Supreme Court Rules Even If No Blood Tie, Parent/Child Relationship Remains (Aug. 15, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's Supreme Court decided on July 17, 2014, in two similar cases, that the legal father-child relationship between a father and a child born while the ...

Topic: Families ; Paternity
Jurisdiction: Japan

Cabinet Adoption of Constitutional Interpretation Allowing Japan to Engage in Collective Self Defense (Aug. 04, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's Cabinet adopted a resolution on July 1, 2014, that allows Japanese Self Defense Forces (SDF) to take action in support of an ally that has ...

Topic: Constitution; Military law; National security
Jurisdiction: Japan

Possession of Child Pornography Finally Punishable (Aug. 04, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

Since 2008, the Japanese government has pushed for an amendment of the law to make the possession of child pornography illegal. (Sayuri Umeda, Japan: Child ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Crimes against children; Pornography; Sex offenses
Jurisdiction: Japan

16th National Holiday Added (Jul. 15, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's National Holiday Act was amended on May 30, 2014. (Act No. 43 of 2014; text of the current Act andamp; the amendment, effective in ...

Topic: Employee benefits; Labor
Jurisdiction: Japan

Suit Against Government for Forced Prostitution after 1957 (Jul. 09, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

On June 25, 2014, 122 women sued the Korean government, claiming that they were forced to engage in sexual intercourse for money for members of the ...

Topic: Crimes against women; Human trafficking
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Kopino Family Wins Paternity Suit for First Time (Jun. 26, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

The Seoul Family Court decided in June 2014, in a landmark filiation case, that the plaintiffs, two Kopino boys, were the children of a Korean man. ...

Topic: Child support; Families
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Support for Raising Children of the Next Generation (Jun. 24, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

Because of the country's low birthrate and problems arising from a shrinking population, since 1994 the Government of Japan has implemented measures to boost the birthrate. ...

Topic: Child welfare; Families
Jurisdiction: Japan

New Laws for Healthcare and Medical Strategy (Jun. 10, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

The Act to Promote Healthcare and Medical Strategy was promulgated in Japan on May 30, 2014. (See Kenko iryo senryaku suishin ho, Act No. ...

Topic: Health; Health promotion and preventive care; Medical research
Jurisdiction: Japan

New Water Circulation Basic Act (May. 20, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

The Water Circulation Basic Act was promulgated in Japan on April 2, 2014. (Act No. 16 of 2014 [in Japanese], Japanese House of Representatives ...

Topic: Forests; Natural resources; Water resources
Jurisdiction: Japan

Promotion of Investment in Overseas Infrastructure Projects (May. 05, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's Overseas Transport and City Development Support Service Stock Corporation Act was promulgated on April 18, 2014. (Act No. 24 of 2014. The

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance; Transportation and public works
Jurisdiction: Japan

Support and Promotion of Amami and Ogasawara Islands (Apr. 24, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

The Diet (Japan's parliament) recently extended the effect of special acts that promote two remote island groups, the Amami and Ogasawara Islands, and added measures to ...

Topic: Rural development; Tourism
Jurisdiction: Japan

Gang Member Convicted of Fraud for Playing Golf While Hiding His Gang Membership (Apr. 18, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

The Japanese Supreme Court has recently reached different conclusions in similar cases involving golf course policies to exclude gang members from playing. Depending on the circumstances, ...

Topic: Fraud and financial crimes; Judiciary
Jurisdiction: Japan

Basic Law on Measures Against Health Problems Caused by Alcohol Intake (Feb. 05, 2014) by Sayuri Umeda

A law that establishes measures on alcohol-related problems, including health issues and alcoholism, was enacted in December 2013. (Basic Law on Measures Against Health Problems Caused ...

Topic: Alcoholic beverages; Health
Jurisdiction: Japan

Government Employees Permitted Leave to Accompany Spouses Abroad (Dec. 24, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

At the end of November 2013, the Diet (Japan's parliament) adopted acts that enable public servants to take leave without pay for up to three years ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Officials and employees
Jurisdiction: Japan

Unprecedented Claim Filed with Constitutional Court to Dissolve a Political Party (Dec. 23, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

On November 5, 2013, the Korean government filed a claim with the country's Constitutional Court to dissolve the Unified Progressive Party (UPP). At the same time, ...

Topic: Constitution; Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Renewable Energy Production to Aid Agricultural, Forestry, and Fishing Villages (Dec. 18, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

The Diet, Japan's parliament, recently enacted the Act on Promotion of Generating Renewable Energy Harmonized with Healthy Development of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery, and it was ...

Topic: Alternative and renewable resources; Energy; Energy efficiency and conservation
Jurisdiction: Japan

Severe Punishment for Drivers Who Have Seizures in Certain Traffic Accident Cases (Dec. 11, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

The Diet, Japan's parliament, adopted a law in November 2013 that imposes stricter penalties on reckless drivers who cause fatal accidents while under the influence of ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Driving while intoxicated; Motor vehicles
Jurisdiction: Japan

Government Discusses How to Deal with "Revenge Porn" (Nov. 20, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

In early October 2013, an 18 year-old Japanese high school girl was killed by her ex-boyfriend. The case became national news in Japan. An aspect of ...

Topic: Crime victims; Crimes against children; Internet; Pornography
Jurisdiction: Japan

Supreme Court Gives Out-of-Wedlock Children Equal Inheritance Rights (Sep. 24, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's Supreme Court ruled on September 4, 2013, that a Civil Code provision granting half inheritance to children born out of wedlock, compared with what is ...

Topic: Children; Families; Discrimination
Jurisdiction: Japan

Controversial Internet Decree in Effect (Sep. 06, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

The Vietnamese government adopted the Decree on Management, Provision, and Use of Internet Services and Information Content Online (Decree 72/2013-ND-CP) on July 15, 2013; it became ...

Topic: Communications; Freedom of speech; Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: Vietnam

Two Laws Amended to Better Protect Women (Aug. 23, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

The Diet, Japan's legislature, at the end of its regular session in late June 2013 passed legislation to revise the country's anti-domestic violence law and the ...

Topic: Domestic violence; Families
Jurisdiction: Japan

Crisis in Thai Rice Pledging Scheme (Aug. 07, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

In mid-June 2013, the Thai government admitted that its rice subsidy program had lost 136 billion baht (about US$4.4 billion) in payments to support a rice ...

Topic: Agriculture and food
Jurisdiction: Thailand

Move by Parliament to Amend the Constitution (May. 21, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

On April 7, 2013, the Thai Parliament voted to approve three bills in furtherance of the government's plan to amend the Constitution. The bills were submitted ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Thailand

Transportation Infrastructure Megaprojects Loan Bill (Apr. 19, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

The Thai government recently announced that it plans to invest two trillion baht (about US$68.8 billion) in infrastructure development megaprojects, most of them involving transportation, over ...

Topic: Economics and Public Finance
Jurisdiction: Thailand

New Flu Special Measures Act Moved Up (Apr. 15, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's Special Measures Act to Counter New Types of Influenza was promulgated last year, on May 11, 2012 (Act No. 31 of 2012). The effective date ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Japan

A Divorced Parent's Child Visitation Rights Can Be Enforced (Apr. 12, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

On March 28, 2013, Japan's Supreme Court affirmed the adjudication of a High Court that had imposed an administrative fine every time the divorced mother in ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Japan

Corporal Punishment in Schools (Apr. 12, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) issued a new circular on March 13, ...

Topic: Education
Jurisdiction: Japan

Three Vaccinations Added to Routine Vaccination Schedules (Apr. 09, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

The recent amendment to Japan's Vaccination Law added haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib), human papilloma virus (HPV), ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Japan

Cabinet Approves Anti-Trafficking Plan (Mar. 19, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

On February 27, 2013, the Thai Cabinet approved an urgent master plan intended to allow the government to implement more anti-trafficking strategies in 2013. This master ...

Topic: Human trafficking
Jurisdiction: Thailand

Court Decision Liberalizes Online OTC Drug Sales (Mar. 13, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

The Supreme Court of Japan affirmed on January 11, 2013, that provisions of the Pharmaceutical Affairs Law Enforcement Ordinance that banned certain online drug sales were ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Japan

Ban on Dumping of Food Wastewater in the Ocean Comes into Force (Feb. 07, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

The Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (MLTM) of the Republic of Korea promulgated the ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Reduction of Pension Payment (Feb. 01, 2013) by Sayuri Umeda

During 2012, the Diet (Japan's parliament) enacted many acts related to comprehensive social security and tax reforms. ...

Topic: Employee benefits
Jurisdiction: Japan

Support for Single Working Parents (Oct. 12, 2012) by Sayuri Umeda

Near the end of its regular session in September 2012, the Diet (Japan's parliament) enacted the Act on Special Measures to Help Single Parents Have Jobs ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Japan

Law to Support Nuclear Disaster Victims' Daily Lives (Oct. 01, 2012) by Sayuri Umeda

A year after the Fukushima nuclear power plant was hit by a tsunami that was caused by the ...

Topic: Disasters
Jurisdiction: Japan

Vitalizing Theaters (Sep. 10, 2012) by Sayuri Umeda

Japanandrsquo;s Culture and Art Promotion Basic Law (Law No. 148 of 2001) was enacted in 2001. Since that time, although the government has made efforts over ...

Topic: Arts and culture
Jurisdiction: Japan

Law to Establish Nuclear Regulatory Commission (Aug. 13, 2012) by Sayuri Umeda

A new law to create an independent Nuclear Regulatory Commission for nuclear plant safety was promulgated on June 27, 2012 (Genshiryoku kisei iinkai secchi ho_] [Nuclear ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Japan

New National Law Intensifies International Dispute (Jul. 19, 2012) by Sayuri Umeda

Amid escalating tension in the dispute over the East Sea (also known as the South China Sea), Vietnam approved a national Law on the Sea, which ...

Topic: Treaties and International Agreements/Maritime
Jurisdiction: Vietnam

Two Laws Adopted to Improve Use of Autopsies (Jun. 25, 2012) by Sayuri Umeda

Among corpses handled by police in 2011, only 11%were autopsied. This number is much lower than that of most of developed countries, except for the United ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Japan

Code Amended to Balance Employer-Employee Interests (Jun. 21, 2012) by Sayuri Umeda

Since its promulgation in 1994, the first Labor Code of Vietnam (International Labor Organization, NATLEX) has been amended three times, in 2002, 2006, and 2007. ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Vietnam

Steps Taken Towards a New Relationship (Jun. 04, 2012) by Sayuri Umeda

Based on the European Union (EU) Council Decision No. 2012/279/EU of May 14, 2012 (EURLEX database), the representatives of Member States approved the signing of ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: European Union; Vietnam

New Law to Expand Legal Aid for Earthquake Victims (May. 07, 2012) by Sayuri Umeda

After the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, many people in the Tohoku region of Japan have faced various legal problems, such as the right to succession ...

Topic: Lawyers and legal services
Jurisdiction: Japan

New Permissible Levels of Radioactivity in Foods (Apr. 09, 2012) by Sayuri Umeda

There were no legally binding standards for acceptable levels of radioactivity in food in Japan when the Great East Japan Earthquake hit the country in March ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Japan

Legal Responses to Disaster Waste Management Issues (Mar. 23, 2012) by Sayuri Umeda

There has been some controversy in Japan connected with the plans for handling the large quantity of waste generated by last year's earthquake and tsunami.

...

Topic: Disasters
Jurisdiction: Japan

Law on Making Local Areas Resistant to Tsunamis (Feb. 13, 2012) by Sayuri Umeda

When a major tsunami hit the country's east coast in March 2011, Japan had various laws concerning earthquakes, but there was no law that mainly addressed ...

Topic: Disasters
Jurisdiction: Japan

Reviewing Criminal Jurisdiction over Civilian Employees Under the Status of Forces Agreement (Dec. 07, 2011) by Sayuri Umeda

In January 2011, a 19-year old man was killed in a traffic accident that was caused by a United States civilian employed by the U.S. military ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Japan; United States

International Adoption Rates Fall (Nov. 29, 2011) by Sayuri Umeda

While the number of intercountry adoptions throughout the world sharply declined last year, the number of children adopted from South Korea remained the same. As a ...

Topic: Adoption and foster care
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Promotion of Exhibitions of Foreign Art Works (May. 05, 2011) by Sayuri Umeda

In March 2011, the Diet (Japan's parliament) passed two laws to facilitate exhibitions of art objects that are borrowed from abroad. In 2009, a law was ...

Topic: Arts and culture
Jurisdiction: Japan

Green Tea Promotion Adopted by Law (May. 03, 2011) by Sayuri Umeda

One of the fastest growing export items from Japan to the United States at present is green tea. (Daniel Workman, Japan Trade Statistics 2009 (Feb. ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: Japan

Proposed Passport Regulation May Affect Missionaries' "Aggressive" Activities Abroad (Feb. 24, 2011) by Sayuri Umeda

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) in South Korea plans to revise the passport enforcement decree, it was reported on February 15, 2011. The ...

Topic: Visas and passports
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Streaming and Transfer of Recorded TV Programs Services Abroad Found Illegal (Feb. 09, 2011) by Sayuri Umeda

The Supreme Court of Japan decided in two recent cases that two kinds of services that enabled overseas Japanese to watch TV programs broadcast in Japan ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: Japan

Amended Guidelines on Expansion of Employment and Promotion of Female Government Employees (Jan. 24, 2011) by Sayuri Umeda

The National Personnel Authority (NPA) of Japan amended its Guidelines on Expansion of Employment and Promotion of Female Government Employees (Guidelines) on January 14, 2011. (Concerning ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Japan

Act of Spreading False Information via Internet Not Punishable (Jan. 10, 2011) by Sayuri Umeda

The Constitutional Court decided on December 28, 2010, that Korea's law that punishes the act of spreading false information via the Internet for the purpose of ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Law to Promote Local Actions for Biodiversity (Dec. 23, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's Law Concerning Promotion of Activities Coordinated Among Local Organizations for the Conservation of Biodiversity, known as the Satochi Satoyama (Satoyama Initiative) law, was promulgated on ...

Topic: Biodiversity
Jurisdiction: Japan

Air Traffic Controllers Found Guilty (Dec. 01, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

On October 26, 2010, Japan's Supreme Court upheld the decision of the Tokyo High Court that found two air traffic controllers guilty of causing bodily injury ...

Topic: Aviation and airports
Jurisdiction: Japan

Reduction of Older Public Servants' Salaries (Nov. 30, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

The Diet (Japan's Parliament) amended the laws on salaries of various categories of public servants on November 26, 2010. (For the status of bills, see House ...

Topic: Officials and employees
Jurisdiction: Japan

Special Judicial Police Squad Launched for War on "Knockoffs" (Oct. 15, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

On September 8, 2010, the Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO) launched the Special Judicial Police Squad to more effectively crack down on counterfeit goods, so-called "knockoffs," ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Conflicting Decisions on Adoption by Grandparents (Oct. 07, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

Two conflicting rulings have been made in South Korean provincial courts on the issue of whether grandparents may adopt their grandchildren. On September 16, 2010, the ...

Topic: Adoption and foster care
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Government May Not Have Standing to Bring a Defamation Action (Sep. 17, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

On September 15, 2010, the Central District Court of Seoul (a trial court) released a decision holding that in principle the government may not have standing ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Domiciliary Intent Matters When Computing Lost Wages in a Foreigner's Wrongful Death Claim (Sep. 03, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

Two recent decisions by the Seoul High Court (an intermediate-level appellate court) ruled that the domiciliary intent of a foreigner who had been wrongfully killed in ...

Topic: Civil liability
Jurisdiction: South Korea

DNA Database System Established to Effectively Prosecute Violent Criminals (Aug. 31, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

The Act on the Use and Protection of DNA Identification Information came into force on July 26, 2010, and its Enforcement Decree took effect on August ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Legal Aspects of Missing Elderly Persons (Aug. 31, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

Since the oldest man on Tokyo's resident record was found on July 29, 2010, to have been dead for more than 30 years, municipal governments throughout ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures
Jurisdiction: Japan

Single-Father Households Receive Government Support, Like Single-Mother Households (Aug. 24, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's Amended Child Rearing Allowance Law (Law No. 40 of 2010) became effective on August 1, 2010. Now, single-father households may receive the same allowance from ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Japan

Permanent Dual Nationality Allowed after 60 Years (Aug. 24, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

On May 4, 2010, the Ministry of Justice of South Korea promulgated the amended Nationality Act, which comes into full effect on January 1, 2011. By ...

Topic: Citizenship and nationality
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Multiple Legislative Actions Against Sex Crimes (Aug. 20, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

In 2010 alone, the National Assembly of South Korea has taken five legislative actions against sex crimes and for the protection of the victims thereof; the ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: South Korea

International Marriages to Be Strictly Controlled (Aug. 18, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

On July 20, 2010, Korea's Ministry of Gender Equality and Family (MGEF) made a joint announcement with seven other governmental agencies, titled "Cross-Governmental Policy to Promote ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law Amendment (Jul. 14, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's legislature, the Diet, passed an amendment of the Waste Disposal and Cleaning Law (Law No. 137 of 1970) in May 2010 (Law No. 34 of ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Japan

Law to Promote More Use of Natural Wood Materials for Public Buildings (Jun. 08, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishery (MAFF) drafted a bill to promote the use of wood in public buildings. The bill was approved by the ...

Topic: Natural resources
Jurisdiction: Japan

Statute of Limitations for Murder Abolished (May. 21, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

The Diet, Japan's legislature, amended the country's Criminal Procedure Law to abolish the statute of limitations for murder and other crimes that result in the deaths ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Japan

Public Support for High School Tuition (May. 03, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

On March 31, 2010, the Diet (Japan's parliament) enacted a law to subsidize all or part of high school tuition (Kand#333;ritsu kand#333;tand#333; gakkand#333; ni kakaru jugyand#333; ...

Topic: Education
Jurisdiction: Japan

2010 Child Allowance Law (Apr. 23, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

One of the important policies of the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) has been the provision of a monthly child allowance for all children, regardless of ...

Topic: Children
Jurisdiction: Japan

Stricter Sentences for Sex Offenders (Mar. 29, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

Japanese lawyers and scholars have stated that sentences for rapists have been overly lenient in Japan. ("Saiban-in saiban" sei hanzai kouhan, hand#333;ritsuka yori genkaku, ryand#333;kei sand#333;ba ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Japan

Plan to Videotape Police Interviews with Criminal Suspects (Feb. 22, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

The Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), the largest member of the country's ruling coalition since the fall of 2009, had submitted a bill to the Diet ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Japan

Child Pornography Law Amendment Discussed (Jan. 29, 2010) by Sayuri Umeda

"Japan is one of the world's biggest suppliers of child pornography and the second biggest consumer after the U.S." (Justin McCurry, Japan to Outlaw Possession of ...

Topic: Crimes against children
Jurisdiction: Japan

Reaction Against Child Sexual Offenders (Dec. 18, 2009) by Sayuri Umeda

Reports of sex crimes against children in Korea have been on a steady rise recently. News of heinous sex crimes against children has caused the public ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Catalog/Online Shopping and Door-to-Door Sales Regulation Enhanced (Nov. 27, 2009) by Sayuri Umeda

The 2008 amendment of Japan's Act on Specified Commercial Transactions (Act No. 57 of 1976, as amended by Act No. 74 of 2008) will be fully ...

Topic: Consumer protection
Jurisdiction: Japan

Is a Sightseeing Trip by a Member of the U.S. Military Part of "Official Business"? (Oct. 22, 2009) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's Board of Audit decided to recommend to the Ministry of Self Defense (MSD) that the MSD investigate the use of highway toll passes by members ...

Topic: Armed forces and national security
Jurisdiction: Japan

Revision to the Constitution (Oct. 20, 2009) by Sayuri Umeda

The Supreme People's Assembly (SPA) of North Korea unanimously adopted the ordinance of the SPA On Revising and Supplementing the Socialist Constitution of the DPRK [Democratic ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: North Korea

Food Reuse Regulated (Jul. 31, 2009) by Sayuri Umeda

The reuse of food in restaurants in Korea has been a source of contention among consumers, the government, and restaurants. Korean cuisine features small side dishes ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Two Laws Revised to Protect Technology (Jul. 07, 2009) by Sayuri Umeda

Two national laws were amended this year to protect the technology and trade secrets of firms in Japan. The amendment of the Unfair Competition Prevention Law ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: Japan

Major Reform on Fund for Road Improvements (May. 04, 2009) by Sayuri Umeda

The revision of the Special Law for Financing Road Improvement Works was promulgated on April 30, 2009 (Law No. 28 of 2009). Since 1954, the Law ...

Topic: Transportation and public works
Jurisdiction: Japan

Foreign Legal Consultants Law (May. 01, 2009) by Sayuri Umeda

The Foreign Legal Consultants Law was promulgated in South Korea on March 25, 2009 (Act No. 9524). Under the Law, foreign legal professionals certified in countries ...

Topic: Lawyers and legal services
Jurisdiction: South Korea

National Public Official Retirement Allowance Law Amendment (Jan. 28, 2009) by Sayuri Umeda

The National Public Official Retirement Allowance Law was amended by the Diet (Japan's parliament), and the new version was promulgated on December 26, 2008 (Law No. ...

Topic: Employee benefits
Jurisdiction: Japan

Refueling Mission in the Indian Ocean Extended (Dec. 19, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan's Self Defense Forces have refueled other countries' vessels in the Indian Ocean to support the U.S.-led effort in Afghanistan since 2001, under Japan's limited-term anti-terrorism ...

Topic: Armed forces and national security
Jurisdiction: Japan

Nationality Law Amended (Dec. 17, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

The Diet (Japan's parliament) passed a bill to revise the Nationality Law on December 5, 2008. It was promulgated December 12 as Law No. 88 of ...

Topic: Citizenship and nationality
Jurisdiction: Japan

Government Values Diplomacy over Freedom of Speech Regarding Propaganda to the North (Nov. 26, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

South Korean civic groups, such as the Fighters for Free North Korea and the Family Assembly Abducted to North Korea [sic], are reportedly sending about ten ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Universal Health Plan and Citizens Abroad (Nov. 19, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

Article 5 of the National Health Insurance Act of the Republic of Korea states that Korean nationals who reside in the country are national health insurance ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Official Address of Homeless Persons (Nov. 19, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

On October 3, 2008, the Supreme Court of Japan affirmed the Osaka High Court decision that a homeless person cannot register a public park as his ...

Topic: Social Welfare
Jurisdiction: Japan

Doctors Can Disclose Gender of an Embryo (Sep. 05, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

The Constitutional Court of South Korea ruled on July 31, 2008, that a Medical Law provision that bans doctors from telling parents the gender of their ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Official Recognition of Ainu as Indigeneous People (Sep. 05, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

The Diet (Japan's parliament) passed a resolution on June 6, 2008, to recognize the Ainu as an indigenous people. On the same day, Chief Cabinet Secretary ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Japan

New Rule to Sell Old Munitions (Jul. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

The Ministry of National Defense of South Korea has sold to the Philippines, Bangladesh, and Kazakhstan, at an extremely low price, old munitions that had been ...

Topic: Weapons development
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Foreign Ship Navigation Within the Territorial Waters Law (Jul. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

The Diet (Japan's Parliament) passed a new law on June 5, 2008, to regulate foreign ships' navigation within Japan's territorial waters. Japan did not previously have ...

Topic: Treaties and International Agreements/Maritime
Jurisdiction: Japan

New Insurance Law (Jul. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

The Diet (Japan's Parliament) passed the new Insurance Law on May 30, 2008. The old law was enacted in 1911. At that time, the legislature did ...

Topic: Insurance
Jurisdiction: Japan

Acceptance of Indonesian Healthcare Workers Based on Agreement (Jun. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

Japan and Indonesia signed the Agreement for an Economic Partnership (EPA) on August 20, 2007, under which Japan agreed to issue visas and allow resident status ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Japan

Controversy over Payment for U.S. Military Bases (Jun. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

The Japanese government has paid a large part of the expenses for U.S. military bases in Japan since 1978. Those expenses include housing, schools, and recreational ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Japan

Permanent Residence for Investors (Jun. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

The Korean government will ease the rule contained in the Immigration Control Enforcement Decree to give investors permanent resident status. Foreigners will be able to obtain ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Stricter Measures for Those Convicted of Sexual Violence Against Children (May. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

Ten- and eight-year-old girls (Hye-jin and Yae-seul) vanished in South Korea on Christmas day in 2007. A suspect was arrested in March 2008. He confessed that ...

Topic: Children
Jurisdiction: South Korea

High Court Calls Air Self-Defense Force Activities in Iraq Unconstitutional (May. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution renounces war and states: "land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential, will never be maintained." The ...

Topic: War
Jurisdiction: Japan

Court Bans Executives from Switching to Rival Company for Certain Period (Apr. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

The Seoul Central District Court banned 13 former executives of Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction Company from working for the rival company, STX Heavy Industries Company, ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Videotaping Questioning of Suspects (Apr. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

It has sometimes been argued in court proceedings that police officers or public prosecutors forced or led certain contents of written declarations of suspects. In Japan, ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Japan

Executives Responsible for Damage Caused by Concealing Use of Unauthorized Food Additive (Apr. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

Shareholders of a Japanese company recently sued the company's former president and directors, alleging that they caused damage to the company by concealing the use of ...

Topic: Consumer protection
Jurisdiction: Japan

Plan to Reduce Ocean Dumping (Mar. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

South Korea dumped 2.02 million cubic meters of sewage from livestock farms, 1.71 million cubic meters of leftover food, and 1.61 million cubic meters of urban ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Legalizing Abortion to Be Considered (Mar. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

The South Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare drafted a new policy in late 2007 to seek more realistic measures to address the growing number of ...

Topic: Abortion
Jurisdiction: South Korea

McDonald's Manager Not Considered a Manager Under Labor Law (Mar. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

On January 28, 2008, the Tokyo District Court ordered McDonald's Holdings Co. (Japan) Ltd. to pay 7.55 million yen (US$70,000) in overtime allowance and "additional pay" ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Japan

Victims to Receive Money Deposited by Criminals (Mar. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

New legislation, the Law Concerning the Distribution in Payments to Victims of Crime-Related Deposits in Financial Institutions, was promulgated in Japan on December 21, 2007. This ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Japan

Trans Fat Labeling (Feb. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

The amendment of the country's Food Sanitation Law made it possible for the Korean Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) to implement trans fat labeling regulations in ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Basic Information on Executed Criminals Now Available (Feb. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

On December 7, 2007, the Ministry of Justice of Japan released the names of three executed criminals, together with information on the crimes they committed and ...

Topic: Capital punishment
Jurisdiction: Japan

"Temporary" Tax Hike for 34 Years at Least (Feb. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

In 1974, at the time of the first "oil shock," Japan's Diet (parliament) passed a law to amend the Tax Special Measures Law (Law No. 26 ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Jamaica

First Asbestosis Compensation Case (Jan. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

The Daegu District Court ordered an asbestos cloth making company to pay 160 million won in compensation to the bereaved family of a former worker on ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: South Korea

New Lost Goods Law in Effect (Jan. 02, 2008) by Sayuri Umeda

An American university professor dropped mobile phones and wallets containing cash in Tokyo and New York. The return rate in Japan was higher. Because lost items ...

Topic: Property
Jurisdiction: Japan

Defectors Return to Japan (Dec. 02, 2007) by Sayuri Umeda

After Japan's defeat in the Second World War, Koreans who had entered Japan during the war, in many cases against their will, returned to the Korean ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Japan; North Korea

Foreign Remittance De-Regulation (Dec. 02, 2007) by Sayuri Umeda

The Korean Finance and Economy Ministry released the Foreign Currency System Improvement Plan on November 8, 2007. Korea currently allows a Korean person or firm to ...

Topic: Foreign exchange
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Korean A-Bomb Survivors (Dec. 02, 2007) by Sayuri Umeda

Although Japan's A-Bomb Special Measures Law of 1968 did not clearly exclude A-bomb survivors who lived outside Japan from being recipients of health maintenance allowances, the ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures
Jurisdiction: Japan

Kim Dae-jung Kidnapping by KCIA Affirmed (Dec. 02, 2007) by Sayuri Umeda

The South Korean government made a report public in late October 2007, which concluded that the Korea Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA) had seized former South Korean ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Prison Abuse (Nov. 02, 2007) by Sayuri Umeda

The father of an inmate in a South Korean prison who was allegedly attacked by a guard filed a written statement complaining of the attack in ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: South Korea

Children of Japanese Who Emigrated to Philippines before WWII (Nov. 02, 2007) by Sayuri Umeda

All Japanese people have records in the Family Register. Therefore, it is easy to prove that a person is Japanese by submitting an official copy of ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: Japan

10 Years Since Organ Transplant Law?s Effective Date (Nov. 02, 2007) by Sayuri Umeda

Under Japan's Law Concerning Organ Transplant (Law No.104 of 1997), the donation of organs is permitted from a dead or brain-dead donor. The criteria for establishing ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Japan

Breast Cancer Survivor Regained Position in the Military (Nov. 02, 2007) by Sayuri Umeda

The Seoul Administrative Court rendered a judgment on October 4, 2007, that revoked the Defense Ministry's decision to discharge a female lieutenant colonel in the first ...

Topic: Discrimination
Jurisdiction: South Korea