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(Jan 06, 2014) Indonesia's government has said it is implementing a universal health care program, beginning on January 1, 2014. (Nadya Natahadibrata, Indonesia's government has said it is implementing a universal health care program, beginning on January 1, 2014. (Nadya Natahadibrata, Govt Set to Launch "Milestone" Program, THE
In a December 30, 2013, statement, Indonesia's President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, described the new program as "a milestone in the country's history" and added that "it will change the welfare of Indonesians. This will create more equitable development, especially for those who are less fortunate." (Natahadibrata, supra.) The new health program will eventually cover all citizens and foreigners residing in the country for more than six months. (Thabrany, supra.) It will be implemented through the Social Security Providers (BPJS) Law (Law No. 24, 2011 [in Indonesian], House of Representatives website), together with twelve regulations and five presidential decrees. (Natahadibrata, supra.)
Features of the Program
The government will fully cover health costs for those unable to pay for a minimal level of care. Those so covered will be able to obtain medical attention anywhere in the country. Among Indonesians, it is estimated that more than 86 million, out of a total population of about 251 million, will be eligible for assistance with the insurance premium payments. (
Criticisms of the Plan
Some critics have questioned whether the program is fully ready for implementation. The opposition Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle suggested that the government's plan to conduct a new survey to determine how many Indonesians qualify for assistance with health insurance demonstrates a lack of readiness. The Party has also pointed out that different government departments have different estimates of the number of poor people in the country, ranging from 40 million to 70 million. (
Zainal Abidin of the Indonesian Doctors Association also argued that there has been insufficient preparation, with a lack of information for health workers and the public. He stated on December 30 that "[m]ost health workers still don't know how the program will work, what types of services we should provide and if the premium is enough to pay for a particular service. … We can only run the program while learning about it and evaluating it." (
Additional concerns have been raised about the general quality and availability of health care in Indonesia, with questions on a number of issues, including the number of specialists practicing in the country. (
|Author:||Constance Johnson More by this author|
|Topic:||Health care funding More on this topic|
|Health insurance More on this topic|
|Jurisdiction:||Indonesia More about this jurisdiction|
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Last updated: 01/06/2014