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(Jan 24, 2011) The National Personnel Authority (NPA) of Japan amended its Guidelines on Expansion of Employment and Promotion of Female Government Employees (Guidelines) on January 14, 2011. (Concerning an Amendment of the Guidelines [in Japanese], NPA website (Jan. 14, 2011), Based on the amendment, each national government agency is obligated to make a plan to employ and promote its female employees and to implement concrete measures for realization of the plan, such as removing the system of transferring employees to different offices (a stumbling block for dual-career households) and creating opportunities for various career paths. (Id.)

The Headquarters for the Promotion of Gender Equality in the Cabinet had made a plan in April 2008 to increase the ratio of females in leading positions in society, including in the government, to 30% by 2020. However, two years later, it appeared that it would not be easy to achieve that goal. (Regarding Basic Ideas on Planning the Third Gender Equality Basic Plan [in Japanese], Gender Equality Bureau website (July 23, 2010), at 9,

Japan ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women in 1985. (Status as at: 20-01-2011, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (Dec. 18, 1979), United Nations Treaty Collection Database,
(last visited Jan. 20, 2011).) In August 2009, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) expressed concern about the low percentage of women in high-ranking positions in the Japanese government. (CEDAW, Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women: Japan, CEDAW/C/JPN/CO/6 (Aug. 7, 2009), at 9,

Author: Sayuri Umeda More by this author
Topic: Families More on this topic
Jurisdiction: Japan More about this jurisdiction

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Last updated: 01/24/2011