Law Library of Congress - Global Legal Monitor: Global Legal Monitor: Freedom of the press http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?home The Global Legal Monitor is an online publication from the Law Library of Congress covering legal news and developments worldwide. It is updated frequently and draws on information from the Global Legal Information Network, official national legal publications, and reliable press sources. You can search previous news by searching the archive. en-us Global Legal Monitor: Egypt: Draft Law Banning Publishing of Information Concerning the Armed Forces http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404201_text Arms control and nonproliferation; Freedom of information; Freedom of speech; Freedom of the press; Internet - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404201_text Global Legal Monitor: Senegal: Newspaper Editor Charged over Ebola Story http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404105_text Freedom of the press; Public health - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 19 Aug 2014 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205404105_text Global Legal Monitor: Kenya: Controversial Legislation on the Media Under Consideration http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403780_text Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 06 Dec 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403780_text Global Legal Monitor: Vietnam: Controversial Internet Decree in Effect http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403690_text Communications; Freedom of speech; Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 06 Sep 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403690_text Global Legal Monitor: Burma: Call for Amendment of Controversial Press Bill http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403681_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 28 Aug 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403681_text Global Legal Monitor: Greece: Council of State Reverses Government http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403619_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 20 Jun 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403619_text Global Legal Monitor: Burundi: New Media Law on President http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403600_text Freedom of the press; Freedom of information - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 28 May 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403600_text Global Legal Monitor: Chad: Journalist Imprisoned http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403595_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 21 May 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403595_text Global Legal Monitor: Rwanda: Journalist Sentenced for Article Deemed Divisive http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403538_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 04 Apr 2013 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403538_text Global Legal Monitor: Burma: Draft Publishing Law Criticized http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403507_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 07 Mar 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403507_text Global Legal Monitor: Macau; U.N. Human Rights Council: Activist to File Complaint http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403497_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 27 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403497_text Global Legal Monitor: Gambia: Newspaper Staff Members Arrested http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403477_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 05 Feb 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403477_text Global Legal Monitor: Thailand: Journalist Sentenced for Royal Insult http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403469_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 25 Jan 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403469_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Supreme Court Ruling on Unrestricted Access of Journalists to Trials http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403449_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 08 Jan 2013 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403449_text Global Legal Monitor: Ivory Coast: Publication of Six Opposition Newspapers Suspended, Restored http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403337_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 19 Sep 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403337_text Global Legal Monitor: Gambia: Editor Punished by Court http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403227_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 03 Jul 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403227_text Global Legal Monitor: Zambia: Draft Constitution to Include Press Freedom http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403132_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 07 May 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403132_text Global Legal Monitor: Burma: Media Reform Program http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403046_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 23 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403046_text Global Legal Monitor: Sri Lanka: Media Outlets Face Approval Requirement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403026_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 14 Mar 2012 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205403026_text Global Legal Monitor: Malaysia; Saudi Arabia: Journalist Deported to Face Blasphemy Charges http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402992_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 17 Feb 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402992_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Tightened Controls on Microblogging, Including Real Name Requirement http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402977_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 08 Feb 2012 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402977_text Global Legal Monitor: European Union; Hungary: European Parliament Resolution on Hungary's Media Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402575_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 16 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402575_text Global Legal Monitor: Australia: Journalist Shield Law Passed by Australian Senate http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402563_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists'... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 09 Mar 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402563_text Global Legal Monitor: Kenya: Controversy over Proposed Media Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402520_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 16 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402520_text Global Legal Monitor: Malawi: Law Enacted Giving Government Unfettered Power to Ban Local Publications http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402501_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Feb 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402501_text Global Legal Monitor: Hungary: Controversial New Media Law Defended by Government http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402464_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 07 Jan 2011 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402464_text Global Legal Monitor: World: Annual Press Freedom Index Published http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402340_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 02 Nov 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402340_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights: Right of Journalists to Confidential Source Material Upheld http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402323_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 20 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402323_text Global Legal Monitor: Indonesia: Constitutional Court Strikes Down Book Banning Law http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402317_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 15 Oct 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402317_text Global Legal Monitor: Iran: Journalist Released on Bail http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402236_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 16 Sep 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402236_text Global Legal Monitor: South Africa: Proposed Media Regulations Would Establish Appeals Tribunal on Media Stories http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402183_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT)... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 24 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402183_text Global Legal Monitor: Somalia: Journalist Gets Six-Year Prison Term for Interviewing Man with Al-Qaeda Links http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402176_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 19 Aug 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402176_text Global Legal Monitor: Guinea: Two New Laws Decriminalize Media Offenses, Set Up New Media Regulatory Body http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402099_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 08 Jul 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402099_text Global Legal Monitor: Zambia: Penal Code Provision Criticized for Restricting Freedom of Expression http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402051_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 15 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402051_text Global Legal Monitor: Chad: Repressive Print Media Bill Rejected by Parliament http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402042_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 11 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402042_text Global Legal Monitor: Macau: Press and Broadcasting Laws to Be Revised http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402040_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 10 Jun 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205402040_text Global Legal Monitor: Pakistan: Court Order Bans Access to Facebook http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401999_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 21 May 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401999_text Global Legal Monitor: Thailand: Lèse Majesté Suit Filed Against Webmaster http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401912_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 09 Apr 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401912_text Global Legal Monitor: Fiji: New Media Decree to Be Finalized Following Consultation http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401907_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 07 Apr 2010 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401907_text Global Legal Monitor: France: New Law on Protection of Journalistic Sources http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401787_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File:... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 25 Jan 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401787_text Global Legal Monitor: Austria: Privacy Rights of Crime Victim Outweigh Freedom of the Press http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401782_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 20 Jan 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401782_text Global Legal Monitor: Canada: Supreme Court Expands Libel Defenses http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401774_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 13 Jan 2010 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401774_text Global Legal Monitor: Sierra Leone: Supreme Court Rules Libel Law Does Not Violate Freedom of Press http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401731_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 15 Dec 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401731_text Global Legal Monitor: Saudi Arabia: Royal Decree Overturns Court Decision Against Female Journalist http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401704_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 04 Dec 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401704_text Global Legal Monitor: Mongolia: New Restrictions on Reporters' Access to Main Government Building http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401707_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 03 Dec 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401707_text Global Legal Monitor: Iran: $20 Million Allocated to Fight U.S. Media http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401675_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 18 Nov 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401675_text Global Legal Monitor: South Africa: New "Stalking" Bill Criticized as Potential Danger to Freedom of Expression http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401652_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401652_text Global Legal Monitor: Russia: Court Okays Calling Stalin a Murderer http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401653_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 30 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401653_text Global Legal Monitor: European Court of Human Rights: Court Rules Turkey Violated Press Rights http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401648_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 26 Oct 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401648_text Global Legal Monitor: Denmark: Action Taken Against Book Publication on National Security Grounds http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401578_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 24 Sep 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401578_text Global Legal Monitor: Morocco: Court Approves Seizure of Newspapers Evaluating King's Performance http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401507_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 20 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401507_text Global Legal Monitor: Niger: Editors Detained by Police http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401483_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 11 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401483_text Global Legal Monitor: Sri Lanka: Media Barred from Covering Elections http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401475_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 05 Aug 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401475_text Global Legal Monitor: Sudan: Controversial Press Law Approved by Parliament http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401358_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship.... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 15 Jun 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401358_text Global Legal Monitor: Niger: News Group Director Arrested http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401225_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 16 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401225_text Global Legal Monitor: Mauritania: Jailed Editor Pardoned http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401226_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 16 Apr 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401226_text Global Legal Monitor: Malaysia: Measures Adopted Restricting Freedom of the Press http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401169_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 30 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401169_text Global Legal Monitor: Senegal: Radio Stations Suspended http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401166_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 27 Mar 2009 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l205401166_text Global Legal Monitor: Iraq: Kurdish President Pardons Imprisoned Journalist http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540990_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 09 Feb 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540990_text Global Legal Monitor: Botswana: Controversial New Media Law Adopted http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540973_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Mon, 02 Feb 2009 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540973_text Global Legal Monitor: Malawi: Radio Station Shut Down http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540805_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 26 Nov 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540805_text Global Legal Monitor: China: New Rules for Taiwan Journalists http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540773_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The new Measures, which contain 12 articles, became effective immediately, replacing... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 14 Nov 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540773_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Restrictions on Foreign News Media Eased http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540758_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The new Measures, which contain 12 articles, became effective immediately, replacing On October 17, 2008, the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued new regulations governing foreign news media coverage on its territory. (Regulations of the PRC on News Coverage by Resident Foreign News... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Thu, 30 Oct 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540758_text Global Legal Monitor: Niger: Journalist Provisionally Released http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540714_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The new Measures, which contain 12 articles, became effective immediately, replacing On October 17, 2008, the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued new regulations governing foreign news media coverage on its territory. (Regulations of the PRC on News Coverage by Resident Foreign News On October 8, 2008, an appeals court in Niamey, Niger's capital, ordered Moussa Kaka released on bail pending trial. Kaka is a well-known journalist currently charged with "undermining national territorial integrity through conspiracy with Tuareg rebels,"according... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 14 Oct 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540714_text Global Legal Monitor: Turkey: Website Bans to Continue http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540719_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The new Measures, which contain 12 articles, became effective immediately, replacing On October 17, 2008, the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued new regulations governing foreign news media coverage on its territory. (Regulations of the PRC on News Coverage by Resident Foreign News On October 8, 2008, an appeals court in Niamey, Niger's capital, ordered Moussa Kaka released on bail pending trial. Kaka is a well-known journalist currently charged with "undermining national territorial integrity through conspiracy with Tuareg rebels,"according Speaking on October 8, 2008, at an international technology meeting in Istanbul, Turkey's Transportation Minister, Binali Yildirim, said that the practice of banning websites deemed to have inappropriate content will continue. "Practices are needed to protect... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Tue, 14 Oct 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540719_text Global Legal Monitor: Niger: Broadcaster Ordered to Suspend Operations http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540607_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The new Measures, which contain 12 articles, became effective immediately, replacing On October 17, 2008, the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued new regulations governing foreign news media coverage on its territory. (Regulations of the PRC on News Coverage by Resident Foreign News On October 8, 2008, an appeals court in Niamey, Niger's capital, ordered Moussa Kaka released on bail pending trial. Kaka is a well-known journalist currently charged with "undermining national territorial integrity through conspiracy with Tuareg rebels,"according Speaking on October 8, 2008, at an international technology meeting in Istanbul, Turkey's Transportation Minister, Binali Yildirim, said that the practice of banning websites deemed to have inappropriate content will continue. "Practices are needed to protect On August 19, 2008, the Higher Council for Communications, the media regulatory body of Niger, ordered a radio and television broadcast company to suspend operations for a month. The broadcaster, Dounia, based in the capital city,... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 29 Aug 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540607_text Global Legal Monitor: China: Classified Memo on Foreign Journalists http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540434_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The new Measures, which contain 12 articles, became effective immediately, replacing On October 17, 2008, the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued new regulations governing foreign news media coverage on its territory. (Regulations of the PRC on News Coverage by Resident Foreign News On October 8, 2008, an appeals court in Niamey, Niger's capital, ordered Moussa Kaka released on bail pending trial. Kaka is a well-known journalist currently charged with "undermining national territorial integrity through conspiracy with Tuareg rebels,"according Speaking on October 8, 2008, at an international technology meeting in Istanbul, Turkey's Transportation Minister, Binali Yildirim, said that the practice of banning websites deemed to have inappropriate content will continue. "Practices are needed to protect On August 19, 2008, the Higher Council for Communications, the media regulatory body of Niger, ordered a radio and television broadcast company to suspend operations for a month. The broadcaster, Dounia, based in the capital city, On March 30, 2008, the Paris-based media freedom organization Reports Without Borders (Reporters sans frontiandegrave;res) (RSF) issued a press release making public a purportedly classified memo dating from 2007, obtained from Chinese sources, advising provincial-level officials... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 May 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540434_text Global Legal Monitor: Zimbabwe: Court Dismisses Government';s Case Against Foreign Journalists http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540435_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The new Measures, which contain 12 articles, became effective immediately, replacing On October 17, 2008, the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued new regulations governing foreign news media coverage on its territory. (Regulations of the PRC on News Coverage by Resident Foreign News On October 8, 2008, an appeals court in Niamey, Niger's capital, ordered Moussa Kaka released on bail pending trial. Kaka is a well-known journalist currently charged with "undermining national territorial integrity through conspiracy with Tuareg rebels,"according Speaking on October 8, 2008, at an international technology meeting in Istanbul, Turkey's Transportation Minister, Binali Yildirim, said that the practice of banning websites deemed to have inappropriate content will continue. "Practices are needed to protect On August 19, 2008, the Higher Council for Communications, the media regulatory body of Niger, ordered a radio and television broadcast company to suspend operations for a month. The broadcaster, Dounia, based in the capital city, On March 30, 2008, the Paris-based media freedom organization Reports Without Borders (Reporters sans frontiandegrave;res) (RSF) issued a press release making public a purportedly classified memo dating from 2007, obtained from Chinese sources, advising provincial-level officials A Zimbabwean court dismissed charges against a NEW YORK TIMES journalist and a British man for reporting Zimbabwe's election "without proper accreditation." The court cited the state's failure to prove "reasonable suspicion of them practicing as... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 May 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540435_text Global Legal Monitor: Brazil: Freedom of the Press http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540366_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The new Measures, which contain 12 articles, became effective immediately, replacing On October 17, 2008, the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued new regulations governing foreign news media coverage on its territory. (Regulations of the PRC on News Coverage by Resident Foreign News On October 8, 2008, an appeals court in Niamey, Niger's capital, ordered Moussa Kaka released on bail pending trial. Kaka is a well-known journalist currently charged with "undermining national territorial integrity through conspiracy with Tuareg rebels,"according Speaking on October 8, 2008, at an international technology meeting in Istanbul, Turkey's Transportation Minister, Binali Yildirim, said that the practice of banning websites deemed to have inappropriate content will continue. "Practices are needed to protect On August 19, 2008, the Higher Council for Communications, the media regulatory body of Niger, ordered a radio and television broadcast company to suspend operations for a month. The broadcaster, Dounia, based in the capital city, On March 30, 2008, the Paris-based media freedom organization Reports Without Borders (Reporters sans frontiandegrave;res) (RSF) issued a press release making public a purportedly classified memo dating from 2007, obtained from Chinese sources, advising provincial-level officials A Zimbabwean court dismissed charges against a NEW YORK TIMES journalist and a British man for reporting Zimbabwe's election "without proper accreditation." The court cited the state's failure to prove "reasonable suspicion of them practicing as The Brazilian Federal Supreme Court preliminarily suspended for six months 20 articles of the Brazilian Press Law. Within this period, the highest court of Brazil will analyze the merit of the lawsuit and discuss all 70... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Wed, 02 Apr 2008 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540366_text Global Legal Monitor: Chad: Radio Station Closed http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540226_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The new Measures, which contain 12 articles, became effective immediately, replacing On October 17, 2008, the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued new regulations governing foreign news media coverage on its territory. (Regulations of the PRC on News Coverage by Resident Foreign News On October 8, 2008, an appeals court in Niamey, Niger's capital, ordered Moussa Kaka released on bail pending trial. Kaka is a well-known journalist currently charged with "undermining national territorial integrity through conspiracy with Tuareg rebels,"according Speaking on October 8, 2008, at an international technology meeting in Istanbul, Turkey's Transportation Minister, Binali Yildirim, said that the practice of banning websites deemed to have inappropriate content will continue. "Practices are needed to protect On August 19, 2008, the Higher Council for Communications, the media regulatory body of Niger, ordered a radio and television broadcast company to suspend operations for a month. The broadcaster, Dounia, based in the capital city, On March 30, 2008, the Paris-based media freedom organization Reports Without Borders (Reporters sans frontiandegrave;res) (RSF) issued a press release making public a purportedly classified memo dating from 2007, obtained from Chinese sources, advising provincial-level officials A Zimbabwean court dismissed charges against a NEW YORK TIMES journalist and a British man for reporting Zimbabwe's election "without proper accreditation." The court cited the state's failure to prove "reasonable suspicion of them practicing as The Brazilian Federal Supreme Court preliminarily suspended for six months 20 articles of the Brazilian Press Law. Within this period, the highest court of Brazil will analyze the merit of the lawsuit and discuss all 70 On January 16, 2008, police in Chad's capital city, M'Djamena, raided a privately-owned radio station and closed it. Radio FM Libert;'s manager, Djekourninga Kaoutar Lazar, was arrested the same day. When the 15 policemen entered the... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Sat, 02 Feb 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540226_text Global Legal Monitor: United States: Media Gag Rejected http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540227_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The new Measures, which contain 12 articles, became effective immediately, replacing On October 17, 2008, the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued new regulations governing foreign news media coverage on its territory. (Regulations of the PRC on News Coverage by Resident Foreign News On October 8, 2008, an appeals court in Niamey, Niger's capital, ordered Moussa Kaka released on bail pending trial. Kaka is a well-known journalist currently charged with "undermining national territorial integrity through conspiracy with Tuareg rebels,"according Speaking on October 8, 2008, at an international technology meeting in Istanbul, Turkey's Transportation Minister, Binali Yildirim, said that the practice of banning websites deemed to have inappropriate content will continue. "Practices are needed to protect On August 19, 2008, the Higher Council for Communications, the media regulatory body of Niger, ordered a radio and television broadcast company to suspend operations for a month. The broadcaster, Dounia, based in the capital city, On March 30, 2008, the Paris-based media freedom organization Reports Without Borders (Reporters sans frontiandegrave;res) (RSF) issued a press release making public a purportedly classified memo dating from 2007, obtained from Chinese sources, advising provincial-level officials A Zimbabwean court dismissed charges against a NEW YORK TIMES journalist and a British man for reporting Zimbabwe's election "without proper accreditation." The court cited the state's failure to prove "reasonable suspicion of them practicing as The Brazilian Federal Supreme Court preliminarily suspended for six months 20 articles of the Brazilian Press Law. Within this period, the highest court of Brazil will analyze the merit of the lawsuit and discuss all 70 On January 16, 2008, police in Chad's capital city, M'Djamena, raided a privately-owned radio station and closed it. Radio FM Libert;'s manager, Djekourninga Kaoutar Lazar, was arrested the same day. When the 15 policemen entered the The British Ministry of Defence lost an attempt to prevent a newspaper, THE GUARDIAN, from reporting allegations of serious abuse of Iraqis by soldiers from the United Kingdom; in part the issue was the naming of... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Sat, 02 Feb 2008 12:00:00 EST http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540227_text Global Legal Monitor: Nigeria: Publisher Charged with Sedition http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540159_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The new Measures, which contain 12 articles, became effective immediately, replacing On October 17, 2008, the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued new regulations governing foreign news media coverage on its territory. (Regulations of the PRC on News Coverage by Resident Foreign News On October 8, 2008, an appeals court in Niamey, Niger's capital, ordered Moussa Kaka released on bail pending trial. Kaka is a well-known journalist currently charged with "undermining national territorial integrity through conspiracy with Tuareg rebels,"according Speaking on October 8, 2008, at an international technology meeting in Istanbul, Turkey's Transportation Minister, Binali Yildirim, said that the practice of banning websites deemed to have inappropriate content will continue. "Practices are needed to protect On August 19, 2008, the Higher Council for Communications, the media regulatory body of Niger, ordered a radio and television broadcast company to suspend operations for a month. The broadcaster, Dounia, based in the capital city, On March 30, 2008, the Paris-based media freedom organization Reports Without Borders (Reporters sans frontiandegrave;res) (RSF) issued a press release making public a purportedly classified memo dating from 2007, obtained from Chinese sources, advising provincial-level officials A Zimbabwean court dismissed charges against a NEW YORK TIMES journalist and a British man for reporting Zimbabwe's election "without proper accreditation." The court cited the state's failure to prove "reasonable suspicion of them practicing as The Brazilian Federal Supreme Court preliminarily suspended for six months 20 articles of the Brazilian Press Law. Within this period, the highest court of Brazil will analyze the merit of the lawsuit and discuss all 70 On January 16, 2008, police in Chad's capital city, M'Djamena, raided a privately-owned radio station and closed it. Radio FM Libert;'s manager, Djekourninga Kaoutar Lazar, was arrested the same day. When the 15 policemen entered the The British Ministry of Defence lost an attempt to prevent a newspaper, THE GUARDIAN, from reporting allegations of serious abuse of Iraqis by soldiers from the United Kingdom; in part the issue was the naming of On October 10, 2007, in southern Nigeria, the publisher of a private newspaper was arrested by officers reported by some to be agents of the State Security Service, even though the local authorities denied they were... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 Nov 2007 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540159_text Global Legal Monitor: Taiwan: Press Freedom Ranking Improved http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540160_text Freedom of the press - On November 6, 2014, the legislative department of the State Council of Egypt (a judicial organ) approved a draft law banning the publication in media outlets of any information concerning the armed forces. The State Felix N'Zale, editor of the Senegalese newspaper La Tribune, has been detained by the Senegal police since August 11, 2014. He was charged with "spreading false news" and was remanded to custody in the Rebeuss prison. Two controversial bills with similar provisions on the control of the media are at different stages in the legislative process in Kenya. The Kenya Information and Communications Amendment (KICA) has been passed by the legislature but The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became effective on September 1, 2013. (English translation of the After a discussion held on August 23, 2013, the Bill Committee of the Upper House of the Parliament of Burma (Myanmar) has called for the cancellation and amendment of certain sections of controversial draft legislation on On June 17, 2013, the Council of State, Greece's highest administrative court, ordered the re-opening of the state-owned radio and television network, Hellenike Radiophonia Teleorasi (ERT). The Council of State also ordered the Greek government to Burundi's bi-cameral legislature recently passed a controversial new media law, with the final vote in the Senate on April 19, 2013. Organizations devoted to freedom of the press have voiced concerns about the restrictions the law On May 6, 2013, Eric Topona, the General Secretary of Chad's Union of Journalists, was arrested after being invited to the Justice Palace that morning. Rwanda's High Court recently confirmed the lower court sentence of a newspaper editor to one year of imprisonment and a fine of about US$50 for expressing ethnically divisive ideas. Stanley Gatera, chief editor of Burma is now considering a draft of a new law on publishing, designed to replace the 1962 Printers and Publishers Registration Act. (Law No. 1, 1962, as amended in 1971, IBIBLIO; Hanna Hindstrom, On February 21, 2013, Jason Chao was arrested by the police in Macau, together with activists protesting outside a building in which Wu Bangguo, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of On January 18, 2013, three senior administrators at Gambia's Daily Observer newspaper were arrested by officers of the country's National Intelligence Agency (NIA). The move was part of an investigation into alleged corruption at On January 23, 2013, Somyot Pruksakasemsuk, a magazine editor and political activist, was sentenced to an 11-year term of imprisonment by a Thai court. He was convicted under section 112 of the country's Criminal Code, which On December 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation issued Guiding Explanations on the Implementation of the Constitutional Requirement to Keep Judicial Trials Open to the Public. (Ruling No. 35 of December 13, On September 12, 2012, the National Press Council of Ivory Coast issued a communiqu; suspending the operations of six of the country's daily newspapers. Five of them, Le Nouveau Courrier, Lg Info, On June 28, 2012, newspaper editor Abdulhamid Adiamoh, a Nigerian citizen, was sentenced by a court in Gambia for contempt of court. His punishment is a fine equivalent to about US$3,165 or six months of imprisonment Zambia released a draft constitution on April 30, 2012, that has been praised for its provisions on freedom of the press. The document also contains a bill of rights and establishes a 50%-plus-one voting system for The Minister of Information and Culture of Myanmar (Burma), Kyaw Hsan, stated on March 19, 2012, at a two-day conference on "Media Development in Myanmar," that his ministry has been implementing a three-step process of reform In a directive dated March 9, 2012, the Media Centre for National Security (MCNS) under Sri Lanka's Ministry of Defence announced that media organizations will need to ask for approval to publish certain SMS (Short Message On February 9, 2012, the police in Malaysia detained a journalist from Saudi Arabia, Hamza Kashgari; on February 12 he was sent back to Saudi Arabia. Kashgari had landed at the international airport at Kuala Lumpur On February 7, 2012, it was reported that China's four major microblogging (weibo) websites -- Sina.com, Sohu, NetEase, and Tencent -- will institute a real-name identification system on March 16, 2012. Current users who have not Although the threat of the European Union taking legal action against Member State Hungary for its controversial new Media Law has subsided, the European Parliament passed a resolution on March 10, 2011, that criticizes the Law On March 3, 2011, the Australian Senate passed the Evidence Amendment (Journalists' Privilege) Bill 2010, which will have the effect of reversing the current presumption in the federal evidence law that favors the disclosure of journalists' The members of the journalist community in Kenya have raised concerns about a Media Bill 2010 proposed by the Minister for Information and Communication, Raphael Tuju, which would make changes to the existing media laws in It was reported on January 27, 2011, that President Bingu Wa Mutharika of Malawi signed into law the Penal Code (Amendment) Bill 2009, which, among other things, confers on the Minister of Information unfettered power to Hungary's Parliament passed a new media law on December 20, 2010, that has been harshly criticized by members of the country's media, other European governments, and the intergovernmental Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (Reporters Sans Frontiandegrave;res, RSF) issued its ninth annual World Press Freedom Index on October 20, 2010. Northern Europe still dominated the highest ranking, with several countries sharing first place as On September 14, 2010, the Grand Chamber (GC) of the European Court of Human Rights(ECHR) in Strasbourg issued its judgment in the case of Sanoma Uitgevers B.V. v. the Netherlands and upheld the right of the On October 13, 2010, it was reported that the Constitutional Court of Indonesia had ruled that the 1963 Law on Securing Printed Materials Whose Content Could Disrupt Public Order, which allowed the Attorney-General's Office (AGO) to Shiva Nazar Ahari, a journalist arrested in 2009, was tried in September 2010 in Tehran on charges of "warring against God" (Moharebeh), conspiring to commit a crime, propaganda against the Iranian revolution, having ties to the It was reported on August 11, 2010, that the ruling African National Congress (ANC) and the South African Communist Party (SACP) have proposed media regulations that would see the establishment of a Media Appeals Tribunal (MAT) On August 14, 2010, in Somalia's Puntland State, a court convicted a journalist affiliated with a Bosaso-based radio station of violation of Puntland's anti-terrorism laws, for conducting an interview with a local rebel leader with links On June 28, 2010, it was reported that two new media laws have been published in Guinea's government gazette. One law decriminalizes press offenses; the other creates a new media regulatory agency. General S;kouba Konat;, the On June 8, 2010, Pansy Tlakula, the African Union's special rapporteur on freedom of expression and access to information in Africa, urged the Zambian government to repeal section 116(1)(d) of the Zambian Penal Code. Tlakula called It was reported on June 8, 2010, that Chad's parliament, the National Assembly, adopted a bill on broadcast media during its last session but rejected a print media bill. The print media bill, submitted to it On June 3, 2010, the government of Macau announced that the 20-year old Press Law and Broadcasting Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) would be revised in the next few years. (Law No. 7, Based on a petition lodged by the Islamic Lawyers' Movement (ILM), Judge Ejaz Ahmed Chaudhry of the Lahore High Court in Pakistan issued a court order mandating that the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) block access to On March 31, 2010, public prosecutors in Thailand filed a lawsuit against webmaster Chiranuch Premchaipom on charges of failing to remove comments deemed offensive to the country's monarchy from the discussion board of Prachatai.com, the independent On March 30, 2010, the interim government of Fiji announced plans to hold consultation sessions between April 7 and April 10 as it seeks to finalize the Media Industry Development Decree 2010. (Press Release, International Federation The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection du secret des sources des journalistes, legifrance, http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr (File: In a recently published decision of September 29, 2009, the Austrian Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) held that a crime victim's right to privacy disallows the press to mention her name when reporting on her case, even In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon material published on matters of public importance, by establishing a It was reported on December 7, 2009, that the Sierra Leone Supreme Court had rejected a constitutional challenge to the 1965 Public Order Act, which imposes criminal responsibility for "defamatory" publication. (Mohamed Fofanah, Mixed Reactions to On October 26, 2009, King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia issued a royal decree abolishing a criminal court sentence of 60 lashes and a two-year travel ban against a female journalist, Rosanna Al-Yami. Al-Yami was sentenced for It was reported on August 5, 2009, that Colonel G. Lhagvasuren, the security head for Mongolia's Government House, the site of the country's parliament and government, had explained to journalists at a press conference on August On August 22, 2009, the House of Representatives of the Islamic Republic of Iran approved by a majority vote a "top priority" bill on "exposing the U.S. violations of human rights in the world." The bill It was reported on October 26, 2009, that the South African Cabinet approved and is gearing up to propose to parliament the Protection of Harassment Bill, which, if passed, will protect those individual victims of stalking On October 14, 2009, a local court in the city of Moscow refused to rule in favor of Joseph Stalin's grandson, who sued an independent Russian newspaper for defamation and damage of the reputation of his On October 20, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) unanimously ruled that Turkish government actions in closing four newspapers had violated provisions on press freedom in European human rights legislation. (Case of andUuml;rper On September 16, 2009, the Danish newspaper POLITIKEN published a book entitled JandAElig;GER I KRIG MED ELITEN (HUNTER AT WAR WITH THE ELITE), by former special forces officer Thomas Rathsack, despite a government request On August 4, 2009, the Ministry of Internal Security of Morocco confiscated two weekly newspapers, TELQUEL and NICHANE, for publishing opinion polls about the King of Morocco that included questions about his performance over the past Two editors in the West African nation of Niger have been in custody at the main police station in the capital city of Niamey since August 1, 2009. The detentions follow reporting in their weekly newspapers On August 3, 2009, Sri Lanka's government announced it would not permit reporters to cover the local elections in two cities. The elections are being held in the northern cities of Vayuniya and Jaffna, just outside On June 8, 2009, Sudan's National Assembly unanimously approved the Press and Publication Act (also referred to as the Journalism and Press Publications Bill 2009), which guarantees freedom of the press but fails to abolish censorship. Abibou Garba, the Director-General of the Dounia radio and television broadcasting group in Niger, was arrested on April 1, 2009. Garba was brought before the public prosecutor the next day, charged with "disseminating false news," and According to the organization Reporters Without Borders, on April 8, 2009, the head of Mauritania's military government, General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, pardoned the editor of a weekly magazine, the Arabic-language publication AL-AQSA. Abdel Fettah Ould It was reported on March 23, 2009, that the Malaysian government has banned the publication of two major opposition newspapers, HARAKAH and SUARA KEADILAN, one week ahead of the appointment of a "new and controversial prime According to the press freedom organization Reporters Without Borders, on March 14, 2009, Senegal suspended the operations of three radio stations in the suburbs of Dakar. The action was taken by the National Council for Broadcasting On November 24, 2008, Adel Hussein, a physician and freelance journalist, was found guilty of offending public decency, in violation of Chapter 8, article 403, of the Iraqi Penal Code. On December 7, 2008, Dr. Hussein On December 31, 2008, the Government of Botswana gazetted the Media Practitioners Law, to which it had assented on December 22, even though legislators had sought to amend it, and it had been expected to undergo According to a press release from the Media Institute of Southern Africa, headquartered in Windhoek, Namibia, on November 20, 2008, the Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (MACRA) closed down a radio station for the second time. Joy On November 1, 2008, the Taiwan Affairs Office of China's State Council (SCTAO) promulgated Measures on Reporting by Taiwan Journalists in the Mainland of China. The new Measures, which contain 12 articles, became effective immediately, replacing On October 17, 2008, the State Council of the People's Republic of China (PRC) issued new regulations governing foreign news media coverage on its territory. (Regulations of the PRC on News Coverage by Resident Foreign News On October 8, 2008, an appeals court in Niamey, Niger's capital, ordered Moussa Kaka released on bail pending trial. Kaka is a well-known journalist currently charged with "undermining national territorial integrity through conspiracy with Tuareg rebels,"according Speaking on October 8, 2008, at an international technology meeting in Istanbul, Turkey's Transportation Minister, Binali Yildirim, said that the practice of banning websites deemed to have inappropriate content will continue. "Practices are needed to protect On August 19, 2008, the Higher Council for Communications, the media regulatory body of Niger, ordered a radio and television broadcast company to suspend operations for a month. The broadcaster, Dounia, based in the capital city, On March 30, 2008, the Paris-based media freedom organization Reports Without Borders (Reporters sans frontiandegrave;res) (RSF) issued a press release making public a purportedly classified memo dating from 2007, obtained from Chinese sources, advising provincial-level officials A Zimbabwean court dismissed charges against a NEW YORK TIMES journalist and a British man for reporting Zimbabwe's election "without proper accreditation." The court cited the state's failure to prove "reasonable suspicion of them practicing as The Brazilian Federal Supreme Court preliminarily suspended for six months 20 articles of the Brazilian Press Law. Within this period, the highest court of Brazil will analyze the merit of the lawsuit and discuss all 70 On January 16, 2008, police in Chad's capital city, M'Djamena, raided a privately-owned radio station and closed it. Radio FM Libert;'s manager, Djekourninga Kaoutar Lazar, was arrested the same day. When the 15 policemen entered the The British Ministry of Defence lost an attempt to prevent a newspaper, THE GUARDIAN, from reporting allegations of serious abuse of Iraqis by soldiers from the United Kingdom; in part the issue was the naming of On October 10, 2007, in southern Nigeria, the publisher of a private newspaper was arrested by officers reported by some to be agents of the State Security Service, even though the local authorities denied they were According to the Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2007, issued by the international, Paris-Based press organization Reporters Without Borders, Taiwan is rated highest among its Asian neighbors in press freedom in 2007 and No. 32 worldwide. Among... The Global Legal Monitor from the Law Library of Congress covers legal news and developments worldwide. Fri, 02 Nov 2007 12:00:00 EDT http://www.loc.gov/lawweb/servlet/lloc_news?disp3_l20540160_text