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(Aug 23, 2013) The Diet, Japan's legislature, at the end of its regular session in late June 2013 passed legislation to revise the country's anti-domestic violence law and the anti-stalking control law. Before the revisions were adopted, there were cases of violence against women that neither law could adequately cover, in particular, murders that had taken place that might have been prevented if the police had had the authority to interfere and stop the aggressors, based on law. Therefore the revisions are designed to fill gaps in the existing laws. (Revised Bills Against Stalking, Domestic Violence Set to Pass in Wake of Murders, THE Mainichi (June 25, 2013).)The revised anti-domestic violence law covers violence committed by a boyfriend or girlfriend who shares the same living space with the victim; the law allows victims to file a petition with the court for issuance of a restraining order. (Act on the Prevention of Spousal Violence and the Protection of Victims, Act No. 31 of 2001, as amended by Act No. 72 of 2013; English translation of the Act before revision, Ministry of Justice website.) The current law provides for protection of victims who are spouses, de facto spouses, or ex-spouses of the aggressor. When the amendment becomes effective in January 2014 (Provisions attached to Act No. 72 of 2013, art. 1), victims of domestic violence who are not spouses, de facto spouses, or ex-spouses can obtain assistance from public Domestic Violence Support Centers. (Act. No. 31.) The revised anti-stalking law clamps down on repeated emails. (Act on Regulations of Stalking, etc., Act No. 81 of 2000, as amended by Act No. 73 of 2013, art. 2, ¶ 1, item 5.) The current law bans repeated phone calls and faxing, but not emailing, as a means of stalking. The revision obligates the local police to give notice to the requestor of the reasons for any denial of a request for a warning to an aggressor. (
|Author:||Sayuri Umeda More by this author|
|Topic:||Domestic violence More on this topic|
|Families More on this topic|
|Jurisdiction:||Japan More about this jurisdiction|
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Last updated: 08/23/2013