahrain had extended the detention of human rights activist Maryam al Khawaja for ten days. (The Renewal of Maryam al On August 25, 2014, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) questioned the method adopted by the Government of Tanzania to protect children with albinism. The government has placed children with On July 16, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that a transgender Finnish woman had not been deprived of her right to private life and family life as guaranteed On July 23, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted a resolution after concluding a special session on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The resolution included the decision "to establish an independent, The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on Human Rights. (S.A.S. v. France, Eur. Ct. H.R. (July On July 6, 2014, the Specialized Criminal Court of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, convicted and sentenced Walid abu al-Kheir, a Saudi lawyer and human rights activist, to 15 years in prison, a fine of 200,000 Saudi riyals The Danish Parliament has approved a law allowing Danish citizens to change their legal gender identity without first undergoing sterilization or surgery. Denmark's Minister of the Economy and Interior, Margrethe Vestager, announced on June 11, On June 20, 2014, independent human rights experts from the United Nations asked Burma not to go ahead with a proposed law that would restrict religious conversion in the predominantly Buddhist country. The proposal On June 6, 2014, Fatou Bensouda, the Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), issued a Policy Paper on Sexual and Gender-Based Crimes. According to an ICC press release, the new document "will guide the On June 4, 2014, the National Council of the Slovak Republic (NCSR, the country's parliament) adopted an amendment to the Slovak Constitution to define marriage as "the unique bond between one man and one woman." (Julie On June 3, 2014, the Republic of the Congo (often called Congo-Brazzaville for its capital) and its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (or DRC), signed an agreement on the movement and settlement of people Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the opposition and members of civil society groups. (Anteproyecto de On May 26, 2014, the Information Office of China's State Council issued the 2013 white paper on China's human rights, Progress in China's Human Rights in 2013. The white paper is published in both English On May 15, 2014, a first instance court in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum ruled against a Christian woman and imposed a punishment of 100 lashes and the death penalty after finding her guilty of adultery On April 8, 2014, the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) issued a much-anticipated judgment concerning the legality of Directive No. 2006/24/EC, commonly referred to as the Data Retention Directive. (Directive 2006/24/EC of On May 13, 2014, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) delivered its judgment in a case involving a Spanish national and Google Inc., in which it upheld the request of the Spanish On April, 8, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada (legislature) of Ukraine almost unanimously approved a Law under which a special commission will be formed to review judgments issued by Ukrainian judges in cases concerning the participants in On March 27, 2014, the United Nations Human Rights Council voted to start an investigation into war crimes that may have occurred during Sri Lanka's 25-year civil war, which ended in 2009. (UN Rights Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Strasbourg. (Press Release, Council On March 14, 2014, following the intervention of Russia in Crimea and the ensuing crisis, Ukraine filed an inter-state application against the Russian Federation with the European Court on Human Rights (ECHR), which is located in Saudi Arabia's new counterterrorism law, which was passed by the Saudi Council of Ministers on Decem