Constitutional Court Rules on Car-Hiring Services Legislation (Jun. 30, 2015) by Nicolas Boring

There have been some important recent developments on the legal status of chauffeured vehicles for hire in France. Probably the most significant came in the ...

Topic: Constitution; Licensing and permits; Transportation and public works; Transportation costs
Jurisdiction: France

New Governmental Measures Following Two Suicide Bombings (Jun. 25, 2015) by Nicolas Boring

On June 19, 2015, Prime Minister Kalzeubet Payimi Deubet of Chad announced that his government was imposing new measures to enhance security in the country, notably ...

Topic: Freedom of religion; National security; Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Chad

Constitutional Court Confirms Legal Obligation to Vaccinate Children (Jun. 23, 2015) by Nicolas Boring

On March 20, 2015, the Conseil constitutionnel (Constitutional Council) found that the French legal requirement for parents to have their children vaccinated against diphtheria, tetanus, and ...

Topic: Child health; Health promotion and preventive care; Public health
Jurisdiction: France

Ruling on French Case of Discontinuation of Treatment (Jun. 17, 2015) by Nicolas Boring

On June 5, 2015, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), in the case of Lambert and Others v. France, held by ...

Topic: Euthanasia; International organizations; Patient's rights; Right to refuse medical treatment
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights; France

Comedian Condemned for Hate Speech and Condoning Terrorism (Mar. 26, 2015) by Nicolas Boring

The controversial French comedian Dieudonn; M'Bala M'Bala, known simply as Dieudonn;, has been the subject of a recent prosecution for a statement condoning terrorism and of ...

Topic: Freedom of speech; Freedom of the press; Terrorism
Jurisdiction: France

Germanwings Crash Being Investigated as Homicide (Mar. 26, 2015) by Nicolas Boring

The March 25, 2015, crash of a Germanwings flight in the French Alps is being investigated as a potential involuntary homicide. (Crash de l'A320: ...

Topic: Aviation and airports; Criminal code; Homicide
Jurisdiction: France

Six French Citizens Prohibited from Leaving Under New Anti-Terrorism Law (Feb. 26, 2015) by Nicolas Boring

A key provision of a new antiterrorism law was recently applied for the first time in France, when authorities confiscated the passports of six would-be jihadist ...

Topic: National security; Terrorism; Visas and passports
Jurisdiction: France

Law on Public Exposure to Electromagnetic Waves Adopted (Feb. 05, 2015) by Nicolas Boring

The French parliament recently adopted a law regulating public exposure to electromagnetic waves. (Proposition de loi relative andagrave; la sobri;t;, andagrave; la transparence, andagrave; ...

Topic: Public health; Telecommunications
Jurisdiction: France

Law on Administrative Simplification Implemented (Dec. 02, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

France has recently implemented a law reversing the presumption of denial that had applied in most dealings between the French administration and the public. Previously, ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures
Jurisdiction: France

Prohibition of Unionization of Military Personnel Condemned (Oct. 24, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

In two related decisions, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has found that France's prohibition on military unionization violates the European Convention of Human Rights. ...

Topic: Human rights; International organizations; Labor-management relations; Military service
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights; France

Legislation Requiring Plain Packaging for Cigarettes to Be Developed (Oct. 08, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

The French Health Minister has announced a new plan to reduce tobacco use in France by requiring that cigarettes be sold in plain packs. (Press Kit, ...

Topic: Marketing and advertising; Tobacco and smoking
Jurisdiction: France

Legislators Considering New Law to Fight Terrorism (Sep. 30, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

French legislators are currently considering a proposed new law to reinforce the legal arsenal against terrorism. (Projet de loi renforandccedil;ant les dispositions relatives andagrave; la ...

Topic: Civil rights and liberties; Terrorism
Jurisdiction: France

Major Reform of Penal Code (Sep. 02, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

An important reform of the French Penal Code was signed into law on August 15, 2014. (Loi No. 2014-896 du 15 aoanducirc;t 2014 relative andagrave; ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Criminal code; Criminal procedure; Sentencing
Jurisdiction: France

Government Must Apply Law Requiring Anonymous Job Applications (Jul. 30, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

The Conseil d'Etat, France's highest jurisdiction for administrative matters, recently ordered the government to implement a 2006 anti-discrimination law requiring employers of more than 50 employees ...

Topic: Administrative law and regulatory procedures; Discrimination; Employee hiring
Jurisdiction: France

Recent Court Decisions on Islamic Veil Bans (Jul. 11, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

The European Court of Human Rights has recently ruled that the French ban on veiling one's face in public does not breach the European Convention on ...

Topic: Discrimination; Freedom of information; Human rights
Jurisdiction: European Court of Human Rights; France

Class Action Lawsuits Introduced (Jun. 26, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

On March 28, 2014, the Federal Parliament of Belgium enacted a law adding a new section on "collective compensation action" to the Code of Economic Law. ...

Topic: Civil procedure; Consumer protection; Corporations
Jurisdiction: Belgium

GMO Prohibition Confirmed (Jun. 19, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

The Conseil d'Etat, France's highest court for administrative matters, has rejected a request from corn producers to strike down a government regulation prohibiting the sale, use, ...

Topic: Agriculture and food; Genetically modified foods
Jurisdiction: France

Social Housing Provider Found Guilty of Racial Profiling (Jun. 02, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

The criminal court of Nanterre, a suburb of Paris, recently found a major provider of social housing guilty of ethnic profiling. (Un bailleur HLM condamn; ...

Topic: Discrimination; Judiciary; Minority rights; Social welfare
Jurisdiction: France

Denial of Adoption for Same-Sex Parents of Child Conceived Through Medically Assisted Reproduction (May. 23, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

A court in Versailles has denied a same-sex couple the adoption of a child conceived through medically assisted reproduction (M.A.R.). [Gaandeuml;lle Dupont, Premier refus d'adoption andagrave; ...

Topic: Adoption and foster care; Health; Same-sex marriage
Jurisdiction: France

Animals Granted New Legal Status (Apr. 25, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

The French National Assembly recently adopted a legislative amendment changing the status of animals in the Civil Code. Since the inception of the Civil Code in ...

Topic: Animals; Civil code
Jurisdiction: France

Removal of Age Restriction for Euthanasia (Mar. 11, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

On March 2, 2014, Belgium's King Philippe signed into law an amendment to that country's euthanasia law that would open the medically assisted suicide option to ...

Topic: Child health; Euthanasia; Health
Jurisdiction: Belgium

New Law Places Limits on Holding Multiple Political Offices (Feb. 18, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

On January 22, 2014, the French Parliament adopted two laws placing limits on the ability of politicians to hold multiple concurrent political offices. (Projet de ...

Topic: Elections and politics; Legislators; Officials and employees
Jurisdiction: France

2010 Law Banning Full Islamic Veil Challenged in Court (Jan. 06, 2014) by Nicolas Boring

In October 2010, France enacted a law banning the concealment of one's face in public (Loi nanddeg; 2010-1192 du 11 octobre 2010 interdisant la dissimulation ...

Topic: Discrimination; Freedom of religion
Jurisdiction: France

New Mining Code Under Consideration (Dec. 23, 2013) by Nicolas Boring

On September 5, 2012, the French Prime Minister, Jean-Marc Ayrault, created a working group to elaborate an in-depth reform of the French Mining Code. This working ...

Topic: Environmental Protection; Mining
Jurisdiction: France

Antwerp Attorney-General Calls for Comprehensive DNA Database (Dec. 05, 2013) by Nicolas Boring

Yves Li;geois, the Attorney-General (Procureur-g;n;ral) of Antwerp, has recently suggested that DNA samples be taken from all babies born in Belgium, as well as from all ...

Topic: Civil rights and liberties; Criminal procedure; Evidence; Right of privacy
Jurisdiction: Belgium

Official Report Calls for Reform of Rehabilitation Centers for Juvenile Delinquents (Nov. 18, 2013) by Nicolas Boring

On November 13, 2013, the French Comptroller-General of prisons issued a report that is highly critical of two "Centres Educatifs Ferm;s" (CEF, Closed Education Centers). (

Topic: Juvenile crime and gang violence
Jurisdiction: France