Government May Recover the Cost of Social Assistance to an Immigrant from the Immigrant's Sponsor (Jul. 29, 2011) by Stephen Clarke

The Supreme Court of Canada has ruled that if a new immigrant to Canada under the family class obtains government assistance, the cost of this assistance ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Canada

Reform of Begging Laws (Jul. 14, 2011) by Stephen Clarke

On February 2, 2011, the Oireachtas (Irish Parliament) enacted the Criminal Justice (Public Order) Act 2011, No. 5/2011 (Office of the Attorney General of Ireland, ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Government Response to Loss in European Court Ruling on Abortion Law (Jan. 04, 2011) by Stephen Clarke

On December 16, 2010, the office of the head of the government in Ireland issued a statement indicating that the government would study the issue of ...

Topic: Abortion
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Bill Introduced to Require Aboriginal Leaders to Disclose Salaries (Oct. 20, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

A Conservative Member of Canada's Parliament, Kelly Block, has introduced a bill that would require aboriginal leaders paid salaries from federally allocated funds to disclose their ...

Topic: Native peoples
Jurisdiction: Canada

Government Appeals Prostitution Ruling (Oct. 13, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

The federal government of Canada has appealed the September 28, 2010, ruling of a judge of Ontario's Superior Court that struck down as unconstitutional three key ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Canada

Toughest Drunk Driving Laws in Nation Go into Effect in British Columbia (Sep. 22, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

On September 20, 2010, new statutory provisions came into force in the province of British Columbia that provide for the imposition of the stiffest penalties for ...

Topic: Driving while intoxicated
Jurisdiction: Canada

Government Launches New Effort to Stem Illegal Immigration (Sep. 17, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

(Aug. 10, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

The United States and the Bahamas are parties to an Extradition Treaty that became effective in 1994. (U.S. Department of State, TREATIES IN FORCE, http://www.state.gov/s/l/treaty/tif/index.htm ...

Topic: Extradition
Jurisdiction: Bahamas

EU Divorce Plan Rejected (Jul. 07, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

Ireland has declined to take part in a European Union plan for enhanced cooperation in divorce cases. The proposed scheme has been agreed upon by 14 ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Constitutional Convention to Consider Unicameral Legislature (Jun. 30, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

American Samoa is an unorganized territory of the United States that has a population of approximately 66,000 people and falls under the Administration of the Office ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: American Samoa

New Arbitration Act (May. 21, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

With the intention of modernizing its existing law and capitalizing on its great popularity with both business and recreational visitors, Ireland has enacted a new Arbitration ...

Topic: Alternative dispute resolution
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Quebec's Government Introduces Bill to Deny Public Services to Women Wearing the Veil (May. 21, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

On March 24, 2010, Quebec's Minister of Justice introduced a bill to create an Act to Establish Guidelines Governing Accommodation Requests Within the Administration and Certain ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Canada

New Law to Promote Safety in Offshore Drilling (Apr. 22, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

Ireland's Parliament (the Oireachtas) has recently enacted a new Petroleum (Exploration and Extraction) Safety Act, Act 4/2010 (Ir.). The Act has not yet been published in ...

Topic: Mining
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Prime Minister Refers Extradition Case to Courts (Apr. 19, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

In an apparent attempt to diffuse a bitter dispute with the United States over an extradition request presented by U.S. officials, Prime Minister Bruce Golding of ...

Topic: Extradition
Jurisdiction: Jamaica

Government Proposes to Set Term-Limits for Senators (Apr. 08, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

The Government of Canada has recently introduced a bill that would limit persons appointed to the Senate after its enforcement date to one term of eight ...

Topic: Legislative power
Jurisdiction: Canada

Only Conviction in Omagh Bombing Overturned (Mar. 26, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

On August 15, 1998, a bomb killed 29 persons in the Northern Irish town of Omagh, just north of the United Kingdom's border with the Republic ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Government Creating Incineration Capacity and Tax (Mar. 04, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

On February 9, 2010, the Government of Ireland issued a statement to confirm that it is proceeding with the waste management strategy contained in the 2007 ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Ireland

New Property Tax (Feb. 17, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

The Parliament of Trinidad and Tobago has created a new property tax to replace what were commonly referred to as the "house rates" that had been ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Trinidad and Tobago

Supreme Court Rules in Guantanamo Detainee Case (Feb. 03, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

On January 29, 2010, the Supreme Court of Canada issued a decision in the case of a Canadian citizen being held by U.S. authorities in Guantanamo ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Canada

Advisories on Online Gaming (Jan. 14, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

Belize's Ministry of Economic Development, Commerce, Industry, and Consumer Protection recently issued an advisory to warn that it has discovered that a number of online gaming ...

Topic: Gambling
Jurisdiction: Aruba; Belize

Harmonized Sales Tax for British Columbia and Ontario (Jan. 14, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

Recently, the governments of two Canadian provinces, British Columbia and Ontario, agreed to replace their provincial sales tax with a Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) to be ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Canada

Supreme Court Expands Libel Defenses (Jan. 13, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

In late December 2009, the Supreme Court of Canada issued two decisions that widen the defenses available to communicators in defamation cases that are based upon ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Canada

New Prohibition on Blasphemy (Jan. 08, 2010) by Stephen Clarke

On January 1, 2010, new provisions contained in the Defamation Act, 2009 of the Republic of Ireland, on prohibiting the making of blasphemous statements, came into ...

Topic: Church and state relations
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Bill Introduced to Repeal Partial Defense of Provocation (Oct. 08, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

Under New Zealand's Crimes Act, 1961, provocation is a partial defense in homicide cases that can result in a person being found guilty of manslaughter rather ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: New Zealand

Caribbean Court of Justice Rules in Trade Dispute (Oct. 08, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

On August 20, 2009, the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) ruled against Guyana in a case brought before it by a cement company located in Trinidad ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: Guyana

Saskatchewan Adopts New Procedures to Attract Entrepreneurs (Oct. 07, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

Immigrating to Canada can be a difficult and time-consuming process. One way prospective immigrants can try to improve their chances of being accepted and accelerate their ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Canada

Referendum on EU Operations Passes (Oct. 07, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

In a referendum held on October 2, 2009, the voters of Ireland ratified the Treaty of Lisbon a European Union (EU) agreement that would make ...

Topic: Government
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Master Plan for Modernization of Commercial Port Approved (Oct. 07, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

On September 11, 2009, an act to conditionally approve the Port of Guam Master Plan was approved by the legislature of Guam and signed into law ...

Topic: National security
Jurisdiction: Guam (USA)

Government Bill Would Limit Conditional Sentences (Jul. 13, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

Since assuming power in 2006, the current Conservative government of Canada, led by Prime Minister Stephen Harper, has introduced a number of bills to reform the ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Canada

Convicted War Criminal to Be Sentenced in September 2009 (Jul. 13, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

The Rwandan man who became the first person to be convicted in Canada of war crimes will be sentenced in September 2009 by the Quebec Superior ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: Canada

British-Irish Inter-Parliamentary Body Recommends Improved Police Cooperation (Jul. 13, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

The British-Irish Inter-Parliamentary Body (BIIPB) was formed in 1990 to address issues of bilateral concern. The body consists of Members of the Parliament in London, the ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Ireland; United Kingdom

New Constitution Drafted (Jun. 09, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

A new constitution has been drafted for the Cayman Islands and approved by 62 percent of the electorate in a referendum held on May 20, 2009. ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Cayman Islands

Supreme Court Rules on Property Forfeiture in Drug Cases (Jun. 09, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

In recent years, both the United States and Canadian governments have expressed concerns that Canada's laws prohibiting trafficking in marijuana are not being very determinedly prosecuted ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Canada

Regulations Requiring Inspections of International Bridges (Apr. 15, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

Trade with the United States is vital to the Canadian economy, as it accounts for over 80 percent of Canada's exports and approximately 53 percent of ...

Topic: Transportation and public works
Jurisdiction: Canada

Sharp Increases in Personal Taxes Introduced (Apr. 10, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

On April 7, 2009, Ireland's Minister of Finance introduced a Supplemental Budget in the Dandaacute;il andEacute;ireann, or lower chamber of Parliament, that leaves Ireland's low corporate ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Ireland

UK Suspends Part of Constitution (Apr. 08, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

The Turks and Caicos Islands is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom with a Constitution that gives its ministerial government and its House of Assembly ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Turks and Caicos Islands

Anti-Drug Legislation (Mar. 18, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

On February 27, 2009, the Canadian government, led by Prime Minister Stephen Harper, introduced the second part of a package to address rising levels of gang-related ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Canada

Government Introduces Bill to Create Anti-Gang Laws (Mar. 09, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

Statistics Canada recently reported that although Canada had a relatively low level of homicides in 2007, one-fifth of the 594 homicides reported were "gang-related." (Statistics Canada, ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Canada

New Consumer Product Safety Act Proposed (Feb. 23, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

Canada's Conservative government recently introduced a bill in the House of Commons to create a Canada Consumer Product Safety Act to replace extant legislation that has ...

Topic: Consumer protection
Jurisdiction: Canada

Language Requirements for Barristers Changed (Feb. 17, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

Prior to 2008, in order to become a barrister in Ireland, a person had to pass an examination to prove that he or she was "competent" ...

Topic: Lawyers and legal services
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Entitlement to Medical Cards for the Aged Qualified (Jan. 12, 2009) by Stephen Clarke

Ireland does not have a national health care system or a national health insurance program in which all citizens are automatically enrolled. However, Ireland does offer ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Ireland

House of Representatives Votes to Retain Death Penalty (Dec. 19, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

In 2007, Jamaica had more than 1,400 murders. (Neil Clark, Holiday Paradise Brings Back the Hangman, EXPRESS NEWSPAPERS, Nov. 29, 2008, LEXIS-NEXIS, News Library, 60 Days ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: Jamaica

Governor Brings Suit in U.S. Court over Immigration Issue (Dec. 17, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

Sections 105 and 503 of the Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands [CNMI] in Political Union with the United States reserve the ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Northern Mariana Islands

Parliament Suspended Until End of January 2009 (Dec. 15, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

On October 14, 2008, Canada held a general election that gave the governing Conservative Party 143 out of the 308 seats in the House of Commons. ...

Topic: Legislative power
Jurisdiction: Canada

President Signs Bank Guarantee Law (Oct. 08, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

The Irish banking system is highly concentrated, with six major domestic banks operating throughout the country. On September 29, 2008, the governor of the central bank ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Ireland

General Election 2008 (Oct. 07, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

On October 14, 2008, Canada will hold the 40th general election in its approximately 140-year history, and its third one in the past four years. Having ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Canada

New Offshore Oil Agreement Reached by Newfoundland and Labrador Province (Sep. 03, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

Although there is a moratorium on offshore drilling for oil off of Canada's west coast, a number of projects off the east coast have been approved ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Canada

New Rules Will Allow Many Foreign Students to Stay (Sep. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

Prior to this year, foreign students who wished to stay in Canada following their graduation usually had to leave the country and apply for either permanent ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Canada

Judge Orders Safe Injection Site Open in Vancouver (Jul. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

In 2003, the Canadian federal government granted the Vancouver Coastal Health and PHS Community Services Society temporary permission to operate a supervised narcotic injection site in ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Canada

Senate Passes Anti-Spanking Law (Jun. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

In 2004, Canada's Supreme Court ruled that the exception to the assault provisions of the Criminal Code allowing for limited corporal punishment of children was not ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Canada

Immigration Reforms Proposed (May. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

A bill to create the Budget Implementation Act, 2008, currently in the House of Commons, contains provisions that are primarily aimed at reducing the backlog of ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Canada

Carbon Sequestration Project Announced (May. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

Canada's western province of Saskatchewan is already the site of the world's largest demonstration or experimental project for injecting and storing carbon dioxide in underground oil ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Canada

Bill Introduced in Ontario to Require Reporting of Child Pornography (Apr. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

A member of the ruling Liberal party in Ontario who is not a member of the government has introduced a bill in the Legislative Assembly that ...

Topic: Crimes against children
Jurisdiction: Canada

Proposal to Arm Police Stirs Debate (Apr. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

In Ireland, uniformed members of the national police force, the Garda Siochana, have traditionally not carried firearms. In emergency situations, special plainclothes officers who have been ...

Topic: Police power
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Ontario Judge Rules Sikh Not Exempt from Helmet Law (Mar. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

In a decision released on March 6, 2008, that has not yet been formally reported, W. James Blacklock of the Ontario Court of Justice in Brampton, ...

Topic: Church and state relations
Jurisdiction: Canada

Proposal to Deny Tax Credits to Offensive Films (Mar. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

Tax credits offered by the federal and provincial governments have attracted many North American filmmakers to Canada. An issue respecting the federal credits has now arisen. ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Canada

Federal Court Rules Safe Third Country Agreement with U.S. Is Unconstitutional (Feb. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

In the immediate aftermath of the events on September 11, 2001, Canada and the United States issued a statement on common security priorities. One of the ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Canada

Government Introduces Bill to Tackle Aquatic Invasive Species (Feb. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

On November 29, 2007, the government introduced a bill to create a new Fisheries Act for Canada. The major purpose of this bill is to provide ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Canada

New Minimum Sentences for Certain Drug Offenses (Feb. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

The Government of Ireland has passed legislation creating stiff new penalties for drug trafficking. Under the new law, persons convicted of dealing in drugs having a ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Drug trafficking
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Civil Unions Legislation (Jan. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

Article 41.3 of the Irish Constitution provides, "[t]he State pledges itself to guard with special care the institution of Marriage, upon which the Family is founded, ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Ireland

Offshore Oil Exploration (Jan. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

In June 2007, Barbados planned to launch an offshore oil and gas exploration bidding round with the goal of awarding contracts to the successful bidders by ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Barbados

Government Introduces Bill to Create New Offense of Identity Theft (Jan. 02, 2008) by Stephen Clarke

On November 21, 2007, Canada's ruling Conservative government, headed by Prime Minister Stephen Harper, introduced a bill that would create a new offense of identity theft ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Canada

Supreme Court Refuses to Hear Appeals of U.S. Deserters (Dec. 02, 2007) by Stephen Clarke

On November 15, 2007, the Supreme Court of Canada declined to hear the appeals of two U.S. military deserters who had sought refugee status in Canada. ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Canada

Conservative Government Outlines Legislative Program (Nov. 02, 2007) by Stephen Clarke

On October 16, 2007, the second session of Canada's 39th Parliament was opened with the customary Speech from the Throne. Delivered by the Governor General in ...

Topic: Legislative power
Jurisdiction: Canada

Canadian Government Introduces New Security Certificates Bill (Nov. 02, 2007) by Stephen Clarke

In the case of Charkaoui v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that aspects of Canada's law allowing for the detention of ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Canada