Code of Children and Adolescents Amended to Allow Ten-Year Olds to Work (Jul. 08, 2014) by Graciela

On June 26, 2014, the Bolivian Congress approved an amendment to the Code of the Child and Adolescent (Codigo del Nino, Nina y Adolescente (Oct. ...

Topic: Child labor; Labor
Jurisdiction: Bolivia

Government Amends Citizens Safety Bill (Jun. 06, 2014) by Graciela

Spain's government has decided to make changes to controversial legislation that amends the Citizen Safety Law. The amending legislation was subjected to intense criticism from the ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement; Human rights; Law enforcement officers
Jurisdiction: Spain

Proposal to Reform the Criminal Code (Apr. 25, 2014) by Graciela

In March 2014, the Government of Argentina concluded a draft reform of the Penal Code (PC). (Como es el Proyecto Encargado por el Poder ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Argentina

Access to the Sea Case (Apr. 25, 2014) by Graciela

On April 15, 2014, Bolivia submitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a memorandum with arguments supporting its lawsuit filed against Chile for the purpose ...

Topic: Boundaries; International affairs; International court of justice
Jurisdiction: Bolivia; Chile; International Court of Justice

Constitutional Court Finds Catalonia Sovereignty Declaration Unconstitutional (Apr. 24, 2014) by Graciela

In response to a legal challenge made by the Spanish government, on March 25, 2014, the Constitutional Court (CC) of Spain ruled that the sovereignty declaration ...

Topic: Conspiracy; Judiciary; Sovereignty
Jurisdiction: Spain

Abortion Reform Proposed (Jan. 23, 2014) by Graciela

In December 2013, the Government of Spain submitted legislation that would amend the current law on abortion, which had been passed by the Socialist government in ...

Topic: Abortion
Jurisdiction: Spain

Congress Considering a Bill to Decriminalize Abortion (Oct. 25, 2012) by Graciela

On September 25, 2012, Uruguay's Candaacute;mara de Diputados (Lower House of Congress) began consideration of a bill ...

Topic: Abortion
Jurisdiction: Uruguay

Disqualifications for Individuals Convicted of Sex Crimes Against Minors (Aug. 27, 2012) by Graciela

On June 13, 2012, Law 20594 was passed to amend the Criminal Code to include disqualifications for individuals convicted of sexual crimes against minors. (Ley ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Chile

Government Submits Bill to Decriminalize Marijuana (Aug. 27, 2012) by Graciela

On August 8, 2012, the President of Uruguay submitted legislation to Congress with a single provision, establishing state control and regulation of the importation, production, acquisition, ...

Topic: Health
Jurisdiction: Uruguay

New Law Creates Environmental Courts (Aug. 01, 2012) by Graciela

On June 18, 2012, Chile's legislature passed Law 20600 on the creation of new environmental courts, thereby granting the Superintendency of the Environment the power to ...

Topic: Environmental protection
Jurisdiction: Chile

Congress Approves Framework Law for Peace (Jun. 25, 2012) by Graciela

On June 14, 2012, Colombia's Congress approved a constitutional amendment that provides the legal framework for peace talks with leftist guerrilla groups. This process would give ...

Topic: Peace
Jurisdiction: Colombia

New Law on Transgender Rights Approved (May. 16, 2012) by Graciela

On May 9, 2012, the Congress of Argentina passed a law that recognizes the right to gender ...

Topic: Human rights
Jurisdiction: Argentina

Criminal Code Amendment to Include Femicide (May. 03, 2012) by Graciela

On April 18, 2012, Argentina's Candaacute;mara de Diputados (the lower house of the country's Congress) approved, by unanimous vote, a bill that amends the Criminal Code ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Argentina

Supreme Court Decision on Abortion (Mar. 16, 2012) by Graciela

On March 13, 2012, the Supreme Court of Argentina rendered a decision in the case of an abortion performed on a 15-year-old adolescent, who became pregnant ...

Topic: Abortion
Jurisdiction: Argentina

New Law on the Disabled (Mar. 08, 2012) by Graciela

On March 2, 2012, President Evo Morales of Bolivia promulgated the General Law on the Disabled, Law No. 223, aimed at improving the quality of life ...

Topic: Social welfare; Discrimination; Education
Jurisdiction: Bolivia

Bill Penalizes "Grooming" of Minors on the Internet (Feb. 08, 2012) by Graciela

On November 2, 2011, the Senate of Argentina approved and sent to the Candaacute;mara de Diputados (Chamber of Deputies) for further debate a bill that penalizes ...

Topic: Children
Jurisdiction: Argentina

Member Countries Block Entrance of Ships with Falkland Islands Flags (Dec. 30, 2011) by Graciela

Argentina and the United Kingdom have disputed sovereignty over the territory of the Falkland/Malvinas Islands ever since the UK's occupation of the islands in 1833. The ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Mercosur

Proposed Changes to the Penal Code to Increase the Sanction against Public Unrest (Oct. 11, 2011) by Graciela

On October 2, 2011, President Sebastiandaacute;n Pinera of Chile submitted a proposal to amend the Penal Code (CP) (Codigo Penal, Aug, 12, 1874, updated as ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Chile

Referendum on Right to Vote of Paraguayans Residing Abroad (Oct. 05, 2011) by Graciela

On October 9, 2011, for the first time in more than 22 years of democracy, Paraguay will hold a referendum on an amendment to article 120 ...

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Paraguay

Reinstatement of Wealth Tax (Sep. 28, 2011) by Graciela

As a response to the serious economic crisis in Spain, the government decided to temporarily reinstate the wealth tax for fiscal years 2011 and 2012. (

Topic: Taxation
Jurisdiction: Spain

Draft Legislation on Limitation of Farmland Ownership by Foreigners (Sep. 28, 2011) by Graciela

President Fernandez de Kirchner of Argentina has submitted draft legislation to that country's Congress that would limit land ownership by foreigners. (Proteccion al Dominio Nacional ...

Topic: Property
Jurisdiction: Argentina

New Law Granting Right of Consultation to Indigenous Peoples (Sep. 27, 2011) by Graciela

On September 8, 2011, the Peruvian Congress passed by a unanimous vote the new Law on the Right of Consultation of Indigenous Peoples. (Ley 29785 ...

Topic: Native peoples
Jurisdiction: Peru

Congress Approves Draft Legislation to Combat Bullying in Schools (Sep. 21, 2011) by Graciela

On September 7, 2011, Chile's Congress approved draft legislation (Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile (BCN) site (Sept. 7, 2011)) that would amend the

Topic: Education
Jurisdiction: Chile

Amendments to Electoral Code (Sep. 09, 2011) by Graciela

The Colombian government announced that in mid-September 2011 a bill on a new Electoral Code will be ready to be submitted to the country's Congress. (

Topic: Elections and politics
Jurisdiction: Colombia

Proposed Constitutional Amendment to Include Debt Ceiling Provision (Aug. 30, 2011) by Graciela

On August 26, 2011, the two major political parties in Spain, the ruling Socialists (PSOE) and the opposition Popular Party (PP), agreed on a constitutional amendment ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Spain

New Telecommunications Law (Aug. 26, 2011) by Graciela

On July 28, 2011, the Bolivian Congress passed a new Law on Telecommunications, Information and Communications Technology (LTICT) (Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Tecnologias de Informacion ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Bolivia

Free Trade Agreement and Labor Issues (Aug. 04, 2011) by Graciela

The United States and Colombia have negotiated a free trade agreement (FTA) whose ratification has been pending in the U.S. Congress since 2006. The suspended ratification ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: Colombia; United States

Criminal Code Amended to Include Money Laundering (Jul. 20, 2011) by Graciela

On June 17, 2011, the legislature of Argentina passed Law 26683 to amend the Criminal Code in order to update the criminal treatment of money ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Argentina

Bill on Dignified Death (Feb. 02, 2011) by Graciela

The Government of Spain, through its Ministry of Health, is preparing a new bill on "death with dignity" that is expected to be ready to be ...

Topic: Death and dying
Jurisdiction: Spain

Law Against Racism and Any Form of Discrimination (Nov. 18, 2010) by Graciela

On October 8, 2010, the President of Bolivia signed the Law Against Racism and Any Form of Discrimination (Law 45, Gaceta Oficial de Bolivia (Oct. 8, ...

Topic: Discrimination
Jurisdiction: Bolivia

Constitutional Court Suspends Military Cooperation Agreement (Aug. 26, 2010) by Graciela

The Constitutional Court (CC) of Colombia decided on August 17, 2010, that the Acuerdo Complementario para la Cooperacion y Asistencia T;cnica en Defensa y Seguridad entre ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Colombia; United States

Bill on Transparency and Access to Public Information (Aug. 20, 2010) by Graciela

By August 20, 2010, Spain's government is expected to have approved the final Bill on Transparency and Access to Public Information (Anteproyecto de Ley de Transparencia ...

Topic: Freedom of information
Jurisdiction: Spain

Congress Rejects Proposal to Prohibit Use of Niqab or Burka in Public Spaces (Aug. 12, 2010) by Graciela

On July 20, 2010, the Congreso de los Diputados (the lower house of Spain's parliament) opposed a proposal from the Partido Popular (PP) requesting that the ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Spain

Trade Agreement Ready to Be Signed in May (Apr. 21, 2010) by Graciela

A trade agreement between Colombia and the European Union is ready to be signed by the parties, possibly on May 19, 2010, during the fourth summit, ...

Topic: Foreign trade and international finance
Jurisdiction: Colombia; European Union

Anti-Smoking Law (Apr. 21, 2010) by Graciela

On April 1, 2010, the Peruvian Congress passed Law No. 29517, which declares all closed facilities, health care centers, educational centers, public and private means of ...

Topic: Tobacco and smoking
Jurisdiction: Peru

Emergency Decrees on President of the Central Bank, Payment of External Debt (Jan. 27, 2010) by Graciela

On December 14, 2009, Argentina's President Cristina Kirchner issued an emergency Decree (Decreto de Necesidad y Urgencia [Emergency Decree or DNU] 2010/2009, BOLETIN OFICIAL (B.O.), Dec. ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Argentina

Lower House of Legislature Votes on Abortion Reform Bill (Jan. 05, 2010) by Graciela

A joint session of Spain's Congreso de los Diputados (Lower House) voted on December 17, 2009, on an abortion reform bill. (Ley sobre Salud Sexual y ...

Topic: Abortion
Jurisdiction: Spain

Law Decriminalizing Libel and Slander Passed (Dec. 07, 2009) by Graciela

Argentina adopted Law 26551 on November 18, 2009 (BOLETIN OFICIAL, Nov. 26, 2009, available at http://www.infoleg.gov.ar/infolegInternet/resaltaranexos/160000-164999/1
60774/norma.htm
); it amends the Criminal Code, eliminating the criminal ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Argentina

Law Amending Code of Criminal Procedure to Allow Compulsory DNA Extraction (Dec. 07, 2009) by Graciela

On November 18, 2009, Argentina's Congress passed Law 26549, which adds a provision to the Code of Criminal Procedure to allow the courts to order the ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Argentina

New Media Law (Nov. 23, 2009) by Graciela

On October 10, 2009, Argentina's Congress adopted a new Law on Audio-Visual Communications, also called the Media Law. (Law 26522, Oct. 10, 2009, InfoLEG, available at ...

Topic: Communications
Jurisdiction: Argentina

Congress Debates Bill on Gay Marriage (Nov. 06, 2009) by Graciela

On October 29, 2009, Argentina's Congress started formally debating two bills that would amend the current Civil Code to allow same-sex marriage. The bills are supported ...

Topic: Families
Jurisdiction: Argentina

Congress Debates Legislation Decriminalizing Abortion (Nov. 06, 2009) by Graciela

On October 7, 2009, Peru's Special Revision Commission on the reform of the Criminal Code approved an amendment that would decriminalize abortions performed in cases of ...

Topic: Abortion
Jurisdiction: Peru

Withdrawal from International Arbitration Agency (Oct. 08, 2009) by Graciela

Ecuador has withdrawn from the International Center for the Settlement of Disputes (ICSID), the international arbitration agency of the World Bank, terminating its membership of 23 ...

Topic: Alternative dispute resolution
Jurisdiction: Ecuador

Ratification of Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (Jul. 06, 2009) by Graciela

On June 29, 2009, Chile deposited with the United Nations its instrument of ratification of the Rome Statute, becoming the last South American country to become ...

Topic: International affairs
Jurisdiction: Chile

Juvenile Criminal Justice Reform (Apr. 29, 2009) by Graciela

The Committee on Criminal Legislation of the Argentine Congress is currently debating a bill on juvenile criminal justice that would govern the criminal prosecution of children ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Argentina

Law on Transparency (Apr. 29, 2009) by Graciela

On April 20, 2009, the Law on Access to Public Information, also known as the Law on Transparency, became effective (Law No. 20285, DIARIO OFICIAL (Aug. ...

Topic: Freedom of information
Jurisdiction: Chile

Legislation to Lift Bank Secrecy Promised (Mar. 18, 2009) by Graciela

On March 11, 2009, the head of the government of the Principat d' Andorra signed the "Declaration of the Principat d'Andorra" in Paris, pledging to pass ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: Andorra, Principality of

Decree Grants Freedom to Guerrillas Who Demobilize and Free Hostages (Mar. 12, 2009) by Graciela

The Colombian government, on March 3, 2009, issued Decree 614 of February 27, 2009 (DIARIO OFICIAL (Feb. 27, 2009)) which allows the government to seek from ...

Topic: Crime and law enforcement
Jurisdiction: Colombia

Receiving of Guantanamo Detainees Considered (Mar. 10, 2009) by Graciela

On February 26, 2009, European Union member countries met to evaluate the possibility of resettling terror suspects from the U.S. naval base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. ...

Topic: Terrorism
Jurisdiction: Spain

Constitutional Referendum (Mar. 02, 2008) by Graciela

On February 28, 2008, the Bolivian Congress, in a vote boycotted by the opposition, approved the holding of a referendum on May 4 on a draft ...

Topic: Constitution
Jurisdiction: Bolivia

Bank of the South (Nov. 02, 2007) by Graciela

Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela have agreed to create a regional development bank based on a proposal of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, in ...

Topic: Banks and financial institutions
Jurisdiction: South America