Cour de Cassation Decision on Google (Aug. 01, 2012) by Nicole Atwill

On July 12, 2012, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, ruled that a search engine that systematically sends users, by ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: France

2012 Finance Law Amendment (Jul. 13, 2012) by Nicole Atwill

On July 4, 2012, Pierre Moscovici, France's Minister of Economy, presented a revision of the 2012 Finance Law to the Council of Ministers. (Loi de ...

Topic: Budget
Jurisdiction: France

Google Reaches Agreements on E-Books with French Publishers Association and Authors Group (Jun. 15, 2012) by Nicole Atwill

On June 11, 2012, Google and the French Soci;t; des Gens de Lettres (SGDL) announced that they had signed an agreement that ends a lawsuit on ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: France

Foreign Nationals Cannot Be Placed in Police Custody for Lack of Documentation (Jun. 15, 2012) by Nicole Atwill

In an opinion rendered on June 5, 2012, the Criminal Chamber of the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, found that ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: France

Law on Identity Protection (Apr. 11, 2012) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2012-410 of March 27, 2012, on Identity Protection was published in France's official gazette of March 28, 2012, without several of its original provisions. (

Topic: Right of privacy
Jurisdiction: France

Adoption for Same Sex Couples (Mar. 30, 2012) by Nicole Atwill

On March 15, 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) determined that there is no right of a person in a same-sex union to adopt ...

Topic: Adoption and foster care
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights; France

Law on Digital Exploitation of Unavailable Books (Mar. 26, 2012) by Nicole Atwill

France's Law 2012-287, of March 1, 2012, on the Digital Exploitation of 20th Century Unavailable Books, was published in France's official gazette of March 2, 2012. ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: France

Paris Commercial Tribunal Found Google Maps Guilty of Unfair Competition (Feb. 13, 2012) by Nicole Atwill

On February 1, 2012, the Paris Commercial Tribunal found Google and its French subsidiary guilty of unfair competition. The plaintiff, the French cartography company Bottin Cartographes, ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: France

Dictator Duvalier Only Facing Charges for Embezzlement of Public Funds (Feb. 07, 2012) by Nicole Atwill

On January 30, 2012, investigating judge Carvandegrave;s Jean rendered an order sending former dictator Jean Claude Duvalier before the competent Haitian tribunal correctionnel for embezzlement of ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Haiti

Law on Denial of Recognized Genocide Crimes Challenged Before Constitutional Council (Feb. 02, 2012) by Nicole Atwill

On January 23, 2012, the French Senate adopted, without any modifications, the draft law passed earlier by the National Assembly making a criminal offense "the denial ...

Topic: Genocide
Jurisdiction: France

New Law on Drug Safety (Jan. 31, 2012) by Nicole Atwill

On December 29, 2011, the French Parliament adopted Law No. 2011-2012, on reinforcing drug safety, aimed at restoring public trust in the drug regulatory system following ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: France

Charter Listing the Rights and Duties of the Citizen (Nov. 18, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

On November 15, 2011, France's Haut conseil andagrave; l'int;gration (High Council for Integration) presented to the Minister of the Interior a draft of a charter listing ...

Topic: Citizenship and nationality
Jurisdiction: France

Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters (Nov. 16, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

During the G20 summit that took place in Cannes on November 3 and 4, 2011, 13 of the G20 countries signed the Convention on Mutual Assistance ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

New Austerity Measures (Nov. 16, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

On November 7, 2011, the French Council of Ministers announced new austerity measures aimed at further reducing the public debt and achieving financial balance by 2016. ...

Topic: Budget
Jurisdiction: France

Private Nursery School Internal Code of Conduct May Ban Display of Religious Attire (Nov. 03, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

On October 27, 2011, the Court of Appeal of Versailles found that it is lawful for a private nursery school to prohibit the display of religious ...

Topic: Church and state relations
Jurisdiction: France

Database EVAFISC Lawful (Oct. 11, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

On August 24, 2011, the Conseil d'Etat, France's Supreme Court for administrative matters, rejected the request of a Swiss subsidiary of the British bank HSBC to ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: France

Investigating Chamber of the Paris Court of Appeals Opposes Extradition of Widow of Rwandan Ex-President (Oct. 04, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

On September 28, 2011, the Investigating Chamber of the Paris Court of Appeals issued a decision opposing the extradition of Agathe Habyarimana, the widow of former ...

Topic: Extradition
Jurisdiction: France

Nuclear Power (Oct. 03, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

A few months after the Fukushima disaster in Japan, on June 12 and 13, 2011, Italians were asked to decide in a referendum whether they wanted ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: Italy

New Law on Participation of Citizens in Functioning of Criminal Justice and Adjudication of Minors (Oct. 03, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2011-939 of August 10, 2011, on the Participation of Citizens in the Functioning of Criminal Justice and the Adjudication of Minors, was published in France's ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: France

No Compensation for Theft from Bank Vaults (Oct. 03, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

It was reported on September 26, 2011, that the Italian Supreme Court of Cassation rejected an appeal brought by a family against a decision of the ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Italy

Energy from Renewable Sources and Bio-Fuels (Oct. 03, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

France adopted an ordinance on September 14, 2011, that transposes EU Directives 2009/28 and 2009/30 into national law (Ordonnance no. 2011-1105 du 14 septembre 2011 ...

Topic: Energy
Jurisdiction: France

Amended Financial Law (Oct. 03, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2011-1117 of September 19, 2011, on Amending the 2011 Financial Bill, was published in France's official gazette on September 20, 2011 (Loi no. 2011-1117 ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: France

Unions of Municipalities (Sep. 29, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

On September 14, 2011, the decree that the Italian government had issued in August on an "anti-crisis" package was converted into law by the Parliament. The ...

Topic: Economics and Public Finance
Jurisdiction: Italy

Earthquake Trial (Sep. 29, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

On September 20, 2011, the trial of six Italian scientists and a former government official on charges of manslaughter for the 2009 earthquake in L'Aquila began. ...

Topic: Disasters
Jurisdiction: Italy

New Law on the Functioning of Governing Institutions (Aug. 16, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2011-814 of August 1, 2011, adopted by the French Parliament, on the functioning of the institutions of French Polynesia, aims in general to improve the ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: French Polynesia

New Bioethics Law (Jul. 18, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2011-814 of July 7, 2011, on bioethics was finally adopted by the French Parliament after months of debate and published in the JOURNAL OFFICIEL, France's ...

Topic: Health
Jurisdiction: France

Law on Import and Export of War Material (Jul. 06, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

France's Law 2011-702 of June 22, 2011, on Controlling Import and Export of War Materials and Similar Equipment, Simplifying Transfers of Defense-Related Products Within the European ...

Topic: Weapons development
Jurisdiction: France

Digital Book Pricing Law (Jul. 01, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

The French Parliament recently adopted Law 2011-590 of May 26, 2011, on the price of digital books (Loi nanddeg; 2011-590 du 26 mai 2011 relative ...

Topic: Commerce
Jurisdiction: France

Law on Immigration, Integration and Nationality (Jul. 01, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

France's Constitutional Council found Law 2011-672 of June 16, 2011, on Immigration, Integration and Nationality constitutional (with the exception of some minor provisions), whereupon the Law ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: France

Creation of the "Defender of Rights" (May. 24, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

Two laws relating to the creation of a "Defender of Rights" were published in France's official gazette on March 30, 2011 (Loi organique no. 2011-333 du ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: France

Reform of Police Custody (May. 24, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

The French Parliament adopted Law 2011-392 of April 14, 2011, on Police Custody, following a decision of the Constitutional Council on July 30, 2010, which held ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: France

Preliminary Ruling Finds France's Ban on Genetically Modified Corn Illegal (Apr. 04, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

On February 3, 2010, the Conseil d'Etat, France's Supreme Court for administrative matters, referred several questions on interpretation of European Union law regarding genetically modified organisms ...

Topic: Agriculture and food
Jurisdiction: Court of Justice of the European Union; France

Google Fined by National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty (Mar. 25, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

On March 17, 2011, the Commission Nationale de l'Informatique et des Libert;s (National Commission on Information Technology and Liberty, CNIL) fined Google 100,000 (about US$141,000) for ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: France

Implementation of the Law Prohibiting Wearing of Clothing Concealing One's Face in Public Spaces (Mar. 23, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

On March 3, 2011, a circular implementing Law 2010-1192 on Prohibiting the Wearing of Clothing Concealing One's Face in Public Spaces was published in France's Official ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: France

Constitutional Reform to Balance the Budget (Mar. 22, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

The French government has recently prepared draft provisions to be inserted in the 1958 Constitution that would amend in depth the governance of public finances. The ...

Topic: Budget
Jurisdiction: France

New Law on Internal Security, Loppsi 2 (Mar. 22, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

A new Law on Guidelines and Programming for the Performance of Internal Security was published in France's official gazette on March 15, 2011. (Loi no. ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: France

Prohibition of Homosexual Marriages Found Constitutional (Feb. 02, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

On January 28, 2011, the French Constitutional Council found that the French Civil Code's provisions providing that marriage must be between a man and a woman ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: France

2011 Finance Law (Feb. 02, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2010-1657 of December 29, 2010, on Finances for 2011 contains measures aimed at reducing France's public deficit from a level of 7.7% of the gross ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: France

Suspension of Family Allowances in Case of School Absenteeism (Feb. 01, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

Decree 2011-89 of January 21, 2011, sets forth the modalities under which family allowances may be either suspended or revoked, in totality or partly, when a ...

Topic: Education
Jurisdiction: France

Legal Status of Former Dictator Jean Claude Duvalier (Jan. 31, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

After 25 years in exile in France, the former Haitian dictator Jean Claude Duvalier returned to Haiti on January 16, 2011. At a hearing held in ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Haiti

New Anti-Piracy Law (Jan. 20, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

The French Parliament recently adopted Law 2011-13 of January 5, 2011, on Fighting Piracy and on State Police Powers at Sea. It is aimed at reinforcing ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: France

Ratification of the U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Jan. 20, 2011) by Nicole Atwill

The European Union recently announced its ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (United Nations Convention on the Rights of ...

Topic: Treaties and international agreements/human rights; Civil rights and liberties
Jurisdiction: European Union

Applicant's Police Custody Rights Violated as Public Prosecutor Not Competent Legal Authority Under Article 5 3 (Dec. 13, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On November 23, 2010, in the case of Moulin v. France, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that France violated article 5, section 3 ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights; France

Constitutional Council Validates Provision Indirectly Barring Member of Same-Sex Couple from Adopting Partner's Child (Dec. 06, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On October 6, 2010, the French Constitutional Council ruled on an application for a priority preliminary ruling lodged by the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court ...

Topic: Adoption and foster care
Jurisdiction: France

Retirement Reform Found Constitutional (Nov. 22, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On November 9, 2010, the French Constitutional Council found that the reform of the retirement system, which raised the legal minimum retirement age from 60 to ...

Topic: Employee benefits
Jurisdiction: France

Creation of an Automated Border Control System (Nov. 22, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

Decree 2010-1274 of October 25, 2010, creates an automatic personal data processing system referred to as PARAFE, Passage Rapide aux Frontiandegrave;res Ext;rieures (Automated Fast-Track Crossing at ...

Topic: Border security
Jurisdiction: France

New Law on Banking and Financial Regulation (Nov. 19, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On October 22, 2010, the French Parliament adopted a very complex Law on Banking and Financial Regulation that implements the decisions of the 2009 G20 meeting ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: France

French Supreme Court Authorizes Corruption Investigation of Three African Heads of State (Nov. 17, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On November 9, 2010, the criminal chamber of the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, overruled the decision of the Indictment ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: Africa; France

New Administrative Authority in Charge of Fighting Internet Piracy Begins Operations (Nov. 04, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

France's newly independent administrative authority, the High Authority for the Distribution of Works and the Protection of Rights on the Internet (Haute Autorit; pour la diffusion ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: France

Supreme Court Ruled Some Police Custody Provisions Violate European Convention on Human Rights (Oct. 27, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On October 19, 2010, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, ruled in three decisions that some of the provisions ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: France

Rights to Remain Silent and to Be Assisted by a Lawyer (Oct. 18, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On October 14, 2010, the European Court of Human Rights condemned France for violating article 6, sections 1 and 3 of the European Convention on Human ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights; France

Law Prohibiting the Wearing of Clothing Concealing One's Face in Public Spaces Found Constitutional (Oct. 18, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

In its decision number 2010-613 DC of October 7, 2010, the French Constitutional Council found the law prohibiting the wearing of clothing covering one's face in ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: France

Deportations of Roma: European Commission Assesses Recent Developments (Oct. 04, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On September 29, 2010, members of the European Commission met to discuss France's recent deportations of Roma to Romania and Bulgaria, to determine whether the French ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: France

National DNA Database Found Constitutional, with Reservations (Oct. 04, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

The French Constitutional Council recently reviewed the constitutionality of several articles of the Code of Criminal Procedure relating to the National DNA Database (Fichier National Automatis; ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: France

Storage of Biometric Data from Foreigners Benefiting from Repatriation Aid (Oct. 04, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

Starting October 1, 2010, biometric data (digital photographs and fingerprints) of foreigners who benefited from repatriation aid will be stored in a database referred to as ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: France

International Human Rights Organization to File Complaint over Treatment of Roma (Sep. 29, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

The International Federation of Human Rights Leagues will file a complaint against Belgium before the Council of Europe Social Rights Committee over Belgium's treatment of Roma ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Belgium

Draft Law on Immigration, Integration, and Nationality (Sep. 20, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

The debate on a draft law on immigration, integration, and nationality is scheduled to begin September 28, 2010, before the French National Assembly (Assembl;e Nationale, Projet ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: France

Law to Adapt France's Criminal Code to the International Criminal Court (Sep. 20, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

France's Law 2010-930 of August 9, 2010, on adapting the Criminal Code to the International Criminal Court, aims at implementing the principle of complementarity contained in ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: France

Law on Violence Against Women (Sep. 20, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

The French Parliament has adopted Law 2010-769, of July 9, 2010, on Violence Against Women, Violence Between Spouses, and the Effects of These Types of Violence ...

Topic: Domestic violence
Jurisdiction: France

Decree on Flag Desecration (Sep. 20, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

France's Decree 2010-835 of July 21, 2010, on the offense of desecration of the national flag, prescribes that, in addition to the cases covered by article ...

Topic: Citizenship and nationality
Jurisdiction: France

Provisions of Criminal Procedure Code on Police Custody Found Unconstitutional (Aug. 13, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On July 30, 2010, the French Constitutional Council found that certain provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure governing the general regime of police custody (garde ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: France

Law on National Commitment for the Environment (Aug. 12, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-788 of July 12, 2010, on National Commitment for the Environment, also referred to as the "Grenelle II Law." (Loi ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: France

Law on Eliminating Cluster Munitions (Aug. 12, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-819 of July 20, 2010, on the Elimination of Cluster Munitions. The Law adds a Chapter IV, entitled "Cluster Munitions," ...

Topic: Weapons development
Jurisdiction: France

French Supreme Court Recognizes Same-Sex Couple Adoption Judgment Rendered by U.S. Court (Jul. 23, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On July 8, 2010, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal matters, ruled that a judgment rendered by the Superior Court of ...

Topic: Adoption and foster care
Jurisdiction: France

Adoption of Gender Parity Law (Jun. 07, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

The Senegalese Parliament recently adopted a new law requiring all political parties to introduce absolute gender parity in electoral lists for all elected representation, national or ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Senegal

Draft Law Prohibiting Wearing of Face-Concealing Clothing in Public Spaces (Jun. 07, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On May 19, 2010, the French Council of Ministers endorsed a draft law, prepared by the Ministry of Justice, that would prohibit the wearing of clothing ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: France

Chamber of Representatives Adopts Draft Law Banning Covering of the Face in Public Places (May. 07, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On April 29, 2010, the Belgian Chamber of Representatives voted 136 in favor, none opposed, with two abstentions to ban the wearing of clothing that covers ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Belgium

New Law on Compensation of Victims of No-Fault Medical Accidents (May. 04, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

Belgium's Law of March 31, 2010, on the Compensation for Damages Resulting from Medical Care, was published in the Moniteur Belge, Belgium's official gazette, on April ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: Belgium

New Law on Criminal Liability of Legal Entities (May. 04, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

Luxembourg's Law of March 3, 2010, Introducing the Criminal Liability of Legal Entities into the Penal Code and the Code of Criminal Investigation, was published in ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Luxembourg

Draft Law on Nationality (Apr. 21, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On April 2, 2010, the Belgian Council of Ministers endorsed a draft law amending the Belgian Nationality Code. The proposal was presented to the Council by ...

Topic: Citizenship and nationality
Jurisdiction: Belgium

Council of State Advises Against Complete Ban on Full Islamic Veil (Apr. 19, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On March 30, 2010, the Conseil d'Etat, France's highest administrative court, acting in its capacity as legal adviser to the French government, presented a report on ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: France

Draft Law on Immigration, Integration, and Nationality (Apr. 19, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On March 31, 2010, the French Immigration Minister presented a new draft law on immigration, integration, and nationality to the Council of Ministers. (Projet de loi ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: France

Criminal Conviction of Religious Group Members for Wearing Religious Clothing in Public Space Violated Freedom of Religion (Mar. 01, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On February 23, 2010, in Ahmet Arslan and Others v. Turkey, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that Turkey had violated article 9 (freedom ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights; Turkey

Gender Identity Disorder Dropped from List of Mental Illnesses (Feb. 17, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

The French Ministry of Health has issued a decree that removes gender identity disorder, also referred to as transsexualism, from the list of officially recognized mental ...

Topic: Women's rights
Jurisdiction: France

Highlights of Parliamentary Report on Wearing of Burqa in France (Feb. 17, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On January 26, 2010, the President of the National Assembly published on the Assembly website the report prepared by the Parliamentary Commission to Study the Wearing ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: France

Registration in French National Sex Offender Database Does Not Violate Rights (Jan. 27, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On December 17, 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that registration in the French national sex offender database did not violate article 7, ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights; France

New Law on Protection of Journalistic Sources (Jan. 25, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

The French Parliament adopted Law 2010-1 of January 4, 2010, on the Protection of Journalistic Sources. (Loi 2010-1 du 4 janvier 2010 relative andagrave; la protection ...

Topic: Freedom of the press
Jurisdiction: France

Compensation of Victims of French Nuclear Testing (Jan. 22, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

The French Parliament recently adopted Law 2010-2 of January 5, 2010, on the compensation of victims of French nuclear testing (Loi 2010-5 du 5 janvier 2010 ...

Topic: Weapons development
Jurisdiction: France

Ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (Jan. 22, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On December 31, 2009, the French Parliament adopted Law 2009-1791 of December 31, 2009, ratifying the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The ...

Topic: Treaties and international agreements/human rights; Civil rights and liberties
Jurisdiction: France

Draft Law on Regulating Banking and Finance (Jan. 06, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On December 16, 2009, at a Council of Ministers meeting, Christine Lagarde, French Minister of Economy and Finances, unveiled a draft law on regulating banking and ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: France

Constitutional Council Invalidates Carbon Tax (Jan. 05, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On December 29, 2009, France's Constitutional Council, which ensures the constitutionality of laws prior to their promulgation by the President of the Republic, invalidated the carbon ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: France

Google Infringes Copyright Law in Scanning Excerpts of Books Without Authorization (Jan. 05, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On December 18, 2009, the Paris Tribunal de Grande Instance (Court of General Competence) ruled that Google has infringed French copyright law by digitalizing and publishing ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: France

Tax on Bankers' Bonuses (Jan. 05, 2010) by Nicole Atwill

On December 16, 2009, following a Council of Ministers meeting, Christine Lagarde, the French Minister of Economy and Finances, announced that any bonuses above 27,500 (about ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: France

Supreme Court Denies Recognition of an Islamic Divorce in France (Dec. 03, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

In a decision rendered on November 4, 2009, the Cour de Cassation, France's Supreme Court for civil and criminal decisions, denied recognition in France of an ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: France

Compensation of Financial Market Professionals (Nov. 18, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

On November 3, 2009, the Ministry of the Economy, Industry and Employment (MEIE) of France issued a regulation on compensation of financial market professionals, more specifically, ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: France

Measures to Fight Tax Evasion in Connection with Tax Havens (Oct. 09, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

The French government has proposed inserting in the Finance Amendment Law 2009, scheduled for adoption by Parliament at the end of the year, several measures to ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: France

Ban on Islamic Headscarves in Flanders (Oct. 06, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

Effective as of 2010, the Flanders Educational Council will implement a recently issued ban on the wearing of Islamic headscarves in public schools located in Flanders. ...

Topic: Church and state relations
Jurisdiction: Belgium

Internet Piracy Law (Oct. 01, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

On September 22, 2009, the French Parliament adopted an additional law on Internet piracy to replace a provision of Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: France

Tax Treatment of Two Islamic Finance Instruments (Sep. 03, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

The French Ministry of the Economy recently clarified the tax treatment of two of the main Islamic finance instruments used in France: Murabaha and Sukuk. The ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: France

New Law on Money Laundering (Aug. 03, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

On July 24, 2009, the Conseil National (Monaco's Parliament) adopted a new law on the fight against money-laundering, terrorism financing, and corruption, in order to conform ...

Topic: Money laundering
Jurisdiction: Monaco

The Government of France Changes Its Position on Returning Preserved Tribal Heads to New Zealand (Jul. 30, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

In recent years, the Government of New Zealand has made concerted efforts to recover preserved Maori heads taken abroad so that they can be returned to ...

Topic: Cultural heritage
Jurisdiction: France; New Zealand

Compensation of Victims of French Nuclear Testing (Jul. 08, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

On June 30, 2009, the French National Assembly adopted a draft law on the compensation of victims of French nuclear testing (Projet de loi relative andagrave; ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: France

Law on Favoring Diffusion and Protection of Internet Creations (Jul. 06, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, on Favoring the Diffusion and Protection of Creations on the Internet, also known as the HADOPI Law, was published in ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: France

Creation of Commission to Study Wearing of Burqa (Jul. 02, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

On June 23, 2009, the Presidents' Conference of the National Assembly, which comprises all the presidents of that body's political groups, upon the proposal of the ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: France

Exchange of Bank Information for Tax Purposes (Jun. 25, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

On June 12, 2009, France and Switzerland agreed to amend their existing bilateral tax treaty by adding a provision that allows the exchange of bank information ...

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: France; Switzerland

Constitutional Council Validates Audiovisual Reform (May. 22, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2009-257, on the appointment of the presidents of the companies France Televisions, Radio France, and the Company Tasked with External Audiovisual [Communications], and Law 2009-258, ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: France

EU Directives on Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Transposed (Mar. 05, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

The French government recently issued Ordinance 2009-104 of January 30, 2009, which transposes into national law the EU Directive on the Prevention of the Use of ...

Topic: Money laundering
Jurisdiction: France

Report on Counter-Terrorism (Mar. 02, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

The Eminent Jurists Panel on Terrorism, Counter-Terrorism and Human Rights has issued a report on the impact of counter-terrorism policies on human rights around the world ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: International Commission of Jurists

Council of State Acknowledges Responsibility of French State in WWII Deportation of Jews (Mar. 02, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

On February 16, 2009, the French Council of State, France's highest administrative court, issued an advisory opinion on the responsibility of the French State in the ...

Topic: War crimes
Jurisdiction: France

Prohibition on Blood Donation by Gay Men (Feb. 04, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

France's Minister of Health recently signed a regulation increasing the maximum age for donating blood to 70 from 65. The regulation also reiterates the prohibition on ...

Topic: Workers safety and health
Jurisdiction: France

French Courts (Feb. 04, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

In January 2009, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) found that French courts violated article 10 (freedom of expression) of the European Convention on Human ...

Topic: Freedom of speech
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights

Reform of the Criminal Investigation System (Jan. 13, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

On January 7, 2009, during his address to the Cour de Cassation, France's highest judicial Supreme Court, President Nicolas Sarkozy confirmed his wish that investigating judges ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: France

Fight Against Terrorism (Jan. 13, 2009) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2008-1245 of December 1, 2008, prolongs the application of articles 3, 6, and 9 of Law 2006-64 of January 23, 2006, on Combating Terrorism and ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: France

Constitutional Council Validates Option to Retire at Age 70 (Dec. 18, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

On December 11, 2008, France's Constitutional Council ruled on the constitutionality of several provisions of the 2009 Law on the Financing of Social Security. Determination of ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: France

French Ban on Headscarves in Sports Classes Upheld (Dec. 16, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

In two cases decided on December 4, 2008, Dogru v. France and Affaire Kervanci c. France, the European Court of Human Rights unanimously found that France ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights

Employment of Bulgarian and Romanian Nationals (Dec. 16, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

On December 5, 2008, the Belgian Council of Ministers approved a draft royal regulation that keeps barriers in place against the hiring of Bulgarian and Romanian ...

Topic: Labor
Jurisdiction: Belgium

New Citizenship Law (Dec. 04, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

The aim of the Law of October 23, 2008, on Luxembourgian citizenship is to take into account the societal changes of the last 50 years and ...

Topic: Citizenship and nationality
Jurisdiction: Luxembourg

Competition Authority Ordinance (Dec. 04, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2008-776 on the Modernization of the Economy, which was passed by the French legislature on August 4, 2008, established a new single competition authority, the ...

Topic: Corporations
Jurisdiction: France

Law on Environmental Liability (Oct. 07, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2008-757 of August 1, 2008, on environmental liability, transposes Directive 2004/35/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of April 21, 2004, on the ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: France

New Treaty (Jul. 02, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

Belgium, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg signed a new Benelux Treaty on June 17, 2008, in The Hague. The new treaty revises the present treaty, signed in ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Belgium; Luxembourg; Netherlands

Terrorism Risk Insurance (Jul. 02, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

The Belgian Law of April 1, 2007, on insurance against damages caused by terrorism went into effect on May 1, 2008. It applies to insurance of ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Belgium

Measures to Combat Discrimination (Jul. 02, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2008-496 of May 27, 2008, transposes into national law various measures to combat discrimination to comply with three European Union directives: Directive 2000/43/EU of June ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: France

Biometric Passports (Jun. 02, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

On April 30, 2008, the French government issued a decree implementing biometric passports and creating a national database to store fingerprints, photographs, and information relating to ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures
Jurisdiction: France

Protection Against Police Abuses and Video Surveillance (May. 02, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

France's National Commission on Ethics and Security (Commission Nationale de D;ontologie de la S;curit;), an independent administrative authority that has the power to investigate cases of ...

Topic: Police power
Jurisdiction: France

Compensation of Holocaust Survivors (Apr. 02, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

The Commission on Restitution for Holocaust Victims (Commission pour le d;dommagement des membres de la Communaut; juive de Belgique) issued its final report on February 4, ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Belgium

Security Measure Against Violent Offenders (Apr. 02, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

A French law of February 25, 2008, provides, in exceptional cases, for keeping certain categories of violent offenders in specialized detention centers after the offenders have ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: France

Right to Die with Dignity (Mar. 02, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

In February 2008, the Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies adopted the Law on the Right to Die with Dignity. The Law covers both euthanasia and physician-assisted suicides. ...

Topic: Death and dying
Jurisdiction: Luxembourg

Reform to End Political Instability (Feb. 02, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

Since the election of its local assembly in May 2004, French Polynesia has been in a state of chronic political instability. Five presidents have come and ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Polynesia (French)

Financial Incentive to Purchase Clean Cars (Feb. 02, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

In October 2007, a highly publicized environmental forum took place in Paris, the "Grenelle de l'environnement." The forum resulted in many recommendations to combat global warming ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: France

France Condemned in Lesbian Adoption Case (Feb. 02, 2008) by Nicole Atwill

On January 22, 2008, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that France violated Article 14 (prohibition of discrimination) in conjunction with article 8 (right to ...

Topic: Adoption and foster care
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights

Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (Dec. 02, 2007) by Nicole Atwill

France's Law 2007-1544 of October 29, 2007, on the Fight Against Infringement implements Directive 2004/48EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April, ...

Topic: Intellectual property
Jurisdiction: France

Constitutional Council Validates DNA Testing for Immigration Cases (Dec. 02, 2007) by Nicole Atwill

On November 15, 2007, the Constitutional Council of France found that voluntary recourse to DNA testing, limited to showing the relationship with the mother when there ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: France

Law on the Fight Against Corruption (Dec. 02, 2007) by Nicole Atwill

Law 2007-1598 of November 13, 2007, on the Fight Against Corruption amends the Penal Code to bring it into conformity with the 1999 Council of Europe ...

Topic: Government ethics and transparency
Jurisdiction: France

Reorganization of Intelligence Services (Nov. 02, 2007) by Nicole Atwill

Two of France's intelligence organizations, the Direction de la Surveillance du Territoire (DST, Directorate of Territorial Security) and the Renseignements G;n;raux (RG, Central Directorate of General ...

Topic: Government
Jurisdiction: France

Immigration Reform Pending (Nov. 02, 2007) by Nicole Atwill

Following a campaign promise made by presidential candidate Nicolas Sarkozy, in the last few weeks the French Parliament has debated a new immigration law that would ...

Topic: Immigration and nationality
Jurisdiction: France